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Speech-Language Pathology Tips

Who Needs A Speech Language Pathologist?

Mr.Ujjwal Mathew 87% (97ratings)
BSC - Hearing and Speech
Speech Therapist, Salem
Who Needs A Speech Language Pathologist?

Who Needs A Speech Language Pathologist?

3 people found this helpful

Help you Speech Therapist!!

Master of Speech Language Pathology
Speech Therapist, Bangalore
Its often heard in clinical practice of speech language pathologists and other medical professions about the negative opinions about a/many speech language pathologist (s).

Not many look at the reasons for these disconnections from a service provider and the customer. Most of the efforts to understand this quote two main reasons

Economical constraints and
Unavailability of speech language pathologist (slp).

However, there are more reasons both sides. But its up to you to decide to waste your time reasoning or utilize best the available services.

To the care takers:

He/she is your kid, but not the speech pathologist's - being a parent, your role is central in helping the slp to help you to help your kid.
You need to communicate whats your needs are to the slp. They will tell you if its possible or not. You can ask questions till your doubts are cleared.
Don't be vague in your expectations. It will only hurt you when slp's goals are no way matching your because your slp is working step by step while you are already thinking about the end bypassing the whole process. Ask what can be expected or what is practical.
Slp can not produce results over night, unless he/she is a god or magician.
Each speech pathologist targets the same skills in their own way. Don't impose things by comparing two slps. It can not be measured in mg. In ones comfort zone, efficiency is maximum.
Consistently attend the therapy and then there is chance of improving your understanding about the improvement or reasons if there is no improvements.
Knowledge is good. Share it but not compare.
And more

Note: more suggestions may be updated with feedback.
2 people found this helpful

Common FAQs About Speech And Language Therapy!

Ms.Bindu Kumari 90% (79ratings)
Master of Science In Audiology, Bachalor In Audiology & Speech
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Common FAQs About Speech And Language Therapy!

Most children are known to be talkative. However, some children may find it more difficult than others to speak clearly and expand their vocabulary. In such cases, a speech therapist may be needed. Here are a few frequently asked questions about speech therapists.

What is speech and language therapy?
Speech and language therapy is aimed at helping individuals develop better communication skills. These therapists can help a child enunciate properly, build a wider vocabulary, construct sentences and interact better with others. They can also help treat stutters and swallowing problems.

What does speech therapy involve?
Speech therapy can be practiced at home, in a clinic or at schools. The first step of this therapy is to set a clear goal. This goal should be measurable, realistic and be attached to a time frame. Therapy sessions may be in the form of group sessions or one-on-one sessions. This also includes parent education programs to help build an environment that fosters learning.

Can speech therapy benefit children with learning disabilities?
Speech therapy can be very beneficial for children with learning disabilities like autism or down syndrome. In such cases, a speech therapist can help the child develop better speech patterns and help them express themselves. By doing this, they can also make the child a better listener and help them follow simple instructions and answer questions.

When does a child need speech therapy?
If a child does not meet the general milestones for his or her age by the age of 2 years, he may need to see a speech therapist. This includes a limited vocabulary, using single words instead of phrases, answering questions by repeating the question etc. Not being able to pronounce vowels could also be a sign that speech therapy is needed.

How long will a child need speech therapy?
Each child learns at a different pace. Hence, there is no uniform duration of speech therapy. The duration of the therapy depends on the severity of the problem, the improvement shown in sessions and reinforcement available at home.

How can parents help with speech therapy?
A therapist has limited time available with the child. Hence, the responsibility of evaluating the child’s progress falls largely on the parents. Parents are involved in the therapy right from the stage of setting goals. Later, they can also help by reinforcing the therapist’s exercises at home. For this, the therapist may share instructional videos with the parents.

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How Speech Therapy Can Help Develop Your Child Better?

D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
How Speech Therapy Can Help Develop Your Child Better?

Speech therapists are known by different names but most commonly, they are referred by people as speech therapists, who make children undertake different speech therapies to make them recover from their problem in talking or in their attempt to express their thoughts. These therapists work with children having a range of disorders and delays from minor articulation delays to more complex kind of disorders such as hearing impairment, motor speech disorders and other developmental delays.

We will now look at some of the ways through which speech therapy can help in the better development of a particular child:

Articulation skills and speech intelligibility: The physical ability to get the tongues, lips, jaws and palate moving in order to produce sounds of speech individually, which people call as phonemes. For instance, in order to articulate the /b/ sound, one needs to inhale, then at the time of exhaling, one has to turn their voice on by bringing the slightly tensed lips together to pause and build the airflow up, then finally release the airflow by getting the lips parted.

Intelligibility is all about how well people can understand a child’s speech. A speech therapist can work along with the child to teach them on ways to produce particular speech sounds or certain patterns, he or she is having difficulty with, which in turn is affecting his overall speech intelligibility.

Expressive language skills: On one hand, where speech requires physical motor ability for talking, language refers to a symbol or a definite rule-governed system used for conveying a message. In the English language, the symbols could be in the form of words, either spoken or in written form. There are also certain symbols in the form of gestures like shrugging of shoulders to give the impression that he doesn’t know a certain thing or a wave to indicate bye-bye or getting their eyebrows raised to indicate that one is surprised by an event or by hearing something.

So, basically expressive language is referred to something which a child says through signs and gestures. Speech therapists can let a child learn new words and teach them how to put the words together and hence form phrases and sentences, hence allowing them to communicate with others.

Receptive language or development of listening skills: Receptive language is nothing but a child’s ability to listen and understand a particular language. Often, children tend to have stronger skills for receptive language than the skills required for expressive language. Hence, understanding becomes easier for them than their ability to express whatever they have understood. A speech therapist can help in teaching a child new words and the way they should be used to follow particular directions, reply to questions and thus take part in simple conversations with peers and other people.

Speech fluency: Speech fluency is affected by stuttering, which refers to the breaks in the flow of speech. This hampers one’s ability to talk freely. Through speech therapy, a child can come across different strategies on how to control this behavioral pattern and lead to an increase in speech fluency.

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Different Types Of Speech Therapies That Can Be Of Help!

D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Different Types Of Speech Therapies That Can Be Of Help!

A person might be referred to visit a speech therapist or more precisely, a speech language pathologist for a variety of disorders. A speech language therapist can help people having problems related to speech, hearing and swallowing.

If we have to talk more on specific terms, a SLP can help in assessing the problem and treat problems related to:

  • Speech: People who face difficulty in forming proper sentences and uttering those sentences in distinct manner.
  • Fluency: Ones who tend to stutter and talk in a haphazard manner.
  • Language: Who lack the ability and also to comprehend both spoken and written language.
  • Voice: Help treat people, who are facing problems with their voice.
  • Auditory Habilitation and Auditory Rehabilitation: A speech language therapist would undertake certain recovery techniques related to speech, hearing as well as language disorders.

Now we will take a look at some of the therapies which a SLP would utilize to treat some of the more common speech-language disorders.

  • Speech Therapy for Late Talkers: An infant or a toddler should talk after attaining a certain age. If that doesn’t happen, he might be referred to a speech therapist. The therapist would try out different things, like encouraging a child to talk, play certain games with him. At times, he might take away a favourite toy them, till the they ask for it, can motivate small children to speak up.
  • Speech Therapy for Kids Having Apraxia: Children who suffer from apraxia face difficulty in saying certain syllables or in making certain sounds. A child would know exactly what she or she wants to say but somehow, they fail to express it correctly. Speech therapists would evaluate children having this problem through several tests, which include:
  • Oral-Motor Assessment: This would let a therapist check out weakness of the muscles in the jaw, lips or tongue.
  • Melody of Speech Assessment: During this, the therapist would listen to see if they can precisely target syllables and use certain pitch and pauses in between at appropriate places in sentences.
  • Speech Sound Assessment: This helps a therapist to further determine how well a child is able to pronounce certain sounds, including vowels, consonants and combinations of sound. It would also include determining how well other people are able to comprehend a child’s conversational speech.
  • Speech Therapy for Stuttering: Stuttering is a kind of behavioural problem. Speech therapists would look to teach children, who face this problem, behavioural modification techniques, which in turn would help tackle their problem. A common approach is to control the rate of a child’s speech, as speaking too quickly can make the situation worse. Practising speech at a slower and in a more fluent manner can be extremely helpful.
  • Speech Therapy for Aphasia: Aphasia is a condition which causes difficulty in speaking due to some kind of damage to the brain. Some of the speech therapies to help a person get rid of the problem are:
    • Drills, which ensure improvement in specific skills related to language.
    • Group therapy to bring improvements in conversational skills.
    • Gestures and writing to augment their communication skills.
2801 people found this helpful

Rehabilitation Psychology For Speech Disorders!

PHD Psychology
Psychologist, Chennai
Rehabilitation Psychology For Speech Disorders!

Speech disorders refer to the conditions that affect an individual’s ability to form sounds that allow them to communicate with others. They are not the same as language disorders. Speech disorders stop people from producing correct speech sounds. A language disorder, on the other hand, affects one’s ability to comprehend language and learn words. Nevertheless, both disorders make it difficult for a person to express feelings and thoughts in front of others.

Types of Speech Disorders

Speech disorders can affect anyone, at any age. Some common types of speech disorders are the following –

  • Stuttering – This type of speech problem interrupts your normal speech flow. Frustration, excitement, or stress can cause stuttering to become more serious.

  • Apraxia – This refers to brain damage resulting in impediment of an individual’s motor skills. Speech Apraxia specifically refers to the damage of motor skills affecting a person’s ability to create speech sounds correctly, even if they are aware of the right words.

  • Dysarthria – This occurs when brain damage causes the face muscles – lips, tongue, or throat – to weaken. Muscle weakness in certain body parts can make it difficult for a person to speak correctly.

Symptoms of Speech Disorders

If you have a speech disorder, you are likely to experience symptoms such as –

  • Prolonging or repeating sounds

  • Distorting sounds

  • Adding syllables or sounds to words

  • Rearranging syllables

  • Difficulty in pronouncing 

Psychological Rehabilitation for Speech Problems

Psychological rehabilitation includes certain programs like speech therapy and physical exercises that help the disabled person cope with the physical as well as emotional aspects of the impairment. 

The rehabilitation program provides support to the patient when performing routine activities, which might be challenging to cope with otherwise when you have a certain speech disorder. A team of professionals offer assistance with behaviours, emotions, and developing coping skills. 

2824 people found this helpful

How Speech Therapy Can Help Autistic Children?

D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
How Speech Therapy Can Help Autistic Children?

Autism is a kind of developmental disability, which usually crops up before a child attains the age of 3. It is just part of a group of neurological disorders, which involve impaired communication along with impairment in social interaction and cognitive skills. It is better known as Autism spectrum disorder, it might well be linked with a wide variety of traits.

The traits include:

  • Activities done on a repetitive basis.

  • Extreme level of resistance to changes brought about in daily routines.

  • Very unusual reactions to things like touch.

  • Problem having interactions with the environment.

Children suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder can have some of the major problems with regard to both speech and carry out communications in a non-verbal manner. Social interactions might also become very difficult propostions for them.

This is where, speech therapy comes to the rescue of these patients. It is the central part of treatment for autistic children. The speech therapy can help take care of a wide variety of communication problems occurring among people with autism.

Common Speech and Communication Problems Associated With Autism

Social communication, development of language and speech can get adversely affected by autism in more than one way.

A person with autism can have the speech problems, wherein they may:

  • Not communicate at all.

  • Tend to utter cries, grunts, shrieks, harsh or throaty sounds.

  • Talk or just hum in a musical manner.

  • Utter words, might can sound to be alien or robotic.

  • Often look to repeat whatever another person says.

Around 30% of people, suffering from autism has problem in producing speech sounds to ensure effective communication with others. The language, even if it is present, can be too difficult to be understood by others.

Communication problems can occur in various ways, for people who suffer from autism. The challenges faced by them while communicating are as follows:

  • Communication requires a person to make eye contact with another person or even make certain gestures. People with autism will have serious trouble in meeting up with the conversational skills.

  • They would have difficulty in understanding the meaning of words, which are out of context from what they have actually learned.

  • They would have very little understanding of the meaning of words and symbols.

Treatment through Speech Therapy

Speech therapy can help children get rid of the problems in speaking, as well as those related to communicating and interacting with others. This involves non-verbal skills such as making direct eye contact, taking initiative in conversations and understanding of different kinds of gestures.

This therapy can also teach children the art of expressing themselves by using picture symbols, computers or through sign language.

Five Principles of Speech Therapy

There are basically five principles used as a framework, to work upon in speech therapy with children, suffering from autism. They include:

  • Establishing Functional Communication In A Spontaneous Manner

  • Providing Social Instruction in Different Settings throughout the Day

  • Target Peer Interactions

  • Even Provide Training and Support to Other Adults

  • Look to Fine Tune Communication Skills as Other Areas Improve.

2747 people found this helpful

Can Speech Therapy Help With Stammering?

Ms.Bindu Kumari 90% (79ratings)
Master of Science In Audiology, Bachalor In Audiology & Speech
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Can Speech Therapy Help With Stammering?

Stammering or stuttering is a speech disorder resulting in discontinuity in the pace and rhythm of the speech. Stammering usually results from such physiological factors as neuromuscular problems, obstruction in the speech organs, difficulty in moving your lips and tongue, inability to control the muscles that are vital to speech. Difficulty in pronouncing a word, repetition of a word or emphasizing on a particular word for a long time, often followed by certain signs such as shaking of lips, rapid blinking of eye- these are the usual signs of stammering.

Although more common among children at an early age, stammering can affect people of all age groups. The most common and effective treatment suggested by doctors and healthcare professionals to help reduce stammering is speech therapy.

Speech therapy requires time and patience. You will need to sit with your speech specialist for multiple sessions, say twice or thrice a week. Each of the therapy sessions takes about 2-4 hours. The time period and amount of stammering therapy needed vary from one person to another, depending on how much progress you make. During a speech therapy session, your doctor will teach you the following-

  1. Speak slowly and with enunciation. Try pronouncing single-syllable words at a time. Make an effort to have each word pronounced properly before you move on to the next one.
  2. Use simple and short sentences to communicate. Talking in simple language helps reduce pressure on the person affected with this condition, and boosts his/her confidence.
  3. Understand that it’s okay to leave a pause in a conversation. Don’t rush into completing a sentence. If you’re around someone who’s struggling with their words, don’t complete their sentence.
  4. During the session your therapist will have you read out a passage from a book or magazine to monitor your speech. Practice-reading improves your fluency and helps you come out of the embarrassment and fear of stammering.
  5. Speaking in a quick manner can affect the amount of stammering in a conversation, while slowing down the pace can help you pronounce the words in a more controlled way.

For those who have been handicapped with this speech disorder since many years, it may take much longer time to get rid of the negative feelings associated with stammering, but there’s nothing to be ashamed of. Speech therapy is a simple yet effective treatment to overcome stammering in the long run.

2538 people found this helpful

How Speech Therapy Can Help Your Child Be More Expressive?

B. Sc. Speech & Hearing
Speech Therapist, Delhi
How Speech Therapy Can Help Your Child Be More Expressive?

Speech therapy is a very specific field of medicine where the therapists deal with speech disorders in children and adults, which may be a result of certain mental or personality disorders. These doctors can be essential when it comes to teaching a child how to articulate better and also to be more expressive of his/her feelings. Here is a look at a few of the benefits of a speech therapist in the life of a child suffering from speech impairment.

  1. Improvement of articulation skills: Articulation refers to the movement of the mouth, lips and tongue in such a manner so as to form and pronounce a word properly. Aside from the movement of the mouth, voice modulation also falls within the purview of articulation. A child suffering from speech impairment cannot perform this activity as easily as a healthy child does. This is where a speech therapist comes into play. These specialists can ensure that the child’s mouth movement and voice modulation can be in perfect harmony to form words normally.
  2. Language skills: Some form of mental disorders severely limit the number of new words or grammar rules that a child can learn. A speech therapist can aid such children in learning the basic rules of grammar and apply these rules when they speak out. So, it is quite likely that the therapists may also act as teachers for the children and improve their overall vocabulary.
  3. Improvement of listening skills: Difficulty in speaking can sometimes also lead to difficulty in understanding what others are saying. So, if your child has a speech impairment, it may mean that he has problems understanding what you say to him. In such a circumstance, the speech therapist can, for instance, help your child understand the difference between a question and a statement. In the long run, the listening skill will help your child comprehend you better.
  4. Reduction of stammering: Stuttering and stammering are forms of speech impairment that many children suffer from. However, such impairments can be easily rectified by undergoing a few sessions with a speech therapist. The therapist can clear your child’s speech and ensure that the stammering disappears by the time he/she grows up.
  5. Treat certain vocal conditions: Your child may be unable to speak clearly due to an issue with his/her vocal chords. If that is the case, speech therapists can sometimes help your child with the same. Abnormal vocal resonance can also be corrected by these specialists.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2998 people found this helpful

Speech & Language Delay - Spot The Signs!

D.H.L.S, B.A.S.L.P, M.A, B.Ed .SE . ( H.I )
Speech Therapist, Delhi
Speech & Language Delay - Spot The Signs!

There are instances when a kid doesn’t show the usual signs of development compared to their peers. Most parents take it casually thinking that their child will catch up in due course only to find a larger problem associated with it. It is therefore extremely important to discuss speech and language related delays with a medical practitioner to find out whether a child is immature or has a genuine problem which requires medical help. A child can show different signs as per age:

Different age group:

  • Within the first 12 months, a baby should be able to relate to his environment and make babbling and cooing sound. It is often observed that by month 9, a baby is capable of stringing sounds after seeing things. If a baby is intently watching objects, but is unable to make any sound, this may be an early symptom of speech or language related problem.
  • Between the 12th and the 15th month, a baby should be capable of making a wide array of sounds including few commonly used words. Babies should also be able to take few basic instructions and oblige those.
  • Between the age of 18th and 24th months, a baby becomes smart enough to pronounce anywhere in the range of 20 to 50 words. They also start combining words and make simple sentences. They should be capable of identifying common objects and remember their names.
  • By the age of 3, a toddler should be smart enough to combine 4-5 words and form sentences. Kids of this age also become smart enough to take straightforward instructions and perform them comfortably. Any deviation on this should be immediately reported to the Doctor.

What are the warning signs?

If a child between the age of 1-2 is not able to do the following things:

  1. Fails to use gesture
  2. Use more gesture than vocalising by the age of 18 months
  3. Produce no voice by 18th-month
  4. Fails to perform simple instructions

A child between the age of 2-3 needs evaluation if:

  1. Capable of imitating words but isn’t spontaneous in vocalising
  2. Repeats certain words multiple times
  3. The tone of voice is unusual compared to his peers

Possible causes of speech and language delay:

  1. Problems with palate leading to oral impairments
  2. Short frenulum restricting sufficient tongue movement to produce speech
  3. Oral-motor problems leading to speech limitation
  4. Problems related to hearing
  5. Chronic infection of the ear leading to speech delay

What does the pathologist assess?

  1. What can the child speak?
  2. What can the child understand?
  3. Oral-motor status
  4. Clarity of speech

Post the above evaluation a pathologist directs a plan of action. Sometimes speech therapy sessions are recommended in order to improve kids’ skill. For a motor related problem, a doctor can state a plan of action and limit the expectation of parents. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Speech Therapist.

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