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Hyperactivity Disorder: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment? How is the treatment done? Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?) Who is not eligible for the treatment? Are there any side effects? What are the post-treatment guidelines? How long does it take to recover? What is the price of the treatment in India? Are the results of the treatment permanent? What are the alternatives to the treatment?

What is the treatment?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition, which greatly hampers the normal personality development of a child. This issue persists throughout the life of the ones afflicted, but it can, nonetheless, be controlled and kept at bay. ADHD can be treated through two different methods, although the best results are often found when the two are merged together.

The first form of treatment involves medicating the patient. Generally, doctors prescribe certain forms of stimulant to the child suffering from the disease. These medicines may include amphetamines and methylphenidate. These medications alone are effective in improving the symptoms in almost 70% of the children suffering from ADHD.

The other form of treatment involves behavioral therapy. In such a case, parents and children both undergo specialized classes to handle and control the effects of ADHD. Parents are taught the importance of positive reinforcement for a child suffering from hyperactivity disorder. Other important strategies are also imparted to them, so that they are able to cope with the symptoms of the disease and also reduce the same in their children.

The children are also taught vital skills such as better communications and problem solving. These behavioral modifications greatly help in alleviating the symptoms of ADHD.

How is the treatment done?

A better portion of the treatment for ADHD can be done at home without the need for medications. There are certain guidelines that parents need to follow in order to treat a child with ADHD at home. Firstly, parents need to take care of their own physical and mental health for such a treatment to work. Parents should also get educated properly on the disorder, so that they are better prepared for what their child may be facing.

Parents must also ensure that their child develop a good self-esteem. Additionally, it is quite helpful if parents can guide the child to succeed at school, as this builds confidence.

Medication along with behavioral treatment is the best way to proceed in case of ADHD. Doctors may prescribe a wide variety of drugs to your child in order to alleviate the symptoms. For instance, stimulants such as amphetamines and methylphenidates may be prescribed to the kid to reduce the hyperactivity.

Non-stimulants such as Atomoxetine, clonidine, and Guanfacine are also prescribed to the children. These are known to reduce the aggressive behavior commonly associated with ADHD. Physicians may sometimes also prescribe antidepressants to the patients.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Children who show signs and symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are eligible for the treatment. However, before starting the treatment, parents are highly advised to seek out medical opinion just to be sure that their child does suffer from the same.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Children who have not been diagnosed by a child psychologist to be suffering from ADHD are not qualified for this treatment. Although there are no adverse effects of the behavioral modifications in case of a normal child, the medications prescribed to ADHD patients should not be consumed by children not suffering from the disorder.

Are there any side effects?

The behavioral treatment does not have any side effects. However, there is some debate whether the medications prescribed are safe in the long run. Several studies have been conducted on the subject, but nothing conclusive has come to light. There are reports that the medication, especially the stimulants, can cause some adverse effects. Decreased appetite, headache, loss of sleep, and stomach pain are some of the most commonly reported side effects from the drugs.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Since ADHD cannot be cured completely, there is no post-treatment guideline as such. The condition can be kept at bay through medication and therapy. However, some form of treatment needs to be continued throughout the individual’s life.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no recovery period as such for the treatment of ADHD, as it is a continuous process. Medication needs to be continued throughout life in order to keep the symptoms at bay.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Amphetamines cost around Rs 60 per 1000 mg, while 5 mg of methylphenidate costs around Rs. 45. Along with the cost incurred for physicians, treatment for ADHD in India can easily cross several Lacs of Rupees in a patient’s lifetime.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

If an individual suffering from ADHD follows the medications and therapy prescribed to him/her, there is very little chance of the symptoms worsening. However, the patients must remain on the medications for the rest of their life to avoid relapsing.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a number of alternative forms of treatment for ADHD. The most popular among these include elimination diet, supplementing the food with omega 3s, training the memory of the one afflicted, neurofeedback, and parental training. However, there is some debate as to whether these procedures are as effective as medication and therapy.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am 42 years old. I realised recently that I have attention deficit and am not able to focus or complete any tasks. I also realized now that I was an adhd child which affected my studies through out. Is there anything that can be done to bring more focus.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology, Positive Psychiatry and Mental Health
Psychologist, Palakkad
Hello and welcome to Lybrate. I have reviewed your query and here is my advice. The chances of add is less. So it could be due to stress.I suggest telephonic counseling and online psychotherapy for you. You can contact me for further advice and tr...

I was on risdone (2, dicorate (750, inderal la (40) given by a psychiatrist for anger issues. However I recently left those medicines abruptly as I don’t feel the need to continue them. And there seems to be no anger at all ever since then. However I have been having severe headaches since I left these medications.

Ph.D Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Jaipur
Dear user when we are aware about our problem we are able to control but we have to control it in a proper way. You are too young and taking these tablets, it’s not good for your physical as well as your mental health. If you don’t want to tak...

Hello doctor, I am a bi polar disorder patient. So I undergone so many episodes. Please tell me about visual hallucination i.e. Imaging ourself as a god and imaging other person as a god. In my episodes I believed strongly this. So I started to talk with unknown persons .so I faced lot of problems. Still now I am not get a answer that visual hallucination is not real. I thought tv serial dialogues, adds, films are also helping me in my life through god. So please please reply me to recover from this thought doctor. My mom helped me lot to recover from this by admitting in hospital and I got recovered now but also still taking medicines like nexito plus, ativan 2 mg, sultipac 50. But in my in-depth mind always saying god helped you is true that is not fake. Those who are all you saw as a god that is only true like this. I am married and I have one daughter aged 7. I had this problem still 2011. For my family I am controlling myself and saying to me ,that is fake it's all your imagination. Please think about your daughter future. And etc. Like this I am controlling myself. So please reply me to overcome from this thought. Please save my life from your valuable reply doctor. Thank you so much.

MBBS, DPM
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Dear lybrate-user, your feelings of imagining yourself as god will be there in your mind. But you act out on it, only during the manic episodes like talking to strangers. Of course, if you act out on it, you will face lot of problems. You may worr...
1 person found this helpful

I am taking olanex f 5+20 mg since last 10 years. I am on medication since last 16 years. What disease I have? Doctor told my family that I have to take medicine for lifetime. Will my disease worsen with time. I think I am suffering from schizophrenia.

MD Medicine, DM Neurology
Neurologist,
Dear lybrate-user, the tablet you are using is used for bipolar disorder and must have been prescribed by a psychiatrist, it will be ok to meet your doctor again and confirm the requirement. Do not change or stop the medicine on your own.

I have been diagnosed with adult adhd-pi last year in bangalore. I am 26 years old and have been prescribed atomoxetine. Though I have shown improvement I am not able to use it regularly due to nausea and tiredness. Any good psychiatrists in hyderabad who can treat me?(moved to hyd due to wfh)

MA Guidance and Counseling, Pursuing PG Diploma in Counseling and Family Therapy (PGDCFT) , Post Graduate diploma in counseling and Family Therapy
Psychologist, Noida
Dear Lybrate user along with medicines, you need to take counseling too. Medicines alone will not help and they are also not good in the long run as you have already written that you feel nausea and tiredness because of these. So, taking counselin...

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