When the food or water consumed by a person is contaminated by a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae, he/she is said to be suffering from cholera. It leads to watery diarrhea, resulting in dehydration. Some visible symptoms of this disease are- rapid heart rate, loss of skin elasticity, low blood pressure and muscle cramps. It can cause renal failure, low blood pressure and even death, if not properly attended to. By maintain proper standards of sanitation, consumption of clean drinking water and preparation of food in clean hygienic conditions, Cholera can be easily prevented.
HOW IS CHOLERA DIAGNOSED?
There are 1,00,000 to 1,20,000 deaths each year, due to cholera.