Throat ache commonly occurs due to sore throat, caused either by a viral or bacterial infection.
Children, smokers, and people who are allergic to certain substances in tandem with a weak immune system generally tend to have a sore throat. Sore throat generally heals with time, but a sore throat which lasts for more than seven days requires medical attention. In case of a minor sore throat, gargling with warm water and salt is considered to be an effective remedy in soothing sore throat. An ENT specialist should be consulted to treat your sore throat. Your doctor may put you through tests to know about the actual cause of your condition and treat you accordingly. In very few cases, sore throat can be an underlying symptom of throat cancer or HIV.
In the event of a bacterial infection such as strep throat, certain antibiotics and lifestyle measures will be prescribed by the doctor to prevent the development of severe complications such as rheumatic fever.