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Hyperactivity Disorder: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

Last Updated: Dec 15, 2021

What is the treatment?

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition, which greatly hampers the normal personality development of a child. This issue persists throughout the life of the ones afflicted, but it can, nonetheless, be controlled and kept at bay. ADHD can be treated through two different methods, although the best results are often found when the two are merged together.

The first form of treatment involves medicating the patient. Generally, doctors prescribe certain forms of stimulant to the child suffering from the disease. These medicines may include amphetamines and methylphenidate. These medications alone are effective in improving the symptoms in almost 70% of the children suffering from ADHD.

The other form of treatment involves behavioral therapy. In such a case, parents and children both undergo specialized classes to handle and control the effects of ADHD. Parents are taught the importance of positive reinforcement for a child suffering from hyperactivity disorder. Other important strategies are also imparted to them, so that they are able to cope with the symptoms of the disease and also reduce the same in their children.

The children are also taught vital skills such as better communications and problem solving. These behavioral modifications greatly help in alleviating the symptoms of ADHD.

Does Hyperactivity mean ADHD?

ADHD or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is an abnormality that is accompanied by a lack of orientation as well as focus and exhibits features that disturb the normal process of functioning and development as well. Hyperactivity is a characteristic feature of ADHD.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder exhibits the following features or characteristics:

  • Inattention: This shows disorientation of the affected individual, lacking proper focus and concentration. He loses his persistence in any work and always remains disorganized.
  • Hyperactivity: It refers to abnormal activity of the affected individual. The person keeps on moving in an inappropriate manner without any need or situation that involves movement. This is accompanied by restlessness or talking abruptly.
  • Impulsivity: This condition refers to a loss of ability to think before taking any important decision regarding anything. Quick decision-making without proper thinking of the related consequences proves to be harmful in many situations.
Summary: Attention deficit Hyperactivity disorder is a psychological abnormality in an individual. The affected person faces symptoms like improper orientation towards a particular work, lack of concentration, restlessness, and loss of ability to think.

How do I know if my child is hyperactive?

Some of the signs or symptoms which are clearly shown in a child suffering from ADHD include the following:

  • The behavior of the child is much aggressive during the conditions such as play.
  • The behavior which is abnormally bold.
  • An abnormal or uncautioned behavior of the child.
  • A sense of fearlessness in the child may lead to endangering the child or others.
  • The inability of the affected child to jump on one leg.
  • Lack of focus and unable to concentrate or focus.
  • The nature of being impulsive dominates on the ADHD child.
Summary: Any deviation of the child from their normal activities is an indication of being hyperactive. It includes an over-aggressive attitude while playing, lack of orientation, impulsive nature, and developing a sense of fearlessness.

How is the treatment done?

A better portion of the treatment for ADHD can be done at home without the need for medications. There are certain guidelines that parents need to follow in order to treat a child with ADHD at home. Firstly, parents need to take care of their own physical and mental health for such a treatment to work. Parents should also get educated properly on the disorder, so that they are better prepared for what their child may be facing.

Parents must also ensure that their child develop a good self-esteem. Additionally, it is quite helpful if parents can guide the child to succeed at school, as this builds confidence.

Medication along with behavioral treatment is the best way to proceed in case of ADHD. Doctors may prescribe a wide variety of drugs to your child in order to alleviate the symptoms. For instance, stimulants such as amphetamines and methylphenidates may be prescribed to the kid to reduce the hyperactivity.

Non-stimulants such as Atomoxetine, clonidine, and Guanfacine are also prescribed to the children. These are known to reduce the aggressive behavior commonly associated with ADHD. Physicians may sometimes also prescribe antidepressants to the patients.

How do you control a hyperactive child?

A hyperactive child needs to be handled carefully as it is not their fault for their behavior. They need support and affection from peers and parents. This is the way of effectively treating such a child. Some of the ways for controlling a hyperactive child include the following:

  • Proper orientation of their energy and thinking process - the affected child in such cases needs to get engaged in useful play activities as well as classes which enables him to use energy in the right direction.
  • The affected children should be paid proper attention and they should be talked to about their problems and wishes and anything. They should never be made to feel ignored.
  • The children suffering from ADHD fail to control their emotional outcomes such as stress, anxiety, and tension. They should be helped and supported to deal with their emotions. Motivations make their way easier.
  • The children suffering from ADHD should be made to feel relaxed and calm by teaching them about natural ways such as yoga and meditations and breathing exercises.
  • The ADHD child should be kept busy in useful activities and given a proper orientation to their energy. They should be listened to and paid proper attention.
Summary: A child suffering from Hyperactivity disorder should be controlled and managed by love and affection as well as support. They should be given proper care and attention and need to be understood well, rather than scolding them or treating them badly.
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Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

Children who show signs and symptoms associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are eligible for the treatment. However, before starting the treatment, parents are highly advised to seek out medical opinion just to be sure that their child does suffer from the same.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

Children who have not been diagnosed by a child psychologist to be suffering from ADHD are not qualified for this treatment. Although there are no adverse effects of the behavioral modifications in case of a normal child, the medications prescribed to ADHD patients should not be consumed by children not suffering from the disorder.

Are there any side effects?

The behavioral treatment does not have any side effects. However, there is some debate whether the medications prescribed are safe in the long run. Several studies have been conducted on the subject, but nothing conclusive has come to light. There are reports that the medication, especially the stimulants, can cause some adverse effects. Decreased appetite, headache, loss of sleep, and stomach pain are some of the most commonly reported side effects from the drugs.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

Since ADHD cannot be cured completely, there is no post-treatment guideline as such. The condition can be kept at bay through medication and therapy. However, some form of treatment needs to be continued throughout the individual’s life.

How long does it take to recover?

There is no recovery period as such for the treatment of ADHD, as it is a continuous process. Medication needs to be continued throughout life in order to keep the symptoms at bay.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

Amphetamines cost around Rs 60 per 1000 mg, while 5 mg of methylphenidate costs around Rs. 45. Along with the cost incurred for physicians, treatment for ADHD in India can easily cross several Lacs of Rupees in a patient’s lifetime.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

If an individual suffering from ADHD follows the medications and therapy prescribed to him/her, there is very little chance of the symptoms worsening. However, the patients must remain on the medications for the rest of their life to avoid relapsing.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

There are a number of alternative forms of treatment for ADHD. The most popular among these include elimination diet, supplementing the food with omega 3s, training the memory of the one afflicted, neurofeedback, and parental training. However, there is some debate as to whether these procedures are as effective as medication and therapy.

Summary: ADHD or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is an abnormality that is accompanied by a lack of orientation as well as focus and exhibit features that disturbs the normal process of functioning and development as well. ADHD has Inattention, Hyperactivity, and impulsivity as their main symptoms. It can be controlled and managed by taking care of the child by paying proper attention and listening to his problems and wishes.

References

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Written ByMs. Taral Parekh Post Graduate Diploma In Counselling Psychology,Masters of Counselling Psychology,CE in Cognitive Behavior TherapyPsychology
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