The heart is covered by a double layered sac called the pericardium, which helps to keep the heart in its proper place and obstructs the possibility of overfilling. The pericardium may be affected by pericardial diseases, including acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis. If the condition worsens, then there is a possibility of the patient developing chronic or recurrent pericarditis. Many causes for pericardial diseases have been identified, some of which are as follows: tremors, infections, autoimmune disorders, trauma, heart injury, heart attack etc. If an individual is exposed to radiation for prolonged periods, then they are susceptible to pericardial diseases. Some of the symptoms that indicate the disease are increased heart rate, fever and chest pain.
HOW IS PERICARDIAL DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Men between the age of 20 and 50 are more likely to develop this disease.