The surgical removal of women's ovaries is known as Oophorectomy. The surgery is done to remove the cyst developing in the ovaries and also to prevent the future risk of developing ovarian cancer. 10 out of 100 women who undergo a hysterectomy have conditions that can lead to the need of the removal of ovaries in future. The removal of the ovary and fallopian tube is known as unilateral oophorectomy. If the patient wishes to have children in future after the surgery, consulting with the gynecologist for the best option to conceive can help. The process of removal of both the ovaries and both fallopian tubes is known as bilateral salpingo oophorectomy (BSO). If the patient undergoing BSO wishes to have children in future, it is possible as the uterus is not removed. The patient can get pregnant in future with the help of assisted reproductive technology. A day before the surgery, the doctor will advice the patient to stop the intake of food and will limit the intake of liquids along with restricting consumption of certain medicines. Doctor also prescribes a clear solution to clear the intestine for the surgery. Ultrasound, an imaging test, and computerised tomography is done to help the surgeons plan the surgery. Post- oophorectomy many women face certain side effect. To help the patients with it, doctors advise to take part in hormone therapy programs.