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Ketosis-prone Diabetes Mellitus Tips

5 Reasons Ketosis Is Ideal For Weight Loss

Dt. Manidipa Dey 89% (70 ratings)
POST GRADS IN DIETETICS AND APPLIED NUTRITION, B.SC (H) IN FOOD AND NUTRITION
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Secunderabad
5 Reasons Ketosis Is Ideal For Weight Loss
5 reasons to try ketosis for weight loss

Ketosis is basically a diet plan wherein the brain and body get energy through ketones in place of glucose. Ketosis is extremely beneficial in maintaining blood sugar levels and providing consistent energy to the body.

5 detailed reasons to go for ketosis for losing weight:

1) it takes away fat from your abdominal cavity - generally, we have two types of fat in our body, subcutaneous fat and visceral fat. The latter is present in the abdominal cavity and can lead to insulin resistance and inflammation. Ketosis predominantly reduces fat from this area and helps protect the body against many such troublesome conditions including type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

2) it reduces your appetite - the major drawback of all sorts of diets is that you feel extremely hungry and eventually give up on your strict diet schedule. Ketosis includes consumption of low-carb foods which have the ability to bring down your appetite by a considerable amount, thus making you consume fewer calories.

3) it brings down the level of fat molecules - triglycerides are known as the fat molecules of the body and consumption of carbohydrates is the major driver behind these molecules. Therefore, a low-carb diet effectively reduces the level of triglycerides and thus helps protect your body against various heart ailments.

4) it keeps your blood pressure under check - high blood pressure can lead to certain serious conditions such as kidney failure and stroke. Reduced consumption of carbohydrates brings down your blood pressure to an adequate level, thus keeping you safe from all these ailments.

5) it improves ldl cholesterol pattern - ldl is known as bad cholesterol and people with high levels of ldl are more prone to heart ailments as compared to those with lower levels of ldl. Ketosis diet increases the size of ldl particles, thus reducing their number and making them benign in nature.

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3914 people found this helpful

Diabetes Mellitus

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 89% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is not a single disease entity, but includees a variety of metabolic dissorders associated with relative deficiency of insulin action an increase of blood glucose in many cases there is tendency to ketoacidosis, the most important immediate danger, an increased liablitiy to angiopathy that provides the most serious long term risk.

 Aetiology:- knowledge is far from complete, but two factors of imporyance have been recognized; over nutrition some form of hereditsry tendency. The importance of over nutritiion is shown by the fact the over the age of 40 some 80% of patients developing diabrtrs are, or have been, considerably obese. It is of interest that the food rationing of both world wars was associated with a temporary fall in the incidence of diabetes.

 * new classification use type 1, 2 diabetes
 * type 1 diabetes mallitus it is immune mediated in 90% idiopathic in less than 10%. In is also called juvenile onset diabetes mellitus as it affects 11 to 14 yrs. Old children.

 The insulin production in hampered so they require exogenous insulin.
 Type 2 diabetes mellitus the tissues where insulin acts become insensitive.

Clinical diabetes mellitus
 Primary stage
 * precinical
Secondary stage
 * diabetic gtt, but, asymptomartic.
 * symptomatic; full blown s/s.
 * with complications.

Pathology
 Pathogenesis is complex is still not clear.
 Factors possibly responsible for development of diabetes mellitus include. Deficiency of insulin antagonists.
 Excessive neogucogenesis.
 

Diabetes Mellitus

Dt. Archna Gupta 89% (678 ratings)
PG Diploma in Nutrition & Dietetics, M.Sc.in Food & Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is caused by a deficiency in the secretion of insulin.

Predisponsing factors:

the various predisposing factor are:

 

  • heredity: a familial tendency to diabetes has been found to exist genetic factors are involved when the disease develops before the age of 40 years
  • age: the disease occurs at all ages but a greater percentage of the cases occurs in persons over 45 of age.
  • sex: the disease affects both sexes. the incidence of the disease is somewhat greater in men tha in women.
  • obesity: the incidence of diabetes is greater among obese persons than in persons of normal weight.
  • stress: stresses of various types,ex. frequent intections, worry irregular meals, etc. may also contribute to the development of the disease.

Metabolism in diabetes mellitus:

The metabolismof carbohydrates, fat and protein in diabetes mellitus is briefly discussed below:

  • Carbohydrate metabolism: due to decreased oxidation of glucose in the tissues, the level of blood glucose is increased markedly, leading to glycosuria. the quantily of glucose present in urine may very from  0.5 to 6% depending on the severity of the disease. the volume of urine is increased (polyuria).
  • Fat metabolism: since, glucose is not utilised, there is increased breakdown of fats to acetate and ketone bodies (acetoacetic acid, acetone and β-hydroxybutyric acid. the keto acidosis which develops may lead to dehydration and coma in severe diabetes. the serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high.
  • Protein metabolism: since carbohydrates are not utilised for the production of energy, there is increased breakdown of tissue proteins and increased oxidation of dietary proteins for use as energy. hence, there is an increased in nitrogen excetion leading to negative nitrogen balance wasting of muscles is a common symptom in chronic diabetes. hence, diabetics need more proteins (about 2g/kg body weight) rgan normal subjects. the protein allowances should be corresponsingly higher (50% higher) for daibetic children and expectant and nursing mothers. further, increased protein intake may hepl to increase insulin production.


Clinical types of diabetes:

the classification of diabetes from the clinical point of view is as follows :

  • juvenile daibetes
  • adult diabetes

 

  • juvenile daibetes: this includes all daibetics below the age of 20 years. the disease is primarily due to deficiency of insulin. the subjects are generally undernourished and ematiated. they require a high calories, high protein diet and insulin for maintaining the blood sugar level within normal limits.
  • adult diabetes: (maturity onset diabetes) a majority of them are pbese subjects. the treatment will consist of a reducing diet rich in proteins and carbohydrates along with oral anti-diabetic drugs to maintain the blood glucose within normal limits. these subjects require less insulin than juvenile diabeyes.

Treatment of diabetes mellitus

the principles of treatment are as follows:

  • diet
  • moderate exercise
  • insulin in juvenile daibetes and sever adult diabetes and/or oral anti-daibetic drugs in mild to moderate adult diabetes.

diet: only weighed quantitis of food should be consumed according to the diet schedule prescribed by the physician. the most important consideration should be given to:

  • calories needs
  • the proportion of calories from carbohydrate, fats and protein.
  • calorie requirements: the calorie requirements should be about 5% less than the actual requirements for the patient’s height and ideal body weight.

THE PROPORTION OF PROTEIN, FAT AND CARBOHYDRATE IN THE DIET:

the proportion of calories derived from carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the diet will depend on the type of diabetes as indicted below in table:

type of diabetes

carbohydrates

fats calories (%)

proteins

juvenile diabetes

40

40

20

adult obese diabetics

60

20

20

adult diabetics with normal body weight

40

40

20

         

 

proteins: since, diabetics in general are in negative nitrogen balance, they should receive about twice as much proteins as normal subjects. the proteins should be of high biological value and provide about 20 to 25% of the calories in the diet.

fluid: a liberal intake is desirable.

carbohydrates: the daily intake of carbohydrates should provide about 40% of the calories to prevent ketosis. the carbohydrate intake should not exceed 40% of the total calorie intake (except in the case of obese diabetics as indicated in above table) as otherwise it will be difficult to control the blood sugar level.

1 person found this helpful

Diabetes Mellitus

Dt. Esha Singhal 90% (265 ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period are considered as diabetics.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

Frequent urination.
Disproportionate thirst.
Intense hunger.
Weight gain.
Unusual weight loss.
Increased fatigue.
Irritability
Blurred vision.
Cuts and bruises don't heal properly or quickly.
More skin and/or yeast infections.
Itchy skin.
Gums are red and/or swollen.
Frequent gum disease/infection.
Sexual dysfunction (men).
Numbness or tingling, especially in your feet and hands.

General Instructions for Diabetics:

Do not skip meals and have small and frequent meals 5-6 small meals to prevent hypoglycemia.

Use whole grain cereals, whole grams, and pulses, whole wheat porridge, whole wheat bread, oats etc to incorporate fiber into your diet.
Supplement wheat with the whole channa and do not sieve flour (wheat and channa 5:1 ratio). Mix rice with whole grams or dals in a ratio of 1:1 to incorporate fiber.
Consume at least 4-5 servings of fresh green vegetables and fruits/day.
Take fruits as a dessert. Use lemon as salad dressing
Use olive / sunflower/ rice bran / soy /mustard oil. Change oils in a couple of months.
Almonds, walnuts, flax seeds and fish are good sources of antioxidants.
Fresh lime (without sugar), coconut water, soups can be taken liberally.
No fasting to be done to avoid hypoglycemia.
The patient should always carry sweet for use in an emergency when the blood glucose levels go down.
Attainment and maintenance of an appropriate body weight is a must.

Avoid:

Whole milk and its products.
Homogenized milk and its products.
Sugar, jams, jellies, honey, sugarcane(gur), chocolate, cakes pastries, etc.
Rooty vegetables like potato, colocasia (arbi), sweet potato (shakerkandi), and beetroot (chukander).
Fruits i.e. mango, banana, chiku, grapes.
Maida preparations like white bread, biscuits, plain boiled rice, sago, noodles, macaroni, etc.
Saturated fats like ghee, butter, coconut oil.
Fried foods like puris, paranthas, pakoras, samosas, kachoris, matris,etc.
Aerated drinks, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks.
Pickles in oil, sauces/ squashes.

12 people found this helpful

Diabetes Mellitus!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Diabetes Mellitus!

Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Homeopathic Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Acupuncture Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Psychotherapy Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Surgical Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
Other Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus
What is Diabetes Mellitus
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
Causes of Diabetes Mellitus
Risk factors of Diabetes Mellitus
Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus
Precautions & Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus
Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Homeopathic Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Homeopathic treatment helps to improve the general health of a person and regulate the blood sugar levels. It can also help in prevention and treatment of various complications of diabetes as seen on kidney, eyes, sexual function, foot and others. Following are some medicines for diabetes.

Bryonia
Lactic acid
Nat Sulph
Syzygium
Phosphoric acid
Helonias D
Lycopodium
Terebin 

Acupuncture Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Acupuncture is used to reduce blood sugar in persons with diabetes Acupuncturists have identified several points on the body that appear to be effective in lowering blood sugar. A dozen of these points are selected for treatment at one time. 

Psychotherapy and Hypnotherapy Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Psychotherapy treatments in diabetes mellitus can lead to improvements in both depressive symptoms and glycaemic control. This treatment includes problem solving training and counseling or interpersonal therapy. Hypnotherapy can help in resolving underlying stress and other negative emotions.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Allopathic medicine such as Glyburide, Metformin, Acarbose, Troglitazone  used to treat Type 2 diabetes. These drugs may improve blood-sugar control in people who take them. If these drugs does not work then insulin inject is used. 

Surgical Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

There is no surgical Treatment for Type II diabetes.  Type I diabetes has only one surgical treatment known as pancreatic transplantation. A pancreas transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy pancreas from a donor into a person whose pancreas no longer functions properly. 

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Avoid sugar in any form-rice, potato, banana, cereals & fruits
Avoid eating fatty foods
Eat Vegetables such as Bitter Gourd, cucumber, onion, garlic, string beans
Eat small meals in a whole day
Always eat a high-protein breakfast. 

Other Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

Yoga Asanas are very useful for Diabetes such as Bhujang Asana, Shalabh Asana, Dhanur Asana
Some exercise like cycling, swimming, jogging etc.
 

What is Diabetes Mellitus?  

Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes. It is a situation in which the body does not produce enough insulin. This can form an increased concentration of glucose in the blood.  There are three type of Diabetes: – Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

Frequent urination
Frequent skin infections
Extreme dryness or Thirst
Extreme hunger
Extraordinary weight gain or loss
Poor wound healing
Tingling in the leg
Increased fatigue
Irritability
Viral illness
Blurry vision

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Eating too much of carbohydrates, fats and protein
Virus infection
Obesity
Age
Emotional stress
Smoking
Inherited factor
Inactive lifestyle 

Risk factors of Diabetes Mellitus

Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Abnormal cholesterol
Heaviness
Hypothyroidism
Chronic kidney disease

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Angina
Heart failure
Heart Attacks
Strokes
Leg cramps on walking
Poor Vision
Damage to nerves
Skin Breakdown 

Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

To check for symptoms of diabetes and high blood sugar, doctor perform the following steps:

Check your medical history
Physical examination
Tests that measure the glucose levels in your blood:
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

Oral glucose tolerance test 

Precautions & Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus

Avoid too much alcohol
Avoid smoking
Exercise regularly
Eat balance diet
Ignore inactive or sedentary lifestyle

1 person found this helpful

Helpful Tips for Self-Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Dr. Prabhakar Laxman Jathar 94% (15274 ratings)
MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Helpful Tips for Self-Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Are you suffering from diabetes and are looking for ideal at home management remedies? Diabetes is a health condition, which occurs when the blood sugar level of the body rises. There are several ways following which you will be successfully able to manage your diabetes. They are as follows:

  1. Exercise regularly and track your workout patterns. Exercise is the most important lifestyle choice for a diabetic patient, which allows you to maintain a good shape. It boosts your body's metabolism rate and insulin uptake process. By taking notes on your exercising habits, you will be able to make timely and required changes. 
  2. Stop consuming fast food. Try to abstain from eating outside food and reduce your intake of sugar, salt and high calorie food. Meal should be prepared at home using light ingredients and less amount of salt and sugar.
  3. Quit smoking as it is very harmful, especially if you are a diabetic. Smoking narrows your blood vessels, as a result of which, your blood circulation gets disrupted.
  4. Increase your fiber intake. Fiber is beneficial for all diabetic patients and helps in smooth functioning of your digestive processes. It also help in reducing your cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
  5. Take care and pay attention to your feet properly. You should wash your feet in lukewarm water regularly and dry them gently. You should moisturize your feet with a lotion. Check on your feet for cuts, sores, redness, swelling and blisters and consult a doctor in case of an unusual foot sore.
  6. Get your eyes checked frequently as diabetes affects your vision in serious ways, which may also lead to blindness. Regular eye checkups will help you to prevent retinopathy.
  7. Take proper care of your teeth which includes brushing and flossing at least two times every day. This is because diabetes makes you prone to several serious gum infections. Go for regular dental checkups if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and in case you observe swollen, red gums, consult your doctor immediately.
  8. Avoid stress and adapt ways to eliminate stress. Your body hormones, which are produced in relation to intense stress, prevent insulin from working efficiently, which increases your blood sugar levels and stress levels further. Relaxation techniques are effective for dealing with stress. 
  9. Opt for several small meals instead of a few large meals every day. This helps in keeping your digestive processes active, which in turn increase insulin sensitivity.

type diabetes

3 people found this helpful

Tips For Diabetes Mellitus

Homeopath, Greater Noida
Tips For Diabetes Mellitus

1. Morning walk is a must for every diabetic and that should be of 30 mins duration.
2. Cut short on intake of sugar rich products.
3. Avoid maida, potato, rice and sugar.

4. Dont skip your medicines.
5. Take 7 to 8 hrs of sleep.
6. Regularly check your sugar levels at gap of 15 days to 1 month.
7. If the sugar level goes very low below normal consult your physician.
8. Never take any medicine without  consulting a doctor.

1 person found this helpful

5 Gastrointestinal Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus!

Dr. Parimal Swamy 90% (31 ratings)
MBBS
Diabetologist, Jabalpur
5 Gastrointestinal Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus!

Diabetes is a systemic disease that affects almost every part of your body. Of these, the digestive system is the most badly affected. While gastrointestinal disorders are commonly experienced by everyone, diabetics have a much higher risk of suffering from indigestion, food poisoning, gallstones and ulcers. Some of the most common gastrointestinal problems experienced by diabetics are:

  1. Gastroparesis: High blood sugar levels can damage the vagus nerve that controls the emptying of the stomach. As a result fo this damage, the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work optimally leading to a condition known as Gastroparesis. This is a condition where the stomach is not able to empty itself properly and the digestion process is slowed down. Gastroparesis can cause bloating, nausea, pain in the abdomen, heart burn and a loss of appetite. It can also cause undigested food in the stomach to harden and form lumps that block food from moving into the intestines. This disease cannot be cured but can be managed with medication and a special diet.
  2. Ulcers: Stomach ulcers can be described as open sores that develop on the inner lining of the stomach, oesophagus and beginning of the small intestine. These ulcers form as a result of bacterial infections. Diabetes weakens a person’s immune system thus reducing their ability to fight these infections and increasing the risk of developing ulcers. Diabetes also increases the risk of bleeding from these ulcers and secondary infections that may arise from it.
  3. Yeast infections: Diabetics are extremely vulnerable to yeast infections. This is aggravated by fluctuation in blood sugar levels and can extend from the mouth to the oesophagus. Common symptoms of this type of yeast infection are pain in the throat and difficulty swallowing. It may also cause heartburn and intestinal bleeding if left untreated.
  4. Celiac sprue: This condition creates gluten allergies and causes the inflammation and thinning of the small intestine’s mucosa. In some cases, this condition may interfere with the absorption of food and lead to diarrhoea and weight loss.
  5. Diabetic diarrhoea: Patients who have been suffering from diabetes for a few years may experience an increased urge to pass stools frequently. This is usually related to gastric problems in the colon which cause fluids to move at a faster than normal speed through the small bowel and colon. It may also be caused due to the secretion of fluids in the colon and improper absorption of food. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.
4068 people found this helpful

Infertile men more prone to diabetes

Dr. Masroor Ahmad Wani 93% (4406 ratings)
MD
Sexologist, Srinagar
Infertile men more prone to diabetes
Infertile men more prone to diabetes

Men diagnosed with the fertility related issues or infertility are more susceptible to type 2 diabetes according to recently published study.

The study recommends routine visits of such patients for check-up. The rates of infertility among men are rising due to changing lifestyle, dietary habits, stress and other physiological factors.

The scientists have been studying the associated factors for infertility. Now for the first time scientists have studied the effects of infertility on general ailments.

The scientists from stanford university, school of medicine conducted the study which showed that patients diagnosed with infertility have a greater risk of developing other conditions such as ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes compared to fertile men.

The scientists conducted retrospective study in which they assessed the medical records of over 1, 15, 000 men filed between 2001 and 2009.

The scientists scrutinized the men's medical visits before and after fertility testing to determine what health complications they developed in the years after fertility evaluations. They compared general health conditions of men with infertility diagnoses to men without the diagnoses and to men who underwent vasectomy.
The results of the study showed that the infertile men had higher rates of most diseases the researchers had shortlisted.

The scientists found that the infertile men had higher rates of diabetes even when the results were adjusted for the obesity. They found similar results for ischemic heart diseases.

The scientists have wished to expand their research to check physiological relationships between these conditions. Meanwhile, scientists have recommended that infertile men should regularly undergo health check-ups in order to prevent of onset of these conditions.
1 person found this helpful

Did You Know Women Are More Prone to Heart Diseases Post Menopause?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD, DM - Cardiology
Cardiologist, Mumbai
Did You Know Women Are More Prone to Heart Diseases Post Menopause?

Menopause brings about a lot of changes in a woman's body. It not only signifies the end of her fertility and child bearing days but is a sign of growing age and the body progressing in a new direction of aches, pains and vulnerability. While some of these are natural, others can prove to be dangerous as it significantly increases the risk of heart disease (unlike common myths, women do get heart attacks). The risk factor is also goes up if the woman suffers from diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure. One of the widely known but well ignored fact remains that women with a sedentary lifestyle increase their risk and vulnerability to all of these diseases. A family history in heart disease can also turn into a risk factor when menopause sets in.

The natural age of menopause is considered to be around 50 and when a woman reaches this age, the estrogen levels in her body experience a sharp drop. This hormone is partly responsible in maintaining heart health in women. Other factors that are triggered during menopause include changes in body fat distribution from a gynoid to an android pattern, reduced glucose tolerance, abnormal plasma lipids, increased blood pressure, increased sympathetic tone, endothelial dysfunction and vascular inflammation. 

Experiencing menopause? Here's how you can lower your risk of heart disease

A healthy lifestyle never comes by accident, only by choice. And this is an essential key in controlling diseases that come as a side effect of menopause too. Here are some thing you can do:

  1. Walk / Exercise: This isn't a 5-day week practice. You need to exercise throughout the week in order to maintain heart health. It helps your heart to pump blood through your body and also reduces risks to other diseases like high blood pressure and cholesterol. One key benefit is that it helps keeps the weight off - that should be good reason to walk an extra mile.
  2. Choose a healthy diet: Most people mistake a diet to be about not eating the things you really like. A good diet can be made very tasty and can also be portioned in such a way that it leaves less room for craving. As always avoid the junk, deep fries and extra helping of cheese.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2515 people found this helpful
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