Lung cancer starts from the lungs and spreads to other body parts. In most cases it starts in the airways of the lungs, known as alveoli and bronchioles. There are over 20 types of lung cancer. The cause of most lung cancers is smoking, both from smoking and passive smoking. People who never smoke are also prone to get it and the cause in such cases isn’t known.
The two major types of lung cancer based on the microscopic appearance are:
Chemotherapy aims at killing cancer cells. Drugs might be administered by a vein, usually in the arm or through the oral route. Multiple drugs are generally given over few months. A surgeon removes the cancer and some part of the adjacent healthy tissue.
Here are the procedures done to obliterate lung cancer:
Radiation therapy employs energy beams obtained from protons and X-rays for killing the cancerous cells. It can be done externally or may be placed within the body close to the affected area through seeds, catheters or needles. Palliative care, a specialty medicine field, involves a doctor’s help to reduce symptoms and signs.
Alternative and complementary lung cancer treatment options are available to reduce symptoms and signs, even though they may not be able to cure cancer: