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Diet Chart For gestational diabetes

About Diet Chart Food Items To Limit Do's And Dont's Food Items You Can Easily Consume

About

About

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which occurs mostly during pregnancy, generally between 24-28 months. In this case, glucose level increases in the blood. Insulin secreted by pancreas fails to combat the increasing level of glucose in this case. During this period, the hormonal level keeps on changing and care should be taken while consuming meals.

To maintain normal glucose and nutrition level both in the body of mother and child, one should maintain a proper gestational diabetes diet:

  1. Meals should be consumed by breaking it in parts. Sugary food, syrup, honey and other simple carbohydrates should be avoided as it breaks down and mixes in the bloodstream increasing the risk.
  2. Complex carbohydrates such as pasta, rice, cereals should be consumed in limited amount.
  3. Fibers can be incorporated into meals which provide better digestion and decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  4. Fruits consumption should be limited at a time to maintain proper glucose level.

Along with proper diet, as prescribed by the doctor, regular exercise is mandatory for proper health of mother and child. Eventually, after delivery of a child, gestational diabetes goes off.

Diet Chart

Sunday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 paneer chapatti + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup bhindi + 2 chapatti + 1/2 cup curd +1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup milk + 1 cup sprout salad
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup dal + 1 cup beans curry + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Monday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk with oats + 6 almonds + 3 walnuts + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup watermelon + muskmelon
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup rajma + 1 cup gobhi aloo + 1 cup cucumber raita + 2 chapatti +1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup lemonade + 1 cup falafal salad
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup arhar dal + 1 cup lotus stem + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Tuesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 vegetable moong dal cheela with green chutney + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup papaya
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup chana dal + 1 cup soybean vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup chana chaat + 1 cup lemonade
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup ghia vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Wednesday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 vegetable suji cheela + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup white chana + 1 cup palak paneer + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup soy chaap + 1 cup shikanji ( no sugar)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup masoor dal + 1 cup snake gourd + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Thursday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 1 cup vegetable bread upma + 5 almonds + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup papaya
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup tinda vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup vegetable soup + 2 toasted bread
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup yam vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Friday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup milk + 2 moong dal cheela with stuffed paneer + 3 walnuts + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup buttermilk + 1 cuucmber salad
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup palak dal + 2 chapatti + 1 cup ghia raita + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup sprouts salad + 1 cup skim milk
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup carrot and beetroot vegetable + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad
Saturday
Breakfast (8:00-8:30AM)1 cup vegetable idli + 1 cup sambhar + green chutney + 1 apple
Mid-Meal (11:00-11:30AM)1 cup lemonade + 1 cup pomegranate
Lunch (2:00-2:30PM)1 cup soybean curry + 2 chapatti + 1 plate salad
Evening (4:00-4:30PM)1 cup paneer tikka + 1 cup shikanji (no sugar)
Dinner (8:00-8:30PM)1 cup moong dal + 1 cup bhindi + 2 chapatti + 1/2 plate salad

Food Items To Limit

  1. Blood sugar levels are raised when people eat sugary foods, particularly those that are refined and processed. Women with gestational diabetes are advised to avoid or limit sugary foods, as much as possible. Sugary foods to avoid include: cakes, biscuits, sweets, puddings, soda, fruit juice with added sugar etc.,
  2. Starchy foods are high in carbohydrates and have a bigger impact on our blood sugar, so it is important to eat them only in small portions. Some very starchy foods are best avoided or limited. These include: white potatoes, white bread, white rice, white pasta etc.,
  3. Some foods are not obviously sources of sugar or carbohydrate, but they may still contain unhealthful levels of both of these food types. Examples of these include: highly processed foods, some condiments, dressings and ketchup, fast foods, alcohol, carbonated beverages etc.,
  4. Milk and fruits contain natural sugars and can be enjoyed in moderation.

Do's And Dont's

Do's & Don'ts:

  1. Eat small and frequent meals.
  2. Add small portions of snacks in between the major meals.
  3. Add post dinner or Bedtime milk.
  4. Restrict the intake of simple carbs like raw sugar, corn syrup, fruit juice concentrate, baked foods, and cereals.
  5. Add raw veggies or salad in your diet.
  6. Add soup as a mid-evening snack.
  7. Take 2 fruits daily (but, avoid high sugary fruits).
  8. Avoid juices completely.
  9. Do not skip breakfast.
  10. Avoid sweets.
  11. Avoid processed and packed foods.
  12. Avoid desserts.
  13. Avoid artificial sweeteners.
  14. Avoid junk foods.
  15. Avoid confectionary and bakery products.
  16. Avoid cold drinks, soda.
  17. Say no to Alcohol.
  18. Limit oil intake. (500ml/month).
  19. Avoid fish that are high in mercury.
  20. Avoid red meat.

Food Items You Can Easily Consume

  1. Fresh or frozen vegetables
  2. Eggs or egg whites
  3. Steel-cut oatmeal topped with berries
  4. Fresh fruit
  5. Skinless chicken breasts
  6. Baked fish
  7. Steamed vegetables
  8. Air-popped popcorn
  9. Unsweetened Greek yogurt

Popular Questions & Answers

Marriage 1 years ago. Detect pcos with hirsutism face, chest, chin, new hair grows. Pregnancy eseche 3 month homeopathy medicine, fbs ppbs tsh prl hb normal, insulin normal, is that affect pregnancy, pcos with unwanted hair growth. First stage pain in abdomen. Doctor prescribed susten 200, m-vista, vitazyme, good morn tablet. Pain stopped. Can the hair growth and pcos harm the baby or fetus, is there any serious condition?

MBBS, M.D., Dip.in pelvic surgey,
Gynaecologist, Kottayam
As your investigation reports are within normal limits and that you are on progesteron support, there is nothing to be worried over. Pcos with hair growth won't affect the fetus. But a close sonological monotoring of the baby, with usg and doppler...
1 person found this helpful

Sir/madam I was diagnosed blood sugar (gestational diabetes) in december 2020. Hba1c level was 8.6 at that time. After this I gone under surgery (cesarean) because my baby died due to blood sugar. After 6 month of surgery my hba1c level is 5.6.i am taking one dose of metformin 500 mg. So now I want to know if I have blood sugar or not. please help me in your consultation. Thanks.

Dip.Diab, Fellowship Diabetology (Gold Medallist), MBBS
Diabetologist, Thane
Probably what u had is gestational diabetes, which occurs only during pregnancy. However, you will have to follow a good diabetic diet as there is higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life. In case you are planning for pregnancy again, ...
1 person found this helpful

Madam, I was diagnosed blood sugar (gestational diabetes) in december 2020. I am taking metformin 500 mg under consultation of my doctor. Now my hba1c is 5.6. So I want to know if I have blood sugar or not. please give your consultation. thank you.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
General Physician, Kolkata
Hba1c of 5.6 is borderline and also you are under medication. We can have a controlled trial of weaning off your medication and see if the blood glucose level sustain. However it should be under proper guidance, so you can have an online consult w...

Recently had miscarriage on 20 march due to 5.25 tsh ultra sensitive fasting sugar 95-98 currently tsh raised to 7.17 ongoing with 25 mg dosage of thyronorm.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Hello, thanks for the query. Sorry to know about the miscarriage. Madam if you had hypothyroidism then it is absolutely essential to maintain tsh < 2.5 mu/l all through the 9 months of gestation for proper development of the baby and for normal an...
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor. Can I have all fruits during pregnancy? I'm 7 week pregnant and I have pcos and thyroid i'm using 25 mcg tab and folic acid tablet vitamin d and glyciphage sr 500 mg. Can I have all the fruits? Due to pcos insulin level may increase right? So please tell me what fruits to eat.

M.B.B.S., M.S.
Gynaecologist, Kota
Hi you are 7 wks pregnant I would like to see your usg take only folic acid can take all fruits you like I think you conceived after letroz so you need hormonal. Support to continue preg that's why I want to see your usg can contact me on librate ok.

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Written By
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Pharmacology
Reviewed By
Diploma In Diet & Nutrition
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