A serious birth defect that stalls the normal development of brain and bones of the skull is called anencephaly. Anencephaly can occur because of a change in genes or chromosomes. An anencephalic baby is born blind and deaf and is unaware of the surroundings. Babies born with anencephaly die shortly after birth as there is no treatment for it. Since it is caused by a neural tube defect, it can be reduced by lowering folic acid intake before getting pregnant.
HOW IS ANENCEPHALY DIAGNOSED?
Anencephaly affects 1 in 1000 pregnancies, making it one of the most common types of neural tube defects.