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Overview

Dry Eyes: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Dry eyes is a condition that occurs when your tears, a combination of water, fatty oils and mucus, are not able to provide adequate lubrication to your eyes. It is a very common and uncomfortable condition that may happen because your eyes are not able to produce enough tears or are producing poor quality tears. Experiencing long hours of situations like riding a bike, sitting in front of computer screen or in an air conditioned room, may be some causes of this condition. There are many ways to cure this condition. There are drugs to reduce eye lid inflammation or eye drops to reduce cornea inflammation. These treatments may work in most cases if you consult a doctor well in time. The doctor may do a tiny insertion in your eye to produce artificial tears, if your condition is moderate to severe. Also, there are tear stimulating drugs available in the form of pills, gel or eye drops. If your dry eye condition is severe, you may have to go for treatment wherein eye drops are made from your own blood.

How is the treatment done?

The secretion of oil from your oil glands into your tears may be restricted due to inflammation along the edge of your eye lids. There are antibiotics to reduce to this inflammation in the form of pills, eye drops or even ointments. The quality of your tears may also deteriorate due to inflammation in the cornea. This can be solved by using eye drops that contain immune suppressing medication, cyclosporine or corticosteroids. If your dry eye condition is moderate to severe, the doctor may use tiny eye inserts that look like a clear grain of rice made up of hydroxypropyl cellulose. These inserts dissolve in your eye and release a substance that lubricates your eyes. You will have to use one insert once a day. There are some other drugs in the form of pills, gel or eye drops that stimulate tears in your eyes like cholinergics (pilocarpine, cevimeline). If your condition does not improve with any of the above mentioned treatments, there is a more complicated option of making eye drops from your own blood. For this treatment, a sample of your blood will be taken and mixed with salt solution after removing the red blood cells. These eye drops are called autologous blood serum.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you feel constant stinging or burning in your eyes for a long time it could be a symptom of dry eye condition.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are going through some other medical treatment, the constant stinging or burning may be because of the side effects of that treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Corticosteroids may have a few side effects if taken for a long time. Other than that, no significant side effects are known of this treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must look after your eyes really well after the treatment. You should wash your eyes regularly. You can dip a clean cloth in warm water and keep it on your eyes for 2-3 minutes. Repeat the process a few times. Also use a mild soap over your eye lids, massage gently and keep them clean all the time.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time depends on the kind of treatment you choose and the severity of your dry eye condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of treatment varies according to the severity of your condition and the price of drugs required in your treatment.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you take good care of your eyes in the long run.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Adding omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids help in getting rid of dry eye symptoms. Using castor oil drops and acupuncture therapy may also help.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 1,000 - Rs 2,000

Popular Health Tips

Dry Eyes: Ways To Relieve Dry Eye Syndrome!

Dr. Shreyas Shah 90% (122 ratings)
MBBS, DNB (Ophthalmology), ROP
Ophthalmologist, Coimbatore
Dry Eyes: Ways To Relieve Dry Eye Syndrome!
When the eye does not produce the required amount of tears, a condition called dry eyes may emanate. This condition may cause stinging, pain, itching, redness and a host of other symptoms that make normal vision a temporary problem. Also, one might experience difficulty in wearing contact lenses and may feel as if there is are particles trapped within the eyes. Night time driving and facing glares of light also becomes difficult in such cases. Cases where the symptoms have been going on for a prolonged period, must be referred to an ophthalmologist so as to get the correct treatment. Let us find out the various types of treatment for this condition. Medication: A variety of drugs and medication can be used to bring down the inflammation which is the basic cause behind the lack of tears and oil secretion along the edge of the eye, which leads to poor lubrication of the eyes. Oral antibiotics can take care of any underlying infection that may have led to this condition while eye drops and ointments can be used to bring down the swelling. Corneal Inflammation: Many times, the cornea may face inflammation which can be fixed with the help of eye drops that work by releasing their immune suppressing element. These eye drops may contain cyclosporine or corticosteroids which can help in fixing this kind of swelling. One important thing to remember is that these corticosteroids are not good for long term use. Eye Inserts for Artificial Tears: A tiny eye insert can be used to create artificial tears in case your condition goes from mild to moderate and is not too severe. This eye insert resembles a miniscule grain or rice and usually dissolves gradually to release an eye drop like substance in the eye. Tear Stimulators: This kind of medication like Cholinergics, helps in tear production. These are available as pills, drops and ointments. Surgical Procedures: From closing your ducts for bringing down tear loss to using special contact lenses specially designed for people who are suffering from dry eyes and unblocking the oil glands, there are a number of surgical procedures that one can use for fixing this problem. Home Remedies: One can also make use of some home remedies in order to combat dry eyes. The use of a warm washcloth for a few minutes every day can stimulate the tear ducts and oil glands, while a mild soap for the eyelids can also remove the particles clogging the eyelids. Speak with an ophthalmologist about the various options that one can use in order to fix this problem depending on the severity of your case.
2 people found this helpful

7 Causes Behind Night Blindness!

DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
7 Causes Behind Night Blindness!
Night blindness is also called nyctalopia.It's a type of vision impairment. People with night blindness experience poor vision at night or in dimly lit environments. It is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom of an underlying problem, usually a retina problem. What Causes Night Blindness? A number of eye conditions can cause night blindness, including: Nearsightedness or blurred vision when looking at faraway objects. Cataracts or clouding of the eye's lens. Retinitis pigmentosa, which occurs when dark pigment collects in your retina and creates tunnel vision. Vitamin A Deficiency Zinc Deficiency Dry Eyes Diabetes Are the Symptoms of Night Blindness? The sole symptom of night blindness is difficulty seeing in the dark. You're more likely to experience night blindness when your eyes transition from a bright environment to an area of low light, such as when you leave a sunny sidewalk to enter a dimly lit restaurant. You're likely to experience poor vision when driving due to the intermittent brightness of headlights and streetlights on the road. How can I Prevent Night Blindness? You can't prevent night blindness that's the result of birth defects or genetic conditions, such as Usher syndrome. You can, however, properly monitor your blood sugar level and eat a balanced diet to make night blindness less likely. Orange colored foods are excellent sources of vitamin A, including: Cantaloupes Sweet potatoes Carrots Pumpkins Butternut squash Mangoes What are the Treatment Options for Night Blindness? The treatment will depend on its causes. Nutrient deficiency (Vitamin A and Zinc) is the easiest to treat. If the cause is cataract, you can go for cataract surgery to remove the clouded lens and replace it with artificial intraocular lens. Vision is usually dramatically improved after surgery. For dry eye syndrome, lubricate your eyes with artificial tear drops as they provide instant relief. Just make sure that they are without preservatives. Diabetic retinopathy can be prevented with tight control over blood sugar, active lifestyle and good dietary habits. As for retinitis pigmentosa, unfortunately there are no treatments available. Thankfully, new research is showing that vitamin A might have a slowing effect on the progression of this eye disease.
3687 people found this helpful

Dry Eyes - 9 Signs You Must Not Ignore!

Dr. Harshavardhan Ghorpade 87% (33 ratings)
MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Dry Eyes - 9 Signs You Must Not Ignore!
Dry eyes are a common phenomenon that develops when the tears do not provide sufficient moisture to your eyes. This may also be the result of inadequate production of tears by the tear ducts. This condition cannot be cured permanently; however, treatments usually help. Signs and symptoms of dry eyes: A scratchy, burning and a stinging sensation in the eyes Mucous surrounding the eyes Sensitivity to light Redness of the eyes A feeling that something is stuck in the eyes Problems in wearing contact lenses Vision problems, especially while driving at night Watery eyes caused due to the irritation that stems from dry eyes Blurred vision What are the causes? 1. Tears are a mix of fatty oils, water and mucus. This combination safeguards your eyes from any sort of infection in addition to keeping your ocular surface (the cornea surface) clear and smooth. Your eyes dry up if the tear ducts do not produce enough tears; medically, this condition is termed keratoconjunctivitis sicca . It can occur due to: Age Certain medical complications such as Sjogren s Syndrome (a medical condition marked by dry eyes and a dry mouth) arthritis, diabetes, thyroid disorders and deficiency of Vitamin A among a few others Side effects of certain medications such as anti-depressants, acne medications, birth control medications and medicines to control high blood pressure Laser eye surgery or damage caused to the tear gland due to exposure to radiation or inflammation 2. Increased drying up or evaporation of the tears caused due to exposure to various kinds of smoke, dry air or wind, less of blinking while focusing on any particular activity or an object and eye lid problems such as in-turning of the eyelids (entropion) and out-turning of the eyelids (ectropion) can contribute to this irritating condition. 3. Imbalance in any of the layers constituting a tear film (made of oil, mucus and water) might lead to this condition.
3938 people found this helpful

Care Of An Eye

Varsha Choudhary Dave 88% (24 ratings)
M.D. ( Hom.), B.H.M.S
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
Care Of An Eye
Eye has a continuous secretion of tears day and night, that act as a lubricant in our eye, and even has a power to fight against multiple infection. But maximum of us has a habit of splashing the water in eye in morning in order to clean it, in fact this damages the layer of tears, and precipitates the dry eye syndrome.
2 people found this helpful

8 Common Causes of Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)!

Dr. Rajeev Gupta 88% (25 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad
8 Common Causes of Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)!
Macular Degeneration is an age-related macular degeneration incurable eye disease, which might result in blurred vision or no vision in the centre of the vision field, which might lead to visual distortions, reduced central vision, decreased intensity of the colours and can make it difficult for the patient to recognize faces, read, drive and to perform other activities. Types of Macular Degeneration 1. Dry Macular Degeneration: It is characterized by the presence of drusen and thinning of macula because of a breakdown or thinning of the layer of retinal pigment epithelial cells in the macula. 2. Wet macular degeneration: In this type of AMD, there is an excessive growth of blood vessels, which causes bleeding, leakage, as well as scaring under the retina, which results in a rapid and severe loss of the central vision and might become permanent if not treated. Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration: This is caused due to a problem related to the part of eye known as Macula, which is a spot at the centre of the retina of the eye. The focus point of the incoming ray of light is on Macula, which is responsible for see the things direct in front of us, especially reading and writing. Age: As the age increases, the probability of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration also increases significantly. The degree of the macular degeneration might vary person to person, but ageing is a major cause of suffering from age-related macular degeneration. Smoking: Smoking increases the chances of developing the disease in comparison to someone who does not smoke. The longer you have smoked, the more are the chances of developing it. Family History: The risk of developing the Age-related Macular Degeneration increases if it runs in your family, i.e. if your parents and siblings are suffering from it, then your chances of developing it are quite high as compared to the ones who do not have any family history. Obesity: The obese people have the higher chances of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration. Alcohol: Higher alcohol consumption also puts you at the risk of AMD, which is why one should always take alcohol in limited quantity only. Sunlight: As going out in sunlight without sunscreen is harmful to your skin, the same is harmful to your eyes for longer duration, and one should always wear UV-absorbing sunglasses to protect his eyes from AMD. Ethnicity: The white and Chinese are more prone to developing AMD as compared to the black people. Cardiovascular disease: the persons who have suffered diseases that affect the heart and other blood vessel are at higher risk of macular degeneration. Treatment of Age-related Macular Degeneration 1. Anti-VEGF Drugs: The dry macular degeneration cannot be cured while the wet macular degeneration can be stabilized and maintained with a number of medical treatments to be injected into the eye, such as Lucentis, Avastin and Eylea. These are not long procedures and continued monitoring of the vision to maintain or improve the vision. 2. Laser photocoagulation: It consists of a concentrated beam of high energy thermal light that is directed towards the retina to obliterate and seal leaking blood vessels.
4904 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Eyes problem for. Dry eyes Ashrugranti 60 percent doing so eye s pen and early infection about dust air and sunlight Eyes one hour atomtikali clouded.

Dr. Praveen S Sirisuru 92% (380 ratings)
MBBS
General Physician,
Hi sir, don't neglect the eyes even so you are busy as dry eyes lead to corneal problems and further progression lead to blindness. Use methy cellulose eye drops, when you are in driving wear spectacles and check vision once.
1 person found this helpful

Can I use zyaqua 0.5% eye drops as sometimes I feel dry eye or there is some pain while watching smartphone. Sometimes there is little blur too while reading texts. I have -0.5 power in left eye and -0.75 in right eye.

Dr. Jayvirsinh Chauhan 97% (6881 ratings)
MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Vadodara
It is better limit use of smartphone.. Keep.habit of blinking eyes often. Give warm cold compress regularly ... And if needed take homoeopathic treatment..

I am using contact lens for the past 3 yrs. My eye gets dry quickly is there any eye drop for dryness.

Dr. Pulak Mukherjee 91% (2990 ratings)
BHMS
Homeopath, Hooghly
It may be due to using of contact lens, long use of contact lens can cause dryness, you need to consult with a eye specialist for this purpose, that will be better for you.

Hi, I am using glasses with power -2.75. I am not able to concentrate on work if I work for longer duration and I have dry and itchy eyes. So I would like to know which kind of glasses will be good to reduce the strain on eyes? What kind of glasses are best for people who use computer almost 8 hrs per day?

Dr. Ketan Bhardwaj 90% (14 ratings)
ms ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
The prob is not in your spectacles. See people working for long hours on computer generally suffer from computer vision syndrome (CVS. Your symptoms are due to this. 1st of all have a healthy balanced diet and proper hydration. 2nd try to avoid working continously for more then 2 hour. Close your eyes or take a break. 3rd Use eye drop cmc (refresh tear or tear drop) 4 times a day. 4rth Normally computer come with antiglare and protection screen. But you can try on your specs too. 5th Proper walk for 15 min a day and pencil pushup exercise for 10 min. And regularly have your refractive error checked around 6 mnths. Try to follow up after 15 days.
2 people found this helpful

Hi, I am using glasses with power +2.75. I am not able to concentrate on work if I work for longer duration and I have dry and itchy eyes. So I would like to use contact lens. What are best lens for people who use computer almost 8 hrs per day?

Dr. Vaibhev Mittal 93% (3292 ratings)
Fellowship in Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
Hello For long work on computer in a patient with dry eyes, I would not suggest contact lens as contact lens will aggravate dryness Try A.cold compresses B use lubricating eyedrop frequently.

Health Quizzes

What are Dry Eyes?

Dr. Tejas D. Shah 89% (45 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, Diploma in Ophthalmology , Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Protecting the eyes from the harmful environment is an important part when it comes to treating dry eyes. True or False. Take this quiz to know now!
Start Quiz
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