Veterinary Surgery is performed on animals by veterinarians. Veterinary Surgery Treatment procedures fall into three broad categories namely orthopaedics (bones, joints, muscles), soft tissue surgery (skin, body cavities, cardiovascular system, GI/urogenital/respiratory tracts), and neurosurgery. Advanced surgical procedures such as joint replacement (total hip, knee and elbow replacement), fracture repair, stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency, oncologic (cancer) surgery, herniated disc treatment, complicated gastrointestinal or urogenital procedures, kidney transplant, skin grafts, complicated wound management, minimally invasive procedures (arthroscopy, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy) are performed by Veterinary Surgeons. Veterinarians perform routine surgery like neuters (spay and castration), minor mass excisions, etc.] while some also perform additional procedures. The goal of veterinary surgery is different in pets and in farm animals. Elective procedures are those performed on a non-emergency basis, and which do not involve immediately life-threatening conditions. Sterilization Surgery is one of the most common elective surgical procedures in animals are those that render animals incapable of reproducing. Neutering in animals describes spaying or castration.