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Overview

Kanamycin

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Kanamycin is an effective antibiotic drug mostly used to treat adverse bacterial infections or patients suffering from advanced tuberculosis. This drug is effectual only against bacterial infections and will not work for viral infections. The drug inhibits the protein production of bacteria that is essential to build cell walls, grow rapidly and survive. This drug is administered for a short-term treatment period only. The drug can be injected intravenously, directly into a muscle. It is also available for oral intake. The medicine has been proven safe for breastfeeding mothers but is usually not recommended for pregnant women as it may cause health complications to the foetus.

Some common side effects are adverse kidney reactions if the dosage is not administered with extreme caution especially in children and elderly patients. It has also been known to cause hearing loss. The other side effects include an allergic reaction on the skin in the form of rashes, hives, redness and itching, persistent headaches, dry mouth and dehydration, diarrhoea, difficulty in breathing, nausea and vomiting, irregular heartbeat, vision changes, vaginal irritation or unusual discharge, weakness of muscles and joints along with cramps or numbness, difficulty in urination or uncontrollable urge to urinate frequently and sometimes light headedness.

bacterial infections
tuberculosis (tb)
In addition to its intended effect, Kanamycin may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache
Injection site swelling
Renal injury
Is It safe with alcohol?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Kanamac 500mg injection is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Kanamac 500mg injection is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?
Does this affect kidney function?
Caution should be advised in patients with renal impairment.
Does this affect liver function?
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Kanamycin as ingredient
Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Rotavac Oral Vaccine
Bharat Biotech
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Medicine
TACSANT 0.5MG CAPSULE
Tenof 300Mg Tablet
LASIX 40MG/4ML INJECTION
Osteomet Injection

Popular Questions & Answers

I have Pulmonary tb since 6 month. I am taking tb medicines regularly. But in between there was pleural fluid built up in my chest. I drained and there were certain test. Like gene expert. Pus culture. And afb culture. There was no rif resistance. Pus culture shows. Gram positive bacilli. Afb and staphylococcus aureus organism. At present from 3 month I have been on both first line drug rcinex 450 and combutol 800. And second line kanamycin 1000 alternate days. Coxerine 250 BD, Ethide 250 BD, And Levomac 750, after taking all this medicine still there is collection of fluid like COLD ABSCESS in My Chest near left side Upper portion. What do now is it some other disease. Should I Go any other test why fluid is building up. Or should I continue same treatment. I have drained fluid 3 times. And it's still there. Please help me out. From such a complicated disease. Can anyone tell WHAT DISEASE IS IT. Help.me Please. Request to all doctors help me.

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
When there is no rifampicin resistance what is the rationality of using second line drugs in your case. Only recurrent collection of cold abscess does not indicate drug resistance. Continuation of the first line treatment following which if cold abscess persists the total duration of therapy has to be increased for a total of 9 months. Persistent problem even after that demands surgical intervention. It is not any other disease and Tuberculosis can explain all these features. Wish you speedy recovery.

Hi, My Sister has MDR TB spine. She has to take Kanamycin injections daily (excluding Sundays) with the oral tablets at a fixed time. Today she missed the timeline by three hours. Is it OK that she takes the injection even after this delay or should she skip a day to continue taking injections on following days including Sundays and leave Fridays out of the regime?

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
No problem, she can take Don't skip I will suggest few points for her Please Start Special Chyawanprash by Patanjali 1tsf twice a day Daily morning and evening walk Avoidance of non veg food Avoidance of oily spicy and fast food Take vegetables juices and soups more

I had post exposure before 9 months. I was tested as HIV negative after 7 months exposure and 9 months of exposure. The test done was ELISA (HIV 1 and 2).I am using antidepressants and some other psychotic drugs that these results in false negative results. I am anxious with this situation. Does false negative results occur in ELISA. Do I need to test again.

MBBS, DDV, FCPS, APEX, Diplomat American Board of Sexology
HIV Specialist, Mumbai
I had post exposure before 9 months. I was tested as HIV negative after 7 months exposure and 9 months of exposure. T...
You are HIV negative but psychologically affected. The possibility of HIV results being affected due to your anti-inflammatory psychiatry drugs is not there. Do HBsAg and VDRL tests. If HBsAg is negative take vaccines.
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Popular Health Tips

Tuberculosis(TB) - How To Treat It Effectively?

MBBS.DTCD
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Tuberculosis(TB) - How To Treat It Effectively?

Tuberculosis is a serious infectious disease that can affect the lungs. The bacteria spread through sneezes and coughs making it a communicable disease. This disease was rare and limited to the Western Countries until 1985. The emergence of HIV virus has made tuberculosis a global disease to reckon with. Although the rate of TB has come down since 1993, it remains a top concern for many countries. The biggest worry is the fact that TB bacteria can build resistance to many drugs. Therefore, it is very important that a TB patient takes a variety of medication suggested by the doctor at the right time.

Although your body is already in possession of the bacteria leading to tuberculosis, your immune system is able to prevent you from becoming sick. Doctors have made a distinction between latent and active tuberculosis (TB)--

In case of latent TB, the bacteria in the body in a passive state and it causes no symptoms, and therefore it is not contagious. But, in the case of active TB, you would become sick and may even spread the disease to others. It can take place in the first few weeks or even after several months of being infected with TB bacteria.

Types of Tuberculosis:
There are two types of tuberculosis- Latent and Active.

  1. Latent Tuberculosis is a condition where the bacteria stays in the system of a person but doesn’t show up any symptoms of TB. Although this type of TB is not contagious, it requires treatment so that TB can be controlled from spreading.
  2. Then there is active tuberculosis. It shows symptoms in the first few weeks and can spread to another person as well.

What are the symptoms of active TB?

  1. If you are coughing for over three weeks and sometimes even coughing up blood, it can be a sign of TB.
  2. Chest pain and pain while coughing and breathing along with fatigue, fever, chills and night sweat are the common symptoms of TB along with loss of appetite and unintentional weight loss.
  3. TB may even affect other organs of your body, including your brain, spine and kidneys.
  4. When TB takes place outside the lungs, then the signs of TB can vary as per the organs that are involved. For instance, TB in the spine can cause back pain and that in kidneys may cause blood in the urine.

What are the causes of TB?

  1. TB is stemmed from a bacteria which spreads from individual to individual via the microscopic droplets that are released into the air.
  2. This may happen when an affected person is left untreated and he speaks or sneezes or coughs or laughs. Though the disease is contagious, it is not easy to be affected by it.
  3. As a result, you are much more likely to get affected with active tuberculosis from a person you live with or come in regular contact with, rather than a stranger.
  4. It is important to note here that people who are affected with TB and going through proper medications for over two weeks are no more contagious.

Tuberculosis - How to effectively treat it?

With the treatment for tuberculosis, one should have patience as it may take time to cure a person completely of tuberculosis and the associated symptoms. Many factors are taken into consideration while determining the course of the treatment for tuberculosis, some of which include

  • Type of tuberculosis (Latent or Active).
  • Age of the patient.
  • The condition being drug resistant.
  • The general health of the patient (if there are any other health conditions that may interfere with the treatment).

In the case of Active TB and that too, a drug-resistant type, the use of multiple drugs (simultaneously) may be needed to produce the desired results. The drugs commonly used include Pyrazinamide, Rifampin, Ethambutol, and Isoniazid. In most cases, the doctors suggest the drugs be continued for at least six- nine months for positive results.

Some patients with Active TB (drug resistant) may also benefit from the use of fluoroquinolones (antibiotics) taken along with capreomycin, amikacin, or kanamycin (mostly given in the form of injections). Most patients are required to follow the medication for 20-30 months duration.

Unlike the Active TB, in the case of Latent TB, a combination of drugs and medications is not required. A single TB specific drug is enough to treat the condition.

Therefore, it is important to seek medical assistance and detect if you have any such health complications concerning TB.

3017 people found this helpful

Are You at a Higher Risk of Developing TB?

MD-Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD), MBBS
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Play video

TB is a major health problem in India, with nearly 12 lakh people getting diagnosed with the disease each year. The fact that more than one-third of the cases of TB remain undiagnosed, or are diagnosed but proper treatment is not opted for, makes it even more difficult to deal with the disease. Moreover, the TB bacilli, which causes the disease is present in its latent form in 40% Indians who possess a high risk of developing TB but do not exhibit any symptoms.

Who are prone to TB?

Although TB can affect people of any age or physical condition, some people are at a higher risk of developing the disease than others. People who are more prone to TB are:

- Anyone with a weak immune system
- Small children and elderly people
- People suffering from diabetes or detected to be HIV positive
- People who have been exposed to immunotherapy or have consumed steroids for a long time

What is the classification of TB?

TB is curable, but for correct treatment, it is necessary to diagnose the type of the disease correctly. TB can be broadly classified into the following types:

  • General TB: In this type of TB, the bacilli show sensitivity to most drugs required for treating the disease.
  • Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): In this form of the condition, the bacilli show resistance to two major drugs required for treatment of TB, Isoniazid, and Rifampicin.
  • Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB): This type of TB is rarely observed and is caused by a bacilli which show resistance to most drugs including Isoniazid, Rifampicin, any fluoroquinolone and to at least one of three injectable second-line drug - Capreomycin, Kanamycin, and Amikacin.
  • Moreover, TB is also classified in two other forms - primary and secondary. Primary TB is the form, which affects a person who hasn't been previously exposed to the infection; whereas secondary TB refers to the reactivation of the infection in a previously infected person due to decline in health and immune system.

What are the treatment options available for TB?

Treatment of TB involves intake of certain prescription drugs for about 6 to 9 months. It is strongly recommended that the treatment is continued till the end and the drugs are consumed exactly in the way suggested by the physician. If the intake of drugs is stopped before the requisite period, the condition may relapse; and if the medications are not consumed correctly, the bacteria might develop a resistance to the drugs.

Treatment of MDR-TB and XDR-TB is a complicated process as any wrong step might prove to be fatal for the patient. It usually begins by conducting a drug-susceptibility test to identify the drugs to which the bacilli are resistant to. After the test results are revealed, the treatment plan is shaped accordingly and the patient is closely observed throughout the process. Moreover, treatment of drug-resistant TB always includes the use of directly observed therapy (DOT).

'Consult'.

Related Tip: How To Prevent Tuberculosis(TB) From Spreading And Safeguard Yourself

6789 people found this helpful

Cancer - 6 Ways To Help You Manage Your Condition!

MBBS, MD, DM - Oncology
Oncologist, Pune
Cancer - 6 Ways To Help You Manage Your Condition!

We live in an age where every single individual, more or less, is exposed to the risk of cancer. It is probably an unfavorable lifestyle we lead that deprives us of good health. This might alarm many but considerable changes in lifestyle can help you realize cancer as a preventable disease. Cancer does not only make you undergo severe suffering but it also affects your friends and family. The pallor of misery spreads wider than you think.

  1. Abstain from tobacco: Consuming raw tobacco or smoking tobacco can be equally detrimental to your health. Tobacco increases your chances of contracting the disease. As is known, passive smoking can also affect your health adversely. Tobacco can be the potential cause behind cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx, lungs, oral cavity and even the pancreas. It might harm your kidneys and cervix. It is upon you to quit tobacco at the earliest possible. One should also try and persuade friends and relatives to give up smoking.
  2. Drink alcohol in moderation: Complete abstinence from alcohol might not be possible if you have already been ushered into your work- life. The society might require you to be an occasional drinker. It is important to drink in moderation. Crossing the limit can propel consequences as serious as cancer of the stomach, pancreas, liver and the heart.
  3. A balanced and nutritious dietDeciding on a plant- based diet or a Mediterranean diet can aid your fight against the risk of cancer. A Mediterranean diet will involve green leafy vegetables, lots of fresh fruits, whole grains, mixed nuts, legumes and also the use of extra- virgin olive oil. Fish can be a safe bet but red meat should be avoided. One must also try to avoid processed meat as they tend to make you prone to the risk of cancer.
  4. Immunization: Hepatitis B and HPV or Human papilloma virus vaccines are extremely necessary to protect you against the sexually transmitted types of cancer.
  5. Sun protection: Caring for your skin doesn't arise from vanity. Skin cancer is one of the most prevalent kinds of cancer; the chances of this disease can be restricted by remaining in shade especially during midday, by wearing covered clothes and by using a good sunscreen lotion repeatedly while outside.
  6. Exercise diligently: Did you think it was okay to have weaker muscles and bulging layers of fat? If yes, you probably have grown numb to the inadequacies you face in result. Unchecked fat can lead to obesity which further complicates health conditions. Metabolic activity differs from person to person. Regular exercising can help regulate metabolism according to the needs of your body. Physical exercise protects you against the risk of breast and colon cancer. Moderate or vigorous physical activity for 150 to 75 minutes a week respectively can reduce the risk of cancer.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2186 people found this helpful

Preventive Care - Keep Your Health On Track!

MD - Medicine , MBBS
General Physician, Vadodara
Preventive Care - Keep Your Health On Track!

Most of us today live a hectic life be it pressing deadlines or tiring social engagements, but in all this hustle and bustle we tend to often neglect our health. Do we know that today for all of us there is a great need for preventive care, especially in today's world where the threats are magnified. This also includes being able to get the proper guidance to imbibe a healthier lifestyle with regular tests and health checkups that will help us in knowing our present state of health and will help is in identifying risks and threats well in advance.

  • Did you know, that almost seven out of ten fatalities or deaths are caused due to chronic disease and that half these cases do not recognise the early symptoms and risks with proper screening and regular
  • check ups. Sounds familiar, are you also one of those who have never cared for preventive healthcare check ups?
  • These preventive health checkups are actually life saving, as they update you on how fit and healthy you are. Preventive health care basically deals with the prevention of diseases and conditions that may be caused due to environmental factors, genetic predisposition of the patient, lifestyle choices as well as disease agents. In this field, constant check ups and preventive action equips people to deal with and ward off these causes so as to prevent the onset of a number of disease and ailments. Here is everything you need to know about preventive healthcare.
  • In today's time it is very simple to get a preventive health check up done, all it takes is a simple blood and urine test at a lab and you will be able to know all you need to know about your health. Further, if there has been an outbreak of an epidemic where you live, then preventive health care will help in getting the right tests done at the right time so as to ensure that you get the proper vaccinations. With preventive healthcare, you can also get genetic testing done on a regular basis so as to learn more about preventing diseases like asthma, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and many others that one might inherit genetically.
  • It is time that we take care of ourselves by booking a full body check up today and live a healthy and stress free life.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5962 people found this helpful

Ways To Help You Manage Diabetic Hypertension!

Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Ways To Help You Manage Diabetic Hypertension!

Hypertension is commonly witnessed among patients suffering from type 2 diabetes as compared to those who do not have diabetes. Studies have revealed that arterial hypertension among patients suffering from type 2 diabetes is in the vicinity of 40-50 percent. What’s more, a patient suffering from hypertension and diabetes has an increased risk factor for certain other diseases such as left ventricular hypertrophy, dyslipidemia, elevated fibrinogen and hyperuricemia.

The measurement practice:
It is important to measure blood pressure in a person who is suffering from type 2 diabetes with or without hypertension and renal diseases. Blood pressure measurement should be repeated within a month, if the measurement is 150/190 mm Hg. BP should be measured within a couple, of months if BP is greater than 140/80 mm of Hg.

Lifestyle practices:
If a person is consistently suffering from type 2 diabetes and has a BP range of 140/80, the following life style practices should be maintained always:

  1. A daily exercise schedule: Hypertension coupled with diabetes can be a dangerous combination. To ensure that a person remains healthy it is imperative to maintain a daily exercise schedule for at least half an hour. Exercise consumes extra calories and helps a person maintain a steady blood-sugar level.
  2. Food habits: Food habit is yet another important criterion to maintain good health for a person suffering from diabetic hypertension. Avoiding starch, glucose, and food with high carbs should be a mandate. Refraining from processed food with a high density of condensed fat, sugar and oil will go a long way in maintaining good health. Consulting a nutritionist is the best way to go.
  3. Stress is yet another factor that drives diabetic hypertension: A person suffering from regular stress has a greater tendency to fall prey to cardiovascular and renal diseases. The only way to stay away from stress is to ensure that good lifestyle choice are made. A stress -free life can pay rich dividends to a person suffering from diabetic hypertension.

Drug treatment:
A doctor’s first line of treatment hovers around ACE inhibitors. A pregnant woman suffering from diabetic hypertension is typically prescribed a calcium blocker. This is an antihypertensive drug that helps to stabilize the pregnancy and keep complications at bay. For a person who is resisting to ACE Inhibitor, a doctor might subscribe angiotensin 2 receptor. If the BP is not reduced after the first line of treatment, a doctor adds a thiazide-related diuretic along with the ACE inhibitor to expedite the treatment process.

Even after a triple therapy if a person continues to suffer from high blood pressure, a doctor might prescribe an alpha-blocker, potassium blocker or a beta blocker.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4186 people found this helpful