Anxiety and depression are two terms that are used interchangeably. Anxiety refers to the overemphasized eagerness to act (do something) for an uncertain outcome in the future. Depression, on the other hand, is a mood disorder that involves feelings of excessive and chronic sadness along with the inability to focus. Anxiety, at its later stages, can lead to depression as the frustration of not knowing the future can be very depressing for patients. The common symptoms of both the conditions are joint pains, gastrointestinal issues, poor sleep patterns and bad appetite.
HOW IS ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION DIAGNOSED?
Depression is experienced as anxiety 65% of the time. So it becomes essential to get a detailed diagnosis do that appropriate treatment can be taken.
Feeling under the weather lately? Most of us feel sad, stressed, discouraged, or “down” once in a while, but for some people, this mood just doesn’t go away. Don’t ignore the feeling if it is persistent and if it gets in the way of daily living for you may be experiencing depression. There are a few signs to look out for:
• Emotions: Frequent crying spells, an helpless feeling, lack of interest or desire in daily activities, guilty feeling, greater irritability, distance with friends or family, extreme stress
• Behavior: Poor communication with others, neglecting responsibilities, lack of interest in maintaining personal hygiene
• Physical: Headaches, backaches, or any other muscle aches without rhyme or reason, either insomnia or excessive sleeping, lethargy, increased or decreased appetite, gastrointestinal problems
What is important is to understand the difference between feeling sad or upset and suffering from depression. A person may be diagnosed with a depressive disorder only when he/she has been suffering a from lack of interest in activities they loved before, severe stress, or a depressed mood, consistently for a two-week period.
It is important to reestablish connection and communication with the outside world in order to come out of your depressed mood. Friends, relatives, siblings, and parents act as a support network that help individuals cope with depression. Deep breathing along with yoga is great in bringing about muscle relaxation, release of much needed stress and overall relaxation that is required.
On the other hand there are anxiety disorders that may be related to depression. Anxiety disorders may be panic attacks, social anxiety disorders, phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), or generalized anxiety disorders.
Some of its symptoms include:
• Extreme and overwhelming panic
• Heart palpitations
• Inability to breathe
• Choking sensation
• Chills or hot flashes
Like for depression, it is vital for you to connect with the world and find relaxation techniques that calm your nerves. You must break away from the constant worrying, obsessing and stressing out, for it only does you more harm than good.
For both depression and anxiety, when self-coping techniques fail to work in light of the intensity of your problem, you need to see a professional therapist who can then guide you to find a solution and fix.
Lybrate has an entire network of therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists all of whom you can access at the click of a mouse across the length and breadth of the country from Gurgaon, Indore, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Lucknow. You can book appointments and consult them online as well. Once you subscribe with Lybrate, you can get tips on how to cope with depression and anxiety on a regular basis.