Abnormal behavior is one that deviates from socio-cultural norms. It is not necessarily harmful to oneself or others but is different than how most people behave in a society. A person suffering from this condition has unclear thoughts, and such behavior can be caused by a number of reasons like personal distress, morality, statistical infrequency and maladaptivity. The preferred methods of treatment are usually rehabilitation and prescription drugs.
HOW IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR DIAGNOSED?
Abnormal behavior can be a result of symptom disorders, personality disorders, general medical conditions or environmental problems.
Behaviour which can be described as a deviation from normal and which is not on expected lines is known as Abnormal Behaviour. Abnormal Behavior refers to situations where the behaviour of the person can be termed as out of the ordinary, atypical or undesirable. The extensive study of these forms of abnormal behaviour is known as abnormal psychology.
Abnormal Psychology is a branch of psychology that is used to study abnormal patterns of emotion, thought or behaviour which might result in a mental disease. Abnormal psychology deals with disorders clinically. A large number of attempts are taken in abnormal psychology to understand the causes of abnormal behaviour and often, culture plays a major role in these attempts. Abnormal psychology uses a number of diverse concepts from the field of psychology to determine multiple causes for various conditions.
Abnormal behavior symptoms include:
1. Panic attacks: These are periods of extreme fear which might be irrational.
2. Anxiety: This disorder occurs when a person feels uneasy or nervous during a situation. When a person feels anxious regularly with no provocation, it can be termed as a disorder.
3. Bipolar disorder: This disorder leads to a person having extreme mood fluctuations.
4. Post-traumatic stress disorder: Also known as PTSD, this condition can be marked by hallucinations, flashbacks and extreme fear.
5. Schizophrenia: This mental disorder causes difficulty in the ability to think properly and to exhibit high levels of abnormal behaviour.
Abnormal psychologists often debate around the question “what causes abnormal psychology?” Extensive study of the health of the human mind is a primary subject of abnormal psychology. The breakdown in a person’s mental health can be occasional or long-term. In biological terms, abnormal psychology relates the causes of abnormal behaviour to problems in psychological and physical development and social problems. The primary focus of the medical approach to abnormal psychology is related to biological problems which have a direct effect on mental illness and abnormal behaviour. This approach of abnormal psychology focuses on the causes for the abnormal behaviour which may include physical problems, genetic inheritance, infections and imbalance in hormones. Medical approach to abnormal behaviour often utilizes medication in combination with other forms of psychotherapy. For example, in cases where hormonal imbalance causes abnormal behaviour, the abnormal behaviour symptoms might subside after prescription of hormone balancing medications like low-dose birth control pills, progesterone injections, replacement estrogen, etc.
On the other hand, the primary focus of behavioural approach of abnormal psychology to abnormal behaviour is on observing the usual behavioural traits. Abnormal behaviour treatment using behavioural therapy focuses on reinstating positive traits and preventing the unnecessary traits from reappearing. It should be noted that this approach to abnormal psychology focuses on rectifying the abnormal behaviour of the person and not the causes of the abnormal behaviour. The concept of behavioural therapy of abnormal behaviour treatment does not utilize one specific method but incorporates a combination of wide varieties of techniques that address a person’s psychological issues. Some common examples of techniques of behavioural therapy includes positive reinforcement, breathing and relaxation techniques, social skills training, activities to enhance focus, modifications in response to fear, anger and pain, etc. It should be noted that abnormal behaviour treatment using behavioural therapy does not cure any condition but aids in coping with everyday life.
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