A kind of genetic disorder, which affects the central nervous system is known as Alexander Disease. It falls under a group of hereditary disorders called Leukodystrophies. In accordance with the age of onset of the condition, the disease can be divided into three forms, namely infantile, juvenile and adult. A defect in a specific gene, which is responsible for the structural development of cells causes this condition. The disease causes drastic damage to the myelin sheath of the nerves, which are responsible for transmitting electro-chemical signals from throughout the body to the brain and back.
HOW IS ALEXANDER DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Till 2015, 500 cases of this disease were reported since the disease was first described in 1949.