Peptic ulcer is a disease usually found in the first part of the small intestine but can also be found in the delicate stomach lining near the duodenum. Peptic ulcers are usually painful sores that are caused due to too much acid production in the stomach, as well as excessive smoking and alcohol consumption.
Treatment of these peptic ulcers:
- Medication: The most common way of treating peptic ulcers is to ingest proton pump inhibitors (PPI's). These medicines will effectively stop the production of acid and reflux in the gastroesophageal region. Antibiotics to remove infection by H.pylori can also help, especially in severe cases.
- Upper Endoscopy and Surgery: For severe cases where there is bleeding in the peptic ulcers, an upper GI endoscopy may be conducted to reduce the bleeding and identify the site of ulcers. Sometimes surgery also may be recommended in persistent bleeding.
- Lifestyle Changes: The presence of a peptic ulcer usually points to tobacco and alcohol abuse. Giving up smoking and drinking helps. Drinking plenty of water and eating a proper balanced diet along with exercise is beneficial. Managing and treating peptic ulcers by proper diagnosis and early treatment is helpful.
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