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Last Updated: Jan 31, 2020
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Back Pain - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

About Causes Diagnosis and Treatment Risks

What is Back pain?

Back pain or lower back pain can happen for several problems with any part of the interconnected network of spinal nerves, muscles, bones, tendons or discs in the lumber spine.

What are the causes of Back Pain?

Some of the typical causes for back pain are:

  • The small nerves on the lower back may get irritated
  • The large nerve root (sciatica nerve) that go down to the legs may get irritated
  • The large paired erector spinae muscle may get strained
  • The joints, bones or ligaments may get damaged
  • The intervertebral disc may get degenerated

Although it can happen at any age, back pain, especially lower back pain occurs in people who are in their 40s. Back pain is typically characterized by a localized pattern of discomfort in the lower back area that mostly occurs after an event that culminated in stressing the lumber tissues.

The severity of this condition, depends on a number of issues, which comprises of the degree of the strain and also the resulting spasm of the lower back muscles that occurred owing to the trauma.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis of back pain is generally done by the doctors based on the location of the pain and history of the injury. X-ray is usually performed on the patients suffering from this ailment which helps in excluding osteological abnormalities.The most popular treatment for all kinds of back pains or lumber strains consists of resting the back to avoid subsequent injury. Apart from that reconditioning exercises are also prescribed to the patients to strengthen the back muscles along with medications to relieve pain and muscular spasms. Local heat applications are also advised to the back pain patients along with massage which is often done by certified physiotherapists.

What happens when you don't get treated on time :

In rare cases back pain can also be a sign of CES (Cauda Equina Syndrome), which is a condition that requires immediate surgical treatment.

In patients suffering from CES, something compresses their spinal nerve roots, which cause severe pain. As the cauda equine are a bundle of nerve roots which is located in the lumbosacral spine and sends messages to the brain from the feet, legs and pelvic organs, inability to provide a fast treatment, often leads to lasting damage which can lead to incontinency and also permanent paralysis of the legs.

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan is also prescribed at time along with a Myelogram (X-ray of the spinal cord after injecting contrast material into the spine), which aids in pinpointing the pressure point on the spinal nerves or on the spinal cord.

Popular Questions & Answers

Muje ser me kuch dino se back right side me ek chote se point pur pain ho raha hai, ye kya chiz ka symptoms hai? Koi batayega?

Physiotherapist, Bangalore
It's due to gastric issues, avoid spicy food, drink plenty of water, and start taking food on time, and start with tab. Pan 40 mg twice daily half an hour before food for 15 days, along with tab. Hifenac Mr. twice daily after food for 5 days will ...

Pemf therapy is safe or not I am thinking to purchase the mat as I am taking therapy in nuga best and got relief in my back. Pain.

Physiotherapist, Bangalore
It shouldn't be taken by self and continued for longer duration, it's a kind of radiation, try to do regular exercises once you get relief from pain. It must be advised by experienced physiotherapist and it must be handled under supervision.

I am having upper back pain radiating to my left arm. Can't sleep due to. Pai. ,underwent physiotherapy, slight relief but still in the night can't turn to different positions ,pain in the spine also.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
You can do the following exercises for neck pain a person can ease the symptoms of cervical spondylosis/ neck pain with a few simple neck exercises. 1. Neck stretchkeep your body straight. Push your chin forward in a way that stretches the throat....
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Hi doctor. My mother is suffering from severe pain in lower back that intensifies and spreads to her ribs during night. She has long medical history. She had been treated for breast cancer in 2013. With surgery followed by chemo, radiation and nonsteriodal medicine of valodex 20 mg. Then again in 2018 she developed metastatic cancer in her lower back near spine. The treatment of which started with radiations followed by hormone therapy which is still going on. Our oncologist had prescribed her letroz 2.5 mg.gabapin 300 mg. Shelcal 500 mg. Apart from it she has taken one cycle of palbociclib. But due to its very high cost and our non-affordability towards it we have to discontinue it. She has been diagnosed with pet ct scan several times but results were always good. With disease still growing in body. So my question to doctor is that. Whether we should perform mri scan for assessment of cause of pain. Or it may be cancer redeveloping. Which could be recognized by biopsy test. Followed by radiation therapy as in the case like in 2018 after which she felt alot relief. From similar pain. Or we should only continue with our hormone therapy including ribociclib. Ie alternative cheaper medicine suggested by our Dr. against palbociclib. And one thing. She is taking zoledronic acid inj every month as prescribed by our doc for protection of bones from osteoporosis and cancer. Which is postponed by every 3 months by doc. On examining the good pet scan reports. So please guide me doc. What treatment strategy should I adopt to get her well.

M.S. Orthopaedics, DNB Orthopaedic Surgery, MRCS, FELLOWSHIP OF JOINT REPLACEMENT & ARTHROSCOPY, Shoulder Replacement & Shoulder Arthroscopy Fellowship, Fellowship in Arthroscopy & Arthroplasty Hip & Knee
Orthopedic Doctor, Delhi
Hello lybrate-user thank you for providing such an elaborate history. Your mother's low back pain with radiation to ribs is most probably because of the tumour spreading to the spine; she might have suffered a vertebral collapse fracture or could ...
1 person found this helpful

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