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Infection Tips

Basil Leaves And It's Importance!

Dt.Mallika Majumdar 92% (91ratings)
M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, PG Diploma in Hospital Management & Hospital Administration (PGDH&HM)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad

Tulsi or Basil - A plant which is worshipped since time immemorial, Indians do not consider it as herb but it is a plant which is worshipped. A plant which is worshipped as a goddess, taken care of like and individual. The leaves are air purifier. It is considered so powerful that it is placed on cooked food and drinking water during the time of eclipse. The plant is placed near the corpse. And the amazing fact is on the certain day Wedding of tulsi takes place. 

Tulsi green tea or tulsi leaves in milk tea gives an aroma and flavour. It is offered to Gods and the "Prasad" is chewed. The leaves are taken with honey by singers to improve their sweet voice. Actually, it prevents us from many health problems.

Tulsi gets relief from - 

  • Gastrointestinal disorders
  • Lung disorders
  • Heart disorders
  • Fever
  • Kidney problem
  • Headache
  • Influenza
  • Malaria
  • Intestinal worms
  • Gout
  • Cataract
  • Bronchitis
  • Cough
  • Viral fevers
  • Neuralgia
  • Ringworm infection
  • Earache
  • Hearing Impairment
  • Gastric ulcers
  • Mouthwash
  • Natural nasal spray

Take tulsi tea. Add cardamom, cloves and cinnamon, ginger, black pepper, saffron for the added benefits. Ttulsi seeds or sabja seeds, tulsi flowers, tulsi drops or oil is also used.

But tulsi can also increase the production of ulcers. May cause nausea, diarrhoea, acid reflux, headache, abdominal discomfort. Not safe for pregnant women. May lower blood sugar level in diabetics. It may worsen hypothyrodism. It may reduce blood clotting so there may a blood loss during or after surgery. It is not advisable to take 2 weeks before scheduled surgery.

Anticogulants, Antiplatelet, Pentobarbital medicine interacts with basil.

So, nurture it and consume it but don't misuse or overdose it. Have it after expert advice.

Why Should You Refrain From Having Multiple Sexual Partners?

Dr.Pradeep Kolhe 86% (23ratings)
Postgraduate Diploma in Sexology , M.D., Ph.D.
Sexologist, Nagpur
Why Should You Refrain From Having Multiple Sexual Partners?

Are you aware of the different consequences that may occur if you have multiple sexual partners? The more sexual partners you have, the risks of you getting an STI or sexually transmitted infection are enhanced. These infections are hard to treat, especially in patients with HIV. Until the infection is treated, your viral load may get pushed up. This makes it more likely that many people pass on the HIV virus by having unprotected sex.

What are the circumstances?

If you have sex with several partners, and one of them is infected with an STI, the virus is capable of being passed between you and all your partners. Many people end up having sex with each other without asking about STIs. This is risky as you can never tell if a person is infected by looking at them or having sex with them. If you are in a relationship with a mutual agreement of having sex outside the relationship, you need to be open and honest regarding any risk that you might have taken is a necessary part of looking after the sexual health of each other.

Things to Keep in Mind:

  1. People have multiple sexual partners because of various reasons. These may include the thrill of having sex, the need to be desired, and also because of drugs and alcohol use because of which inhibitions are reduced. However, drugs and alcohol are very harmful to your body, leaving a negative impact and weakening your immune system. Several drugs and excess alcohol consumption affect the way your immune system tackles STIs.

  2. Alcohol and drugs also make it more likely for you to practice risky sex, and take decisions which are unusual and unlikely to you in a sober state. Clouded judgement makes you avoid condoms while having sex. This might make you have sex with a partner despite knowing that you have got HIV. When your judgement is clouded, you may even skip the part of telling your partner about the fact that you have HIV.

  3. For minimising your risk, in spite of having multiple sexual partners, you must always carry condoms with you. You should also avoid having sex when under the influence of alcohol and drugs. These are effective steps you should take to protect yourself and your sexual partner or partners from getting affected by HIV. You can also join a support group or consult a counsellor for advice regarding your situation. Having multiple sexual partners can also result in psychological disturbances.

2616 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Dr.Niraj Jain 96% (265ratings)
MBBS, MD (D.V.L.)
Dermatologist, Kolkata
Fungal Infection Of Skin And Its Treatment!

Your skin is the largest and most sensitive organ of your body. Funguses that live in the human body especially armpits, groin area, nails, and feet, cause fungal skin infections. Weak immunity is the leading cause, with over 300 million people fighting fungal infections globally, every year.

Some of the common types of fungal skin infections are-

1. Athlete’s foot- Also known as Tenia pedis, Athlete’s foot occurs when the tenia fungus begins to grow on your feet. It is most commonly associated with athletes because it grows in warm and moist climates such as in socks, near swimming pools and in locker rooms.

Symptoms of athlete’s foot –

  1. Infected area becomes soft and layers of skin begin to peel off
  2. Redness, blisters, and cracking of skin

Treatment includes applying of topical antifungal ointments such as terbinafine while, severe cases may require oral medication.

2. Ringworm – Ringworm is a highly contagious skin infection and is spread by person-to-person or pet to person contact. The fungus can also spread through infected towel, clothes, and mud.

Symptoms of Ringworm –

  1. Red itchy patches on the skin which develop into raised ring like bumps
  2. Formation of scales on the patches

Treatment of the infection includes medicines like miconazole.

3. Jock ‘s itch- Also known as Tinea Cruris, these fungi thrive in moist and warm areas of the body such as the groin, inner thighs and buttocks.

Symptoms of Jock’s itch –

  1. Itchy red circular rashes over the body and burning
  2. Chafing and peeling of the infected area

Treatment includes prescribed medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to fungal infections. Visit a doctor at the first signs of infection. A medical exam is the best way to detect the cause of a skin infection.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4205 people found this helpful

Perianal Abscess & Fistula!

Dr.Manish C. Dhuri 90% (97ratings)
MS - Ayurveda, BAMS
Ayurvedic Doctor, Mumbai
Perianal Abscess & Fistula!

Perianal Abscess develops near the anus or back passage. Typically it tends to develop quite quickly and people suffer from pain in the rectum or on the anus. The pain can get accompanied by fever, chills and a feeling as if they are not well at all. There can well be an obvious painful swelling alongside the anus or back passage.

A Fistula is always a follow of a previous abscess. A fistula connects a previously infected anal gland to the skin on the buttocks outside the anus. People can come across a discharge in a persistent manner from an opening or sinus close to the anus. It may well arise at the site of the discharge of a perianal abscess. The natural methods of treatment through Ayurveda can be extremely effective in getting rid of the problems of Perianal Abscess as well as Fistula.

Symptoms of a Perianal Abscess and Fistula

An abscess is normally associated with symptoms of pain and swelling around the anus. Individuals also tend to experience fatigue, fever, chills.

Symptoms related to the fistula include:

  • Pus discharge from an opening close to the anus.
  • Feeling of pain and discomfort in the anal region.
  • Irritation of skin around the anus.
  • Passing off some blood with the discharge.

Causes behind Perianal Abscess

There are small glands located inside the anus. When the glands get clogged, they can become infected and that can lead to the development of an Abscess. An abscess usually results out of an acute infection in the anal glands, when bacteria or any foreign substance enters the tissue through the gland. There are certain conditions, like colitis or other inflammation of the intestine can lead to the occurrence of these infections.

Causes Leading to Fistula

The causes which lead to Fistula are:

Conditions that affect the intestines, like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. Almost 50% of people suffering from Crohn’s disease get an anal fistula.
People who are HIV positive, up to 30% off them go on to develop an anal fistula.

Tips to Follow

People can get themselves treated from Perianal Abscess and Fistula through Ayurveda. Ayurveda ensures to treat problems in a natural manner. The following tips need to be followed:

  • One who suffers from Fistula or Perianal Abscess can make use of ayurvedic herbs like ginger, elephant yam, turmeric, guggul, hirataki and Indian gooseberry.
  • People must ensure that they drink a lot of water on a regular basis.
  • Patients should eat a balanced diet, which is rich in dietary fibres.
  • They must avoid spicy and junk foods.
  • Sitting in warm water can be very useful for cleaning and getting relief from pain
  • Diet should contain lots of green vegetables, fruits and salads.
  • Cereals and barley can help people to have form and thus avoid the occurrence of these problems

Interesting Facts About World Blood Donor Day!

Dr.Sanjeev Kumar Singh 90% (193ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurvedic Doctor, Lakhimpur Kheri
Interesting Facts About World Blood Donor Day!

Blood donation is a noble cause. We should all make it a point to donate blood at least once a year. This small action on our part can save many lives. People who have been in an accident and lost a lot of blood, people diagnosed with liver disorders, acute anaemia, blood infection, women giving birth and all surgeries need blood transfusion. And that is why there is a World Blood Donor Day (14th June 2020) which is meant to spread awareness on the importance of donating blood and how it can be done safely without the risk of spreading infection.

Let us take a look at some interesting facts regarding blood donation and Blood Donors Day

  1. The campaign for the World Blood Donor Day is managed by the World Health Organization (WHO).

  2. WHO considers safe blood donation and sufficient blood supply to be the foundation of the healthcare service and with that goal, it launched the World Blood Donor Day.

  3. World Blood Donor Day commemorates the birth anniversary of the scientist Karl Landsteiner, who made the groundbreaking discovery of blood groups and for which he won the Nobel Prize in physiology.

  4. The first-ever World Blood Donor Day was organised in 2004.

  5. The World Blood Donor Day also celebrates the voluntary act of uncountable people who out of the goodness of their hearts donate blood in service of humanity and to save lives.

  6. An adult human can donate half a litre of blood (1 unit) once every three months. And depending on how much blood the recipients need, one unit can come to the aid of up to 3 people.

  7. What makes the World Blood Donor Day a very important event in the WHO calendar is that blood cannot be manufactured with technology. It has to come from humans to save other humans. And this day is utilized by WHO to appeal to us to do our duty towards our fellow humans.

  8. It is vital for every medical care facility to have access to a steady blood supply, many forms of illnesses such as cancers require blood transfusion before treatment can start or continue. That is why blood needs to be donated all throughout the year.

  9. Women who are menstruation or are pregnant cannot donate blood because the loss of even 1 unit of blood can have a detrimental effect on their bodies.

  10. Throughout the world, blood donation banks allow people of the age group 18-65 to donate blood. This directive was issued by the WHO.

  11. The person who wants to donate blood must weigh at least 50 kilos.

  12. Certain common illnesses may bar you from donating blood such as cough and cold, sore throat, an infection, tummy bug etc.

This World Blood Donor Day, pledge to donate blood. Visit your nearest blood donation camp and get yourself registered.

Harmful Effects Of Long Term Use Of Otrivin!

MS - ENT, MBBS, PG Diploma in Hospital Management & Hospital Administration (PGDH&HM), PG Dip (Medico Legal Systems)
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Harmful Effects Of Long Term Use Of Otrivin!

Decongestant sprays like nasivion or otrivin are available over the counter but can be extremely harmful. Please read to avoid. Most dnss contain oxymetazoline (afrin and generic brands). They work by constricting blood vessels in the nasal passages. Dns are best for colds, flus, or other short-term problems. When you’re congested, it’s because your nasal passages are swollen. This makes them feel blocked. The swelling leads to increased mucus production, which causes a runny nose. When dnss shrink blood vessels, they reduce the inflammation and the associated mucus production.

If you use a dns, you may experience any of the following side effects:

  • Burning
  • Stinging
  • Increased mucus
  • Dryness in the nose
  • Sneezing
  • Nervousness
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep

Some side effects can be serious. Call your doctor right away if you experience feeling a faster or slower heartbeat than what’s usual for you.

What happens if you use a dns for too long?

Rebound congestion refers to the unfortunate phenomenon in which using dnss for too long causes — rather than prevents — congestion. It’s a subject of some controversy. In fact, many researchers question whether it’s real. Some researchtrusted source shows that the longer you use a dns, the more you build up a tolerance. Drug tolerance means that you require increasingly larger and more frequent doses to achieve the desired effects. Decongestants shrink the blood vessels in your nasal passages. When the drug wears off, they swell up again. This causes immediate withdrawal congestion.

According to the national institute on drug addiction, there’s a difference between physical drug dependence and addiction. You’re physically dependent on a drug when skipping a dose causes withdrawal symptoms, such as congestion. Addiction is categorized by intense cravings for a substance and an inability to stop using despite facing negative consequences. Addiction is a complex disease with many behavioral characteristics. Unless you have intense cravings for nasal spray, you’re probably dependent — not addicted.

Symptoms of overuse

What are the signs that you’re overusing nasal spray?

  • You’ve been using it longer than one week.
  • You’re using it more frequently than directed.
  • When you try to stop using it or skip a dose, you get very congested.

The primary symptom of dns withdrawal is congestion. In addition, it’s likely that whatever initially caused your congestion will return. This is especially true if you have chronic allergies.

You may experience:

  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headache
  • Sinus pressure

How is rhinitis medicamentosa treated?

Studies show that people who have been misusing dnss for months, or even years, can be treated successfully. Recovery typically takes less than one week and withdrawal symptoms can be easily managed.

Research suggeststrusted source that the best way to stop overusing dnss is to switch to a steroid nasal spray. About six months after stopping a dns, most people no longer have a tolerance to it. Studies showtrusted source that relapse is very rare.

COVID-19 & Urology

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Urologist, Patna
COVID-19 & Urology

Clinical characteristics and results of semen tests among men with coronavirus disease.  Little is known about covid in semen

If it could be proved that sars-cov-2 can be transmitted sexually in future studies, sexual transmission might be a critical part of the prevention of transmission, especially considering the fact that sars-cov-2 was detected in the semen of recovering patients. 

Abstinence or condom use might be considered as preventive means for these patients. 
In addition, it is worth noting that there is a need for studies monitoring fetal development. 

Therefore, to avoid contact with the patient’s saliva and blood may not be enough, since the survival of sars-cov-2 in a recovering patient’s semen maintains the likelihood to infect others. This study might contribute by providing new information to the current discourse regarding covid-19 prevention and control.
Issued in public interst.

Focus on the Crosstalk Between COVID-19 and Urogenital Systems!

M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, MS surgery, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Urologist, Patna
Focus on the Crosstalk Between COVID-19 and Urogenital Systems!

Not only capable of causing respiratory illness,
Covid-19 might also wreak havoc with other organ systems, including the urogenital systems.

More attention should be paid to chronic urological histories of inpatients with covid-19. It has been suggested that covid-19 is more likely to infect older adults with serious comorbid conditions, including chronic renal disease and urological malignancies and weaker immune system.

For example, uremic patients are particularly susceptible to sars-cov-2 infection and may exhibit greater variations in infectious and clinical symptoms. 

Therefore, we suggest that clinicians assess all un- derlying urological diseases of patients while treating covid-19, especially older individuals with serious comorbid conditions.

Conclusion, various urogenital illnesses can be induced by virus, and may exacerbate and even cause life-threatening conditions without careful surveillance. 
Conversely, individuals with chronic urinary diseases may have increased susceptibility to covid-19 and such underlying comorbidities may result in a poor prognosis without more health care. 
Issued in public interest.

Vaginal Yeast Infection!

Dr.Jitesh J Bhatt 93% (604ratings)
MD - Homeopathy
Sexologist, Ahmedabad
Vaginal Yeast Infection!

Recurrent vaginal infections can be treated effectively with homeopath. The medicines are gentle and effective.

1 person found this helpful

Flawless Beautiful Skin - Steps You Must Do Daily!

Dr.Nitin Jain 91% (277ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Flawless Beautiful Skin - Steps You Must Do Daily!

Radiant, supple and youthful looking skin is everyone’s dream. However, due to pollution and incorrect nutrition habits, your skin tends to show signs of aging before it is supposed to. 

To reverse the signs, you can avail certain daily habits, which will make your skin look radiant and keep it young for a long time:

  1. Hydrate inside out: It is crucial to drink water as it cleanses your skin from within and flushes out toxins, making it look radiant. Along with drinking enough water, you also need to use hydrating lotion and serums which moisturize and protect your skin from infections and bacteria.
  2. Increase your intake of Vitamin C: Many studies have proven that including more amount of vitamin C in your diet will help you keep your skin younger for long and keep aging signs such as fine lines and wrinkles at bay. Include more vitamin C rich food in your meals, such as citrus fruits, sprouts and bell peppers because they are crucial for the formation of collagen (building blocks of the skin) in your skin.
  3. Eat sorbitol rich fruits: A particular humectant (a substance that is used to retain moisture) called ‘sorbitol’ is responsible for adding sweetness to grapes, berries and plums. Including sorbitol rich fruits in your diet is a great solution as the humectant helps in absorbing and retaining moisture in your skin. The moisture content in your skin helps in keeping it radiant and youthful.
  4. Exfoliation is a must: Along with the basic skincare routine of cleansing, toning and moisturizing, you should also be exfoliating your skin. Exfoliation means removing a layer of dead skin and impurities by mild scrubbing. You can use a loofah or a pumice stone to exfoliate and get rid of the dead skin. Doing it once a week will ensure clean and clear skin which is free of impurities.
  5. Cut down on your dairy intake: Dairy products, including the organic ones, contain cow hormones, which stimulate the oil glands and pores in your skin; which is the main cause of acne and pimples. By cutting out dairy products, you can get an oil free, radiant skin. If you still feel the need to include dairy in your diet, opt for skimmed milk over full fat.
8499 people found this helpful
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