The health problems of both men and women are nearly the same except for some gynecological problems. Over the centuries the life of the women has changed. Women's health has been affected by various diseases over the years. In the 1900s the average life expectancy of the women was around 55 years. But it changed drastically in the 2000s where the average life span of the women increased to 80 years. The average life span has increased as the women are now taking charge of their bodies and are serious about their personal health and fitness. There are some diseases which are more commonly found in women in comparison to men. The diseases which commonly affect the women are gallstone, urinary tract infection, osteoporosis, and breast cancer.
Gallstone: this is a condition where a hardened digestive fluid gets formed within the body. The size of the gallstone can range from a grain of sand to a table tennis ball. This condition occurs when there is too much cholesterol present in the bile, there is too much bilirubin present in the bile, and the gallbladder is not emptying correctly.
Infection of the urinary tract: this is a condition wherein the microbes infect the urinary tract. The majority of the urinary tract infections are due to bacteria. This condition can occur anywhere within the urinary tract like urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys.
Osteoporosis: one of the most common problems that affect the majority of women is osteoporosis. Nearly every second women is suffering from this condition. A woman suffering from this condition has brittle bones which are abnormally thin and can get broken easily. Women after menopause are at increased risk of osteoporosis due to the reduced level of estrogen.
Breast cancer: this is a cancerous condition wherein a lump gets formed in the breasts of the women. The symptoms of this condition are a bloody discharge oozing out from the nipples, and change is the shape of the breast or nipples.
Gallstone: the treatment for gallstones can be done through either surgery or medicines. The surgery to remove the gallstones is termed as cholecystectomy. The gallstones can be removed either through laparoscopic surgery or open surgery. The gallbladder is surgically removed as the gallstones have the habit of reoccurrence. A patient does not need a gallbladder to survive. The other option which the doctor may advise is medications to dissolve the gallstone. However, it may take months or even years to completely dissolve the gallstone. If the medications for dissolving the gallstones are stopped then it may get formed again.
Infection of the urinary tract: the treatment of the infection of the urinary tract is based on the cause of the infection. A doctor may order some tests to identify which organism is causing the infection. In the majority of the cases it is bacteria while in a few cases the infection can be due to fungi and viruses. For the treatment of urinary tract infection due to bacteria, a doctor may recommend antibiotics. While for viral urinary tract infection a doctor may order antivirals.
Osteoporosis: for treating the condition of osteoporosis a doctor may prescribe certain medications like Alendronate, Risedronate, and Ibandronate. These medicines are required to be taken before consuming the meal. A doctor may also prescribe Zoledronic acid for treating osteoporosis. This medicine is given as a 15-minute infusion once a year.
Breast cancer: a doctor may describe various therapies and surgery for the treatment of breast cancer based on the stage of disease, type of tumor, and age of the patient. A doctor may advise surgery only if the cancer is in the initial stages. The types of surgery that can be performed are lumpectomy and mastectomy. In a lumpectomy, the doctor removes the tumor along with a layer of healthy tissue. The majority of the breasts remain after the surgery. In mastectomy surgery, the entire breast is removed surgically. Besides the surgery, if the cancer is past its initial stage then a doctor may advise radiation therapy. In this therapy, high energy x-rays are used for destroying the cancer cells. There are different types of radiation therapy which can be used
A doctor may also advise chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer. In this treatment, drugs are used for destroying the cancer cells. This therapy involves a combination of drugs to be given for a specific number of cycles in a fixed time duration.
Eligibility of a patient for the treatment of a specific disease depends on the symptoms exhibited by the patient. A patient is eligible for the treatment of gallstone if she exhibits the following symptoms
A patient is eligible for the treatment of urinary tract infections if the following symptoms are exhibited
A patient is considered eligible for the treatment of osteoporosis if the following symptoms are experienced
The occurrence of the following symptoms makes a patient eligible for the treatment of breast cancer
Side effects are often exhibited as soon as the patient starts treatment either through medicines, injectable or surgery. Every treatment has some severe and some minor side effects associated with it. A minor side effect goes away after a short period of time. However, in case of a major side effect, a doctor must be informed promptly. The side effects of the treatment of gallstones through cholecystectomy are surgical site infection, excessive bleeding, and nerve damage. The side effects of using medicine for dissolving a gallstone are a loose stool, back pain, indigestion, nausea, and vomiting.
The side effects of the antibiotic used for the treatment of infection of the urinary tract are trouble in sleeping, lightheadedness and a headache. While undergoing treatment for osteoporosis with medicines like alendronate, risedronate, and ibandronate the side effects experienced by the patient are chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, acidity, unusual pain, and flatulence. When a patient undergoes treatment of breast cancer through surgeries like lumpectomy and mastectomy the side effects experienced are infection at the site of surgery, damage of the nerves, fever, and pain. The side effects of radiation therapy are swollen breasts, damaging of the skin, sore throat, fatigue, and lymphedema. The side effects of chemotherapy for the treatment of breast cancer are mouth ulcers, increased risk of infection, hair loss, tiredness, and loss of appetite.
For the treatment of gallstone if the patient undergoes treatment through cholecystectomy then complete recovery may take 2 weeks. While using medicines for dissolving the gallstone the recovery may take several months or a year. A patient suffering from an infection of the urinary tract recovers within 1 week. However, the majority of the symptoms of urinary tract infection go away within 48 hours of oral administration of the antibiotic.
The recovery of a patient suffering from osteoporosis starts as soon as a patient starts taking the medicines in some cases the disease can be reserved. A patient that undergoes lumpectomy recovers within 14 days of the surgery and in mastectomy a patient may take 4 to 6 weeks to recover.If the cancer is in the initial stage then a patient can completely recover early but in the later stages, it may take months for a patient to completely recover.
The cost of treatment of gallstone in India using cholecystectomy may range from 25,000 to 1 lakh rupees based on the location and the type of surgery. Medicine for dissolving gallstone costs around 250 to 500 rupees based on the power of the medicine. The cost of antibiotic medicine for the treatment of UTI may cost around 100 to 300 rupees. The cost of surgery for breast cancer would cost a patient around 5 to 8 lakh rupees based on the type of surgery and location where the surgery is conducted. The complete cost for the treatment of cancer would cost a patient around 20 lakh including all the surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
The result of the treatment is permanent when a patient undergoes surgery for gallstone. The treatment is not permanent while using medications. The result of the treatment for UTI may be permanent but the condition can recur in the future. Osteoporosis can be stopped in its tracks as soon as a patient starts taking the medicine. The results of the treatment of breast cancer are not permanent as there is a possibility that it may return in the future.
Some patients often opt for Dandelion for the treatment of gallstone as an alternative treatment in their belief. An herb by the name of Lysimachia herba is a Chinese herb that is believed to prevent and treat gallstones. An alternative treatment for UTI can be increasing the intake of vitamin C. patients can opt for vitamin D and calcium supplements for treating the condition of osteoporosis. There is no alternative treatment for breast cancer. However, there are natural remedies that help in reducing the side effects of the treatment.