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What Can Possibly Lead To Heavy Bleeding During Menses?

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Balwinder Kaur 90% (142 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Amritsar  •  34 years experience
What Can Possibly Lead To Heavy Bleeding During Menses?

Menstruation is the monthly discharge of blood from the vagina, which lasts for about 5 to 6 days. It is the shedding of the inner lining of the uterus, when pregnancy does not occur after the release of egg from the ovary. Menstrual periods are generally often accompanied by painful cramps in the lower abdomen, heavy bleeding, weakness, water retention, irritability and malaise.

What is Menorrhagia?

Very heavy or prolonged periods are medically termed as menorrhagia. It is abnormally heavy bleeding if there is a requirement to change sanitary napkins or tampons several times within a very short span of time. Passing large blood clots, night time bleeding, bleeding for over 7 -8 days, are other symptoms that one might be suffering from menorrhagia.

Common Causes Behind It

  1. Menorrhagia is mostly a cause of hormonal imbalance, particularly in the levels of estrogens and progesterone.

  2. Fibroids, cysts or polyps in the organs of the reproductive system, which includes the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

  3. History of miscarriage or failed pregnancies.

  4. Use of contraceptives

How can you treat heavy bleeding during menses

  1. You must include more minerals, iron, magnesium and calcium in your diet. Your diet must comprise a lot of green vegetables, fresh fruits and dairy products.

  2. Some non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen may be prescribed to reduce the blood loss.

  3. Certain hormonal therapies to regulate the hormonal imbalances and menstrual irregularities.

  4. Home remedies such as intake of certain herbs, ginger and coriander seeds help to control heavy bleeding.

  5. Increasing magnesium intake to balance out levels of oestrogen.

  6. It is best to stick to natural remedies, as it generally does not create complications in other bodily functions.

If the bleeding cannot be controlled even after a change of diet and home remedies, you must visit the gynaecologist as soon as possible. Heavy bleeding is a serious problem, especially if accompanied by dizziness, fluctuations in the blood pressure, nausea and weight loss. Severe cramps and constant bleeding can hinder daily routine, therefore, the earlier you receive medical attention, the quicker you will get relief.

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