Women can face a number of gynecological issues at various stages of their life. This includes irregular periods, painful periods, infertility, uterine cysts, impotency and frizidity. According to Ayurveda, most of these issues arise from an unhealthy diet and lifestyle that disturbs the balance of doshas. The symptoms exhibited thus depend on which of the three doshas; vata, pitta or kapha is aggravated and which is lowered. This, in turn, means that to treat these gynecological issues, Ayurvedic doctors attempt to correct the balance of doshas through lifestyle changes and herbal remedies.
Panchakarma treatment can also be very helpful in treating gynecological issues. This involves five different types of treatments based on the patient’s complaint and overall health.
Women’s physiologic needs are somewhat different from men. Since they have an altogether different build and physiologic processes they also have a different nutritional need compared to men. Women in different age groups need a number of minerals and vitamins in higher quantities than men in the same age group. Here are some of the most important minerals and vitamins for women.
Calcium is essential for strong bones, healthy muscles, and more in both men and women. However, it is all the more essential for women since they start losing bone after menopause. They need to get enough calcium throughout their lives so that they don’t suffer from porous bones and problems associated with it. You need to build a sustainable bone density within 19 to 30 years of age since you are invariably going to lose some as you age and cross menopause. If the diet is not enough, you may consider supplements but with medical advice. Dairy products, calcium-fortified juices, beans, cereals, almonds, leafy greens, salmon they all deliver a good amount of calcium.
Vitamin D is also essential for healthy bones and women tends to get porous bones as they age. It may also reduce the risk of some cancers and heart diseases. But the significance of Vitamin D lies in the fact that it promotes calcium absorption. Without Vitamin D, calcium-rich diet and supplements would not be of any use. One can get vitamin D in sea fishes like tuna and salmon, fortified milk, fruit juices, cereals etc. One also needs to get enough of sunshine since vitamin D is made in the skin on exposure to sunlight.
Iron helps increase hemoglobin that in turn enhances the number of red blood cells in the blood. This keeps blood healthy. Women undergo heavy menstrual bleeding, and to counter that they need healthy blood level. Women also need healthy blood level since it is through the blood that the fetus derives all the nutrition. So they need iron-rich diets and/or iron supplements. If they don’t get enough iron, they may suffer from anemia. The best sources of Iron are animal sources since the iron found in animal meat is heme iron, which is easily assimilated by the body.
Women in the reproductive age group need to take Folate, a type of Vitamin B, that helps in the development of the fetus and reduces the risk of congenital problems like spina bifida in children. One can get enough Folate in brown rice, dark green vegetables, sprouts, spinach, green beans, broccoli, potatoes etc. You can also get it in fortified cereals and bread. However, pregnant women or those desiring to get pregnant need to add folate in the form of supplements in their regimen. For pregnant and breastfeeding women the requirement of folate shots up.
Magnesium supports a number of bodily functions in both men and women, but its significance for women lies in its ability to promote strong bones and preventing bone loss. This is why it is very important for women above 40 years of age when the risk of osteoporosis increases.
Excess bleeding or menorrhagia is a common kind of abnormal bleeding occurring at the time of menstruation. Menorrhagia causes more blood loss which leads to anaemia. Fatigue and breathlessness are common symptoms of anaemia.
Symptoms of excess bleeding
A few of the common symptoms of excessive bleeding are:
Causes of excess bleeding
Treatment for excess bleeding
Several treatments are available to treat heavy bleeding during menstruation. Choosing the right one mainly depends on the reasons that cause heavy bleeding.
To conclude, proper diagnosis, choosing the right treatment for excess bleeding at menses needs to be done urgently as it affects the overall health of the women suffering from it.
Adolescence is characterized by the spurt in growth, a period in which growth occurs really fast. During this time, physical changes affect the nutritional needs of the body, while lifestyle changes might affect eating habits along with the choices of food. On the other, Nutrition is equally important for all those who are pregnant as, during pregnancy, a woman's body goes through a number of physical and hormonal changes. Hence, the way one nourishes her body during this phase will affect one's health as well as her baby's.
Importance of Nutrition for Adolescent Girls
It is the spurt in growth that tends to occur in adolescence that creates an increase in the demand for energy as well as nutrients. The important set of nutrients that require to increase during adolescence include energy, protein and calcium.
Let us briefly look into how each of them is important for adolescent girls:
*Energy: Adolescents require additional energy for their growth and activity. They can meet up the requirements by having various healthy foods like lean protein sources, dairy products containing low fat, whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
*Protein: Protein requirements of adolescent girls are mainly determined by the amount of protein they require for maintaining lean body mass. Protein is important both for growth and maintenance of muscle. Adolescents usually require somewhere between 45 and 60 gm of protein every day. They can get that through chicken, eggs, beef, pork, dairy products and some vegetables.
*Calcium: An adequate amount of calcium intake is necessary for developing strong and dense bones during the adolescent stage. Milk provides the highest amount of calcium in the diets of adolescents, followed by cheese, ice cream and frozen yoghurt.
**Iron: Adolescent girls require adequate amount of iron intake on a daily basis. Some of the iron-rich foods are Tofu, Tempeh, Natto, Soybeans, Lentils, Other Beans and Peas, Nuts and Seeds, Leafy Greens, Tomato Paste, Potatoes and more.
Nutritional Requirements for Pregnant Women
Pregnant women go through a number of physical as well as hormonal changes. Hence, nourishment plays a crucial role during this time, which will have an effect on the health of women and well as their on their babies.
-Women must make sure to eat a healthy, balanced diet, which will help them stay healthy all through their pregnancy.
-The food that they have turns out to be the main source of nourishment for babies. Thus it is critical to take those foods that are rich in nutrients.
An easy way to ensure that they are getting all the required nutrients is to have different foods from each of the food groups every day. Each and every food group has something to offer for the body. For instance:
The shrinking back of the uterus to its natural shape and size may lead to the occurence of afterpains. It usually happens while breastfeeding as oxytocin, the hormone which encourages the uterus to contract is released during feeding.