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Infection Doctor Tips

Know More About Ear Infections!

Dr. Vineet Jain 85% (53 ratings)
DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist, Kota
Know More About Ear Infections!

The most common ear infections happen because of bacterial or viral growth in the middle ear, the part which lies just behind the ear drum. Middle-ear infections can be very painful and children are most commonly reported in children. Most of these infections are caused by the blockage of the Eustachian tube, which connects the ear and the throat, causing the build-up of fluids and swelling. Here is a guide to the most common forms of ear infections and their symptoms, ranging from the acute to the chronic.

Acute infections have intense symptoms but can be cured with time and treatment. They generally last for shorter durations.

In Chronic cases of infections, the patient complains of recurrent symptoms multiple times. Chronic ear infections have the potential of causing permanent damage to the ear.

Symptoms reported by most patients with Ear infections:

1. Pain in the ear (Mild to severe): This is caused due to increased pressure owing to the blockage of the Eustachian tube. Collection of fluid inside the ear would increase the intensity of pain in most cases. Children will keep tugging at their ear and most likely be cranky.
2. Redness and swelling: Both of these are inevitable accompanying symptoms in case of any infection in the body.
3. Oozing of the fluids: The blockage leads to the fluid being released from the ear which can be watery, thick yellow or mixed with blood depending on the severity and type of infection.
4. Fever

5. Difficulty in sleeping.
6. In some cases when the infection spreads, difficulty in balancing the body is experienced as body balance is maintained by ears.
7. The patient might also experience increased irritability.
8. Ear infections can also cause a hearing problem if the condition continues to go untreated.

Ear infections should be promptly dealt with to prevent long-term damages. So here is what should be done when you have ear pain symptoms.

1. Consult an ENT who will prescribe pain medication as the first line of treatment.
2. After the necessary tests are done, antibiotics are prescribed in most cases by the doctor. Other medications for palliative treatment (to ease the symptoms) are administered. However in a few rare cases, the infection might be because of non-bacterial causes in which antibiotics might not cure the state.
3. In case the problem keeps recurring, one must visit the doctor again and get further tests and treatment done.

As prevention is always better than cure, care should be taken to avoid all chances of carrying the infection to your ear. Maintain cleanliness in and around, especially in the case of children. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

2696 people found this helpful

Throat Infections!

Dr. Vishwas Madhav Thakur 90% (916 ratings)
MBBS, AFIH, PGDMLS, MD-HRM, MD-HM
General Physician, Gurgaon
Throat Infections!

When you encounter with severe throat pain and infection, it can disturb your routine heavily.
One needs a complete the antibiotic as advised by your doctor in complete dose and complete duration, half-hearted treatment and treatment taken by on own google search will definitely cause harm and produce bacterial resistance which becomes more difficult to treat therefore if the throat infection appears to be severe, it is better to consult a doctor in time because chronic throat infections can lead to issues related to heart valves and the matter becomes more serious when the heart valves get established infection secondary to the throat infection.

3 people found this helpful

Viral Infection!!!

Dr. Vishal Bansal 92% (171 ratings)
MBBS, Apollo Hospitals
General Physician, Indore
Viral Infection!!!

What is a viral infection?

A viral infection is a disease that can be caused by different kinds of viruses, of which the influenza virus is best known. A viral infection can be in different places in the body, some viruses are mainly in the intestine while others prefer the lungs and airways. With a viral infection, you usually have a fever, but other complaints can range from abdominal pain and diarrhea to coughing and shortness of breath.

What are symptoms of viral infection?

Fever
Fatigue
Headache
Depending on the virus
Coughing
Diarrhea
Abdominal pain
Sore throat



Is viral infection serious and should I see a doctor?

Everyone has the flu or a bad cold once in a while, so a viral infection usually isn't serious. Of course it can be very bothersome and, unfortunately, there isn't any properly effective medication to cure a viral infection, antibiotics aren't effective either because those focus on bacteria, not viruses. Though a viral infection usually isn't serious, know when to see a doctor.

Contact a doctor:

Complaints lasting more than 7 days
Fever longer than 5 days
When you become short of breath
Immediately contact a doctor:

With a fever over 106.7 degrees Fahrenheit

With new red spots or a new red rash on the skin
When it hurts to put your chin to your chest, while turning your head doesn't hurt
The symptoms severely worsen




What can I do about viral infection?

Rest
Hydrate
Eat light foods (fruit, toast etc.)
Prevent infecting others:
Wash your hands regularly
Don't leave used tissues and handkerchiefs lying around
Don't share cups, plates, cutlery


How does viral infection affect my body?

A viral infection is a common name for several kinds of diseases caused by viruses. What these diseases have in common, aside from viruses, is symptoms like fever and fatigue, which makes you feel miserable.

There are different kinds of viruses; gastro-intestinal-viruses and viruses of the airways are the most important viruses in this case, because they most often cause fever and fatigue. Other viruses cause more local symptoms, like laryngitis, cold sores, and shingles.

Antibiotics don't help when you have a viral infection and a doctor usually shouldn't prescribe an antibiotic because only a small percentage of people with general complaints like fever and fatigue have a bacterial infection. Doctors also shouldn't prescribe antibiotics'just to be sure, because bacteria can get used to the antibiotics and become resistant, so when they're really needed, there's a chance they won't be effective anymore.

2 people found this helpful

All About Common Ear Infections!

Dr. U. Sanjay 85% (21 ratings)
MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Chennai
All About Common Ear Infections!

The most common ear infections happen because of bacterial or viral growth in the middle ear, the part which lies just behind the ear drum. Middle-ear infections can be very painful and children are most commonly affected. Most of these infections are caused transmission through the Eustachian tube, which connects the ear and the throat, causing the build-up of fluids and swelling. Here is a guide to the most common forms of ear infections and their symptoms, ranging from the acute to the chronic.

Acute infections have intense symptoms but can be cured with time and treatment. They generally last for shorter durations.

In Chronic cases of infections, the patient complains of recurrent symptoms multiple times. Chronic ear infections have the potential of causing permanent damage to the ear.

Symptoms reported by most patients with Ear infections:

  1. Pain in the ear (Mild to severe): This is caused due to increased pressure owing to the blockage of the Eustachian tube. The collection of fluid inside the ear would increase the intensity of pain in most cases. Children will keep tugging at their ear and most likely be cranky.
  2. Redness and swelling of the eardrum: Both of these are inevitable accompanying symptoms in case of any infection in the body.
  3. Oozing of the fluids: The blockage leads to the fluid being released from the ear by a perforation that develops ear drum, which can be watery, thick yellow or mixed with blood depending on the severity and type of infection.
  4. Fever
  5. Difficulty in sleeping.
  6. In some cases when the infection spreads, difficulty in balancing the body is experienced as body balance is maintained by ears.
  7. The patient might also experience increased irritability.
  8. Ear infections can also cause a hearing problem if the condition continues to go untreated.

Ear infections should be promptly dealt with to prevent long-term damages. So here is what should be done when you have ear pain symptoms.

  1. Consult an ENT who will prescribe pain medication as the first line of treatment.
  2. After the necessary tests are done, antibiotics are prescribed in most cases by the doctor. Other medications for palliative treatment (to ease the symptoms) are administered. However, in a few rare cases, the infection might be because of non-bacterial causes in which antibiotics might not cure the state.
  3. In case the problem keeps recurring, one must visit the doctor again and get further tests and treatment done. Treating nasal infections plays a very important part in preventing ear infections

As prevention is always better than cure, care should be taken to avoid all chances of carrying the infection to your ear. Maintain cleanliness in and around, especially in the case of children. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.

2558 people found this helpful

Causes And Symptoms Of Ear Infections

Dr. Sanjeev Garg 88% (24 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO)
ENT Specialist, Roorkee
Causes And Symptoms Of Ear Infections

Our ears are small in size, but ‘big’ in the work they do. Not only do they help us hear, but also help us maintain our body’s balance. They thus help us stand, walk, drive…you just name it.

Ears are also much bigger in size than they actually are. The part of the ear that we see on our head is only the external ear, there is a middle ear and an inner ear too, silently carrying out complex functions related to hearing and balance. The middle ear that lies behind your ear drum is the seat of balance. And this part is hit hard at the time of an ear infection.

Ear infections cause the Eustachian tubes – small tubes that connect the middle ear to the back of your throat – to become swollen and blocked due to excess mucus. As a result of this, fluid builds up and inflammation takes root in the middle ear, thereby causing pain.

Ear infections can be acute or chronic. Acute infections clear up in a few days, but chronic ones reoccur frequently. If not managed, chronic ear infections can cause permanent damage to the middle and inner ear.

Causes of Eustachian tube blockage are as follows:

  1. Allergies
  2. Sinus infection
  3. Cold
  4. Extreme production of mucus
  5. Smoking
  6. Infected adenoid, which is a tissue near your tonsils that traps harmful bacteria and viruses

There are a few risk factors associated with ear infections. It can be said that young children are more susceptible to these infections. This is because their Eustachian tubes are short and narrow. It has also been seen that infants who are bottle-fed have a higher incidence of ear infections than breastfed babies.

Other risk factors are:

  1. Changes in altitude
  2. Changes in climate
  3. Exposure to tobacco smoke
  4. Use of pacifiers

Symptoms of ear infections:

  1. Pain or discomfort inside the ear
  2. A prolonged feeling of pressure inside the ear
  3. Pus-like ear drainage
  4. Hearing loss

What is also important to know is that the symptoms of an ear infection come and go.

Symptoms can also occur in one or both ears. Chronic ear infection symptoms can be less noticeable than those of acute ear infections.

Hence, fever and ear ache should spur you to consult a doctor. You should be extremely careful with babies younger than six months who have fever or ear infection symptoms.

Your doctor will diagnose an ear infection by checking if there is a draining of fluid from the middle ear, perforation in the eardrum or a collapsed eardrum.

Sometimes, ear infections can lead to the following serious complications:

  1. Hearing loss
  2. Speech or language delay in children
  3. An infection in a skull bone called mastoiditis
  4. Meningitis
  5. Ruptured ear drum
2642 people found this helpful

Ear Infections During Monsoon

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Ear Infections During Monsoon

Ear infections are a common ailment that people suffer from during the monsoon season. These can infect any part of the ear including the external ear, middle ear and inner ear.

Symptoms of ear infections:

  1. Whether it is the outer, middle or inner ear, some of the common symptoms affecting users are:

  2. You may feel acute pain in the infected ear.

  3. There may be some discharge from the ears.

  4. Some people also suffer from decreased hearing Acute infection can also cause dizziness.

  5. Along with the ear pain some people may suffer from severe headaches.

  6. In case of children, they may cry and refuse to feed as well as constantly tug their ears.

  7. Fever can also be a sign of ear infection.

It is important to keep things in mind for preventing ear infections:

  1. Keep your ears clean: It is important not to put anything in the ears to clean them- this may cause injuries and infections It is important to clean your outer ears with a clean cloth to avoid a fungal infection while using a hairspray, swimming or if you are out in the rain.

  2. Clean earphones once a week to avoid infections of ear canal

  3. Avoid putting cotton in your ears: Avoid putting cotton swabs in your ears as it can lead to trapping of bacteria within.

  4. Don't ignore a warning sign: If you suffer from any of the symptoms of ear infection it is wise to get tested by an ENT specialist.

Treatment:

An ear infection may need treatments and procedures or in some cases even surgery. The common treatments for ear infections include:

  1. Cleaning of the Wax: If there is a wax buildup in your ears, which leads to an infection, a professional cleaning may be required by a doctor under a head light with specialized micro instruments.
  2. Ear Drops: Using ear drops can also dissolve the ear wax and clean out the ear infection.

It usually takes a week to clear out an ear infection, but if still doesn't get better it is advisable to consult a medical practitioner. Sometimes ear infections may also require surgeries like Myringotomy, Tympanoplasty or Mastoidectomy, which can be an OPD procedure or might need a day's stay in the hospital.

2723 people found this helpful

Treatment of Ear infection!

Dr. Radhika A (Md) 85% (10 ratings)
MD - Acupuncture, Diploma In Accupuncture, Advanced Diploma In Accupuncture
Acupuncturist, Delhi
Treatment of Ear infection!

Treatment of Ear infection

Homeopathic Treatment of Ear infection
Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Ear infection
Psychotherapy Treatment of Ear infection
Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ear infection
Surgical Treatment of Ear infection
Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ear infection
Other Treatment of Ear infection
What is Ear infection
Symptoms of Ear infection
Causes of Ear infection
Risk factors of Ear infection
Complications of Ear infection
Lab Investigations and Diagnosis of Ear infection
Precautions & Prevention of Ear infection
Treatment of Ear infection

Homeopathic Treatment of Ear infection

Homeopathic treatment works to strengthen the health of the child. It helps to reduce severe earache accompanied by a thick colored discharge from the nose or ears. Some of the homeopathic remedies for treatment of ear infection are:

Aconitum napellus
Belladonna
Chamomilla
Ferrum phosphoricum
Pulsatilla
Silicea

Acupuncture & Acupressure Treatment of Ear infection

Acupuncture can help local circulation, relive muscle tension and reduce inflammation due to virus .this in turn help earache or ear infections. Acupuncture will help reduce the trend of antibiotic overuse and the development of resistant strains of bacteria.

Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of Ear infection

In the allopathic Treatment of Ear infection, over-the-counter acetaminophen or ibuprofen is prescribed to relieve pain. Prescription eardrops such as antipyrine-benzocaine (Aurodex) may provide additional pain relief.

Surgical Treatment of Ear infection

Surgical Treatment of Ear infection is called a myringotomy. During this procedure, a surgeon creates a tiny hole in the eardrum that enables him or her to suction fluids out of the middle ear. A tiny tube is placed in the opening to help ventilate the middle ear and prevent the accumulation of more fluids. Some tubes are intended to stay in place for six months to a year and then fall out on their own. Other tubes are designed to stay in longer and may need to be surgically removed.

Dietary & Herbal Treatment of Ear infection

Include lots of the anti-inflammatory foods like ginger, garlic, turmeric, cayenne, fish oils and raw pineapple in your diet.
Eliminate foods like fats, caffeine, aspirin, salt, sugar, and fried foods.
Eliminate dairy foods which thicken and increase mucus

Other Treatment of Ear infection

Apply cold or warm compresses, depending on what your child is comfortable with.

What is Ear infection?

An ear infection is the most common cause of earaches. The infection in the middle ear very often accompanies a common cold, the flu, or other types of respiratory infections. Ear infections are often painful because of inflammation and buildup of fluids in the middle ear.

Symptoms of Ear infection

Ear pain
Tugging or pulling at an ear
Difficulty sleeping
Drainage of fluid from the ear
Diminished hearing
Sore throat
Crying more than usual
Acting more irritable than usual
Loss of balance
Headache
Fever
Loss of appetite
Vomiting
Diarrhea

Causes of Ear infection

It is caused by a bacterium or virus in the middle ear.

Risk factors of Ear infection

Family history
Between the ages of 6 months and 2 years
Babies who drink from a bottle, especially while lying down
During the fall and winter when colds and flu are prevalent
Exposure to tobacco smoke or high levels of air pollution can
American Indians and Inuits of Alaska and Canada

Complications of Ear infection

Hearing loss
Speech or developmental delays
Untreated infections 

Diagnosis of Ear infection

Diagnosis of Ear infection involves the following tests:

Pneumatic otoscope to look into the ear
Tympanometry
Acoustic reflectometry
Tympanocentesis

Precautions & Prevention of Ear infection

Avoid secondhand smoke
Breast-feed your baby for at least six months.
If you bottle-feed, hold your baby in an upright position
Prevent common colds and other illnesses
Talk to your doctor about vaccinations

Ear Infection - How You Can Ease Your Pain?

Dr. Shalabh 87% (13 ratings)
Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (Otorhinolaryngology) , MS - ENT , MBBS
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Ear Infection - How You Can Ease Your Pain?

Whether it is for kids or adults, an ear infection can be of great discomfort and intense pain. The pain can also be because of an excess amount of wax in the ear. If it is so, then after cleaning off the wax, the discomfort may go off. But there can also be times when the pain is due to an infection. In this case, it is an ideal thought to visit a doctor. But before visiting a doctor, if the pain arises in the middle of the night suddenly, there are some things that can be done to ease out the pain.

  1. Pain relievers: If the pain is intense, then, of course, the first, foremost thing that comes to mind is that of pain relievers. Pain relievers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines or acetaminophen can be taken both in the case of kids as well as adults. Aspirin should not be given to anyone who is lesser than 20 years of age as because aspirin many times may lead to a disease called Reye syndrome.
  2. Applying heat: If the pain is not so strong, then taking pain relievers can be avoided. Instead of taking in pain relievers, an easier way can be of applying heat to the ear. A soft cotton cloth can be taken and can be warmed to apply on the ears. It is very important to know that moisture should be kept away from the ear in this condition so to warm the cloth, you should use other ways in place of using warm water.
  3. Encouraging rest: Often the pain may get increased due to intense work or noise. So, rest can help in getting relief from the pain in some time. You should try to sleep at a place that is away from any noise. Often resting may help the body to handle the pain and hence the pain may get reduced down slowly. Using the heat therapy while taking rest, can also be a great way to get rid of the pain of ear infections.
  4. Using eardrops: When you visit the doctor, of course, the doctor will prescribe you with an eardrop. But also many experts suggest a vinegar solution as an eardrop for pain due to an ear infection. Though this is a natural remedy still is ideal to consult the doctor first so that there is no severe condition that may come up. It is because the infection may take place due to different reasons and hence it is important to cross check about various things before starting with medication.

Ear infections can happen due to any reasons from the hundreds of reasons. Consulting the doctor is, of course, the most important thing to do in this case, but at initial stages, the ways mentioned above can provide relief.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2664 people found this helpful

Fungal Infection: How Can You Stop with the Help of Homeopathy?

Dr. Bhavin Dhamsaniya 90% (53 ratings)
BHMS, Diploma In Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS)
Homeopath, Rajkot
Fungal Infection: How Can You Stop with the Help of Homeopathy?

There are many kinds of infections that may afflict the body from time to time. While some of them may be dormant conditions that flare up due to environmental factors, there may be others that may occur due to a change in season as well as other causes, including interaction with a carrier of the same infection.

A fungal infection is usually caused by the growth and accumulation of the harmful fungi in a particular part of the body or organ of the body. These kinds of infections may be caused between the toes, thighs, vagina and other areas where we tend to sweat a lot. The hands, feet, nails and the groin region are also quite susceptible to such infection. Let us find out the various ways in which homeopathy can be used in order to treat fungal infections in the body. One must keep in mind that these medicines must only be prescribed by a medical practitioner.

  1. Fungal infection on the feet- The best homeopathic medication for fungal infection on the feet includes petroleum and silicea. These medicines may be used especially if there is a strong odour and excessive sweating. These medicines are good for clearing the infection entirely. Also, they are especially effective for conditions like Athlete’s Foot.

  2. Fungal infection in the groin area- If the patient is suffering from a fungal infection in the groin area or around the thighs, like a Jock Itch or any related condition, then medicines like Graphites and Sepia may be prescribed by the doctor. These medicines are especially helpful when there is a great deal of itching along with an outbreak of rashes plus other signs of the infection.

  3. Fungal Infection on the Scalp- There are many kinds of infections that may occur in the scalp of the patient due to excessive sweating as well as other kinds of pollution and exposure to chemicals. Thuja and Kali Sulphuricum may be prescribed for this purpose. It also fights related symptoms like excessive itching of the scalp and sensitivity to touch.

  4. Fungal Infection on the Skin- When the skin suffers from fungal infection which leads to boils, crusting, pus and bleeding, Tellurium, Sepia and Thuja may be recommended by the doctor. These medicines work well if the patient is experiencing severe itching, especially after taking a cold shower or bath.

  5. Fungal Infection in the Mouth- The fungal infection in the mouth may happen due to lack of hydration as well as poor eating habits. In such cases, the doctor may prescribe medicines like Helonias and Borax. These medicines also deal with symptoms like the formation of ulcers or white lesions in the mouth.  

The medicines mentioned in the article are only indicative in nature and should not be consumed without consulting a trained homeopathic doctor, as most of the times based on your symptoms and other underlying factors the doctor decides the right mix of 2 or 3 medicines along with the frequency of the medicine. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3485 people found this helpful

HIV infection and AIDS diagnosis

Dr. Vinod Raina 88% (5830 ratings)
MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
HIV infection and AIDS diagnosis

Early diagnosis is crucial in the subsequent evolution of HIV disease and AIDS. The successful treatment of HIV or AIDS depends on when it starts, so as there is suspicion of an infection should be performed HIV test . This proof of antibodies against HIV is offered by regional health delegations anonymously and free. In popular parlance, mistakenly called AIDS test. Actually, the test only the HIV virus, AIDS no. A negative test result with high probability excludes HIV infection. In rare cases, it can also be positive in people without HIV infection. So if is positive provided an even more accurate second test is performed. People who are positive for HIV testing should be put directly into the hands of the doctor for specialized care. Today, any large city has specialized consultations in HIV devoted almost exclusively to the treatment of HIV and AIDS. There are several blood tests that can identify antibodies of the virus or virus. In addition, the doctor may also collect the amount of virus contained in the blood through a blood test.This value is also called viral load. This viral load by the number of helper T cells is an important value that allows the physician to assess the evolution of HIV infection or AIDS.

2 people found this helpful
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