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Womens Health - Procedures, Side effects, Recovery time, Costs and alternatives

What is Womens Health? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment?(When is the treatment done ?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any Side Effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long doesit take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is Womens Health?

The health problems of both men and women are nearly the same except for some gynecological ‎problems. Over the centuries the life of the women has changed. Women's health has been ‎affected by various diseases over the years. In the 1900s the average life expectancy of the ‎women was around 55 years. But it changed drastically in the 2000s where the average life span ‎of the women increased to 80 years. The average life span has increased as the women are now ‎taking charge of their bodies and are serious about their personal health and fitness. ‎There are some diseases which are more commonly found in women in comparison to men. The ‎diseases which commonly affect the women are gallstone, urinary tract infection, osteoporosis, ‎and breast cancer.‎

Gallstone: this is a condition where a hardened digestive fluid gets formed within the body. The ‎size of the gallstone can range from a grain of sand to a table tennis ball. This condition occurs ‎when there is too much cholesterol present in the bile, there is too much bilirubin present in the ‎bile, and the gallbladder is not emptying correctly.‎

Infection of the urinary tract: this is a condition wherein the microbes infect the urinary tract. The ‎majority of the urinary tract infections are due to bacteria. This condition can occur anywhere ‎within the urinary tract like urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys.‎

Osteoporosis: one of the most common problems that affect the majority of women is ‎osteoporosis. Nearly every second women is suffering from this condition. A woman suffering ‎from this condition has brittle bones which are abnormally thin and can get broken easily. ‎Women after menopause are at increased risk of osteoporosis due to the reduced level of ‎estrogen.

Breast cancer: this is a cancerous condition wherein a lump gets formed in the breasts of the ‎women. The symptoms of this condition are a bloody discharge oozing out from the nipples, and ‎change is the shape of the breast or nipples.‎

How is the treatment done?

Gallstone: the treatment for gallstones can be done through either surgery or medicines. The ‎surgery to remove the gallstones is termed as cholecystectomy. The gallstones can be removed ‎either through laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. The gallbladder is surgically removed as the ‎gallstones have the habit of reoccurrence. A patient does not need a gallbladder to survive. The ‎other option which the doctor may advise is medications to dissolve the gallstone. However, it ‎may take months or even years to completely dissolve the gallstone. If the medications for ‎dissolving the gallstones are stopped then it may get formed again. ‎

Infection of the urinary tract: the treatment of the infection of the urinary tract is based on the ‎cause of the infection. A doctor may order some tests to identify which organism is causing the ‎infection. In the majority of the cases it is bacteria while in a few cases the infection can be due ‎to fungi and viruses. For the treatment of urinary tract infection due to bacteria, a doctor may ‎recommend antibiotics. While for viral urinary tract infection a doctor may order antivirals. ‎

Osteoporosis: for treating the condition of osteoporosis a doctor may prescribe certain ‎medications like Alendronate, Risedronate, and Ibandronate. These medicines are required to be ‎taken before consuming the meal. A doctor may also prescribe Zoledronic acid for treating ‎osteoporosis. This medicine is given as a 15-minute infusion once a year. ‎

Breast cancer: a doctor may describe various therapies and surgery for the treatment of breast ‎cancer based on the stage of disease, type of tumor, and age of the patient. A doctor may advise ‎surgery only if the cancer is in the initial stages. The types of surgery that can be performed are ‎lumpectomy and mastectomy. In a lumpectomy, the doctor removes the tumor along with a layer ‎of healthy tissue. The majority of the breasts remain after the surgery. In mastectomy surgery, the ‎entire breast is removed surgically. Besides the surgery, if the cancer is past its initial stage then a ‎doctor may advise radiation therapy. In this therapy, high energy x-rays are used for destroying ‎the cancer cells. There are different types of radiation therapy which can be used

  • External-beam radiation therapy: in this, the treatment is given from outside through a ‎machine.‎
  • Brachytherapy: in this type of therapy the radioactive material is placed into the tumor.‎
  • Intra-operative surgery: this is a therapy wherein the radiation is given by making use of a ‎probe in the operation theater.‎

A doctor may also advise chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. In this treatment, drugs are ‎used for destroying the cancer cells. This therapy involves a combination of drugs to be given for ‎a specific number of cycles in a fixed time duration.‎

Who is eligible for the treatment?(When is the treatment done ?)

Eligibility of a patient for the treatment of a specific disease depends on the symptoms exhibited ‎by the patient. A patient is eligible for the treatment of gallstone if she exhibits the following ‎symptoms

  • An abrupt and agonizing pain in the right portion of the abdomen.‎
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Gastritis
  • Pain between the shoulder blades.

A patient is eligible for the treatment of urinary tract infections if the following symptoms are ‎exhibited

  • Pelvic pain in women
  • Cloudy urine
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Nausea
  • Chills
  • Fever ‎

A patient is considered eligible for the treatment of osteoporosis if the following symptoms are ‎experienced

  • A patient may experience back pain due to a collapsed vertebra or a fracture.‎
  • A patient suffering from osteoporosis would have stooped posture.‎
  • A patient with osteoporosis would get his/her bones easily fractured.‎
  • A patient with osteoporosis would lose height over a period of time.‎
  • The occurrence of the following symptoms makes a patient eligible for the treatment of breast ‎cancer

    • A patient might feel irritation in the breast skin.‎
    • A patient would have swelling in either a part of the breast or entire breast.‎
    • A patient would experience pain in the nipples or breast.‎
    • The nipple of the breast cancer patient would begin to retract.‎

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

information not avialable.

Are there any Side Effects?

Side effects are often exhibited as soon as the patient starts treatment either through medicines, ‎injectable or surgery. Every treatment has some severe and some minor side effects associated ‎with it. A minor side effect goes away after a short period of time. However, in case of a major ‎side effect, a doctor must be informed promptly. The side effects of the treatment of gallstones ‎through cholecystectomy are surgical site infection, excessive bleeding, and nerve damage. The ‎side effects of using medicine for dissolving a gallstone are a loose stool, back pain, indigestion, ‎nausea, and vomiting.

The side effects of the antibiotic used for the treatment of infection of the ‎urinary tract are trouble in sleeping, lightheadedness and a headache. While undergoing treatment ‎for osteoporosis with medicines like alendronate, risedronate, and ibandronate the side effects ‎experienced by the patient are chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, acidity, unusual pain, and ‎flatulence. When a patient undergoes treatment of breast cancer through surgeries like ‎lumpectomy and mastectomy the side effects experienced are infection at the site of surgery, ‎damage of the nerves, fever, and pain. The side effects of radiation therapy are swollen breasts, ‎damaging of the skin, sore throat, fatigue, and lymphedema. The side effects of chemotherapy ‎for the treatment of breast cancer are mouth ulcers, increased risk of infection, hair loss, ‎tiredness, and loss of appetite.‎

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

information not available.

How long doesit take to recover?

For the treatment of gallstone if the patient undergoes treatment through cholecystectomy then ‎complete recovery may take 2 weeks. While using medicines for dissolving the gallstone the ‎recovery may take several months or a year. A patient suffering from an infection of the urinary ‎tract recovers within 1 week. However, the majority of the symptoms of urinary tract infection ‎go away within 48 hours of oral administration of the antibiotic.

The recovery of a patient ‎suffering from osteoporosis starts as soon as a patient starts taking the medicines in some cases ‎the disease can be reserved. A patient that undergoes lumpectomy recovers within 14 days of the ‎surgery and in mastectomy a patient may take 4 to 6 weeks to recover.If the cancer is in the ‎initial stage then a patient can completely recover early but in the later stages, it may take months ‎for a patient to completely recover.‎

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of treatment of gallstone in India using cholecystectomy may range from 25,000 to 1 ‎lakh rupees based on the location and the type of surgery. Medicine for dissolving gallstone costs ‎around 250 to 500 rupees based on the power of the medicine. The cost of antibiotic medicine ‎for the treatment of UTI may cost around 100 to 300 rupees. The cost of surgery for breast ‎cancer would cost a patient around 5 to 8 lakh rupees based on the type of surgery and location ‎where the surgery is conducted. The complete cost for the treatment of cancer would cost a ‎patient around 20 lakh including all the surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.‎

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The result of the treatment is permanent when a patient undergoes surgery for gallstone. The ‎treatment is not permanent while using medications. The result of the treatment for UTI may be ‎permanent but the condition can recur in the future. Osteoporosis can be stopped in its tracks as ‎soon as a patient starts taking the medicine. The results of the treatment of breast cancer are not ‎permanent as there is a possibility that it may return in the future.‎

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Some patients often opt for Dandelion for the treatment of gallstone as an alternative treatment ‎in their belief. An herb by the name of Lysimachia herba is a Chinese herb that is believed to ‎prevent and treat gallstones. An alternative treatment for UTI can be increasing the intake of ‎vitamin C. patients can opt for vitamin D and calcium supplements for treating the condition of ‎osteoporosis. There is no alternative treatment for breast cancer. However, there are natural ‎remedies that help in reducing the side effects of the treatment. ‎

Popular Questions & Answers

Calcium d glucarate is for estrogen control and regestrone is for excess bleeding. Both are hormonal medicines. If I take together will it be ok? Will they not have impact in each other?

MBBS, MS - Obs and Gynae, MRCOG(London), DNB, Fellowship In Uro Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hi, Calcium d glucarate is not hormonal although it may help to decrease estrogen levels. It does not interact with regesterone.
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Can I use inlife breast firming cream for saggy breasts to make them tight and firm. Is there any side effects? Can I use or not. I'm a female with 23 years old unmarried. Please suggest me.

Advanced Aesthetics, M.Ch - Plastic Surgery, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Indore
No allopathic medicine food or massage oil or exercise can make the breast grow. You may feel that it is increasing but this is only a feeling, massage causes arousal and increased blood supply for some time. Those who are serious about enlargemen...

Is folic acid 5 mg is the correct tablet to take. Is there anything like folic acid 500 mg? Kindly suggest the correct one.

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Gynaecologist, Bokaro
5 mg or 500 mcg. It is the correct dose.

38 years female. First off I wanna say I understand this will sound like a crazy person is asking but can you please take me seriously. The other night I went to smoke a cig outside in a small shack wearing only my nightgown no panties. At some point, I felt something bite me on the inside of my left groin. When I stood up I felt as though I had something hanging between my legs. So I kind grabbed at whatever it was. I didn't see anything there. Then, I went inside. My partner and I had intercourse. At one point, he said ow! and pulled out. I made a joke and said it has teeth. But he was completely serious and wanted to stop. It looked like there was a bite on the head of his penis. I was also in quite a bit of pain too from the bite (thinking maybe a spider at the time) so we stopped and went to bed. The next day I also had what appeared to be a sort of puncture or horseshoe-shaped bite mark. It swelled up pretty bad but was steadily going down over several days w the use of Neosporin. Fast forward about a wk. Outside once again, saw a rat snake crawling under the floorboards of the shack. Later that day I started researching what their bite looks like and it was exactly the same as the bite mark I had. I've been having some pain in the vaginal area and recently started my period. I felt my uterus do some sort of vibrating effect and was incredibly painful. I've never had cramps or anything like that. My question is this. Is it possible that a baby snake could enter the vagina? And if so what might happen if it did? I understand its highly unlikely. I just want a legit answer. Would it stay? Could it cause significant damage to the uterus if it did? Would it die bc it drowned in my period blood? Or is it more likely that it would have crawled out if it did crawl in there in the first place? I know how crazy this sounds which is why I don't wanna go to the er and present this question.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
Possibility of very small insect might be there, better get examined by a Gyne, if needed go for scans. it will be conclusive. All the best.
2 people found this helpful

I am 23 years old. Unmarriedmy prolactin levels is too high. Dr. prescribed cabgolin 0.5 in one for one week. But previous week I missed for taking this. Now I what do? It is problem in my body?

Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Hi take cabgoline regularly if you miss, take it as you remember were you taking some medicine for mood swings and antaacid since long time then these mexicine may increas your prolactin level. Inform d doctor about it and should get MRI brain to ...

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