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Thyroidectomy: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?


How is the treatment done?

Thyroidectomy is the process by which the removal of your thyroid gland takes place. The thyroid is situated on the base of your neck that produces hormones to regulate the metabolism of your body. Thyroidectomy is a process to cure thyroid disorders such as inflammation of thyroid, cancer and even goiter. Thyroidectomy is relatively a safe procedure but it has some complications such as bleeding, infections and sometimes weakened voice. Before the operation the doctor will anesthetize you by an injection in your vein. Your heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen levels are monitored. If you undergo a procedure of thyroidectomy then the doctor will advise you to intake foods and medication related to boost your iodine and potassium levels of your body. The amount of thyroid gland which is to be removed depends on the cause of surgery. If only a small portion is removed then your thyroid will be able to function properly after surgery. You need daily treatment with thyroid hormones to improve the thyroids natural function. Cancer is one of the main reasons for the procedure of thyroidectomy. If you are suffering from thyroid cancer then by removing it there is a high chance that you will gradually recover. However, there are certain complications to this procedure as after the surgery the cancer might spread all over your body, in that case the doctor has to look for another viable option to cure the cancer.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Thyroidectomy ivolves the removal of a certain portion of the thyroid glands due to cancer, enlargement and several other problems. There are various kinds of thyroidectomy such as subtotal thyroidectomy (removal of a major portion of lobes of the thyroid gland) you can also have near total thyroidectomy (both the lobes of thyroid gland are removed to cure goiter). The amount of thyroid that has to be removed depends on the condition that you are suffering from. Before the operation there is a process of anesthesia and then the operation takes place. This procedure is carried out if you have hyperthyroidism which leads to an enlarged thyroid causing many side effects. Thyroidectomy can be also performed in order to cure thyroid cancer. The surgery helps to remove the cancer cells from the lobes of the thyroid. However, in some cases there might a complication where the cancer might spread if you are performing a surgery, in that case the surgery is avoided. The surgery helps the thyroid to produce the hormones which they were failing to do so. They secrete hormones such as thyroxine, calcitonin and many more. Traditionally, the surgery would leave a permanent scar on the neck where the incision takes place but now with the help of modern technology and surgery kits, the process of thyroidectomy leads to a scarless sugery.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are facing problems regarding your thyroid you should first seek the help of your medical expert in order to know what kind of thyroid treatment is best suited for you. Thyroidectomy are eligble for people who are suffering from thyroid cancer, non cancerous inflammation of the thyroid and during a case of overreactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Are there any side effects?

If you have a thyroid related diseases then you need to find out from your medical expert that what kind of treatment is necessary for you. If are suffering from thyroid cancer and there is a chance that after the surgery the cancer might spread all over your body then you are not eligible for thyroidectomy.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

If you are having a procedure of thyroidectomy there is a fifty fifty chance that you will face some side effects. The side effects are hypocalcemia, where you might have decreased serum calcium in your body. After the surgery you might also face from an airway obstruction problem, which causes breathing trouble from your trachea. Depending on the immune system of person to person you might have a laryngenal nerve injury which also leads to airway obstruction in your trachea.

How long does it take to recover?

The post treatment guidelines are mainly medicinal based. You need to take the proper dose of medication regularly as prescribed by your medical expert. If you have thyroid cancer and you have undergone a surgery then you must monitor the cancer cell levels by various forms of medicinal tests as there is a chance that the cancer might rejuvenate. You should also consume food that it rich in potassium and iron as it helps the proper functioning of the thyroid glands and to produce the required hormones properly.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The recovery time for the surgery depends on the amount of thyroid that has been removed from your body. If only a small portion of the thyroid is removed then you might continue with your day to day activities within one week. If you have a large portion of your thyroid removed then you need a month to recover and you should also abide the post treatment guidelines.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The cost of thyroidectomy depends on the procedure that how much thyroid needs to be removed from your body. However, the surgery ranges from Rs. 55,000 to Rs. 80,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

The results of the procedure depend on the immune system and the condition of the body, some people show no side effects and some people have a risk of complications and they might also rejuvenate the cancer cells in the thyroid which was earlier removed from the thyroid.

Popular Questions & Answers

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I am 75 male. Taking himplasia and urimax 0,4 for prostate enlargement / mild nephritis. On telma 20 for hypertension. I lost about 2,5 kg in the last two months. No issues with appetite / bowl movement etc. Will tuberculinum 200 help regain my weight to 54 kg.

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You have multiple problems combined, for your evaluation require detail understanding of your reports, for prostate related problems you need to contact me online.

My father`s (65 years age) angioplasty was done in 2017. From the last 6 months he had stopped all the medicines. Recently his bp shoot up to 170/120 around. We consulted a cardiologist and he suggested few blood tests along with stress echo (tmt). We got all the tests done and he has also started taking medicines again. Now bp is getting back to normal. However his blood reports shows increase in uric acid (7.7), rbc count 4.22, mch 33.40, basophilic 0.40. His stress echo test is negative for inducible myocardial ischemia. Findings of stress echo are: fair exercise tolerance, st segment depression seen inlead ii, iii avf during exercise and persisting in recovery periodperiod, no symptoms of angina, normal heart rate and bp response, frequent vpcs, bigeminy and pair noted during test and one short episode of af noted during exercise. Doctor has advised angiography. My questions are: 1. Is angiography recommend after seeing this tmt report? We are little reluctant because last time during angioplasty he contracted sepsis. And moreover the tmt report is also negative. 2.can angiography be done with the current levels of uric acid which is 7.7? 3. Is the tmt report and its findings are cause of concern or it is ok? 4. What about other findings in cbc which I mentioned earlier like rbc. Mch and basophilic. Thanks.

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Cardiothoracic Vascular Surgery, Ludhiana
Tmt shows st- t changes which are persisting and episode of af and frequent vpc which i’m not a good sign, it can’t be called normal angiography is recommended to rule out further progression of disease cbc findings are not very unusual uric a...
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Current condition of pappa age: 53 weight: 60 height: 168 cm my dad had 1 block of 95% so we did ptca-om on 10/10/2018. From that day to till now he is not normal and did not able to go to work. Currently our cardiologist prescribed 3 tablets: 1) rosurica gold 10 mg- contains: aspirin (75 mg) + rosuvastatin (10 mg) + clopidogrel (75 mg) 2) escigress cz 0.25 - contains: escitalopram (10 mg) + clonazepam (0.25 mg) 3) rabolin dsr: contains: domperidone (30) + rabeprazole (20 mg) he always says that he feels 1. Some times different sensations like vibration in blood vessels and minutes shocks in heart. 2. Continuous tingling in palms and more in fingers. 3. Numbness, or a decrease in the ability to feel or sense pressure or texture in hands. 4. Heart burn. 5. Feeling of burns in different parts of body like in back on left side of chest. 6. Always feel to lay on bed. 7. Second-degree hemorrhoids without blood from last 20 years 8. Hyperglycaemia sometimes (sugar level on border) 9. He feels that the stent became loose or pain at the site of stent in heart. 10. Always feels tired and weakness. 11. Hyper acidity with a lot of burps. 12. Digestion problem (sometimes indigestion and constipation). 13. Feeling of fluttering in vessels or muscles (now became rarer). 14. Feeling of piercing in back and on the site of stent in heart (now became rarer). 15. Sometimes pain in shoulder, upper back, chest. 16. Frequent pain or burning sensation in chest and upper back. Due to lighten our financial condition is worst, that's why he always takes tension, stress, depression, and burden. He thinks a lot even on a small thing and takes tension of that, his thinking capacity is too high. Irritability on small things. He always thought negatively, never thinks positive. He always blame us that why we did angioplasty, because he never became normal like how he was before angioplasty. He lost his 10 kg weight. He feels that his body is completely damaged from inside. When he hears something bad anything about health of somebody then he thinks alot and applies that's on himself and feels like that person's health condition on himself. He is vaccinated with 1st dose of covisheild vaccine on 12/04/2021.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Vadodara
Your father's symptoms suggest that he might have post cardiac disease depression and anxiety. With proper medications and counseling sessions, he can definitely find improvement.

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