Oculoplasty is a branch of ophthalmology that focuses on plastic surgery procedures relating to the eyes, as well as the structures that surround it. This pertains to cosmetic or reconstructive surgery on areas around the eyes, such as the eyelids and orbit (eye socket). Therefore, oculoplasty treatment is the medical and surgical process of treating the conditions affecting the eyes and also the surrounding areas that include eye lifts, cheek and lower eyelid volumnization, tear filler and skin care. A very delicate reconstructive surgery of the eyelids is performed after the tumour excision.
Oculoplastic surgeons are fully trained ophthalmologists who have sub-specialised in oculoplastic surgery. They, therefore, have an in-depth knowledge of the eyes and eyelids, in particular the anatomy and function, and are ideally suited to work around the eyes. However, orbital surgery is the surgical treatment of conditions affecting the orbital areas around the eyes. The bony orbits contain the eye and eye muscles, as well as some cushioning fat, blood vessels and nerves. The orbits may be affected by trauma, tumour, thyroid eye disease and inflammation etc. There are a few common eye injury treatments that are available such as deep puncture wounds from accidents, which can require immediate treatment or surgery so that one can prevent permanent eye damage to the patient, which could further result in the loss of vision. Eye injuries can range from the very minor, such as getting soap in one's eye, to the catastrophic, resulting in permanent loss of vision or loss of the eye. These types of injuries often occur in the workplace, at home, from other accidents, or while participating in sports.