Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition, which greatly hampers the normal personality development of a child. This issue persists throughout the life of the ones afflicted, but it can, nonetheless, be controlled and kept at bay. ADHD can be treated through two different methods, although the best results are often found when the two are merged together.
The first form of treatment involves medicating the patient. Generally, doctors prescribe certain forms of stimulant to the child suffering from the disease. These medicines may include amphetamines and methylphenidate. These medications alone are effective in improving the symptoms in almost 70% of the children suffering from ADHD.
The other form of treatment involves behavioral therapy. In such a case, parents and children both undergo specialized classes to handle and control the effects of ADHD. Parents are taught the importance of positive reinforcement for a child suffering from hyperactivity disorder. Other important strategies are also imparted to them, so that they are able to cope with the symptoms of the disease and also reduce the same in their children.
The children are also taught vital skills such as better communications and problem solving. These behavioral modifications greatly help in alleviating the symptoms of ADHD.
A better portion of the treatment for ADHD can be done at home without the need for medications. There are certain guidelines that parents need to follow in order to treat a child with ADHD at home. Firstly, parents need to take care of their own physical and mental health for such a treatment to work. Parents should also get educated properly on the disorder, so that they are better prepared for what their child may be facing.
Parents must also ensure that their child develop a good self-esteem. Additionally, it is quite helpful if parents can guide the child to succeed at school, as this builds confidence.
Medication along with behavioral treatment is the best way to proceed in case of ADHD. Doctors may prescribe a wide variety of drugs to your child in order to alleviate the symptoms. For instance, stimulants such as amphetamines and methylphenidates may be prescribed to the kid to reduce the hyperactivity.
Non-stimulants such as Atomoxetine, clonidine, and Guanfacine are also prescribed to the children. These are known to reduce the aggressive behavior commonly associated with ADHD. Physicians may sometimes also prescribe antidepressants to the patients.
Children who show signs and symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are eligible for the treatment. However, before starting the treatment, parents are highly advised to seek out medical opinion just to be sure that their child does suffer from the same.
Children who have not been diagnosed by a child psychologist to be suffering from ADHD are not qualified for this treatment. Although there are no adverse effects of the behavioral modifications in case of a normal child, the medications prescribed to ADHD patients should not be consumed by children not suffering from the disorder.
The behavioral treatment does not have any side effects. However, there is some debate whether the medications prescribed are safe in the long run. Several studies have been conducted on the subject, but nothing conclusive has come to light. There are reports that the medication, especially the stimulants, can cause some adverse effects. Decreased appetite, headache, loss of sleep, and stomach pain are some of the most commonly reported side effects from the drugs.
Since ADHD cannot be cured completely, there is no post-treatment guideline as such. The condition can be kept at bay through medication and therapy. However, some form of treatment needs to be continued throughout the individual’s life.
There is no recovery period as such for the treatment of ADHD, as it is a continuous process. Medication needs to be continued throughout life in order to keep the symptoms at bay.
Amphetamines cost around Rs 60 per 1000 mg, while 5 mg of methylphenidate costs around Rs. 45. Along with the cost incurred for physicians, treatment for ADHD in India can easily cross several Lacs of Rupees in a patient’s lifetime.
If an individual suffering from ADHD follows the medications and therapy prescribed to him/her, there is very little chance of the symptoms worsening. However, the patients must remain on the medications for the rest of their life to avoid relapsing.
There are a number of alternative forms of treatment for ADHD. The most popular among these include elimination diet, supplementing the food with omega 3s, training the memory of the one afflicted, neurofeedback, and parental training. However, there is some debate as to whether these procedures are as effective as medication and therapy.
Rs. 5,000-Rs. 5,00,000
The tendency for the development of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which is more popularly known as ADHD, during the months of pregnancy is growing with each passing day. The main reason behind this is the increased exposure to the digital devices. This disorder is characterized by some specific characteristics, the most common ones being the inability to concentrate on anything and being hyperactive at all times of the day. People tend to show impulsive actions in all cases.
But the good news is that the researchers have come up with some possible solutions to ADHD during pregnancy with the help of which it can be prevented-
In the months of pregnancy, when your body is vulnerable to the outside factors that are harmful, you must stay extra vigilant and take all the precautions necessary to ensure that your child does not develop ADHD. Maintain your diet and don’t skip your checkups. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Attention deficit/hyperactivity issue (ADHD) is a mental condition that is marked by a continuous example of inattention as well as hyperactivity-impulsivity that meddles with the working or advancement of that person. Inattention implies that a person gets distracted from tasks, lacks focus and is not concentrating on the task at hand. Hyperactivity implies that a person tends to move around continuously, especially into situations in which it is not needed. Impulsivity implies that a person makes hurried decisions without thinking about them and that may have negative outcomes or risky consequences.
Here are a few ways with which you can treat ADHD.
Therapy: Along with medicines, certain treatments can be valuable in treating ADHD in children, teenagers and grown-ups. Therapy is helpful in treating other problems as well. For example, anxiety or nervousness issue that may show up with ADHD. The types of the therapies that might be used are as follows.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
It is sad to hear of a loved one suffering, but it is downright painful if that someone is your own child. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition which was not paid much attention to for many years. The fact remains, however, that ADHD is something that can adversely affect the life of your child and their relationships. One example is Olympian Michael Phelps, who had been diagnosed with this disorder. In order to know if a child does suffer from it, it is important to pay attention to a few signs.
Signs You Must Not Ignore
Many children who have ADHD are not loud and usually do not stand out in a group. Rather, they are more likely to be the quiet ones who daydream. All this can have major effects on the academic record of the child, and it is fair to say that he or she is quite likely to under perform compared to the rest of the students in the class.
If you see any of these signs, do not be alarmed. However, do seek a doctor’s opinion to know for sure if your child has ADHD. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is among the most common neurobehavioral disorders presenting for treatment in children and adolescents. ADHD is often chronic with prominent symptoms and impairment spanning into adulthood. ADHD is often associated with co-occurring disorders including disruptive, mood, anxiety, and substance abuse. The diagnosis of ADHD is clinically established by review of symptoms and impairment. The biological underpinning of the disorder is supported by genetic, neuroimaging, neurochemistry and neuropsychological data. Consideration of all aspects of an individual’s life needs to be considered in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD.
Multimodal treatment includes educational, family, and individual support. Psychotherapy alone and in combination with medication is helpful for ADHD and comorbid problems. Pharmacotherapy including stimulants, noradrenergic agents, alpha agonists, and antidepressants plays a fundamental role in the long-term management of ADHD across the lifespan.
The management of ADHD includes consideration of two major areas: non-pharmacological (educational remediation, individual and family psychotherapy) and pharmacotherapy.
I personally support Psychotherapy. Specialized educational planning based on the child’s difficulties is necessary in a majority of cases. Since learning disorders co-occur in one-third of ADHD youth, ADHD individuals should be screened and appropriate individualised educational plans developed. Educational adjustments should be considered in individuals with ADHD with difficulties in behavioral or academic performance. Increased structure, predictable routine, learning aids, resource room time, and checked homework are among typical educational considerations in these individuals. Similar modifications in the home environment should be undertaken to optimize the ability to complete homework. For youth, frequent parental communication with the school about the child’s progress is essential.
Symptoms in children and teenagers
The symptoms of ADHD in children and teenagers are well defined, and they're usually noticeable before the age of six. They occur in more than one situation, such as at home and at school. The main signs of each behavioural problem are detailed below:
Inattentiveness: having a short attention span and being easily distracted making careless mistakes – for example, in schoolwork appearing forgetful or losing things being unable to stick at tasks that are tedious or time-consuming appearing to be unable to listen to or carry out instructions constantly changing activity or task having difficulty organising tasks
Hyperactivity and impulsiveness: being unable to sit still, especially in calm or quiet surroundings constantly fidgeting being unable to concentrate on tasks excessive physical movement excessive talking being unable to wait their turn acting without thinking interrupting conversations little or no sense of danger
These symptoms can cause significant problems in a child's life, such as underachievement at school, poor social interaction with other children and adults, and problems with discipline.
Related conditions in children and teenagers
Although not always the case, some children may also have signs of other problems or conditions alongside ADHD, such as:
oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) – this is defined by negative and disruptive behaviour, particularly towards authority figures, such as parents and teachers
conduct disorder – this often involves a tendency towards highly antisocial behaviour, such as stealing, fighting, vandalism and harming people or animals
sleep problems – finding it difficult to get to sleep at night, and having irregular sleeping patterns
autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) – this affects social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour
Tourette’s syndrome – a condition of the nervous system, characterised by a combination of involuntary noises and movements called tics
learning difficulties – such as dyslexia Symptoms in adults In adults, the symptoms of ADHD are more difficult to define. This is largely due to a lack of research into adults with ADHD.
ADHD is a developmental disorder; it's believed that it can't develop in adults without it first appearing during childhood. But it's known that symptoms of ADHD often persist from childhood into a person's teenage years, and then adulthood. Any additional problems or conditions experienced by children with ADHD, such as depression or dyslexia, may also continue into adulthood. By the age of 25, an estimated 15% of people diagnosed with ADHD as children still have a full range of symptoms, and 65% still have some symptoms that affect their daily lives. The symptoms in children and teenagers, which are listed above, is sometimes also applied to adults with possible ADHD. But some specialists say that the way in which inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness affect adults can be very different from the way they affect children. For example, hyperactivity tends to decrease in adults, while inattentiveness tends to get worse as the pressure of adult life increases. Adult symptoms of ADHD also tend to be far more subtle than childhood symptoms.
Some specialists have suggested the following list of symptoms associated with ADHD in adults:
carelessness and lack of attention to detail
continually starting new tasks before finishing old ones
poor organisational skills
inability to focus or prioritise
continually losing or misplacing things
restlessness and edginess
difficulty keeping quiet and speaking out of turn
blurting out responses and often interrupting others
mood swings, irritability and a quick temper
inability to deal with stress
taking risks in activities, often with little or no regard for personal safety or the safety of others – for example, driving dangerously
Additional problems in adults with ADHD As with ADHD in children and teenagers, ADHD in adults can occur alongside several related problems or conditions. One of the most common conditions is depression. Other conditions that adults may have alongside ADHD include:
personality disorders – conditions in which an individual differs significantly from an average person, in terms of how they think, perceive, feel or relate to others
bipolar disorder – a condition that affects your moods, which can swing from one extreme to another
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – a condition that causes obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviour
The behavioural problems associated with ADHD can also cause problems such as difficulties with relationships, social interaction, drugs and crime. Some adults with ADHD find it hard to find and stay in a job. If you notice any of the above in your child or yourself , it is worth making the effort and spending some time and money to have your child and or yourself assessed on a priority basis as ADHD causes neural changes in the brain. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychologist.
If you have noticed your child to be restless and anxious all the time, it might look cute as the child is highly energetic, but it could be a cause for concern at the same time. It is not normal and the child could be having ADHD that is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. As the name suggests, it is a disorder with deficiency of attention and in which the child is always hyperactive.
ADHD is a disorder in which the symptoms usually show up before the age of seven. It is characterized by a group of behavioral symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The impact of these symptoms is felt extensively where his overall self-esteem is affected, be it at home, preschool or school, academics or extracurricular activities and in interpersonal relationships.
The most common symptoms, which are almost diagnostic of ADHD are:
The following are the less common ones:
While these are the pressing symptoms of ADHD, occupational therapy can play a significant role in managing the child in the following ways. As a first step, the caregiver should have a detailed discussion with the school staff and any other people with whom the child interacts significantly.
This will help identify areas that need support from an Occupational Therapy, which are the following:
So, while an ADHD child is definitely a cause for concern, proper support from family can help manage the condition. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.