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Overview

Toxoplasmosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Toxoplasmosis is an infection that is caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite is found in uncooked meat, cat feces, especially meats like lamb, pork and venison. This parasite can also be transmitted through water that is contaminated.

Toxoplasmosis can really be fatal for a fetus and can cause serious birth defects, if the mother go infected with this disease, during gravidity and childbirth. This is the reason why all doctors advise gestating women not to scoop or clean cat litters during her pregnancy. Most people who gets infected with Toxoplasmosis, never have any symptoms at all. People those who have compromised immune system are most affected with this disease. In very rare cases, this infection may get transmitted through transplanted organ or through blood transfusion in between people. Cats and other warm bodied animals don’t usually show signs of this infectious disease, even though they the host of Toxoplasma gondii parasite. Once you show signs of toxoplasmosis, the doctor will perform a blood test to check for antibodies to this parasite. An antibody is a kind of protein, that the immune system produces, when it get threatened by injurious and unsafe substances. When the antibodies, detect foreign substances in the body, it detects it by surface markers called antigens. So once an antibody has developed against any particular antigen, it remains in blood, to protect the body against future infections with that particular foreign substance.

So, if you have ever been exposed to Toxoplasma gondii parasite, certain antibodies will be there in your blood, which will make your blood test appear positive for the T.gondii antibodies. However this positive result does not mean that you are presently affected with this disease. So, the doctor will perform further blood tests to figure out exactly when you were infected with this parasite.

For pregnant women, who is detected of an active toxoplasmosis infection, the medical practitioner may test the fetus’ blood and the mother’s amniotic fluid. Ultrasound scans can also help to determine if the fetus has been infected with the T.gondii parasite. If it is found that the fetus is infected with toxoplasmosis, the doctor may advice for termination of the pregnancy, depending on the gestational age of the baby. If not, doctor will possibly prescribe antibiotics to reduce the symptoms of this deadly infection on the gestating baby.

For children, newborns who survived this infection have lasting consequences on their eyes, brain, lungs and heart. They can also have recurrent seizures and delay in mental and physical development later on in their lives.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
Symptoms
Muscle pain Fever and headache

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Haematology - Diseases Cured By It and Tests Involved

Dr. Sajjan Rajpurohit 86% (30 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Oncology, DNB - Super Speciality, Immuno Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Haematology - Diseases Cured By It and Tests Involved
The study of blood and blood vessels is known as haematology. Doctors or scientists who study blood, in general, are known as haematologists. They are the ones who focus on blood health and blood disorders. The blood is composed of white blood cells (WBCs), red blood cells(RBCs) and platelets. Some of the organs that helps in transporting blood to other parts of the body include the blood vessels, lymph nodes, bone marrow and spleen. Proteins too actively participate in clotting and bleeding. Diseases Treated by Haematology Haematology treats an array of diseases including, but not limited to, the following: Anaemia due to deficiency of iron, trauma related problems, sickle cell etc. Myelofibrosis Excessive production of RBC Multiple myeloma Bone marrow and stem cell transportation Platelet-related disorder such as Von Willebrand disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, haemophilia etc. Haemoglobinopathies condition such as the sickle cell disease and thalassemia Leukaemia Malignant lymphomas Blood transfusion Myelodysplastic syndromes Common tests involved in haematology Blood count- This test is done to get an idea about the total number of platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells. Blood film- In this test, blood is stained with specific dyes and placed under a microscope to view the size, shape and the total number of blood cells. It also reveals any abnormalities that may be present in the blood. Staining can flag red blood cells that are deformed in nature. Itcan further flag conditions such as microfiliariasis, malaria and toxoplasmosis. Blood test It is done to assess granulocytosis and storage diseases. Bone marrow examination can also be done through blood tests. . Blood work - Assessment of immature platelets, evaluation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and spleen biopsycan be carried out with blood work. Tests such as serum ferritin, folate levels, and vitamin B12 can reveal the iron status of a person. Certain tests such as the antiglobulin or Coombs' can be done before blood matching or blood typing is done. Prothrombin This test is used to find out platelet function. A test known as the diascopy is performed to find out whether a lesion is haemorrhagic, vascular or non-vascular Immunocytochemical technique, a type of blood technique, is used to conduct antigen detection. Haematology testsare used for assessinghaemophagocytic syndrome. Karyotyping is done to detect any disorder of the chromosome. Fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) is a diagnostic method used to detect tumour.
1470 people found this helpful

Uveitis - Do You Know It Can Increase The Risk Of Other Diseases?

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 87% (19 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
Uveitis - Do You Know It Can Increase The Risk Of Other Diseases?
Uveitis is a set of inflammatory diseases that results in the swelling and damaging of the eye tissue. It can lead to temporary or permanent loss of vision. This disease often affects a part of the eye called the uvea, from which it has derived its name. It can affect people of all ages and can last from a short to long period of time. Ophthalmologists categorize uveitis into four major parts posterior uveitis, anterior uveitis, panuveitis uveitis and intermediate uveitis. This disease can be infectious or noninfectious, depending on the nature of the infection. What causes uveitis and what are the major risk factors? This disease is caused by the eye's inflammatory response and is caused by a series of potential factors such as the following: a. Immune system attack from the body b. Eye bruises c. Eye infection or tumor within the eye d. Foreign toxins that penetrate the eye What are the diseases associated with uveitis? Uveitis is associated with a range of diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Behcet's syndrome, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's (VKH) disease, psoriasis, herpes zoster infection, tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, toxoplasmosis, and cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. What are the typical symptoms of uveitis? One or both eyes can be affected by uveitis. Some of the common symptoms include pain in the eye, light sensitivity and blurred and dark spots in vision. Moreover, the symptoms might vary from person to person and greatly depends on the type of inflammation. The symptoms also vary according to the type of uveitis. What is the detection process? The process of detection starts with a patient's medical history followed by several medical tests to rule out autoimmune disorders. This is followed by an evaluation of the central nervous system to rule out multiple sclerosis. Some of the other tests conducted by ophthalmologists include measuring the ocular pressure, slit lamp exam, funduscopic exam and visual acuity test. The primary aim of the treatment is to eradicate inflammation, restore vision, prevent tissue damage and reduce pain. The treatment plan depends on the type of uveitis a patient displays. Doctors often suggest a dose of corticosteroid eye drops to arrest the infection in and around the eye. Other treatment methods include the prescription of immunosuppressive agents. Furthermore, a doctor may suggest steroidal medication in the form of an eye drop, pill or injection. It can also be surgically infused into the eye. Some other agents used for treatment are azathioprine, methotrexate and mycophenolate. Medications such as these require regular monitoring of the blood to check for any side effects. Doctors also suggest biologics such as infliximab, rituximab, and adalimumab. Most of these drugs have a specific target in the immune system.
5040 people found this helpful

Headache - Why You Must Consult For It?

Dr. Ashima Ranjan Tiwari 90% (360 ratings)
MBB, DPM
Psychiatrist, Noida
Headache - Why You Must Consult For It?
A headache can be a hindrance to any person at any time. It can either occur on left or right side in case of a migraine, be isolated to a point or radiate across the entire head. The pain can be sharp, throbbing or dull. It can either develop gradually or suddenly and can last for few hours to several days. Headaches need not arise due to a factor or condition of or in the head alone, they can be triggered because of other disorders or diseases in the body. What are the different causes of a headache? There are different kinds of headaches. Based on the symptoms, a doctor can diagnose the causes and the best treatment option for it. Not all headaches indicate serious illness. On the other hand, some headaches can be life-threatening as well. Primarily headaches can be divided into two broad categories- a primary headache and secondary headaches. Primary headaches: A primary headache is caused due to conditions or factors associated with the pain-sensitive structures of the head. These types of headaches do not result from underlying illness. Muscles of the neck and head, blood vessels and chemical activity in and around the skull are the reason for primary headaches. Even certain genes could be responsible for triggering the pain. Some of the types of primary headaches include a cluster headache, tension headache, migraine, paroxysmal hemicrania etc. There could be primary headaches that last for a very long time such as sex headaches, cough headaches, chronic migraine, hemicranias continua etc. Typically, primary headaches are often triggered by poor posture, alcohol, lack of sleep, irregular food timings, processed meats etc. Secondary headaches: Secondary headaches are the symptoms of a disease that can activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. The severity of the pain varies greatly. Some of the possible causes of secondary headaches include arterial tears, acute sinusitis, brain aneurysm, brain tumour, dehydration, ear infection, carbon monoxide poisoning, dental problems, glaucoma, hangovers, flu, hypertension, stroke, panic attacks, toxoplasmosis, post-concussion syndrome, trigeminal neuralgia, monosodium glutamate, meningitis, giant cell arteritis etc. Some of the common triggers of secondary headaches include ice cream headaches, compression headaches, thunderclap headaches, sinus headaches, rebound headaches, spinal headaches etc. When to seek emergency care for headaches? Headaches could indicate serious disorders such as encephalitis, stroke or meningitis. It is advisable to seek immediate medical care for an unbearable headache which also includes the inability to understand speech, stiff neck, trouble in vision, vomiting accompanied with nausea, trouble in speaking, high body temperature, greater than 104 F. A doctor should be consulted if the pain occurs multiple times in a short duration, keeps one from working or performing daily activities, the pain doesn t improve even after the consumption of over the counter medicine and disturbs sleeping.
3961 people found this helpful

Recurrent Miscarriage - Know The Causes And Management

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Recurrent Miscarriage - Know The Causes And Management
Miscarriage refers to the spontaneous loss of the fetus before one completes the 20th week of pregnancy, taking into account the period from the conception to gestation. It usually happens in the first trimester of the pregnancy; that is within the seventh and the twelfth week of conception. Recurrent miscarriage is when one suffers from multiple miscarriages in a row. Possible Causes: Abnormally-shaped Uterus: Some miscarriages, particularly late ones, are thought to happen because the uterus (womb) has an abnormal shape. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Women with this condition have many small cysts in their ovaries.They also tend to have hormonal problems, including high levels of insulin and male hormone in the blood, which can lead to recurrent miscarriage. Infection: Some serious infections can cause or increase the risk of single miscarriages. These include toxoplasmosis, rubella, listeria and genital infection. But it is not clear whether infection plays a role in recurrent miscarriage. Diabetes and Thyroid Problems: Uncontrolled diabetes and untreated thyroid problems can cause miscarriage. But well-controlled diabetes and treated thyroid problems do not cause recurrent miscarriage. Risk Factors: Your risk of recurrent miscarriage is higher if: you and your partner are older; the risk is highest if you are over 35 and your partner over 40; you are very overweight. Being very underweight may also increase your risk. Each new pregnancy loss increases the risk of a further miscarriage. But even after three miscarriages, most couples will have a live baby next time. Testing After Recurrent Miscarriage: If you have had three miscarriages in a row, you should be offered tests to try to find the cause. This should happen whether or not you already have one or more children. Testing is usually offered two early miscarriages (up to 14 weeks) because these are often due to chance. But you might be offered tests after two early miscarriages if you are in your late 30s or 40s or if it has taken you a long time to conceive. If you had a late (second trimester) miscarriage, where your baby died after 14 weeks of pregnancy, you should be offered tests after this loss. You can opt for blood tests to check for sticky blood syndrome or APS. Tests would look for antibodies that would help treat the condition. Antibodies are chemicals produced by the body to combat infections. Get an examination done should the doctor suspect chromosomal abnormalities and in case it is diagnosed, both of you can consult a clinical genetics specialist for genetics counseling. Your doctor will recommend an ultrasound scan to trace any type of abnormality that may make a pregnancy futile, for instance, a short or a fragile cervix. Your hopes: It is natural to pin your hopes on testing as the answer to your problems. But there are three reasons why it may not be the answer you re looking for: A cause may not be found; when this happens your miscarriages are called unexplained Even if a cause is found, it may not be treatable; Treatment may not lead to a successful pregnancy. This can happen if a pregnancy miscarries for a different reason than the one being treated.
4039 people found this helpful

Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!
Diabetes and Pregnancy Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin that is made. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to make fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood and the body s cells starve to death. If not managed properly, diabetes can have serious consequences for you and your growing baby. Pre-Gestational Diabetes If you already have diabetes and become pregnant, your condition is known as pre-gestational diabetes. The severity of your symptoms and complications often depends on the progression of your diabetes, especially if you have vascular (blood vessel) complications and poor blood glucose control. Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy. Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin but by other hormones that block the insulin that is made. This condition is known as insulin resistance. If you have gestational diabetes, you may or may not be dependent on insulin. In most cases, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. However, if you experience gestational diabetes, you will have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. This is especially true if you were overweight before pregnancy. Causes of Gestational Diabetes Although the specific cause of gestational diabetes is unknown, there are several theories about the origin of this condition. For example, the placenta supplies the growing fetus with nutrients and water. It also makes a variety of hormones to maintain the pregnancy. Some of these hormones (estrogen, cortisol and human placental lactogen) can have a blocking effect on the mother s insulin, which usually begins about 20 to 24 weeks into pregnancy. As the placenta grows, it produces more of these hormones, increasing the level of insulin resistance in the mother. Normally, the mother s pancreas is able to make additional insulin to overcome insulin resistance. However, if the mother s production of insulin is not enough to overcome the effect of the placental hormones, gestational diabetes results. Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes The following factors increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes: Age (over 25 years old) A family history of diabetes Previous delivery of a very large infant, a stillborn or a child with certain birth defects Obesity Although increased glucose in the urine is often included in the list of risk factors, it is not believed to be a reliable indicator for gestational diabetes. Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes A glucose screening test is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. To complete this test, you will be asked to drink a special glucose beverage. Then, your doctor will measure your blood sugar level one hour later. If the test shows an increased blood sugar level, a three-hour glucose tolerance test may be done. If the results of the second test are in the abnormal range, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Treatment Options for Gestational Diabetes Your health care provider or midwife will determine your specific treatment plan for gestational diabetes based on: Age, overall health and medical history Condition and the severity of the disease Long-term expectations for the course of the disease Personal preference Tolerance for specific medicines, procedures or therapies Treatment for gestational diabetes focuses on keeping blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your specific treatment plan may include: A special diet Daily blood glucose monitoring Exercise Insulin injections or oral medications Possible Fetal Complications from Gestational Diabetes Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes generally does not cause birth defects. Birth defects usually originate sometime during the first trimester of pregnancy. They are more likely if you have pre-gestational diabetes, as you may have changes in blood glucose during that time. If you have gestational diabetes, you most likely had normal blood sugar levels during your critical first trimester. The complications of gestational diabetes are usually manageable and preventable. The key to prevention is careful control of blood sugar levels as soon as the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made. Infants of mothers with gestational diabetes are vulnerable to several imbalances, such as low-serum calcium and low-serum magnesium levels. In addition, gestational diabetes may cause the following: Fetal macrosomia. This condition describes a baby that is considerably larger than normal. All of the nutrients your baby receives come directly from your blood. If your blood has too much glucose, your baby s pancreas senses the high glucose levels and makes more insulin in an attempt to use this glucose. The extra glucose is then converted to fat. Even when you have gestational diabetes, your fetus is able to make all the insulin it needs. The combination of your high blood glucose levels and your baby s high insulin levels may result in large deposits of fat that cause your baby to grow excessively large. Birth injury. If your baby is large in size, it may be difficult to deliver and become injured in the process. Hypoglycemia . This refers to low blood sugar in your baby right after delivery. This problem happens if your blood sugar levels have been consistently high, causing the fetus to have a high level of insulin in its circulation. After delivery, your baby continues to have a high insulin level, but it no longer has the high level of sugar from you. This results in the newborn s blood sugar level becoming very low. Following delivery, your baby s blood sugar level will be tested. If the level is too low, it may be necessary to administer glucose intravenously until your baby s blood sugar stabilizes. Respiratory distress (difficulty breathing). Too much insulin or too much glucose in a baby s system may delay lung maturation and cause respiratory problems. This is more likely if it is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy High blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to placental complications and slowed fetal growth. If left untreated, severe hypertension may cause dangerous seizures, stroke and even death in the mother and fetus. If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will perform kidney function tests, ultrasounds for growth and testing of your baby more frequently to monitor your health and fetal development. Chronic Hypertension If you have high blood pressure before pregnancy, you will likely need to continue taking your antihypertensive medicine. Your health care provider may switch you to a safer antihypertensive medicine during pregnancy to help manage your condition. Gestational Hypertension Gestational hypertension occurs most often during a young woman s first pregnancy. You are more likely to develop gestational hypertension during a twin pregnancy or if you had blood pressure problems during a previous pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia (formerly called toxemia) is characterized by pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. This condition is usually accompanied by protein in the urine and may cause swelling due to fluid retention. If you have pre-eclampsia, you may need bed rest. Eclampsia, the most severe form of this condition, is diagnosed when you have a seizure caused by pre-eclampsia. Your doctor may recommend hospitalization, medications and often delivery to treat pre-eclampsia or eclampsia. High-Risk Pregnancy: What You Need to Know Many conditions affecting a mother or her baby before, during or after pregnancy can designate a pregnancy as high risk. Learn what causes a high-risk pregnancy and how maternal-fetal medicine specialists can help. Infectious Diseases and Pregnancy Infections during pregnancy can pose a threat to your baby. Even a simple urinary tract infection, which is common during pregnancy, should be treated right away. An infection that goes untreated can lead to preterm labor and a rupturing of the membranes surrounding the fetus. Toxoplasmosis Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Although many people may have toxoplasma infection, very few exhibit symptoms because the immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. Babies who became infected with toxoplasmosis before birth can be born with serious mental or physical problems. Toxoplasmosis often causes flulike symptoms, including swollen lymph glands or muscle aches and pains, which last for a few days to several weeks. You can be tested to see if you have developed an antibody to the illness. Fetal testing may include ultrasound and/or testing of the amniotic fluid or cord blood. Treatment may include antibiotics. The following measures can help prevent toxoplasmosis infection: Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant change your cat s litter box, since cat feces can carry T. gondii. If this is not possible, wear gloves and clean the litter box daily. (The parasite found in cat feces can only infect you a few days after being passed.) Wash your hands well with soap and warm water afterward. Wear gloves when you garden or do anything outdoors that involves handling soil. Since cats may use gardens and sandboxes as litter boxes, be cautious when handling soil/sand that could contain the parasite. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water after outdoor activities, especially before you eat or prepare any food. Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant handle raw meat for you. If this is not possible, wear clean latex gloves when you touch raw meat. Wash any surfaces and utensils that may have touched the raw meat. After handling the meat, wash your hands with soap and warm water. Cook all meat thoroughly. It should be cooked until it is no longer pink in the center or until the juices run clear. Do not sample meat before it is fully cooked. Food Poisoning If you are pregnant, you should avoid eating undercooked or raw foods because of the risk of food poisoning. Food poisoning can dehydrate a mother and deprive the fetus of nourishment. In addition, food poisoning can cause meningitis and pneumonia in a fetus, resulting in possible death. Follow these tips to prevent food poisoning: Thoroughly cook raw food from animal sources, such as beef, pork or poultry. Wash raw vegetables before eating them. Store uncooked meats in an area of the refrigerator that s separate from vegetables, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods. Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or foods made from raw milk. Wash hands, knives and cutting boards after handling uncooked foods. Sexually Transmitted Disease Chlamydia Chlamydia may be associated with premature labor and rupture of the membranes. Hepatitis Patients with hepatitis experience inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common type that occurs during pregnancy in the United States. HBV spreads mainly through contaminated blood and blood products, sexual contact, and contaminated intravenous needles. The later in pregnancy you get the virus, the greater the risk of infecting your baby. HBV Symptoms and Related Conditions Signs and symptoms of HBV include jaundice (yellowing of skin, eyes and mucous membranes), fatigue, stomach pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea and vomiting. Although HBV resolves in most people, about 10 percent will develop chronic HBV. HBV can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure and death. Infected pregnant women can pass the virus to their fetus during pregnancy and at delivery. HBV Screening and Vaccination A blood test for HBV is part of routine prenatal testing. If a risk of HBV is present, the following should occur: Infants of HBV-positive mothers should receive hepatitis B immune globulin and the hepatitis B vaccine during the first 12 hours of birth. Babies of mothers with unknown HBV status should receive the hepatitis B vaccine in the first 12 hours of birth. Babies of mothers with negative HBV status should be vaccinated before leaving the hospital. Premature infants weighing less than 4.5 pounds who are born to mothers with negative HBV status should have their first vaccine dose delayed until one month after birth or leaving the hospital. All babies should complete the hepatitis B vaccine series to be fully protected from HBV infection. HIV/AIDS If you have HIV, you have a one in four chance of infecting your fetus with the virus if you are not on medication. AIDS is caused by HIV. This virus kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body s ability to fight infections and certain cancers. The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of an HIV infection. HIV Transmission HIV is most commonly transmitted by sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood. This happens mostly by sharing needles, syringes or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus. According to the National Institutes of Health, HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor/delivery or breast-feeding has accounted for nearly all AIDS cases reported among children in the United States. HIV Symptoms Some people may develop a flulike illness within a month or two of exposure to the HIV virus, although many people do not develop any symptoms at all when they first become infected. In adults, it may take 10 years or more for persistent or severe symptoms to surface. Symptoms may appear within two years in children born with an HIV infection. HIV Testing and Treatment Prenatal care that includes HIV counseling, testing and treatment for infected mothers and their children saves lives and resources. Since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began recommending routine HIV screening for all pregnant women in 1995, the estimated incidence of mother-to-child transmission has dropped by approximately 85 percent. If you have tested positive for HIV while pregnant, your doctor may recommend: Having blood tests to check the amount of virus present. Taking a number of drugs during pregnancy, labor and delivery. Delivering via Cesarean section if you have a high viral load. Administering medicine to your newborn baby. Studies have found that giving a mother antiretroviral medicines during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and then to the baby for six weeks after delivery can reduce the chance of a mother s transmission of HIV to her baby. This reduction is from 25 percent to less than 2 percent. Refraining from breast-feeding. Studies show that breast-feeding increases the risk of HIV transmission. Genital Herpes Herpes is a chronic, sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes infections can cause blisters and ulcers on the mouth or face (oral herpes), or in the genital area (genital herpes). A first episode of genital herpes during pregnancy creates a greater risk of transmission of the virus to the newborn. Because of this risk, it is important that you avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy. Protection from genital herpes includes abstaining from sex when symptoms are present and using latex condoms between outbreaks. For severe cases of genital herpes during pregnancy, your doctor may administer an antiviral medicine. If you have active genital herpes (shedding the virus) at the time of delivery, your doctor will likely recommend a Cesarean delivery to prevent a potentially fatal infection in your baby. Fortunately, infection of an infant is rare among women with genital herpes infection.

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