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5 Tips to Help You Prevent Osteoarthritis

MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics, FCPS - Orthopedic
Orthopedist, Mumbai  •  18 years experience
5 Tips to Help You Prevent Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is among the most common ailments that people on the other side of 50 are affected with. Few of the primary reasons behind osteoarthritis are age, obesity and weakened bones. Sometimes, osteoarthritis stems from joint injury or some sort of stress on the bones. It leads to acute pain and stiffness and can only be cured through medication and exercise. The symptoms may vary from mild creakiness in the joints and swelling to the loss of cartilages between bones.

Long periods of inactivity can also trigger extreme stiffness as well. While it is an extremely painful disease, it does not spread to the other parts of the body. Inflammation of various degrees in the ligaments and joints is the primary cause of osteoarthritis and sustained treatment can only result in abating of pain. Osteoarthritis is usually treated through detecting the symptoms and through other imaging tests, while joint replacement may be a viable solution, there are other non-surgical processes that reap fruitful results while battling osteoarthritis.

It usually involves an optimum mixture of exercises and drug therapy. While there are several cures available, prevention should always be a priority.

  1. Physical activity: Obesity is one of the primary causes of osteoarthritis. Certain prescribed exercises can go a long way in improving muscle strength and reducing joint pains. However, excessive exercises must be avoided. Other preventive methods include medicinal spa, massage, and chiropractic. These are extremely beneficial in cases of osteoarthritis.
  2. Medicines and drugs: Osteoarthritis can be kept under control and averted through specific medications. Drugs can be consumed orally or can be injected directly as per the prescription of the doctor if he or she forebodes an onset of osteoarthritis. Knee lubricants have also been helpful in curing osteoarthritis. For more severe conditions, specified medical attention may be required.
  3. Nutritional Supplements: For obtaining relief from joint pains, a proper and healthy diet is necessary. An enhanced supply of calcium, vitamin D, and Omega-3 fatty acids is thus mandatory for remedying and preventing osteoarthritis. A healthy diet builds your immunity and prevents such diseases.
  4. SurgeryAlthough not the favorite, knee replacement surgery is often undertaken even if initial signs of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis are detected. These are relatively hassle-free surgeries which go a long way in providing relief. However, you must follow the advice of the doctors thoroughly before opting for this.
  5. Physiotherapy Treatment: A physiotherapy treatment option provides conservative but effective results with even severely damaged arthritic joints. The treatment helps reduce the swelling, stiffness, and the pain of osteoarthritis by improving knee joint function. The exercises will also make it easier for you to sit, walk, kneel, bend, and squat. There are two major types of physical therapy - passive and active treatments. These treatments can help make your knee OA more comfortable. With passive treatments, the physical therapist does the majority of the work. But with active treatments, you do more of the at-home exercises.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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