For the normal functioning of your body, many hormones are essential, and when there is an imbalance, the system goes for a toss. The thyroid gland plays an important role in regulating metabolic processes all through the body. The thyroid disorders tend to affect the structure or function of the thyroid gland.
The functionalities of the thyroid gland are regulated by a feedback mechanism that involves the brain as well. Hypothalamus in the brain makes pituitary gland to produce TSH. The thyroid-stimulating hormone produced by pituitary gland stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. There are different kinds of thyroid disorders such as thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, goiter along with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Diagnosis of thyroid disorders
When you consult an endocrinologist, he will not only ask about your medical history, but will also carry out specialized tests for diagnosing thyroid disorders. Blood tests such as TSH receptor stimulating antibodies, anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroperoxidase are generally advised. Even thyroid scans with the help of radioactive iodine are also performed for evaluating the functions of the thyroid nodules. Fine needle aspiration and biopsy are some of the important techniques used for removal of sample cells for examination.
Dealing with thyroid disorder
Several tips can help you deal with the thyroid disorders and its common signs and symptoms. One of the most significant symptoms of thyroid disorders is depression, and you can get rid of it by exercising and socializing, so that it can uplift your mood and feel better.
Here are some of the best ways to help you cope up with the symptoms of thyroid disorders:
Get enough sleep, since lack of sleep can make you irritable. With these few tips, you will be able to manage the symptoms of thyroid disorder better. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!