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Pigmentation Treatment: Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Pigmentation is the presence of excess melanin on skin causing an uneven skin tone which is the result of a genetic mix-up of both the individual’s biological parents’ genes. Skin pigmentation marks are characterized by the built up melanocytes, which are cells containing melanin. These typically occur under the skin and are referred to as age spots on face, hands and body area, and freckles. The most common misconception associated with discolored skin is that it will fade by itself, without undergoing any treatment whatsoever. Some pigments types, like the ones caused by acne, may lighten up over time. But, the majority of discolored skin need to be treated with in-office and high-powered active ingredient treatments to fully remove the skin spots on the surface.

There are 4 treatment methods available for pigmentation. These include microdermabrasion, chemical peel, intense pulsed light (IPL) and fractional laser resurfacing. The type of pigmentation determines the type of laser which s to be used for treatment. In case the pigmentation is in superficial lesions, the Alexandrite 755nm Laser Pigmentation Removal treatment will prove effective in the removal of pigmentation in about 1-3 treatments. The treatment also depends on other factors like the level of recovery period, the type of pigmentation, and the area being treated.

How is the treatment done?

The treatment available for minimal darkness of your skin is microdermabrasion. This treatment involves the gentle removal of the upper layer of your skin to get rid of darkness, sunspots, and other types of minimal and superficial discoloration. There are other versions of microdermabrasion, for example DermaSweep, which offer a secondary step. This step is the infusion of specialized anti-pigment ingredients into the skin to brighten it further. Chemical peel treatment is used for stubborn spots. TCA chemical peels, glycolic acid, and salicyclic acid are often recommended for the banishment of discoloration. Chemicals peels are used for the purpose of removing deeper pigment or speeding up the results. Their potency is known to be manipulated according to the type or depth of the pigmentation. However, ever skin color or type is not suitable for the peel. In case you have a history of scarring, you may want to opt for some other method of treatment. Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatment is done for discoloration from the sun. IPL is a popular choice for targeting skin that is discolored from the sun. This treatment is associated with a light-based energy that is pulsed onto the skin, along with targeting blood vessels. The light eradicates the discoloration by seeking for it and lifting it up and out. The treated areas will initially turn dark and will eventually flake off in a few days.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

An individual must be 18 years or older in order to receive the treatment for pigmentation. Moreover, any person with permanent dark spots which are different from the occurrence of temporary acne or freckles is eligible for the treatment.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

A person who is younger than 18 years of age is not eligible for receiving the treatment. On the other hand, pregnant women are also not eligible for the laser resurfacing treatment as it will harm the baby. Lastly, a person affected with an underlying medical condition which is still untreated is precluded from receiving the treatment.

Are there any side effects?

The possibility of side effects occurring is usually low, and if there are any, they are temporary and minimal. They include bacterial infection, scarring, or lighter or light or dark spots on skin.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Your doctor will strictly advise you to not go under direct sunlight and expose your skin after the laser treatment for a few weeks. If it is necessary for you to go out then make sure to wear or apply SPF skin lotion on your skin before heading out during daytime. On the other hand, your doctor will also suggest you to wear fully covered clothing, cover yourself up with a scarf or put a cap on your head while going out in the sun. A follow-up will be suggested by your doctor for a few weeks so that he is able to keep track of the improvement and also the side effects (if there are any).

How long does it take to recover?

The area covered in the first sitting of laser pigmentation treatment is around 80%. After the whole treatment is compete, it will take about 4 to 12 weeks for the skin to completely heal after the laser removal of dark or brown patches on the skin.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The price of laser resurfacing ranges between Rs. 65,000 to Rs. 1,20,000.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the laser removal of pigmentation are permanent as it will directly target the dark spots on our skin and lift it up and out entirely. Once this treatment is done, there will be no recurrence of this condition.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a number of natural treatment methods available for pigmentation. These include application of the juice of lime, lemon, and raw potato on your skin. Application of turmeric paste will also help reduce the dark spots and freckles to a great extent. Aloe vera gel provides a soothing and cool effect on the skin along with reducing the pigmentation.

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello sir, my dermatologist prescribed pinodin tx to me for hyperpigmentation on my face. And there is no any other problem related to menstruation. So just want to know is this good for me. Because I know the action of tranexamic acid. Kindly guide me.

Homeopathy Doctor, Noida
You can apply aloe vera juice/gel from its leaf (fresh), not from ready made gels available in market. Remove skin of an aloe vera leaf. Take /scoop out gel. Apply this gel to your skin. Wash with plain water after an hour. Or keep it overnight. U...

Can I use triglow cream at night and melaglow rich cream at evening in a day? If not what are the possible side effects? Also how can I replace their use? If I stop them from using my face become again black? please suggest me a correct solution since I am facing with post inflammatory hyperpigmentation around my eye and lip area.

MD - Dermatology, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.), Medicine
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Good evening lybrate-user. Triglow cream is only to be used under a doctor's guidance. If you have been using it for a long time, there are chances that you can have side effects if you stop it. There are also side effects if you use it too long. ...

Ma'am should I apply moisturizer after demelan cream if yes then after how much time? In a week how many times I can use it I have hyperpigmentation in neck.

Dermatologist, Ranchi
Use moisturizer (twice daily) first on whole neck and after 30 mints to 1 hour use demelan cream. Demelan cream should be applied only at night and only over hyperpigmented area. Thanks.

Meri umar 25 saal h.mere chehrek pr safed aur high pigmentation k nishaan smasya kuch dino se badhti ja rahi h.maine 'betamil gm' skin ointment ka prayog kiya tha jiskeep kaaran ye smasya huyi h.koi upchaar btayein please.

Dermatologist, Vapi
Betamil gm cream mein steroid hota hair. Steroid cream chehre pe lagane se waha ke skin patli aur senitive ho jati hai. Steroid cream ke wajah se skin pe safed daag ho jate hai. Sabse pehle aap ko wah cream lagana band karna chahiye. Iske baad apn...

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MD - Dermatology,FCPS - Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy,MBBS
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