Dermoscopy or dermatoscopy is in reference to the investigation and diagnosis of the skin using skin surface microscopy, and is also called ‘epiluminoscopy' and ‘epiluminescent microscopy'. Dermoscopy is beneficial to detect skin lesions that occur due to pigmentation. During the examination the doctor will study the skin structures and patterns under superior quality magnifying lens and powerful lighting system. The modern equipment provides videos of the skin and images of still photography for precise and accurate diagnosis. These images and vides can be stored on the computer for further research and reporting of the treatment. The Dermoscopy treatment is beneficial as it allows differentiating between melanoma from other skin pigmentations and skin lesions. It gets easier for the dermatologist to detect and find the cause of the skin condition and suggest a treatment most ideal for the situation. Latest and advanced programs of dermoscopy help to compare the new image with the data base of the specific cases of benign and malignant pigmentation of skin lesions. Dermascopy is conducted by trained and skilled dermatologists who can perform the examination with expertise and advice or suggest appropriate treatment. Many cases of seborrhoeickeratoses, angioma, dermatofibroma and blue naevi can effortlessly be recognized under a dermascope. The diagnosis and examination helps to study the colour of the affected skin, degree of pigmentation and the patterns of skin colours amongst the lesions. This helps is providing exact and precise treatment for satisfactory results. Dermascopy is also suggested as an examination for cosmetic reasons to help elevate confidence and self esteem.