Last Updated: Jun 05, 2023
Change Language

Diet Chart For gestational diabetes

About Diet Chart Food Items To Limit Do's And Dont's Food Items You Can Easily Consume



Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which occurs mostly during pregnancy, generally between 24-28 months. In this case, glucose level increases in the blood. Insulin secreted by pancreas fails to combat the increasing level of glucose in this case. During this period, the hormonal level keeps on changing and care should be taken while consuming meals.

To maintain normal glucose and nutrition level both in the body of mother and child, one should maintain a proper gestational diabetes diet:

  1. Meals should be consumed by breaking it in parts. Sugary food, syrup, honey and other simple carbohydrates should be avoided as it breaks down and mixes in the bloodstream increasing the risk.
  2. Complex carbohydrates such as pasta, rice, cereals should be consumed in limited amount.
  3. Fibers can be incorporated into meals which provide better digestion and decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  4. Fruits consumption should be limited at a time to maintain proper glucose level.

Along with proper diet, as prescribed by the doctor, regular exercise is mandatory for proper health of mother and child. Eventually, after delivery of a child, gestational diabetes goes off.

Diet Chart

Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 paneer chapatti + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup bhindi + 2 chapatti + 1/2 cup curd +1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup milk + 1 cup sprout salad
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup dal + 1 cup beans curry + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk with oats + 6 almonds + 3 walnuts + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup watermelon + muskmelon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rajma + 1 cup gobhi aloo + 1 cup cucumber raita + 2 chapatti +1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup lemonade + 1 cup falafal salad
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup arhar dal + 1 cup lotus stem + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 vegetable moong dal cheela with green chutney + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup papaya
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup chana dal + 1 cup soybean vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup chana chaat + 1 cup lemonade
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup ghia vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 vegetable suji cheela + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup white chana + 1 cup palak paneer + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup soy chaap + 1 cup shikanji ( no sugar)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup masoor dal + 1 cup snake gourd + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 1 cup vegetable bread upma + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup papaya
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup tinda vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup vegetable soup + 2 toasted bread
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup yam vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 moong dal cheela with stuffed paneer + 3 walnuts + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup palak dal + 2 chapatti + 1 cup ghia raita + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup sprouts salad + 1 cup skim milk
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup carrot and beetroot vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup vegetable idli + 1 cup sambhar + green chutney + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup lemonade + 1 cup pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup soybean curry + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup paneer tikka + 1 cup shikanji (no sugar)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup bhindi + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad

Food Items To Limit

  1. Blood sugar levels are raised when people eat sugary foods, particularly those that are refined and processed. Women with gestational diabetes are advised to avoid or limit sugary foods, as much as possible. Sugary foods to avoid include: cakes, biscuits, sweets, puddings, soda, fruit juice with added sugar etc.,
  2. Starchy foods are high in carbohydrates and have a bigger impact on our blood sugar, so it is important to eat them only in small portions. Some very starchy foods are best avoided or limited. These include: white potatoes, white bread, white rice, white pasta etc.,
  3. Some foods are not obviously sources of sugar or carbohydrate, but they may still contain unhealthful levels of both of these food types. Examples of these include: highly processed foods, some condiments, dressings and ketchup, fast foods, alcohol, carbonated beverages etc.,
  4. Milk and fruits contain natural sugars and can be enjoyed in moderation.

Do's And Dont's

Do's & Don'ts:

  1. Eat small and frequent meals.
  2. Add small portions of snacks in between the major meals.
  3. Add post dinner or Bedtime milk.
  4. Restrict the intake of simple carbs like raw sugar, corn syrup, fruit juice concentrate, baked foods, and cereals.
  5. Add raw veggies or salad in your diet.
  6. Add soup as a mid-evening snack.
  7. Take 2 fruits daily (but, avoid high sugary fruits).
  8. Avoid juices completely.
  9. Do not skip breakfast.
  10. Avoid sweets.
  11. Avoid processed and packed foods.
  12. Avoid desserts.
  13. Avoid artificial sweeteners.
  14. Avoid junk foods.
  15. Avoid confectionary and bakery products.
  16. Avoid cold drinks, soda.
  17. Say no to Alcohol.
  18. Limit oil intake. (500ml/month).
  19. Avoid fish that are high in mercury.
  20. Avoid red meat.

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Fresh or frozen vegetables
  2. Eggs or egg whites
  3. Steel-cut oatmeal topped with berries
  4. Fresh fruit
  5. Skinless chicken breasts
  6. Baked fish
  7. Steamed vegetables
  8. Air-popped popcorn
  9. Unsweetened Greek yogurt

Popular Questions & Answers

Hello I did gtt test. Pregnancy week -25 weeks fasting is - 77 1 hr gtt is -197 2 hr gtt is - 133 please help to understand whether I have gestational diabetes or not. And what should I need to do?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
From mentioned reports (though not complete) no gestational diabetes but as 1 hour reading is high better to avoid big meal at one time.
1 person found this helpful

In september, my marriage will turn 3. We are planning to expand our family. But I have pcod. Is pcod problem for pregnancy?

Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Women with pcos are at higher risk of developing complications during pregnancy. Babies born to mothers with pcos are at high risk of staying in the neonatal icu or may die just after their birth. So it is important to take necessary precautions a...

Marriage 1 years ago. Detect pcos with hirsutism face, chest, chin, new hair grows. Pregnancy eseche 3 month homeopathy medicine, fbs ppbs tsh prl hb normal, insulin normal, is that affect pregnancy, pcos with unwanted hair growth. First stage pain in abdomen. Doctor prescribed susten 200, m-vista, vitazyme, good morn tablet. Pain stopped. Can the hair growth and pcos harm the baby or fetus, is there any serious condition?

MBBS, M.D., Dip.in pelvic surgey,
Gynaecologist, Kottayam
As your investigation reports are within normal limits and that you are on progesteron support, there is nothing to be worried over. Pcos with hair growth won't affect the fetus. But a close sonological monotoring of the baby, with usg and doppler...
1 person found this helpful

Sir/madam I was diagnosed blood sugar (gestational diabetes) in december 2020. Hba1c level was 8.6 at that time. After this I gone under surgery (cesarean) because my baby died due to blood sugar. After 6 month of surgery my hba1c level is 5.6.i am taking one dose of metformin 500 mg. So now I want to know if I have blood sugar or not. please help me in your consultation. Thanks.

Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Probably what u had is gestational diabetes, which occurs only during pregnancy. However, you will have to follow a good diabetic diet as there is higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life. In case you are planning for pregnancy again, ...
1 person found this helpful
Popular Health Tips

Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!

Gynaecologist, Delhi
Gestational Diabetes - Know The Risk Factors!
Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, occurs during gestation or pregnancy when the blood sugar levels exceed the normal level. Gestational diabetes, like other form of diabetes, affects how your body cells use glucose or sugar during pregna...
2115 people found this helpful

Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis - How Can It Help Diabetes Patient?

MD- General Physician-RU- Equi. MBBS, Diploma in Laryngology & otology
ENT Specialist, Hyderabad
Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis - How Can It Help Diabetes Patient?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that leads to high blood sugar. This condition occurs when insulin a hormone produced by the pancreas is not produced by the body in sufficient amounts or the body can t use the insulin effectively. If left untreate...
1409 people found this helpful

Multiple Pregnancy - Everything About It!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Diploma in Reproductive Medicine & Embryology, Fellowship in Gynaecology Endoscopy, certificate of achievement in aesthetic and functional gynecology 2018
Gynaecologist, Raipur
Multiple Pregnancy - Everything About It!
A multiple pregnancy means being pregnant with triplets, twins, or more. Three foetuses or more is referred to as a higher-order pregnancy it occurs rarely, in just one out of 50 multiple pregnancies. How do multiple pregnancies occur? Multiple pr...
3509 people found this helpful

Age Related Infertility And Possibility Of Success In IVF!

MD Gynaecology
IVF Specialist, Kolkata
Age Related Infertility And Possibility Of Success In IVF!
Age is a major factor affecting one s ability to conceive and have a healthy baby. Although age-related infertility is more subtle in men, it does happen. How Men s Age Affects Fertility? The effects of age on female fertility have been long known...
5037 people found this helpful

The Effects Your BMI Has On Your Success Odds In IVF!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology, DGO
IVF Specialist, Delhi
The Effects Your BMI Has On Your Success Odds In IVF!
Medical studies suggest that IVF can be affected by an unhealthy BMI. Cases have been observed where having a low or high BMI has caused complications during IVF, for both men and women. Read on to learn more about the condition. BMI: Body Mass In...
3966 people found this helpful
Content Details
Written By
PhD (Pharmacology) Pursuing, M.Pharma (Pharmacology), B.Pharma - Certificate in Nutrition and Child Care
Reviewed By
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
Play video
Diabetes In Pregnancy
Hi, I am Dr. Puja Sharma, Gynaecologist, Delhi. Today I will talk about diabetes in pregnancy. As you all know that diabetes is a very common disease. There is the hormone in our body by the name of insulin which regulates blood sugar. So, what ha...
Play video
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Hello friends, I am Dr. Shakuntla Shukla, senior consultant Gnaecologist at Apollo Cradle and Fortis La Femme, GK 2. I am the medical director of Aastha Medical Centre, Lajpat nagar. Today I will be talking about Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), ...
Play video
Antenatal Care (Care During Pregnancy)
"Hi, I am Dr. Mayur Dass, Gynaecologist. Aaj mai aap ko btaungi ante-natal care ke bare mein. The purpose is to early detect any complication during the whole 9 months of the pregnancy and to manage it accordingly and in time. 2nd is to prepare th...
Play video
Late Pregnancy Planning - Know About It!
Hi, I am Dr. Padmaja Mohan, Gynaecologist. Planning of pregnancy in the late 20s and early 30s. If we look back about a couple of decades, the average age of getting married was 24-26 years. Now with the women empowerment, most of the females are ...
Play video
Diabetes In Children
Hi, I am Dr. I. P. S. Kochar. Today I will telling something about diabetes. So diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases which results in high blood sugar. There are many types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestation diabetes. Now there is somethi...
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice