Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age. Polycystic means “many cysts,” and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid-filled and contain immature eggs. PCOS affects one in 4 women.
What are the causes behind it?
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.
Overproduction of the hormone androgen may be another contributing factor. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce.
PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment:
Does PCOS increase weight?
The answer is a ‘YES’. Most PCOS patients are overweight and are asked to exercise which helps control the symptoms but a lot many people have a completely normal body type.
What are the risks associated with PCOS-related weight gain?
No matter what the cause, weight gain can be detrimental to your health. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop many of the problems associated with weight gain and insulin resistance, including:
Benefit of Weight Loss with PCOS
Modest weight loss will not cure PCOS, but it will help. Weight loss can restore the normal function of the ovaries and result in normal hormone production. This may, in turn, lead to improvements in symptoms of PCOS, such as excess hair growth, acne or scalp hair loss.
Protect Yourself From Weight Gain
Foods you should avoid while suffering from PCOS:
Green tea has come up as a boon for people around the world as it has a solution for various health issues, with weight loss being the most prominent among them. But the question is, if people are actually able to take benefit from it or not? To ensure maximum benefits, people must know how much is recommended, and how does it actually help in weight loss? Read on to know more about the magic wand called green tea.
When you are brewing a cup of green tea, the tea leaves that are used get converted into their active form after coming in touch with the hot water, which is when it gets beneficial.
Given that it is a new entrant to the food table, more research is still being done, but the fact remains that it definitely aids in weight loss. In addition to weight loss, there are various other benefits and so reach out for that cup of green tea!
When you want to lose weight, any dietician will tell you to exercise and monitor the food that you consume. You gain weight when you are consuming more calories than you are burning. Alcohol contains calories and so they need to be considered in your calculation of daily calorie intake.
Calorie content of some popular drinks
Here is a list of how many calories are present in some of your favourite drinks-
• 12 ounces of beer contain 150 calories
• 5 ounces of red wine contain 125 calories
• 5 ounces of white wine contain 121 calories
• 1.5 ounces of gin, vodka or rum contain 100 calories
• 4 ounces of champagne contain 85 calories
Moderate drinking refers to just one drink for women and two for men. More than four or five drinks a day qualifies as binge drinking. Your bloodstream picks up the alcohol and sends it to all parts of the body. That is why the ill effects of binging on alcohol manifest as problems spread out all over the body. However, the most noticeable effect is an increase in body weight.
Why does alcohol lead to an increase in body weight?
Alcohol in itself contains a lot of calories. But what makes a drink even more harmful for your body is the amount of sugar and additives that are present in it. Alcohol’s calories are empty i.e. they have no nutritional values but they lead to weight gain. Multiple pieces of research have shown that if you are a heavy drinker, you have 41% higher chances of being overweight than people who abstain from drinking.
• Alcohol also stimulates hunger, which means you feel hungrier when you consume alcohol. Therefore, you eat more and that affects the body’s inhibitors. You will crave for food you will not pause to wonder if the food you are consuming is healthy or not. Moreover, people always consume snacks with alcohol. None of these snacks is healthy for you and can make you gain weight.
• When you drink too much, it impairs the function of your liver. Your liver is responsible for processing alcohol. Therefore, your body cannot metabolize the alcohol and fats begin to accumulate.
• Yet another reason why alcohol can lead to weight gain is that it affects the function of the central nervous system. So all the mechanisms of your body slow down, including your metabolism. When metabolism is slow, you tend to pile on the kilos.
Alcohol in moderation has benefits but when you consume too much of it, your body is affected and the first sign is a rapid increase in weight. Rapid weight gain can again lead to a number of health conditions like obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, etc. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and only stick to a glass or two twice a week.
Protein is a major component in daily diet. So it should be taken in appropriate quantity.
Every cell in your body contains protein, so meeting your protein requirement is essential for your health.
-building tissues and muscles. Protein is necessary for building and repairing body tissues.
Ideally, a person should consume 1gm of protein per kg of ideal body weight. That means everyone has an ideal body weight according to his/ her height. For example, a man is of 5'4" height so according to this height his ideal weight should be 59kg. So that person should eat 59 gm of protein.
But the requirement of protein increases in some cases like athletes, sportsman or body builders.
Because their body uses protein primarily to repair and rebuild muscle that is broken down during exercise
So they should eat 1.2 to 2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight which again will depend on the type of sports.
Now let's talk about the sources of protein for both vegetarians and non vegetarians.
So the veg sources of protein are -tofu, soybeans, lentils, chickpeas and most varieties of beans, green peas, milk and milk products.
And the non-veg sources of protein are- chicken, turkey, beef, pork, fish plus all the vegetarian sources mentioned above.
Now, what happens to our body if we take protein in excess amount? well, it causes a number of problems in our body. Some of them are discussed below:
High-protein diets may promote weight loss, but it may only be short term. Excess protein is usually stored as fat while the surplus of amino acids is excreted. This can lead to weight gain over time, especially if you consume too many calories while trying to increase your protein intake.
Following a high-protein diet for an extended period can increase your risk of kidney damage. Eating too much protein can also affect people who already have kidney disease. This is because of the excess nitrogen found in the amino acids that make up proteins.
Your kidneys have to work harder to get rid of the extra nitrogen and waste products of protein metabolism.
Eating lots of red meat and full-fat dairy foods as part of a high-protein diet may lead to heart disease. This could be related to higher intakes of saturated fat and cholesterol.
Increased cancer risk
High-protein diets have been linked to an increase in cancer, possibly due to higher levels of meat-based protein consumption. Eating more meat is associated with colon, breast, and prostate cancer.
Many people who take high protein diet reported constipation. This is because high-protein diets that restrict carbohydrates are typically low in fiber.
Eating large amounts of protein can lead to bad breath, especially if you restrict your carbohydrate. This could be in part because your body goes into a metabolic state called ketosis, which produces chemicals that give off an unpleasant fruity smell.
When to see your doctor?
It's important that you take the risks into consideration before starting a high-protein diet. High-protein diets may be suitable for certain people. Always speak to your doctor before beginning any new diet, especially if you have any health conditions.
Your doctor and dietitian can guide you to weigh the pros and cons of a high-protein diet based on your individual needs.
Overall, it's important that you eat a healthy, balanced diet and engage in an active lifestyle.
Being overweight or obese leads to many health problems and thus, controlling your diet to reduce fat and weight can help you get your life back. However, one the other side of the spectrum, being too skinny can also be unhealthy. You could also be clinically of a proper weight, but might want to put on some muscle. Diets for both the sides will thus vary greatly.
Diets for weight gain:
AWFUL MISTAKES MOSTLY EVERY DIETER DOES-
1. Low Fat Diet - Fats are not to be feared, rather your body needs dietary fats and cholesterol to produce all vital hormones.
2. Only Fruit Joice For B/F - Most fruit juices raises blood sugar , so your body produces more insulin consequently you'll get hungry and overeat later.
4. Increase Gymming Or Workout - If you don't workout definitely you will gain fat and lose muscle tissue every year. But workout for several hours or join too many fitness classes will not give you the desired result so workout little less as more can increase free radicals and these free radicals can destroy your body's essential nutrients and tissues .
5. Don't Blame Your Age - You are fat because you eat more or you sleep less or you don't move at all otherwise a research shows that men and women in their 90's were also able to lose weight and gain muscle .
6. Take Dinner Too Early - Most people when on diet eat dinner too early which is wrong because by the time you sleep you get hungry again which can interfere with your sleep .
A study shows that most of the people consider workout as a license to binge and eat more when they workout!
Conclusion - Diet plans are great when it comes to losing weight, but only when it is done right. So, it is important to consult a dietician before starting a diet plan.
With the growing market for organic products, there is a widespread confusion on which product to choose. The same dilemma holds good in selecting the type of bread. White bread or brown bread? People are not sure which one to eat to stay healthy. A few quick facts about the two types of bread and which one should be consumed to stay healthy, are given below
White bread is made out of refined wheat flour that has nothing to offer for the body. During the process of making white bread, the bran and wheat germ is removed from the wheat flour and Potassium Bromate, Benzoyl Peroxide or Chlorine Dioxide gas are used for bleaching to generate the whiteness. Potassium Bromate is highly dangerous if consumed in large doses. Chlorine dioxide is also used as a pesticide and is considered hazardous to the environment. When a large amount of white bread is consumed, the refined carbohydrates generate high levels of insulin thus, resulting in higher chances of weight gain. In spite of being globally popular, white bread is highly unhealthy for your body. It is completely devoid of nutrients and it is as harmful as table sugar for the digestive system.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has revealed that whole wheat brown bread is rich in nutrients compared to the white bread. One major factor contributing to the above-mentioned fact is the amount of fiber present in whole wheat brown bread. The increased fiber content slows down the digestion process and thereby, reduces the effect on blood sugar and production of insulin. Other nutrients that are present in brown bread include vitamin B6, E, Folic acid, Zing, Copper and Manganese. Brown bread has lesser amount of calcium as compared with brown bread. Many manufacturers claim that they produce brown bread with the same amount of calcium as in white bread. Whole wheat bread contains Phytonutrient also called as plant lignans that have been observed to protect against heart diseases and breast cancer.
Things to consider while buying Brown Bread
The declining demand for white bread has forced a lot of manufacturers to use caramel as a coloring agent to darken white to brown bread. So buyers need to carefully look for the ingredients mentioned in the packing to ensure that they are buying the right product. It is important to check the first ingredient to see whether it is whole wheat or whole meal flour. If the word "enriched" is used, it means that the same flour used for white bread is used. Look for the bread with the minimum ingredients to ensure that you get maximum nutrients and very little additives. Also, make sure the amount of the following ingredients are as given below; sodium should be lesser than 401mg, saturated fat should be 1gm and fiber needs to be 4gm per 2 slices of serving.
To conclude, when it comes to organic and fitness oriented scenarios, brown is always better than white.
A few days ago, Sara Ali Khan confessed on a popular talk show that she suffers from Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOD) which was the reason behind her sudden weight gain. She went on to explain that she has had to struggle a lot to battle PCOD and keep her weight under control. A starlet speaking up about PCOD has brought everyone’s attention to a disorder that affects 1 out of every 10 women in India. About a million women in India are diagnosed with PCOD every year.
What exactly is PCOD?
A hormonal imbalance or a system disorder triggers Polycystic Ovarian Disorder. Any woman under the age of 40 who has diabetes or a family history of diabetes has a high risk of getting PCOD. The ovaries become enlarged and cysts develop in the ovaries because of the presence of excess amounts of the male hormone androgen. PCOD is dangerous because it also impacts insulin levels and fertility.
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
The most common symptoms of PCOD are-
• Irregular menstrual cycle followed by lack of ovulation which might make it difficult for women to conceive
• Excess hair growth in a male pattern because of the secretion of androgen
• Weight gain and obesity
• Uterine bleeding
• Break-out of acne
Further complications linked to PCOD:
PCOD can lead to a number of other ailments-
• PCOD makes you insulin resistant so women with PCOD have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes
• Blood diagnosis of women with PCOD reveals abnormal levels of C-Reactive proteins blood lipids. These are predictors of coronary artery disorders.
• Because of PCOD cholesterol tends to deposit in the arteries of the heart and increase the risk of cardiac problems
How is PCOS diagnosed?
If you show the symptoms of PCOD, your doctor will order you to undergo blood tests to determine if male hormones like DHEA or testosterone are causing an imbalance. Your thyroid and adrenal gland’s secretions are also evaluated with a blood test. An ultrasound test can reveal if there are cysts in your ovaries.
Treatment of PCOD:
Since PCOD is caused by hormonal imbalance, the most popular course of treatment is hormone therapy to restore the balance of hormones and inhibit the secretion of male hormones. The type of treatment takes into account the age of the patient.
Doctors can prescribe birth control pills to help regulate menstruation. Or, you might simply be given progesterone pills to normalise your periods. Medication also aims to treat the other complications caused by PCOD. Therefore, you will be given medicines that will-
• Control type 2 diabetes
• Lower your insulin resistance
• Lower your blood pressure and blood cholesterol to keep your heart healthy.
How can you prevent the onset of PCOD?
The best way to prevent PCOD is to adopt a healthy lifestyle characterized by a proper diet and exercise. Here are some tips that will help-
• Maintain a normal body weight. Work out regularly to lose weight. Weight loss can lower androgen levels and reduce insulin resistance.
• Live an active life, which can help keep your blood pressure in check.
• Avoid smoking or consuming alcohol
• Your diet should consist of whole grains, high fibre fruits and vegetables.
• A vegetable that has anti-inflammatory properties like turmeric, spinach, walnut or tomatoes.
• Lean proteins like chicken
PCOD can take a toll on your body and psyche but with medication, a careful diet and exercise you can live a normal healthy life.
Protein is the key for muscle building; this will help you gain weight. Help yourself to nuts and dairy products.