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Overview

Type 2 Diabetes Treatment: Treatment, Procedure, Cost And Side Effects

What is Type 2 Diabetes Treatment?

Combining lifestyle changes with the use of medication will help you to control blood sugar during Type 2 Diabetes. Healthier eating and more physical activities are recommended to be a large component of Type 2 diabetes treatment.

Oral Medications: Patients diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes are usually prescribed with an oral drug called Metformin and that is in addition to lifestyle changes. Metformin is chosen as it lowers health complications, helps control blood sugar and helps a little with weight loss.

Insulin: To keep blood sugar under control, the oral medications for Type 2 diabetes patients, sometimes, aren’t enough. In that case, The insulin can be added to your treatment. Insulin is, generally, used during the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes to control the blood sugar. Though the actual rate of insulin used among the patients can vary.

Is Type 2 diabetes completely curable?

Even after the decades of research, scientists are yet to find a permanent cure for a Type 2 Diabetes, but in lot of cases Type 2 Diabetes can be reversed. Though, a reversal is definitely not a cure. Unfortunately, not all Type 2 Diabetics can reverse their condition. A1c's can be lowered to a level deemed 'non-diabetic' with a persistent diet, exercise and lifestyle changes. It is noteworthy that the diabetes can simply return unless the lifestyle changes are maintained on a regular basis.

Is diabetes Type 2 dangerous?

In the case of Type 2 Diabetes, unlike Type 1 Diabetes, the body produces insulin but the body's cells are resistant to it. A balanced diet, weight loss, oral medications, and sometimes insulin can be helpful in treating Type 2 Diabetes. A dangerous and, sometimes, life threatening condition that occurs more frequently in Type 2 Diabetics is the diabetic coma. It happens when blood sugar climbs to very high levels.

A person with Type 1 Diabetes, especially who smokes and have high blood pressure, or is overweight, has a greater risk of developing heart disease and strokes. Gastroparesis is a situation in which the stomach takes too long to empty its contents. In Type 1 Diabetes patients, the vague nerve, which controls the movement of food through the digestive tract, becomes damaged because of regularly-high glucose levels. When this happens the muscles of the stomach and intestines no longer function normally and the movement of food slows or stops completely.

Can you live a long healthy life with type 2 diabetes?

Though, it is true that Type 2 Diabetes reduces life expectancy but regular screening, medication and better awareness can play a very important role in living a healthy life with Type 2 Diabetes. Various domestic and international studies have found that women aged 55 years and over with diabetes lost on average 6 to 10 years of life while men lost 5 to years.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Here goes some post-treatment guidelines for a Type 2 Diabetes patient. The following ways can help you to keep the blood sugar level closer to normal, which can further delay or prevent complications.

  1. Healthy eating : Even though there's no specific diabetes diet but it's important to center your diet on some high-fiber, low-fat foods such as Fruits, Vegetables, Whole grains, etc. in order to keep your Type 2 Diabetes under control, you also need to eat fewer animal products, refined carbohydrates and sweets.
  2. Regular exercise : People, diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes, must involve some regular aerobic exercises in their daily lifestyle. You can also choose an activity you enjoy, such as walking, swimming and biking after, essentially, consulting your doctor.
  3. Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy: Some of them who have Type 2 Diabetes need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. The medication which you have to take, depends on many factors, including your blood sugar level and any other health problems you may have.
  4. Blood sugar monitoring : You can keep your blood sugar level within the target range only through careful monitoring.

Is Type 2 diabetes genetic?

Researches have established that Type 2 Diabetes can be genetic or hereditary. But it is noteworthy that if any of your parents have Type 2 Diabetes, it doesn't mean that you will definitely develop it, however it means you have more chances to develop Type 2 Diabetes. The risk of Type 2 Diabetes advances if you have a brother, sister, or parent who has type 2 diabetes.

What are the Side effects of the treatment ?

You might experience some side effects during the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes, don't worry, some are temporary and should go away within a few weeks. It includes situations like stomach upset, gas, or diarrhea. Some other most common problems such as frequent urination, yeast infections in women, low blood pressure may occur. In such cases, consult your doctor if your side effects are severe or don’t go away in a few weeks.

Popular Health Tips

Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

MBBS, MD - General Medicine, DM - Endocrinology
Endocrinologist, Kolkata
Know The Signs Of Type 1 & 2 Diabetes!

The food we eat contains energy which is stored as glucose in the body. This glucose is then converted into back into energy with the help of a hormone called insulin. A lack of insulin in the body or an inability to use the insulin is known as diabetes. There are two types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 and type 2. These diseases cannot be cured but with medication, correct nutrition and weight management, they can be controlled so as to not affect your quality of life.

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition and usually, begins in childhood. This is an autoimmune condition and makes the pancreas stop producing insulin.

Some probable causes of type 1 diabetes are:

  1. Family history of diabetes

  2. Pancreatic diseases

  3. Other infections and diseases that can affect the pancreas.

Between the two, type 2 diabetes is more common. Type 2 diabetes is also known as insulin resistance and can affect a person at any stage in life. However, it is more common amongst men and women above the age of 45. Ethnicity also plays an important role here with African Americans, Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Hispanic people being more vulnerable to this disease. In this case, the body does produce insulin but either this amount is insufficient or the body is resistant to the insulin.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. High blood pressure

  3. Sedentary lifestyle

  4. Polycystic ovary syndrome

  5. Family history of diabetes

  6. Low levels of good cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides

  7. Presence of cells that are resistant to insulin

  8. Prediabetes or glucose intolerance

The most common symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  1. Increased urination

  2. Excessive thirst and increased appetite

  3. Weight loss

  4. Fatigue

  5. Wounds that are slow to heal

  6. Yeast infections

  7. Numbness and tingling sensations in the toes

  8. Dry skin

  9. Blurred vision

  10. Nausea and vomiting

Another common type of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. It is caused by the over or under production of insulin by the placenta. Gestational diabetes can affect the health and growth of the baby is not treated in time. This condition usually resolves itself after the baby is delivered but it can put the mother at an increased risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Some factors that can trigger this condition are:

  1. Obesity

  2. Glucose intolerance

  3. Family history of diabetes

  4. Pregnancy after the age of 30

टाइप 2 मधुमेह के लक्षण - Type 2 Madhumeh Ke Lakshan!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
टाइप 2 मधुमेह के लक्षण - Type 2 Madhumeh Ke Lakshan!

जब हम कार्बोहाइड्रेट से युक्त खाद्य पदार्थों का सेवन करते हैं, तो यही हमारे शरीर में ऊर्जा में बदलता है. जिसे ग्लूकोज कहा जाता है. अब इस ऊर्जा को हमारे शरीर की लाखों कोशिकाओं में पहुंचाना होता है. जिससे कोशिकाएं ग्लूकोज को जलाकर शरीर को ऊर्जा पहुंचाने का काम करते हैं. यह तभी हो सकता है जब हमारा अग्नाशय पर्याप्त मात्रा में इंसुलिन का निर्माण करे. इंसुलिन दरअसल एक हार्मोन है जो हमारे शरीर में कार्बोहाइड्रेट और वसा की मात्रा को नियंत्रित करता है. बिना इंसुलिन के ग्लूकोज हमारे शरीर की कोशिकाओं में प्रवेश नहीं कर पाता है. जिससे रक्त कोशिकाओं के बाहर ही एकत्रित रह जाता है. ऐसे में व्यक्ति को ऊर्जा नहीं मिल पाती और इस समस्या को ही हम मधुमेह करते हैं.

मधुमेह की बीमारी सीधे-सीधे इंसुलिन से जुड़ी होती है. यानी जब इन्सुलिन का उत्पादन कम होता है. तो शुगर या मधुमेह के नाम से जानते हैं. इसलिए मधुमेह को दो श्रेणियों में रखा जा सकता है. टाइप वन और टाइप टू. टाइप-1 का मतलब है शरीर में इंसुलिन का उत्पादन नहीं हो पा रहा है. जब कि टाइप-2 मधुमेह का मतलब है इंसुलिन का उत्पादन तो हो रहा है पर इसका इस्तेमाल नहीं हो पा रहा जिसके कारण ग्लूकोज कोशिकाओं में नहीं जा पाता है और रक्त में उसकी मात्रा बढ़ जाती है. कुल मिलाकर आप यह कह सकते हैं कि टाइप 2 मधुमेह में हमारे शरीर में उत्पादित इंसुलिन का सही उपयोग नहीं हो पाता है. और इंसुलिन की अतिरिक्त मात्रा में उत्पादन हो जाने के कारण अग्नाशय इंसुलिन नहीं बना पाता बनाता है. इसलिए टाइप 2 मधुमेह कि मरीजों को परेशानी होती है. तो आइए टाइप-2 मधुमेह को और अच्छे से समझने के लिए हम निम्लिखित बिन्दुओं का अध्ययन करें.

1. बार-बार प्यास लगना-
टाइप-2 मधुमेह के दौरान व्यक्ति को बार बार-प्यास और पेशाब लगता है. इसका कारण ये है कि इस दौरान आपका शरीर आमतौर पर निर्जलित ही रहता है. शरीर का निर्जलीकरण होने के कारण ही बार बार प्यास लगती है.

2. बार-बार पेशाब लगना-
रक्त में अतिरिक्त शुगर की उपस्थिति के कारण गुर्दे को साफ बनाए रखने के लिए अधिक काम करना पड़ता है. और मूत्र के द्वारा अतिरिक्त शुगर को शरीर से बाहर निकालने का काम किया जाता है. इसलिए बार-बार पेशाब आता है.

3. थकान महसूस करना-
जब हमारे शरीर की कोशिकाओं में ग्लूकोज नहीं पहुंच पाती है, यानी ग्लूकोज की आपूर्ति ठीक से नहीं हो पाती है. तब व्यक्ति को थकान कब महसूस होता है. और उसे जल्दी भूख लगी भूख भी लगने लगती है. ये भी मधुमेह का एक महत्वपूर्ण लक्षण है.

4. घावों का देर से भरना-
मधुमेह के मरीजों में रक्त शर्करा का स्तर सही नहीं होने के कारण तंत्रिका या किसी अन्य अंग की क्षति का कारण बन जाता है. इस समस्या के कारण ही आपके शरीर के घाव को ठीक होने में काफी देर लगती हैं. यदि आपके घाव भी ठीक होने में ज्यादा समय ले रहे हैं तो किसी चिकित्सक से सम्पर्क करें.

5. वजन में कमी-
मधुमेह टाइप 2 के मरीजों में अक्सर यह देखा जाता है. कि उनकी वजन में कमी आती है. इसलिए कहा जा सकता है. कि टाइप-2 मधुमेह से पीड़ित मरीज मरीजों के वजन में कमी आना इसका एक लक्षण है.

6. इन्फेक्शन होना-
टाइप 2 मधुमेह से महिला या पुरुष दोनों ही पीड़ित हो सकते हैं. ऐसा आप उनके हाथ और पैर की उंगलियों के बीच, सेक्स अंगो के आसपास और स्तन के नीचे यीस्ट इन्फेक्शन को देखकर भी अनुमान लगा सकते हैं.

7. बालों का गिरना-
मधुमेह के दौरान यह भी देखा जाता है. कि मधुमेह के मरीजों के बाल झड़ने शुरू हो जाते हैं. मधुमेह के मरीजों में बाल झड़ने की समस्या आमतौर पर उत्पन्न हो जाते हैं.

2 people found this helpful

Type 2 Diabetes - How To Administer It Well?

MBBS, MD- General Medicine, Diploma in Diabetes
General Physician, Vijayawada
Type 2 Diabetes - How To Administer It Well?

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body deals with glucose in the blood and the glucose absorbed from the food you ingest. Diabetes is generally of two basic types - Type 1 and Type 2. Apart from these two types, there are other kinds as well including gestational diabetes that some women suffer from during their pregnancy. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the cells of the body do not make proper use of the insulin being produced by the pancreas. Living with this kind of a condition may seem debilitating at first, but here are a few things you can do to make life easier despite Type 2 Diabetes.

-Weight: Being overweight is one the foremost side effects and sometimes, even cause of Type 2 Diabetes. To make your life easier, you can lose weight so that the complications involved are that much less. Diet and exercise are key for appropriate weight loss. Watch your diet so that you can eliminate high cholesterol as well. This can ensure that unnecessary amount of fat does not stick to your muscles and organs, which in turn will fuel better functioning of the same.

-Health Care: Being fit with Type 2 Diabetes does not merely mean staying within your normal weight range. It also means taking care of your medication and insulin doses so that you can function in a more normal way. Make your family and friends your support system as you go about life so that people can help you and recognise symptoms when something goes wrong. Be in constant touch with your health care providers and the general physician you see so that they are in the loop and you know exactly what to do in case there is an emergency.

-Exercise: Being active is a great way to keep your blood sugar level low even as you ensure that you heart is in good condition. This will further eliminate the risk of heart disease, hypertension and high cholesterol. Sweating it out also helps the insulin work in a better manner within your body.

-Balance: While you may be asked to remove sugar from your diet, there is no need to stay away from proper meals. You can have a fibre rich diet that also has plenty of fruits and vegetables so that you get your due nutrition and maintain a fit body.

Watching your lifestyle is the main thing you need to do if you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes.

4534 people found this helpful

Tips For Staying Healthy With Type 2 Diabetes!

MBBS, DNB, Indian Diploma In Critical Care Medicine
General Physician, Gurgaon
Tips For Staying Healthy With Type 2 Diabetes!

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body deals with glucose in the blood and the glucose absorbed from the food you ingest. Diabetes is generally of two basic types - Type 1 and Type 2. Apart from these two types, there are other kinds as well including gestational diabetes that some women suffer from during their pregnancy. Type 2 Diabetes is a condition where the cells of the body do not make proper use of the insulin being produced by the pancreas.

Living with this kind of a condition may seem debilitating at first, but here are a few things you can do to make life easier despite Type 2 Diabetes.

1.Weight: Being overweight is one the foremost side effects and sometimes, even cause of Type 2 Diabetes. To make your life easier, you can lose weight so that the complications involved are that much less. Diet and exercise are key for appropriate weight loss. Watch your diet so that you can eliminate high cholesterol as well. This can ensure that unnecessary amount of fat does not stick to your muscles and organs, which in turn will fuel better functioning of the same.

2.Health Care: Being fit with Type 2 Diabetes does not merely mean staying within your normal weight range. It also means taking care of your medication and insulin doses so that you can function in a more normal way. Make your family and friends your support system as you go about life so that people can help you and recognise symptoms when something goes wrong. Be in constant touch with your health care providers and the general physician you see so that they are in the loop and you know exactly what to do in case there is an emergency.

3.Exercise: Being active is a great way to keep your blood sugar level low even as you ensure that you heart is in good condition. This will further eliminate the risk of heart disease, hypertension and high cholesterol. Sweating it out also helps the insulin work in a better manner within your body.

4.Balance: While you may be asked to remove sugar from your diet, there is no need to stay away from proper meals. You can have a fibre rich diet that also has plenty of fruits and vegetables so that you get your due nutrition and maintain a fit body.

Watching your lifestyle is the main thing you need to do if you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes.

4 people found this helpful

Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

MBBS, Fellow in Critical Care(FCCM)
General Physician, Bhubaneswar
Diabetes Type 1 & 2 - A Complete Guide!

Diabetes is one of the most common problems that are caused by obesity, unhealthy and inactive lifestyle. It is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to store and use energy from food. Being physically inactive and eating unhealthy food are primary causes of diabetes. It is a long term condition which causes high or unstable blood sugar levels in the body.

When a patient suffers from low blood sugar it is called Hypoglycemia, and if the blood sugar levels are too high, it is called Hyperglycemia. Both are extremely harmful for a patient.

Type 1 and Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes-

Type 1

In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. The condition has no known cure and is usually hereditary in nature. Approximately 10% of those suffering from diabetes have Type 1 diabetes. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have to take regular medication, including insulin injections as well as take care of their diet.

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes happens when the body does not produce enough insulin for its proper functioning. 90% of all diabetic people suffer from Type 2 diabetes. It is usually caused by poor lifestyle choices, like physical inactivity and unhealthy food habits. The disease lasts a lifetime and is usually progressive in nature, but can be managed by taking regular medication, choosing an active lifestyle and maintaining proper body weight.

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. This has to be managed by taking medication or in extreme cases insulin shots. If undetected or untreated, gestational diabetes increases complications during childbirth, and causes unusual weight gain in the baby. However, gestational diabetes usually ends after the baby is born and women can go back to their normal lifestyle and eating habits post delivery.

Symptoms of Diabetes

  1. Frequent urination
  2. Extreme hunger or thirst
  3. Weight loss
  4. Problems with vision
  5. Tingling or numbness of the extremities.
  6. Unexplained fatigue
  7. Dry skin
  8. Cuts or sores that heal slowly
  9. High number of infections

Who is at greatest risk for developing diabetes?

People who:

  1. Are 45 or over
  2. Are overweight
  3. Are habitually physically inactive
  4. Have previously been identified as having IFG (impaired fasting glucose) or IGT (impaired glucose tolerance)
  5. Have a family history of diabetes
  6. Are members of certain ethnic groups (including Asian American, African American, Hispanic American, and Native American)
  7. Have had gestational diabetes or have given birth to a child weighing more than 9 pounds
  8. Have elevated blood pressure
  9. Have an HDL cholesterol level (the good cholesterol) below 35 mg/dl and/or a triglyceride level above 250 mg/dl
  10. Have polycystic ovary syndrome
  11. Have a history of vascular disease

What is pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition of elevated blood glucose level that has not yet reached a diabetic level. Along with insulin resistance, pre-diabetes causes no symptoms. An individual may be pre-diabetic for years without knowing it. Pre-diabetes increases your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Weight loss and exercise may halt the onset of diabetes from pre-diabetes by returning blood glucose levels to a normal range.

Diabetes is the fifth-leading cause of death by disease. Diabetes leads to the death of many people each year across the globe. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

3329 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

I am taking glycomet 500 mg once a day since 3 years and twice a day from one month. Can I take amul camel milk also along with it as they are saying it's having insulin. Any side effects.

Diabetologist, Nagpur
1) are your sugars normal with glycomet 500 mg bd dose? 2) camel milk is very rich in vitamin c and iron. It also has some proteins which have antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties. 3) it has some amount of insulin but how much benefit it gives is still a matter of contraversy.
2 people found this helpful

I am a type 2 diabetic and taking pioglitazone hydrochloride 15 mg one tablet twice a day, glimepiride 2 mg one twice a day and metformin hydrochloride 500 mg one tablet twice a day. Please advise if this is a safe dose to control my diabetes.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query You have mentioned the drugs and dosage being taken, but there us no mention of blood glucose levels and HbA1c%, so I am unable to know whether glucose is well controlled or not. Another aspect you are taking 30 mg of Pioglitazone, which is the maximum dose recommended. It is better if that is reduced to 15 mg a day. Please let me know the glucose levels and HbA1c% Then only I can comment. Plus I need to know the diet pattern and extent of exercise, weight and height. Thanks.
11 people found this helpful

Hi, I'm going to be 31 on 4th May 2018. In 2014, I was diagnosed with diabetes. And Doctor advised me Getryl (Glimepiride) 2 mg and Metformin HCL 500 mg, everyday. I want to ask that does these medicines reduces sperm count? As I am not married yet. Please guide me.

DM - Endocrinology, MBBS, MD - Medicine
Endocrinologist, Bangalore
Hi lybrate-user, you need not to worry about sperm count since it will affect your general health through stress. Please focus on your diet and exercise and good lifestyle modification. Medicines will not do any harm. Please consult me if you have further clarifications. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

I have a relative who is type 2 diabetes mellitus and has high bp as well as myoma. What treatment she is going to get before surgery.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Certificate Course In Evidence Based Diabetes Management, Certificate Course In Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetologist, Sri Ganganagar
Hi sir, Her blood pressure and blood sugar levels should be under good control before the surgery. Blood sugar fluctuations is to be minimal.

Table of Content

What is Type 2 Diabetes Treatment?

Is Type 2 diabetes completely curable?

Is diabetes Type 2 dangerous?

Can you live a long healthy life with type 2 diabetes?

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Is Type 2 diabetes genetic?

What are the Side effects of the treatment ?

Play video
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Nashkar!

I am Dr. Rukamani Nair. I am working as a medical superintendent in Bnchy Wellness Medispa. I am a Naturopathy doctor and I am working for the last 32 years in this wellness spa.

Here I would like to share with you on the topic type 2 diabetes mellitus which is also known as Non-Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. So diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome which is caused by the impaired or the dysfunction of the beta cell functions or insulin action. And at times our body is unable to utilize this insulin which Is produced by the beta cells and body becomes blunt and maybe because of the blunting of the insulin receptors or otherwise insulin signaling part ways. And we all know that now in this type of diabetes mellitus has become a social-economic problem world over. And India has got the highest number of population and it has been estimated by ICMR survey that by 2030 the one in five diabetes person in the world will be Indian.

So there is not exact cause of diabetes, but in developing countries like our India, it may be because of the high intake of calorie diet and a decreased physical activity, environmental factors and stress that will be contributing to the position and also deployment and progression of the diseases. And it is also known that this disease more associated with other factors like obesity, hypertension, lipid increase levels, and also stressful situations. So I will like to make you know that how naturopathy and yoga can control this disease and before starting that I will like also make you know that there are certain symptoms or signs regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus. When 1 starts suffering diabetes mellitus, the person in his cell system aspire by X variance. It starts giving disturbance in the digestive system. So the system is often time, we may get gas formation, we may have loose motions, when we are unable to consume high calorie as well as spicy food.

Along with that there will be excess increased hunger, increased thirst, increased urination, fatigue, blood vessel and also no healing of wounds etc. when such systems even. When such systems develop, it is very much, I mean needed to show and sat by their. We have started, I mean diabetes. So you need to consult a doctor and do regular checkup and one that has known that they a diabetes then I higher glasses. Then reeking check is very much needed. But when it comes to the treatment, in naturopathy, yoga there are very very good moralities, like say in naturopathy. We have clinical for one, I mean study is there. So in that we have huge. Like mudpack to the abdomen. And then also abdomen and spinal has which is followed by Para cyclonite, at least minimum to 22 to 30 minutes. He again give eat bath. So these techniques are highly useful and they are found to be must more helpful and given a significant reason in reducing , I mean the, the lipid, propyl age is passing glucose in PP even glucolis leave tat hemoglobin.

And there are certain yoga techniques. So along we such techniques, one can start doing regularly, if they want to go yoga the can go regularly at least for 45 minutes to 1 hour regular walking, swimming that serves the purpose so once, daily one continues then type 2 diabetes mellitus can be controlled along with certain discipline of the restriction. Particularly people we all know that timely eating, and then low calorie diet, low fat diet, and high fibers diet. They are highly useful in controlling or relieving type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Thank you everybody. And if you like to contact us and consult, please call us on Lybrate for detail consultancy.
Play video
Know More About Diabetes
Types and causes of Diabetes

Hi, I m Dr.R.S Saini internal medicine specialist and endocrinologist. I am treating diabetes and hormone imbalance disease.

Diabetes is two types, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes is caused by the low release of insulin in human body and some and endocrinal hormone imbalances in a human body. We treated diabetes and hormone imbalance in our clinic if any person suffers from this diseases they can get treated by us in our clinic. Diabetic and hormone imbalance patients should not stop their medicines without consulting your doctors. if you want the best treatment then you contact us. We give 100 days one hundred percent satisfaction in treatment.

If you wanted really good health then contact us on www.lybrate.com, clinic name is Pyare Lal hormones clinic in Bolivar Ballabgar, Faridabad, Haryana. Thank you!
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Diabetes
Here are type,symptoms,cause and treatments of Diabetes

Hi Lybtateres, this Ravi Kumar Muppidi (Endocrinologist). Today I am enlightning you about diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes means high blood sugar above normal blood sugar. Right now 7 crores people are suffering with diabetes and another 7 crores will become diabetic in a few months or few years. Diabetes are of two varieties Type 1, type 2 and other varieties. Type 1 is when body is fully deficient of insulin and need daily insulin injections to control their blood sugars. So Type 2 is the common variety, most people will suffer with type 2 diabetes. Why this type 2 diabetes is very high in India because of their lifestyle. We have to focus on this lifestyle. We have to keep moving and maintain an ideal weight. The thing is if you maintain an ideal weight for your height then this diabetes wont occurs as common. Daily ten thousands steps you have to walk otherwise your heart rate should be above 130 per minute for 20 minutes a day then that is called exercise so daily exercise and maintaining weight through diet is important so you need to concentrate on diet restrictions, whatever necessary the amount you have to eat. You got diabetes don t worry you need to maintain diet, exercise and medication. Medication also very important once you have got diagnose with diabetes you have to take tablets. Type 2 diabetic s patients they need to be aware of diabetes and their blood sugar levels; they need to monitors their blood sugar levels weekly once at least. The blood sugar should below 130 before food and below 180 after food ok.

How to know if you are diabetic?

If you feel thirsty and if you are drinking lot of water then check your blood sugars, So other complaints of a diabetic are not only excess thirst also excessive urine one or two times in the night, three or four times in the night and excess appetite. You eat a lot of food and still you will be hungry ok. You your weight is overweight and your age is above 30, it s the right time to check blood sugars. So the next thing is complications. This high blood sugar can affect your eyes causing retinopathy and even nerves causing diabetic neuropathy and kidney causing nephropathy and these heart problems are very common in diabetic people, strokes and other are common in diabetic people. Infections are also more common in diabetic people. So these are the complications of diabetes. Coming to prevention, how can we prevent has tony before lifestyle. So you have to walk at least 20 to 30 minutes a day. Then you have maintain ideal weight, so if your height is 160 cms you should not be more than 60 kgs, if you height is 170 cms you should not be more than 70 kgs. So like this you have maintain your ideal weight and if you got diabetes s you need to start medicines along with lifestyle modifications.

If you got diabetes you have consult your doctor either endocrinologist or physician or diabetologist. You can contact me through Lybrate.
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Diabetes
Here are type, cause, symptoms, and treatments of Diabetes

Good morning all of you, my name Dr. Anil Mehta, I am consultant physician practicing for the last 23 years in Delhi as a general practitioner. Today s topic of discussion is Diabetes.

Diabetes is very core mobility existing in our community defines all disorder that affects all organs of the body leading to increase of sugar levels due to deficiency of insulin which occurs due lack of insensitivity of the body organs, to insensitivity to different organs and also due to lack of insulin and due to lack of decrease production in the pancreas leading to its various core morbidities in every organs of the body. Mainly its symptoms are polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria and delayed wandlining.

There are various types of diabetes mainly in our community.

You know there is type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 is existing in children and young adults and type are existing in old age. Type 1 is known as due to lack of insulin. Deprive of and the patient is deprived of insulin so we have to replace the insulin.

Type 2 there is decrease sensitivity of insulin so lead to various other disorders mainly existing in old age. So to replace insulin, increase sensitivity there are various drugs available to treat. Ok, now we come to the complications. There are various complications mainly it affects eyes, peripheral system nerves, and kidney, heart every organ of the body. We can divide into microangiopathy and macroangiopathy. Microangiopathy means small vessels of the body leading to reduce sensation altered sensation. Micro was Fletcher of the body example is diabetic foot reduce sensation numbness leading to foot ulcers and diabetic foot. It s a nowadays a huge problem in our community.

So I am discussing this topic diabetes because it is a major disorder in our world. The patient is increasing more than 6 million and incidence is 2 or 3 children in every 10 giving birth to a baby means every 10 individual 1 or 2 or 3 are having diabetes. There are various measures by which you can screen diabetes mainly by fasting blood sugar, post mandal sugar and also by Hba1c.

So I will cut short my topic of discussion, you can any information or contact me at my clinic, my website at lybrate.com at Dr. Anil Mehta. Thank you
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Diabetes
Here are symptoms, type, effects, and Treatments of Diabetes

Hi, to all the viewers. I am Dr. Hardik Thakker, an M. D. physician practicing from Mumbai. I would like to take this opportunity to talk about diabetes mellitus, As you all know, diabetes is a very common lifestyle disorder that we see in India. In fact, 7.1% of the adult Indian population is afflicted by this disease. If you go by world ranking, India ranks 1 as per the total number of diabetic patients in India followed by China and the United States. So this number by itself shows the burden of the disease.

Now, what I commonly see in our practice is there are a lot of newly diagnosed patients who do not have any symptoms but they have just done a random sugar check and are diagnosed to have diabetes. So the moral of the story is that one does not need to have symptoms. Typically, a diabetic would have a history of increased urination, increase of water intake, weight gain or weight loss. Sometimes, they may develop complications like eye issues, peripheral neuropathy which is tingling and numbness in the nerves and sometimes they come with foot ulcers but a majority of the patients are asymptomatic. So, a sincere request to all the viewers to have your sugars checked once a year at least just to be sure that you are not missing out on your own disease.

Now, I am going to speak about the types of diabetes, why does it happen and what are the things that happen in diabetes. There is Type 1 diabetes which is found in people less than 20 years of age, and then there is autoimmune destruction of the pancreas because of which the secretion of insulin is not there and hence the sugars are high. These patients need only insulin and there are no medications for them. The second and the most common type is Type 2 diabetes which you will find in people above 40 years of age. The typical age in Mumbai or in India for that matter is 42 years which is the age of presentation and they usually treated with medications and sometimes with add-on insulin.

There is a third uncommon variant called the MODY which is Mode Dematurity Onset Diabetes which also needs insulin and it has some autoimmune disorders and genetic predispositions. In diabetes, there are sugars present in the blood in very high amounts which damages a lot of your organs. For example, the most common organ is the nerve. So it leads to neuropathy, people get tingling and numbness in the nerves. Also, another most common organ is the heart. Diabetes can cause blockages in the heart which leads to heart attack. The third common is the eye, specially the retina. It causes retinopathy and people have decreased vision and sometimes they see floaters in the eyes.

Fourth, most common complication is the foot ulcer. We do not want people to have these complications and hence the reason to diagnose and treat early and eat right. With regard to lifestyle management, I would sincerely request diabetic patients to have a brisk walk for 30 minutes every day. This by itself will increase your insulin sensitivity and help you to decrease the dose. Second thing is eating healthy which makes a huge difference to your sugar levels, to have a very low calorie meal, specifically avoid sugars and exercise. So, that is all I would like to say on diabetes.

If you wish to contact me further or would like to consult with me in private, I would request you to go to my website which is www.drhardikthakker.com and you can even get in touch with me through lybrate.com. Thank you very much for your time.
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