What is Miscarriage?
Miscarriage is defined as the spontaneous loss of the foetus before it is able to survive on its own outside the womb. Miscarriage usually occurs within the first trimester of the pregnancy. It is a very common complication in early pregnancies.
Miscarriage can be a common complication, but it can have devastating effects on the minds of the parents.
Signs and Symptoms of Miscarriage:
The most common visible signs are slight to heavy bleeding from the vagina. But the other common symptoms are:
Discharge from the vagina
Tissue discharge from the vagina
Cramping and pain in the abdomen
It is advised to go visit your doctor if you experience any of the above signs and symptoms.
What causes a miscarriage?
Chromosomal Abnormalities: A lot of miscarriages are caused due to mismatched chromosomes. Some women who have experienced miscarriage over two times may learn through tests that there are chromosomal abnormalities that may not affect them but prevent them from getting pregnant.
Abnormalities in the Uterus: Sometimes, the uterus may be too hostile to house a foetus. It can be a genetic disorder or a non-genetic disorder like fibroids or cysts that can lead to a spontaneous abortion.
Hormones: Low levels of progesterone in the body can lead to problems with implantation of the foetus.
Obesity: Studies have shown that every 1 in 4 women who are obese before the conception lose the foetus to spontaneous abortion.
Drugs and Toxins: Consuming alcohol or smoking during the pregnancy is seen to increase the risk of miscarriages manifold. Also, women who are exposed to toxins present in plastic such as Bisphenol A are seen to undergo miscarriage more often than women who are not exposed to such toxic substances. Coffee can be consumed in moderate levels during pregnancy.
Infections: Infections including Mycoplasma can infect the uterine lining and unknowingly cause complications such as miscarriage. Women who have undergone multiple gynaecologic procedures are seen to be at increased risks.