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Thyroidectomy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?


How is the treatment done?

Thyroidectomy is the process by which the removal of your thyroid gland takes place. The thyroid is situated on the base of your neck that produces hormones to regulate the metabolism of your body. Thyroidectomy is a process to cure thyroid disorders such as inflammation of thyroid, cancer and even goiter. Thyroidectomy is relatively a safe procedure but it has some complications such as bleeding, infections and sometimes weakened voice. Before the operation the doctor will anesthetize you by an injection in your vein. Your heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen levels are monitored. If you undergo a procedure of thyroidectomy then the doctor will advise you to intake foods and medication related to boost your iodine and potassium levels of your body. The amount of thyroid gland which is to be removed depends on the cause of surgery. If only a small portion is removed then your thyroid will be able to function properly after surgery. You need daily treatment with thyroid hormones to improve the thyroids natural function. Cancer is one of the main reasons for the procedure of thyroidectomy. If you are suffering from thyroid cancer then by removing it there is a high chance that you will gradually recover. However, there are certain complications to this procedure as after the surgery the cancer might spread all over your body, in that case the doctor has to look for another viable option to cure the cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Thyroidectomy ivolves the removal of a certain portion of the thyroid glands due to cancer, enlargement and several other problems. There are various kinds of thyroidectomy such as subtotal thyroidectomy (removal of a major portion of lobes of the thyroid gland) you can also have near total thyroidectomy (both the lobes of thyroid gland are removed to cure goiter). The amount of thyroid that has to be removed depends on the condition that you are suffering from. Before the operation there is a process of anesthesia and then the operation takes place. This procedure is carried out if you have hyperthyroidism which leads to an enlarged thyroid causing many side effects. Thyroidectomy can be also performed in order to cure thyroid cancer. The surgery helps to remove the cancer cells from the lobes of the thyroid. However, in some cases there might a complication where the cancer might spread if you are performing a surgery, in that case the surgery is avoided. The surgery helps the thyroid to produce the hormones which they were failing to do so. They secrete hormones such as thyroxine, calcitonin and many more. Traditionally, the surgery would leave a permanent scar on the neck where the incision takes place but now with the help of modern technology and surgery kits, the process of thyroidectomy leads to a scarless sugery.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are facing problems regarding your thyroid you should first seek the help of your medical expert in order to know what kind of thyroid treatment is best suited for you. Thyroidectomy are eligble for people who are suffering from thyroid cancer, non cancerous inflammation of the thyroid and during a case of overreactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Are there any side effects?

If you have a thyroid related diseases then you need to find out from your medical expert that what kind of treatment is necessary for you. If are suffering from thyroid cancer and there is a chance that after the surgery the cancer might spread all over your body then you are not eligible for thyroidectomy.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

If you are having a procedure of thyroidectomy there is a fifty fifty chance that you will face some side effects. The side effects are hypocalcemia, where you might have decreased serum calcium in your body. After the surgery you might also face from an airway obstruction problem, which causes breathing trouble from your trachea. Depending on the immune system of person to person you might have a laryngenal nerve injury which also leads to airway obstruction in your trachea.

How long does it take to recover?

The post treatment guidelines are mainly medicinal based. You need to take the proper dose of medication regularly as prescribed by your medical expert. If you have thyroid cancer and you have undergone a surgery then you must monitor the cancer cell levels by various forms of medicinal tests as there is a chance that the cancer might rejuvenate. You should also consume food that it rich in potassium and iron as it helps the proper functioning of the thyroid glands and to produce the required hormones properly.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The recovery time for the surgery depends on the amount of thyroid that has been removed from your body. If only a small portion of the thyroid is removed then you might continue with your day to day activities within one week. If you have a large portion of your thyroid removed then you need a month to recover and you should also abide the post treatment guidelines.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The cost of thyroidectomy depends on the procedure that how much thyroid needs to be removed from your body. However, the surgery ranges from Rs. 55,000 to Rs. 80,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results of the procedure depend on the immune system and the condition of the body, some people show no side effects and some people have a risk of complications and they might also rejuvenate the cancer cells in the thyroid which was earlier removed from the thyroid.

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