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Mood Disorder Treatment Tips

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) - Tips To Help You Diagnose The Problem!

Dr. Shashi Bhushan Kumar 83% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) - Tips To Help You Diagnose The Problem!

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a type of personality disorder characterized by an ongoing pattern of varying moods, self-image and behaviour. This often results in impulsive actions and problems in relationships and at work. You may experience intense episodes of various emotions like anger, depression and anxiety that may last for a few hours to a few days.

Diagnosis of BPD
If you experience the following 10 symptoms for a long time or if they have had a huge impact on your daily life, you may say that you are suffering from BPD:

  1. Feeling of being abandoned. You feel that people may abandon you and are constantly worried about that. You would do anything to stop it.
  2. Frequent mood swings. You experience intense emotions that last from a few hours to a few days. E.g. You suddenly start feeling low and depressed after feeling very happy and confident for a while.
  3. Lack of identity. You don’t know who you are and do not have a strong sense of your being.
  4. Unable to sustain relationships. You find it very hard to retain relationships and make new ones.
  5. You feel empty from within all the time.
  6. Make impulsive decisions and show sudden reactions. You do things to harm yourself like binge eating, drug abuse or driving dangerously.
  7. You inflict pain on yourself or have suicidal feelings.
  8. You have anger issues which are very difficult to control.
  9. You get paranoid or dissociate when you’re stressed.
  10. You experience all your emotions very intensely be it anger, happiness or sadness.

Self-Care - How can you help yourself?
If you start feeling overwhelmed, focus on one feeling at a time. It will help channelize your energy and thoughts into finding a solution for that emotion. Different therapies help different people at different times. You are the best judge to decide what benefits you the most.

Follow these tips to get through the various emotions that you may experience.

  1. When you are angry and frustrated
    1. Rip a newspaper
    2. Hit a pillow
    3. Listen to your favourite music
    4. Go for a walk or do some vigorous exercise
  2. When you are depressed and lonely
    1. Wrap yourself in a blanket and watch your favourite movie or TV show.
    2. Write all the negative feelings on a piece of paper and tear the paper.
    3. Use positive affirmations to comfort yourself.
    4. Cuddle a pillow/pet/soft toy
  3. When you are tensed and anxious 
    1. Try to shift your focus to something else like music, yoga or meditation.
    2. Take a deep breath, use relaxation techniques and focus on your breaths.
    3. Take a warm bath to help soothe your mood.
  4. When you want to harm yourself
    1. Rub ice over the parts where you want to hurt yourself.
    2. Take a cold-water bath to cool yourself.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

394 people found this helpful

Mind & Body Connection: How It Affect Your Health?

Dr. Richa Khetawat 93% (14 ratings)
Masters In Clinical Psychology, Certification in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Mind & Body Connection: How It Affect Your Health?

People who have good emotional health are aware of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They have learned healthy ways to cope with the stress and problems that are a normal part of life. They feel good about themselves and have healthy relationships.

However, many things that happen in life can disrupt your emotional health and lead to strong feelings of sadness, stress, or anxiety. Good changes can be just as stressful as bad changes. These things include:

  1. Being laid off from your job
  2. Having a child leave or return home
  3. Dealing with the death of a loved one
  4. Getting divorced or married
  5. Suffering an illness or an injury
  6. Getting a job promotion
  7. Experiencing money problems
  8. Moving to a new home
  9. Having a baby

What is the mind-body link?

You may already be familiar with phrases which describe the mind-body connection in day-to-day life such as something being a “pain in the neck” - it generally symbolises 'burden over mind'.

When we talk about mind, people usually understand it as a collection of thoughts, feelings, beliefs, attitudes, memories, past experiences and personality that make up a person’s internal world.

Mind vs Brain

In colloquial terms, the words mind and brain may be used interchangeably but, the two are in fact not the same. While the brain is a physical organ, the mind can be described a virtual entity present within each cell of our body and extended to minimum 2 inches outside the body. That is why mind controls the body as a collection of thoughts, emotions, imagination and memories. When compared to a computer, the brain acts as the hardware while the mind is the software within it.

Is it all in my head?

Experiencing happiness or sadness not only affects your frame but also affects your physical health. For example, indigestion is commonly triggered by stress and anxiety. On the other hand, physical ailments also affect an individual’s mental well-being. Do you know anyone who feels happy when they are sick? Thus, the mind and body share a deep, cyclic connection. To be physically healthy is it important to be psychologically healthy and vice versa.

Emotions manifest themselves on an individual’s body in a number of ways. This ranges from changes in internal body temperature and blood sugar levels to hormonal imbalances and altered brain chemistry. Happiness and joyous emotions have the ability to boost immunity, alleviate pain and relax muscles while sadness and anxiety can increase heart beats, tighten muscles and dilate blood vessels. Over time, it can also lower a person’s immunity and make them more susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. Anxiety and depression can keep a person from eating nutritious food and exercising and hence lower his or her overall health. Poor emotional health could also encourage the use of stimulants such as alcohol and drugs that cause weight fluctuation, insomnia, tiredness, weakened gut health, sexual problems etc.

How do your thoughts and feelings affect your health?

Your brain produces substances that can improve your health. These substances include endorphins, which are natural painkillers, and gamma globulin, which strengthens your immune system.

Research shows that what your brain produces depends in part on your thoughts, feelings, and expectations. If you're sick but you have hope and a positive attitude and you believe that you'll get better, your brain is likely to produce chemicals that will boost your body's healing power.

Negative thoughts and emotions can keep your brain from producing some of the chemicals that help your body heal. But this doesn't mean you should blame yourself for getting sick or feeling down about a health problem. Some illnesses are beyond your control. But your thoughts and state of mind are resources you can use to get better.

The mind-body link and your health

Some of the body’s systems are more affected by the mind-body link more than others. You may recognise some listed below:

  1. Digestive System Changes: It is common to experience an upset stomach (e.g. nauseadiarrhoeabloating or pain) during times of stress. There are lots of nerve connections between the brain and the gut. In fact, the gut is sometimes called the ‘Little Brain’ for this reason.
  2. Skin Conditions: People with skin conditions, including eczema or psoriasis, notice that during stressful periods their symptoms can become worse and respond less well to conventional treatments.
  3. Heart Symptoms: Changes in the way the heart works are common in stressful or exciting circumstances. For example, stress or excitement can cause the heart to beat faster and raise blood pressure. These normal changes in heart rate and blood pressure as a result of stress can be concerning for people with or without heart conditions.
  4. Fatigue: Fatigue can also be affected by how we think and feel. For example, boredom can lead to feeling fatigued and sleepy whereas an unexpected piece of good news could give you a burst of energy. Fatigue can also be present as part of mood problems such as depression and anxiety. People who experience health problems may struggle with fatigue which is a combination of physical and emotional factors.
  5. Thinking Styles: How you think - your ‘thinking style’ - can affect how you feel emotionally and physically. Some common thinking styles make it seem very likely that something bad is going to happen. This can make you feel worried, sad or upset even though the thought is not true.

Mind-Body Therapies

Below is a short list of some of the more common types of psychotherapy. Some therapy techniques have been scientifically tested on a large scale basis; while others are newer and often combined with more established psychotherapies.

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  2. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  3. Psychodynamic Therapy
  4. Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
  5. Hypnotherapy

Using the mind-body link to help you manage your health

  • Learning how to relax can help your mind and body. You can try different things until you find one that works for you. For example: Listen to relaxing music.
  • Spend five minutes focusing on the rhythm of your breath.
  • Try using prayer or meditation to relax.
  • Imagine being in a peaceful scene, such as a beach or woodland. Notice what you can see, hear, touch, taste and smell.
  • Try not to rush around during the day. Leave plenty of time for your planned activities.
  • Talk to someone when you are feeling stressed, anxious or down you might not feel like doing anything.

Thankfully, like physical ailments, emotional ailments too can be treated.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2731 people found this helpful

Bad Past Memories

Dr. Vinesh Chandramaniya 90% (67 ratings)
MD - Psychiatry, Diploma in Psychological Medicine-DPM, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, Post Graduate Diploma in Sexology, Certificate Course in Sex Therapy and Counselling
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Bad Past Memories

#sahajanand mind point-mental wellness clinic#dr. Vinesh chandramaniya#let it go.

Don't hold on: Tips on how to heal from" bad past memories that keep haunting you?
1) avoid stressful situations whenever possible. Specially avoid any stressor that can trigger your" past memories"
2) stop keeping news or stalking those who have given you bad memories. Any good news from their side, can be bad news for you.
3) distance yourself from negative or toxic individuals. In case you cannot, then learn to keep the distance and adjust to some of their nuances.
4) have at least one person in your life to whom you can reach out, call, or text whenever you need. 
5) create vent outs - selfies, food photos, social media, singing, cooking, photography, all good.
6) make alone time for yourself each day. Go inwards, explore your innerself.
7) set boundaries. You will have trigger points - topics, songs, places that will bring out the bad memories very fast. Be careful of them.
8) burn the bad energy - before going to bed, light a small incense stick in your room. While lighting it, experience your bad energies being burnt and taken away.
9) give yourself permission to have bad days. They happen, and sometimes there’s nothing to do about it.
10) practice gratitude daily. The best way is not just by saying thanks, but also eating healthy and reading motivational posts.
11) get an expert mind guide. Many times you need guidance for those traumatic memories. 

1 person found this helpful

Borderline Personality Disorder - Signs and Symptoms!

D.N.B. Psychiatry, Diploma In Psychological Medicine (Psychiatry), MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Navi Mumbai
Borderline Personality Disorder - Signs and Symptoms!

Borderline personality disorder is connected with the mental health of the patient and is usually seen in the way the patient perceives himself or herself. This has a deep impact on the brain and overall functioning of the patient. It leads to problems in the personal life and relationships of the patient. These problems are usually triggered by a fear of abandonment. Let us explore the signs and symptoms of this condition to understand it in a better manner:

  1. Discouraging Attitude: One of the earliest signs of this disorder includes having an attitude that is very discouraging. This attitude may remain limited to the patient or may extend to the people around him or her.
  2. Self-Identity: This disorder has a marked impact on the self-identity of the patient. There is usually a rapid decline in the way the patient may view himself or herself. A self-deprecating attitude will usually be seen among patients suffering from this condition, where the self-esteem hits an all-time low along with low self-confidence.
  3. Relationships: Whether it the patient's personal relationships, family, friends or work based relationships, there will be a sharp decline in the quality of interactions that the patient indulges in, due to this disorder. The interactions and dynamics of all relationships will usually take on an intense turn as the patient will have varied unfounded concerns that come from the fear of abandonment. This usually stems from some form of childhood trauma triggered by parental separation or loss.
  4. Impulsive Behavior: Patients suffering from this disorder will also display impulsive behavior that may lead to gambling, and other risky behavior. This kind of behavior can usually lead to accidents and losses as well as further lowering of the sense of self-esteem that the patient may experience. Also, abuse and binge eating are some of the symptoms of this kind of behavior.
  5. Suicidal threats: There may be threats of suicide by patients who are suffering from this disorder. This usually happens because most of these patients end up feeling lost and empty, which makes them think that their life and all its activities are completely futile. If you happen to meet someone who consistently talks about how useless he or she is and how nothing in life seems to have a purpose, then you may want to recommend this person to a psychiatrist as these are the earliest signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
  6. Mood swings: The patient will also suffer from intense mood swings. These could last up to several days and even weeks. These mood swings could go from happiness to severe anxiety and even shame.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4151 people found this helpful

Borderline Personality Disorder - Know How You Can Understand It In A Better Manner!

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Borderline Personality Disorder - Know How You Can Understand It In A Better Manner!

Borderline personality disorder is connected with the mental health of the patient and is usually seen in the way the patient perceives himself or herself. This has a deep impact on the brain and overall functioning of the patient. It leads to problems in the personal life and relationships of the patient. These problems are usually triggered by a fear of abandonment.

Let us explore the signs and symptoms of this condition to understand it in a better manner:

  1. Discouraging Attitude: One of the earliest signs of this disorder includes having an attitude that is very discouraging. This attitude may remain limited to the patient or may extend to the people around him or her.
  2. Self-Identity: This disorder has a marked impact on the self-identity of the patient. There is usually a rapid decline in the way the patient may view himself or herself. A self-deprecating attitude will usually be seen among patients suffering from this condition, where the self-esteem hits an all-time low along with low self-confidence.
  3. Relationships: Whether it the patient's personal relationships, family, friends or work based relationships, there will be a sharp decline in the quality of interactions that the patient indulges in, due to this disorder. The interactions and dynamics of all relationships will usually take on an intense turn as the patient will have varied unfounded concerns that come from the fear of abandonment. This usually stems from some form of childhood trauma triggered by parental separation or loss.
  4. Impulsive Behavior: Patients suffering from this disorder will also display impulsive behavior that may lead to gambling, and other risky behavior. This kind of behavior can usually lead to accidents and losses as well as further lowering of the sense of self-esteem that the patient may experience. Also, abuse and binge eating are some of the symptoms of this kind of behavior.
  5. Suicidal threats: There may be threats of suicide by patients who are suffering from this disorder. This usually happens because most of these patients end up feeling lost and empty, which makes them think that their life and all its activities are completely futile. If you happen to meet someone who consistently talks about how useless he or she is and how nothing in life seems to have a purpose, then you may want to recommend this person to a psychiatrist as these are the earliest signs and symptoms of borderline personality disorder.
  6. Mood swings: The patient will also suffer from intense mood swings. These could last up to several days and even weeks. These mood swings could go from happiness to severe anxiety and even shame.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4492 people found this helpful

IQ Vs EQ - Which Is More Important For Your Happiness?

Dr. K V Anand 93% (22909 ratings)
BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
IQ Vs EQ - Which Is More Important For Your Happiness?

Why your EQ is the most important factor for your happiness?

A higher Intelligence Quotient does not guarantee your happiness or success in life. To succeed in life, it is not your IQ, but your EQ that plays a bigger role. Emotional Quotient(EQ) or emotional intelligence stands for your ability to understand and manage your emotions effectively. It influences various aspects of your life, from how you behave to how you interact with others and has a direct effect on your happiness levels, life quality and self-satisfaction.

Several studies on emotional intelligence have revealed that while about 80% of the common man's success is linked to emotional intelligence, only the remaining 20% is a result of his intelligence quotient! So, how does EQ affect your life?

  1. At Work: At the workplace, emotional intelligence can have a significant impact on your performance. It shapes your business as well as professional relationships while helping you to navigate the social complexities that characterise a place of work.  
  2. For Your Health: It affects your physical health too, as management of stress levels is directly linked to your EQ levels. High-stress levels can make you susceptible to many diseases like stroke, heart attack, high blood pressure, etc. Likewise, if you're unable to handle and manage your emotions effectively, it can lead to mental problems like depression, mood swings and anxiety
  3. Personal Relationships: The role of EQ can't be ignored when it comes to building relationships. It enables you to communicate successfully while helping you to build stronger relationships. Whether they are your professional relationships or personal ones, a better understanding and control of your emotions is imperative for not only a better expression of your feelings but also for a complete understanding of what others are feeling.

So, how can you improve your EQ? Unlike IQ, you can certainly improve your EQ significantly by developing and honing these key abilities. 

1. The ability to manage negative emotions
Although both negative and positive emotions are needed to succeed in life, sometimes, negative emotions can overwhelm you, affecting your judgement.Developing skills that do not let negative emotions get to you can significantly increase your EQ levels.

2. The ability to reduce stress
Effectively controlling and managing stress is also an ability, the development of which can bring you great success in life. Staying focused, balanced and in control is what you should aim at when under severe pressure. You should be able to quieten yourself down quickly, while relieving yourself from stress.

3. The ability to stay positive even in times of difficulty
Last but not the least, when faced with a difficult situation or even a difficult person, it's crucial to remain positive as then the difficulty faced becomes easier to handle. Arriving at resolutions for difficult situations positively and with confidence is what you should strive to do.
EQ helps you to do well at work, build strong relationships and accomplish your personal and career goals.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5823 people found this helpful

Large Scale Tragedies: 5 Ways to Cope With It!

Peacful Mind 85% (87 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychologist, Delhi
Large Scale Tragedies: 5 Ways to Cope With It!

Tragedies are a part of life and at some point of life, every person undergoes some large-scale tragedy. It may be in different forms like separation, crisis in relationships, financial stress, death of a loved one, some severe disease and many others.

A large scale tragedy can cripple a person and devastate him. However, instead of breaking down, one should stand strong and face the situation. Here are 5 ways to cope with a large-scale tragedy:

  1. Talking to someone, honestly: You are not alone is this world and should not forget that there are many other people all around you. In case of a tragedy, you usually have a lot of pent-up feelings inside you. Instead of keeping them to yourself, you must share these feelings with your friends or any person whom you trust. Venting out will enable you to relax.
  2. Act on truth: Always keep in mind that whatever happens in life, there is a chance to start afresh. Always remember that you are not alone and there are people to help you out, no matter what kind of tragedy you have undergone. There is always some hope left.
  3. Be realistic: You have to differentiate between wishful thinking and hope and get it clear in your head. Wishful thinking might not get you anywhere and eventually you will be more disappointed. However, if you stick to reality and hope realistically, slowly you will be able to come out of your shell and face the world again. Face the reality that you have to struggle a lot for quite a long time and do not think about miracles.
  4. Second chances: In many situations, a tragedy comes with a blame. However, you should not confuse between condemnation and responsibility. Taking responsibility is wise, but self-condemnation takes you along the wrong track. You should give yourself another chance. You must let go of guilt and learn how to forgive and forget. By giving a new start, things will get back to normal. This is applicable in case of relationship-related tragedies.
  5. Have faith in God: When you are in a situation which is too tough to cope with, and you cannot foresee any hope, you have to believe in God. Keeping the faith is the best thing to do, and you should believe that hope is possible. If you have faith in a greater power, you will get through.

Large scale tragedies are difficult to cope with and can make you feel that your life is over. However, instead of isolating oneself and burying the grief, proper measures should be taken to cope with the tragedy for better and peaceful living.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3911 people found this helpful

Know What's The Impact Of Separation On Our Everyday Life

Ms. Anu Gehlot 93% (22 ratings)
M.Phil - Psychology, Masters In Psychology, BA-Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Know What's The Impact Of Separation On Our  Everyday Life

Human beings are designed to relish contact and interaction with one another. After all, it is what makes us different from quite a few members of the animal kingdom. Having said that, sometimes, separation between people is a fact of life and it does have an impact on the lives of the people who get separated.

One of the interesting things about separation is when it occurs between couples is not only a feeling of sadness, but also a feeling of insecurity. It is to be kept in mind that the entire process of adjusting is not only one that is to be gone through by the couple, but also by their children. While it can prompt children to become independent and not overly reliant on their parents’ love, separation can also lead to a deficit or inadequate love being provided to them in the years that they are in the greatest need of it. This is quite an unfortunate aspect of separation.

There are a range of feelings which a person is likely to feel when separation occurs and there is a lot to be done by the way of working through these emotions. The mix can include resentment, disappointment, as well as a longing for the partner, even for quite some time after the divorce has taken place. In a number of cases, the most tormenting phase of separation is the time leading up to separation and the few days following it. Facing legal challenges, letting friends and family know about their decision and undergoing the entire role change leaves the couple as well as their children fatigued.

It may be ironic, but the fact of the matter remains that a person is not always rational after a divorce. Whimsically, it can be said that a separation of a marital bond does often affect the person’s ability of separation of rationality from irrationality!

While life as a single mother is quite tough, it is intriguing that women are the ones who initiate divorce twice as often as men do! After a divorce takes place, women are the custodians of the children they had in 90% of the cases; so it is true that women do have a high level of concern for their children. Often people in a separation emotionally act the same way children do when separated from their parents.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3869 people found this helpful

The Sexual Health Guide Recommended by the Penis

Dr. Vinod Raina 92% (4937 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
The Sexual Health Guide Recommended by the Penis

The Sexual Health Guide Recommended by the Penis


When Doctor Penis suggests that it's time to engage in sexual activity, most men would do well to heed the call. After all, Doctor Penis is not only, well, a penis, but he also understands that indoor sports offer some unique sexual health benefits. Even if most men already find sex to be intensely enjoyable, it's encouraging to know that proper penis care and usage can be a great long-term health investment: one that will outlast the pleasure of an orgasm.

So what are some of these benefits, Doctor Penis?

A Fitter Body.

Having regular sex can be a fantastic full body workout for any man. Plenty of guys will work themselves into a healthy sweat with all the vigorous thrusting that accompanies sex, increasing their heart rates, and burning some spare calories in the process. Granted, sexual exercise alone will only burn about five calories per minute, but depending on the amount of sexual activity that any given man enjoys in his day-to-day routine, those calories can add up quickly. Plus, maintaining all those positions will often strengthen various muscles groups - including some that most men don't even think to train at the gym.

A Stronger Immune System.

Studies have shown that people who have sex regularly take fewer sick days, suggesting that healthy sexual activity can do wonders for the average man's immune system. Of course, sex should be supplemented with eating a healthy diet, getting plenty of sleep, and using proper protection when engaging in erotic play. But rest assured, all those orgasms could offer extra protection come cold season.

Decreased Blood Pressure and Heart Attack Risk.

Sexual intercourse can have a positive effect on a person's blood pressure, leading to a lower systolic reading -the reading that measures the pressure in the arteries as the heart beats. By reducing blood pressure and boosting the heart rate, an active sex life can also lessen the risk of suffering a heart attack. This is especially true for men. Sexual activity increases the production of testosterone, which plays an important role in keeping the heart healthy and decreasing the risk of osteoporosis.

Lowered Prostate Cancer Risk.

The Journal of the American Medical Association published a report which argued that men who ejaculate 21 times or more each month have a substantially lower risk of developing prostate cancer. The type of sexual activity that precedes these ejaculations doesn't matter: intercourse, oral sex, masturbation, and even wet dreams qualify. The bottom line is, keeping those pipes clean may be the key to maintaining a healthy prostate.

Improved Outlook and Mood.

Stress and tension are among the most serious health problems faced by men of modern society. Sex, especially sex that builds to an orgasm, can be an effective release valve for stress and tension. It can also help many men sleep better at night by releasing a soothing hormone called prolactin into the body. That's why squeezing in some great sexual play - with or without a partner - the night before a big presentation at work or a long trip can put many men on pathways to success.

For most men, a healthy penis will result in a healthier state of being. In addition to engaging in regular sexual activity, penis health can also be augmented through the daily use of a superior penis health cream (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil). When searching for the right cream, men should look for products that include alpha lipoic acid to help prevent premature aging of penis cells. Ideally, the cream will also contain vitamin C, an important structural component of blood vessels that can improve blood flow to the penis tissue.

 

8 people found this helpful

Children Progress At Different Rates!

Dr. Ramakanth Reddy 90% (108 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad

The Growing Child: School-Age (6 to 12 Years)

Children progress at different rates. They have different interests, abilities, and personalities. But there are some common milestones many children reach from ages 6 to 12.

What can my child do at these ages?

As your child grows, you’ll notice him or her developing new and exciting abilities.

A child age 6 to 7:

  • Enjoys many activities and stays busy

  • Likes to paint and draw

  • Practices skills in order to become better

  • Jumps rope

  • Rides a bike

A child age 8 to 9:

  • Is more graceful with movements and abilities

  • Jumps, skips, and chases

  • Dresses and grooms self completely

  • Can use tools, such as a hammer or screwdriver

A child age 10 to 12:

  • Likes to sew and paint

What does my child understand?

As children enter into school age, their skills and understanding of concepts continue to grow.

A child age 6 to 7:

  • Understands the concept of numbers

  • Knows daytime and nighttime

  • Knows right and left hands

  • Can copy complex shapes, such as a diamond

  • Can tell time

  • Understands commands that have 3 separate instructions

  • Can explain objects and their use

  • Can repeat 3 numbers backward

  • Can read age-appropriate books

A child age 8 to 9:

  • Can count backward

  • Knows the date

  • Reads more and enjoys reading

  • Understands fractions

  • Understands the concept of space

  • Draws and paints

  • Can name the months and days of week, in order

  • Enjoys collecting objects

A child age 10 to 12:

  • Writes stories

  • Likes to write letters

  • Reads well

  • Enjoys using the telephone

How will my child interact with others?

An important part of growing up is learning to interact and socialize with others. During the school-age years, you’ll see a change in your child. He or she will move from playing alone to having multiple friends and social groups. Friendships become more important. But your child is still fond of you as parents, and likes being part of a family. Below are some of the common traits that your child may show at these ages.

A child age 6 to 7:

  • Cooperates and shares

  • Can be jealous of others and siblings

  • Likes to copy adults

  • Likes to play alone, but friends are becoming important

  • Plays with friends of the same gender

  • May have occasional temper tantrums

  • Is modest about his or her body

  • Likes to play board games

A child age 8 to 9:

  • Likes competition and games

  • Starts to mix friends and play with children of the opposite gender

  • Is modest about his or her body

  • Enjoys clubs and groups, such as Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts

  • Is becoming interested in boy-girl relationships, but doesn’t admit it

A child age 10 to 12:

  • Finds friends are very important; may have a best friend

  • Has increased interest in the opposite gender

  • Likes and respects parents

  • Enjoys talking to others

How can I encourage my child's social abilities?

You can help boost your school-aged child's social abilities by:

  • Setting limits, guidelines, and expectations and enforcing them with appropriate penalties

  • Modeling good behavior

  • Complimenting your child being cooperative and for personal achievements

  • Helping your child choose activities that are suitable for his or her abilities

  • Encouraging your child to talk with you and be open with his or her feelings

  • Encouraging your child to read, and reading with your child

  • Encouraging your child to get involved with hobbies and other activities

  • Promoting physical activity

  • Encouraging self-discipline and expecting your child to follow rules that are set

  • Teaching your child to respect and listen to authority figures

  • Encouraging your child to talk about peer pressure and setting guidelines to deal with peer pressure

  • Spending uninterrupted time together and giving full attention to your child

  • Limiting television, video, and computer time 

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