Necrotizing Enterocolitis or NEC is common among premature infants and develops two or three weeks after they are born. It begins with diarrhea, bloody stool, delayed emptying of gastric residues and abnormal discoloration of the abdomen. The condition entails a tissue death in the bowel tract that might end up distending and in fatal cases, lead to abdominal perforation. The premature baby must be fed human milk from the beginning to prevent the development of the condition.
HOW IS NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS DIAGNOSED?
Infants who survive NEC surgery tend to develop short bowel syndrome and other complications later in life.