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Cerebral Palsy Treatment: Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Cerebral palsy is a condition with permanent movement disorder, by birth. It can generally be detected in early childhood stage. If not treated at an early age, the conditions may worsen over time. One may experience poor coordination of limbs, stiff or weak muscles. Observe your child well to see signs of troubles with hearing, swallowing, speaking, sensation and vision as well. One might have to go through a number of treatments to sustain through cerebral palsy. It is a long term process involving regular appointments with paediatrician, paediatric neurologist, orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech- language pathologist, developmental therapist, mental health specialist and special education teacher, according to the severity of the condition.

How is the treatment done?

A paediatrician is the first person you consult in this situation. He is the one who will manage and supervise all your treatment plans. A paediatric neurologist will diagnose and treat the brain and nervous system disorders. The muscle and bone disorders will be treated by orthopaedic surgeon. To help improve strength and walking skills and stretch muscles, you will have to consult a physical therapist. An occupational therapist assists in using adaptive products like walkers or electric wheel chairs, to develop daily skills in the patient. If one suffers from speech and language disorders, a speech- language pathologist will help overcome these problems. A mental health specialist helps the patients to cope up with their disabilities mentally and emotionally. A cerebral palsy patient may not be able to go to school or college like others i.e. they may not be able to learn through conventional methods. A special educator determines the specific disabilities in the patients and helps them learn and gain knowledge through different resources. The paediatrician will diagnose the problem areas and suggest the specialists you should consult.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

You must observe your child well for any signs of movement disorder, stiff or weak muscles, problems in speech, vision, swallowing, hearing or sensation. The sooner cerebral palsy is detected; the more chances there are of improvement.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Do not consider every minor disability to be cerebral palsy. Some disabilities can be cured at home with proper care and medication.

Are there any side effects?

Cerebral palsy treatments are not known to have any side effects.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Try and make the patient as independent as possible. Encourage him to do daily activities on his own. Keep making regular appointments with your paediatrician even after the treatment is over.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no fixed time period to recover from cerebral palsy. It depends on the severity of the condition and the effort put into the treatment. Regular appointments with different specialists as well as own effort determine the recovery time.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of treatment may depend upon the number and type of specialists needed in your particular case.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment may be permanent if there is a good follow up. Ensure that the patient exercises regularly. Keep him motivated and follow all the activities suggested by the specialists.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and stem cell therapy are being promoted nowadays as a solution to cerebral palsy but they have not yet been proven to be 100% safe or effective.

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