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Lung Cancer Tips

Pleural Effusion - Everything You Must Know About It!

MBBS, MD - Respiratory Medicine , Trained In Treating Sleep Disorder , Trained In Interventinal Bronchoscopy , Trained In Medical Thoracoscopy , Trained In Rigid Bronchoscopy
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Pleural Effusion - Everything You Must Know About It!

Thin membranes on the surface of lungs and inside of the chest cavity are known as Pleura. The space between them is known as Pleural space. Pleural Effusion is a common problem where fluid accumulates in the Pleural space. A person may have it if he or she has any heart or lung problems, such as Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Embolism, etc. Other problems not related to lung or heart, such as Hypothyroidism, Nephrotic Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ovarian Tumours, etc. may also lead to Pleural Effusion.

Causes of Pleural Effusion

There may be a wide range of causes for Pleural Effusion. The most common causes are:

Leakage of fluid from organs: If someone has a Heart problem and it is not pumping blood properly, there may be accumulation of fluid in the body. This fluid may leak into the Pleural space. If the Liver or Kidney is not working properly, it may also give rise to accumulation of fluid. This fluid build-up may leak into the Pleural space.

Infections: Infections like Bacterial Pneumonia and Tuberculosis are major reasons for Pleural Effusion.

Autoimmune conditions: Autoimmune conditions like Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, etc. may also cause such condition.

Pulmonary embolism: Embolism leads to blockage in Artery in one of the lungs. This can lead to Pleural Effusion.

Lung cancer: Lung Cancer often causes Pleural Effusion. Cancer spreading to the Lungs from other organs too can precipitate the condition.

Pleural Effusion Symptoms

Symptoms of this disease show up only when the fluid build-up is moderate or large. Symptoms include shortness of breath, fever, chest pain, aggravation during deep breathing, cough, etc. These are the most pronounced symptoms of this condition. One may also have chills and night sweats.

Treatment of Pleural Effusion

These are some of the common treatment steps for this disease:

● The first stage in treatment is Chest X-ray or CT Scan to ascertain the dimension of fluid accumulation.
● The doctor may then draw out a sample of the fluid to test it for infection. If an infection is detected, doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
● If the fluid accumulation is less, the doctor may not consider it necessary to draw out the fluid.
● If there is a Heart problem, the doctor may prescribe medicines for the same.
● If the Effusion is large, a doctor would most likely perform a Thoracentesis to drain the fluid and ease the symptoms.
● If the Effusion keeps coming back, the doctor may consider a Pleural Drain. A catheter is put into the Pleural space for a long time for that.
● The doctor may also inject an inflammatory substance into the Pleural space. This inflames the Pleura and helps them bond with each other tightly. This is known as Pleurodesis and can heal the problem.

Pleural Effusion is a medical condition which is not to be taken lightly. One must consult an experienced doctor for its treatment, as it may worsen over time.

1 person found this helpful

Early Stage Lung Cancer - Five Signs To Trace It!

Dr. Pawan Gupta 88% (13 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Chest Medicine, DM Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Early Stage Lung Cancer - Five Signs To Trace It!

The sound of the word cancer can be really traumatic and the fact the one may most of the time be unaware of this condition can be hard to handle. The same is the situation in the case of lung cancer as it does not produce any remarkable signs and symptoms in its early stages. However, there are ways in which you can be aware of this life-threatening ailment. Here are some tell-tale signs of an early stage of lung cancer:

A stubborn cough:
Beware when a cough is lingering on for long with no sign of relief. When a cough is related to cold and respiratory infection, it will subside within a week or so. But in case the cough is persistent, it can be a symptom of lung cancer. You should never dismiss a stubborn cough regardless of whether it is dry or producing mucus. You should talk to a doctor right away as he can check the lungs and may order for other tests to determine whether you have cancer.



Breathing problems:
Becoming easily winded or shortness of breath is considered the most prominent symptoms of lung cancers. This may occur when cancer blocks or inhibit the airway or when the fluid from the tumor starts building up in the chest. If you find that it is becoming difficult for you to breathe in doing tasks that you found easy before, you should not ignore it.

Wheezing:
When the airways become inflamed, blocked or constricted, then the lungs would produce a wheezing and whistling sound while breathing. It can be associated with a host of other causes that are easily treatable but could also be due to lung cancer.

Headache:
Even though headaches are considered one of the most common health problems, if there is a persistent headache, then it could be a sign that lung cancer has spread to the brain. It is important to understand that all headaches are not associated with the brain metastases. There are times when the lung cancer creates pressure on the superior vena cava which is in charge of supplying blood to the upper part of the brain. This pressure can also lead to headaches.

Pain in the bone:
If the lung cancer has spread to the other parts of the body, then it may produce mild pain in the back and other parts of the body. It tends to become worse during the night when you are resting on your back. But it can be difficult for a commoner to differentiate between muscle and bone pain. In case you are suffering from bone pain, you will see that it is becoming worse with movement. Moreover, lung cancer is also associated with pain in the shoulder, neck, and armeven though it is very rare. You should be very attentive to the pain and aches in the body and consult with an expert at the earliest.

 

You can easily combat lung cancer if diagnosed and treatment is started in its early stages.

360 people found this helpful

Lung Cancer: Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Dr. Shiba Kalyan Biswal 92% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Pulmonary Medicine & Critical Care Medicine
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Lung Cancer: Causes And Symptoms Of It!

Lungs are the most important organ of our body that has the responsibility of taking in the oxygen and releasing out carbon dioxide. When cancer develops in it, the entire body gets imbalanced. Lung cancer leads to more death than any other type of cancer, which is why identifying the symptoms and knowing the causes are instrumental in obtaining a timely diagnosis as well as in prevention of this disease.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

In the early stages:

  1. Persistent coughing
  2. Chest pain
  3. Bleeding
  4. Fatigue
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Sudden weight loss
  7. Headaches
  8. Coughing up blood

In the later stages:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Joint pain
  3. Facial paralysis
  4. Neck swelling
  5. Blood clotting
  6. Weakness
  7. Sever chest pain

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking: People who smoke are more prone to lung cancer. With the increase in the number of cigarettes you smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer increase too. People who don't smoke but are surrounded by the smokers also have high chances of being affected by this form of cancer.

Exposure to Asbestos: Asbestos is a group of mineral, which is present naturally in the environment. Lung cancer can occur due to the inhalation and ingestion of asbestos fibers.

Exposure to Radon Gas: Radon is a radioactive gas, which is formed naturally on decaying of radioactive elements. It is found in low levels in the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Consumption of air and water having this gas leads to lung cancer.

High Levels of Air Pollution: Presence of high levels of chemicals in the ambient air can cause lung cancer. 1-2% of lung cancer is caused because of it.

High Levels of Arsenic in Drinking Water: Consuming water with arsenic content is harmful as it directly affects the lungs and when the arsenic content is too high, it may lead to lung cancer.

Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals like uranium, coal products, gasoline, diesel exhaust and mustard gas can also cause lung cancer.

Family History of Lung Cancer: Chances of getting lung cancer increase if your parents, child or siblings are already prone to lung cancer.

2905 people found this helpful

Lung Cancer - What Causes It?

MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, FNB-Critical Care, Europeon Diploma In Adult Respiratory Medicine, Europeon Diploma In Intensive Care, Fellow
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Lung Cancer - What Causes It?

Lungs are the most important organ of our body that has the responsibility of taking in the oxygen and releasing out carbon dioxide. When cancer develops in it, the entire body gets imbalanced. Lung cancer leads to more death than any other type of cancer, which is why identifying the symptoms and knowing the causes are instrumental in obtaining a timely diagnosis as well as in prevention of this disease.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

In the early stages:

  1. Persistent coughing
  2. Chest pain
  3. Bleeding
  4. Fatigue
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Sudden weight loss
  7. Headaches
  8. Coughing up blood

In the later stages:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Joint pain
  3. Facial paralysis
  4. Neck swelling
  5. Blood clotting
  6. Weakness
  7. Severe chest pain

Causes of Lung Cancer

Smoking: People who smoke are more prone to lung cancer. With the increase in the number of cigarettes you smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer increase too. People who don't smoke but are surrounded by the smokers also have high chances of being affected by this form of cancer.

Exposure to Asbestos: Asbestos is a group of mineral, which is present naturally in the environment. Lung cancer can occur due to the inhalation and ingestion of asbestos fibers.

Exposure to Ranon Gas: Ranon is a radioactive gas, which is formed naturally on decaying of radioactive elements. It is found in low levels in the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Consumption of air and water having this gas leads to lung cancer.

High Levels of Air Pollution: Presence of high levels of dust particles and pollutants in the air that we breathe can cause lung cancer. 1-2% of lung cancer is caused because of it.

High Levels of Arsenic in Drinking Water: Consuming water with arsenic content is harmful as it directly affects the lungs and when the arsenic content is too high, it may lead to lung cancer.

Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals like uranium, coal products, gasoline, diesel exhaust and mustard gas can also cause lung cancer.

Family History of Lung Cancer: Chances of getting lung cancer increase if your parents, child or siblings are already prone to lung cancer.

1954 people found this helpful

4 Common Lung Diseases Which Affect Women

MD - Pulmonary, DTCD
Pulmonologist, Faridabad
4 Common Lung Diseases Which Affect Women

Lung diseases have become very common for people living in the urban areas all over the world. Diseases in the lungs are the most common medical conditions which affect millions of people globally; however, the numbers of women who have been affected by numerous lung diseases are more in comparison to men. There are a number of lung diseases which differ from each other in terms of severity and their treatment. Some of the most common lung diseases which affect women mostly are given below.

1. Asthma
Asthma is the condition in which the lungs and bronchial tubes get inflamed and become extremely sensitive as well. In this condition, the airways become easily irritated mostly because of smoking cigarettes or being in a polluted area. Your lungs and bronchial tubes may also get sensitive to allergens like dust mites and pollen. Difficulties in breathing, regularly coughing and wheezing are some of the problems which are caused by Asthma. This condition affects women more than men because of the presence of high level of testosterone protect them from the disease, if the research is to be believed.

2. Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is that deadly disease which affects women more than men. The leading cause of cancer deaths in women, this disease is largely linked to smoking cigarettes. However, it is often observed that women who have quit the habit are more likely to get affected by the disease. It is believed that estrogen plays a major role in the development of lung cancer in women as treatment with progesterone and estrogen after hitting menopause can increase your chances of getting affected by lung cancer.

3. Pulmonary Emboli
Blood clots which start forming in one part of the body, which is usually the legs, and slowly travel to various other parts of the body which end up getting stuck in the lungs are called pulmonary emboli. These small blood clots which get stuck in the lungs cause problems in breathing and affect more women than men, in general. The pulmonary embolus is also responsible for reducing the oxygen flow in the blood-streams. Women who take contraceptive pills or go through hormone treatments are often at the risk of developing this problem.

4. Pulmonary Hypertension
Another lung disease which affects women more than men is pulmonary hypertension. The blood pressure in this lung disease becomes dangerously high. The right side of the heart starts to work harder due to the increased pressure built. This results in the oxygen-rich blood to be pumped back to the lungs. Childhood infections and other lung problems are often observed as the reason for women to develop this issue.

4483 people found this helpful

Radiotherapy For Lung Cancer - Know Types Of It!

Dr. Umesh Das 89% (16 ratings)
DM - Oncology
Oncologist, Guwahati
Radiotherapy For Lung Cancer - Know Types Of It!

Radiotherapy is a kind of treatment that kills the cancer cells by using high-energy beams. Specialists use radiotherapy to treat a wide range of lung cancer. For early stage lung cancer, the radiotherapy may get rid of the cancer totally.

For the small cell lung cancer you may have radiotherapy only. Then again you may have it with another treatment, for example, chemotherapy or surgery.

For small cell lung cancer, radiotherapy is used with or after chemotherapy. Chemotherapy makes the tumor in the lung shrink. You may have radiotherapy to your cerebrum, which tackles any cancer cells that may have spread to the brain. This is called prophylactic cranial illumination (PCI).

In case of advanced lung cancer, the treatment contracts the tumor and controls it for a while. It additionally decreases symptoms like shortness of breath.

The types of radiotherapy used for the lungs include:

Outer radiotherapy: This kind of radiotherapy comes from a machine and is administered to the body through an external source. It depends on the kind of cancer and the progression of the same.

You may have three radiotherapy sittings every day for around 12 days. This sort of radiotherapy is known as CHART – ceaseless hyperfractionated quickened radiotherapy. A few people with small cell lung cancer may have treatment twice a day.

If you are getting radiotherapy to control the side effects of lung cancer, you may have a single treatment or day by day medications for up to 3 weeks.

Inner radiotherapy: This is called brachytherapy or endobronchial treatment. This will be administered during a bronchoscopy. The radiation is given through a thin tube that the specialist puts inside your aviation route for a few of minutes.

Specialists use this sort of treatment to shrink a tumor that is blocking or pushing your breathing track and making breathing troublesome for you.

These are some of the procedures that take place while you are having lung cancer radiotherapy:

  1. Radiotherapy machines are enormous. The machines are fixed in one position or are sometimes ready to go around your body to give treatment from various angles.
  2. Prior to your first treatment, your radiographers will clarify what you will hear and see. The treatment rooms normally have docks for you to connect to music players. So you can listen to your own choice of music.
  3. You cannot feel radiotherapy when you really have the treatment. It takes anything from one second to a few minutes. It is essential to lie similarly situated every time, so the radiographers may take a short time to get you prepared.
  4. Once you are in the right position, the staff will allow you to sit in the space for a couple of minutes. They watch you constantly on a closed circuit TV screen. They may request that you hold your breath or take shallow breaths during the treatment.
2829 people found this helpful

All About Lung Cancer!

MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata

Lung malignancy. Lung malignancy is a sort of growth that starts in the lungs. Your lungs need aid two light organs over your midsection that take in oxygen at you breathe in furthermore arrival carbon dioxide at you breathe out.
Lung malignancy will be those heading reason for disease passing in the united states, around both men and ladies. Lung malignancy asserts a greater amount exists every year over would colon, prostate, ovarian also breast growths consolidated.
Individuals who smoke bring those best danger for lung cancer, in spite of lung malignancy might likewise happen on people who need never smoked haddock. That danger of lung malignancy builds with that period about period also amount of smokes you've smoked haddock. Though you stop smoking, much after smoking auto to large portions years, you cam-wood altogether lessen your possibilities about creating lung malignancy. 

Indications. Lung malignancy commonly doesn't cause indications furthermore side effects done its soonest phases. Indications what're more indications of lung malignancy commonly happen just when the ailment will be propelled.
Indications and indications of lung malignancy might include. • another hack that doesn't try out. • hacking up blood, significantly a little sum. • shortness of breath. • midsection torment. • roughness. • losing weight without attempting. • bone agony. • cerebral pain. The point when will view a specialist. Aggravate an arrangement with your specialist though you have any persistency indications alternately indications that stress you.
Assuming that you smoke also have been unabated to quit, settle on an arrangement with your specialist. Your specialist could suggest methodologies for quitting smoking, for example, counseling, medications and nicotine reinstatement items.

Makes. Smoking auto makes the lion's share about lung growths — both on smokers furthermore clinched alongside individuals presented should use smoke. However, lung malignancy also happens done people who never smoked haddock and over the individuals who never required prolonged presentation will use smoke. On these cases, there might a chance to be no reasonable reason for lung malignancy.
How smoking auto reasons lung malignancy. Doctors trust smoking auto reasons lung malignancy toward harming the phones that line those lungs. The point when you breathe in smoke, which will be full for cancer-causing substances (carcinogens), transforms in the lung tissue start just about promptly.
From the beginning your figure might have the capacity with repair shed this harm. Be that for each repeater exposure, typical units that transport your lungs would progressively harm. In time, those harm makes phones with go about abnormally and in the end malignancy might create.
Sorts from claiming lung malignancy. Doctors separate lung malignancy under two major sorts in view of that manifestation from claiming lung malignancy phones under the magnifying instrument. Your specialist makes medication choices dependent upon which significant sort from claiming lung malignancy you have.
Those two general sorts about lung malignancy include. •

 Little cell lung malignancy. Little cell lung malignancy happens very nearly only in overwhelming smokers also may be lesquerella basic over non-small cell lung malignancy. 

• non-small cell lung malignancy. Non-small cell lung malignancy is an umbrageous haul to a few sorts about lung tumors that act over a comparative manner. Non-small cell lung growths incorporate squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and expansive cell carcinoma. 

Danger figures. A number from claiming components might expand your danger for lung malignancy. A portion danger figures could a chance to be controlled, to instance, toward quitting smoking auto. What's more different elements can't make controlled, for example, your family history.
Danger figures for lung malignancy include. • smoking auto. Your hazard from claiming lung malignancy increments with those amount of smokes you smoke every day and the amount of a long time you have smoked haddock. Quitting toward at whatever period camwood altogether bring down your danger for creating lung malignancy.
• purposes of presentation will use smoke. Regardless of you don't smoke, your danger about lung malignancy builds on you're laid open on used smoke.
• presentation should radon gas. Radon is transformed eventually tom's perusing those common breakdown of uranium on soil, rock and water that inevitably gets to be and only those air you relax. Perilous levels for radon might gather clinched alongside any building, including homes.
• purposes of presentation should asbestos also other carcinogens. Work environment purposes of presentation will asbestos furthermore different substances are known should result in disease — for example, arsenic, chromium also nickel — likewise could increment your hazard about creating lung cancer, particularly though you're a smokescreen.
• family history of lung malignancy. People for a parent, kin alternately kid for lung malignancy have an expanded hazard of the sickness. 

Difficulties. Lung malignancy cam-wood cause complications, for example. • shortness of breath. People for lung malignancy might encounter shortness of breath if tumor grows with square the real aviation routes. Lung malignancy might likewise cause liquid with gather around the lungs, making it harder for the influenced lung to extend completely when you breathe in.
• hacking up blood. Lung malignancy camwood cause dying in the airway, which could reason you with hack up blood (hemoptysis). Now and then dying might turn extreme. Medicines are accessible with control dying.
• torment. Propelled lung malignancy that spreads of the lining of a lung alternately should an additional territory of the body, for example, such that a bone, camwood reason torment. Let your specialist though you knowledge pain, similarly as huge numbers medicines are accessible on control agony.
• liquid in the midsection (pleural effusion). Lung malignancy might cause liquid on gather in the space that surrounds those influenced lung in the midsection cavity (pleural space).
Liquid collecting in the midsection camwood cause shortness of breath. Medicines need aid accessible will channel those liquid starting with your midsection and diminish the hazard that pleural radiation will happen once more.
• malignancy that spreads on different parts of the physique (metastasis). Lung malignancy regularly spreads (metastasizes) to other parts of the body, for example, that cerebrum and the bones.
Tumor that spreads might result in pain, nausea, headaches, alternately different indications also side effects relying upon what organ will be influenced. When lung malignancy need spread past the lungs, it's by and large not reparable. Medicines would accessible should diminish indications what's more manifestations and help you carry on with more. 

Aversion. There's no beyond any doubt manner with keep lung cancer, yet all you might lessen your danger assuming that you. • don't smoke. On you've never smoked, don't start. Converse with your know youngsters around not smoking auto so that they could see how will dodge this real hazard component to lung malignancy. Start discussions over the dangers of smoking auto for your youngsters punctual something like that that they think how will respond on companion weight.
• prevent smoking auto. Stop smoking auto right away. Quitting lessens your danger for lung cancer, regardless of you've smoked haddock to quite some time. Converse with your specialist over methodologies furthermore stop-smoking helps that cam-wood help you stop. Choices incorporate nicotine substitution cost products, medications what's more help supportive networks.
• evade used smoke. Assuming that you carry on with alternately fill in for a smoker, urge him or her to stop. During those thick, as least, solicit him alternately her should smoke outside. Evade territories the place people smoke, for example, such that bars what's more restaurants, and search out without smoke smoked alternatives.
• test your home to radon. Need those radon levels previously, your home checked, particularly assuming that you live in a territory the place radon is known on be an issue. Secondary radon levels cam-wood make cured with aggravate your home safer. For majority of the data on radon testing, contact your neighborhood office of government-funded well being or a nearby part of the American lung affiliation.
• stay away from carcinogens at work. Take precautions to protect yourself starting with purposes of presentation should dangerous chemicals at work. Take after your employer's precautions. To instance, in you're provided for a face veil to protection, generally wear it. Solicit your specialist what more you might to ensure yourself at work. Your danger from claiming lung harm from working environment carcinogens increments on your smoke.
• consume an eating regimen full of products of the soil. Pick a sound diet with an assortment of products of the soil. Sustenance wellsprings of vitamins what's more supplements are best. Stay away from taking vast doses from claiming vitamins over pill form, as they might a chance to be destructive. For instance, analysts planning to decrease those hazard for lung malignancy over overwhelming smokers provided for them beta-carotene supplements. Comes about demonstrated those supplements really expanded the danger from claiming growth done smokers.
• practice large portion days of the week. Assuming that you don't practice regularly, begin gradually. Attempt should practice the greater part days of the week.

Lungs Cancer!

Dr. Parth Patel 87% (40 ratings)
DNB (Surgical Oncology), MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Vadodara
Lungs Cancer!

Lungs Cancer!

Early Stage Lung Cancer - Five Signs That You Might Be Suffering!

M.D - Respiratory Medicine
Pulmonologist, Hyderabad
Early Stage Lung Cancer - Five Signs That You Might Be Suffering!

The sound of the word cancer can be really traumatic and the fact the one may most of the time be unaware of this condition can be hard to handle. The same is the situation in the case of lung cancer as it does not produce any remarkable signs and symptoms in its early stages. However, there are ways in which you can be aware of this life-threatening ailment. Here are some tell-tale signs of an early stage of lung cancer:

A stubborn cough:
Beware when a cough is lingering on for long with no sign of relief. When a cough is related to cold and respiratory infection, it will subside within a week or so. But in case the cough is persistent, it can be a symptom of lung cancer. You should never dismiss a stubborn cough regardless of whether it is dry or producing mucus. You should talk to a doctor right away as he can check the lungs and may order for other tests to determine whether you have cancer.

Breathing problems:
Becoming easily winded or shortness of breath is considered the most prominent symptoms of lung cancers. This may occur when cancer blocks or inhibit the airway or when the fluid from the tumor starts building up in the chest. If you find that it is becoming difficult for you to breathe in doing tasks that you found easy before, you should not ignore it.


Wheezing:
When the airways become inflamed, blocked or constricted, then the lungs would produce a wheezing and whistling sound while breathing. It can be associated with a host of other causes that are easily treatable but could also be due to lung cancer.

Headache:
Even though headaches are considered one of the most common health problems, if there is a persistent headache, then it could be a sign that lung cancer has spread to the brain. It is important to understand that all headaches are not associated with the brain metastases. There are times when the lung cancer creates pressure on the superior vena cava which is in charge of supplying blood to the upper part of the brain. This pressure can also lead to headaches.

Pain in the bone:
If the lung cancer has spread to the other parts of the body, then it may produce mild pain in the back and other parts of the body. It tends to become worse during the night when you are resting on your back. But it can be difficult for a commoner to differentiate between muscle and bone pain. In case you are suffering from bone pain, you will see that it is becoming worse with movement. Moreover, lung cancer is also associated with pain in the shoulder, neck, and arm even though it is very rare. You should be very attentive to the pain and aches in the body and consult with an expert at the earliest.

 

You can easily combat lung cancer if diagnosed and treatment is started in its early stages.

2139 people found this helpful

Air Quality Index In Delhi Touches New High - Stay Safe!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Faridabad
Air Quality Index In Delhi Touches New High - Stay Safe!

The air quality in Delhi has deteriorated way too much before the arrival of Diwali festival. The worst air quality was recorded this season on Sunday, 28th Oct’18 as a thick haze covered the national capital.

The Air Quality Index of the national capital was recorded at 381 which indicates an alarming situation. As per the Central Pollution Control Board, an AQI between 0 to 50 is a 'good' condition, while 51 to 100 is 'satisfactory' and 200 is categorised as 'moderate'. From 201 to 300, the air is considered 'poor', and from 301 to 400, it turns into 'very poor'. When the AQI comes anywhere between 401 and 500, it is called a 'severe' condition, and unfortunately, Delhi is very close to breaching this mark.

The authorities have attributed the following reasons for this drastic dip in air quality index:

  • Construction dust
  • Vehicular pollution
  • Stubble burning in Punjab and Haryana

Diseases Caused by Pollution

This situation can cause several respiratory diseases and cardiac problems, which are mentioned below:

  1. Asthma: Asthma is one of the most common diseases that is caused by external and internal air pollution. In this chronic disease, inflammation and blockage occur in the air passage of lungs. Asthma is caused by the Sulphur, Oxides, Nitrates, Particulate Matter, etc.
  2. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease): Another chronic disease which is caused by air pollution is COPD. In this disease, the Alveoli, Air Sacs, and Air Passage become inflamed. People who work in mines, docks or quarries are most likely affected by this disease.
  3. Lung Cancer: Presence of various carcinogens in the air may cause serious issues like pulmonary or lung cancer. In this disease, an uncontrolled growth of cells reduces the amount of oxygen in the lungs. It also affects the functionality of the lungs.
  4. Cardiovascular Diseases: Breathing polluted air for a long time may lead to heart problems. Pollutants such as Nitrogen oxide, Carbon Monoxide, and Ozone mixed with bloodstream may damage the functionality of heart and lead to cardiovascular disease.
  5. Threat to Pregnant Women and Newborns: Air pollution adversely affects the health of pregnant women. Breathing polluted air by pregnant women weakens the immune system of the unborn child.

Prevention of the above mentioned conditions:

  1. You can use an N95 mask: The N95 mask is a protective respiratory mask, designed specifically to filter airborne particles. It may prevent you from inhaling minute particles that the air carries by acting as a protective barrier. It can significantly reduce your risk of contracting respiratory illnesses. Simply wear this mask over your nose and mouth while travelling. You can easily purchase it from your local pharmacy or at certain popular online stores.
  2. Avoid travelling during the hours of heavy pollution: Traffic blocks, which tend to spike air pollution levels, are common during office hours in metropolitans and megacities. To guard yourself against the harmful impact of fuel and smoke emissions, you can choose to travel either just before or after the office rush hours.
  3. Breathe in the fresh morning air: If you open the windows of your home every morning, it encourages the flow of fresh air. This allows all the settled dust particles and indoor pollutants to ventilate, thereby decreasing the level of pollutants in your home. This way you can breathe in fresh and pure air, as it is less contaminated during the early hours of the morning. Also, you can try placing an air purifier at home as it may trap contaminants through its replaceable filter, ensuring the quality of the air you breathe at home is healthy and free of pollutants.
  4. Exercise at the right time: If you work out at the time of day when pollution levels are high, polluted air is drawn into your lungs at a higher rate since cardio-vascular exercises entail heavy and deep breathing. So, it’s a good idea to pick your workout time wisely. Just after sunrise is an ideal time since the pollution levels are at the lowest.
  5. Consume food and beverages rich in antioxidants: Researchers have found that vitamin C deficiency may cause breathing and immunity-related problems. Regular consumption of berries, tomatoes, carrots, broccoli, apples, plums, green tea, oranges, pomegranates, and lemon among other foods may help you in naturally overcoming health impacts of air and smoke pollution. These foods and beverages can help your body build a strong immune system. They may also prove to be powerful antioxidants that help prevent the onset of respiratory diseases.

Individual Steps To Decrease Pollution:

  • Awareness of air pollution
  • Use minimum number of firecrackers
  • Plant as many trees as possible
  • Use less electricity (conserve energy)
  • Curb unbridled industrialization
  • Reduce the use of personal vehicles
  • Reduce the use of polyethene bags
  • Do not burn the garbage and dump it at its fixed place

The air quality is likely to dip further as people will indulge in bursting crackers during Diwali festivities. The Supreme Court, however, has put a restriction on the timing of burning crackers (from 8 PM to 10 PM) and the national capital has also got a 72-Hour Pollution Forecast System recently, but it is no one but the people themselves who can keep the pollution under check. So, please follow the above mentioned measures to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.

3 people found this helpful
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