Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an irreversible and progressive destruction of the kidneys. The kidneys are responsible for performing a variety of functions namely, maintaining the electrolyte balance along with balancing minerals in your body, playing an important role in red blood cell production, maintaining the acid-base balance of the blood and excreting waste products from your body.
Symptoms of CKD
The symptoms of CKD are not severe until the disease gets worse.
Causes of CKD
The commonest causes of CKD are high blood pressure and diabetes. Each kidney is made up of about 1 million tiny filtering units known as nephrons. Kidney diseases are caused due to injuries or scars to these nephrons. Diabetes and high blood pressure are known to cause damage to the nephrons.
The kidneys contain a lot of blood vessels which help the kidney function normally by maintaining good blood flow. Blood vessel diseases are caused due to high blood pressure which can be dangerous to the kidneys.
Other causes of kidney diseases include autoimmune diseases, polycystic kidneys, glomerulonephritis etc.
Risk factors of CKD
Age and genetic family history play a major role in increasing the risk for chronic kidney disease. Other risk factors for CKD include -
What you need to do?
If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, visit your physician and get yourself tested thoroughly.
What should you do?
You should visit your doctor or clinic and get tested. Your checkup should include getting your blood pressure checked and getting blood tests to check the levels of creatinine, blood sugar, and protein.
Changes in diet and lifestyle modification will help you prevent further progression of the disease.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!