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Overview

Dry Eyes: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

Dry eyes is a condition that occurs when your tears, a combination of water, fatty oils and mucus, are not able to provide adequate lubrication to your eyes. It is a very common and uncomfortable condition that may happen because your eyes are not able to produce enough tears or are producing poor quality tears. Experiencing long hours of situations like riding a bike, sitting in front of computer screen or in an air conditioned room, may be some causes of this condition. There are many ways to cure this condition. There are drugs to reduce eye lid inflammation or eye drops to reduce cornea inflammation. These treatments may work in most cases if you consult a doctor well in time. The doctor may do a tiny insertion in your eye to produce artificial tears, if your condition is moderate to severe. Also, there are tear stimulating drugs available in the form of pills, gel or eye drops. If your dry eye condition is severe, you may have to go for treatment wherein eye drops are made from your own blood.

How is the treatment done?

The secretion of oil from your oil glands into your tears may be restricted due to inflammation along the edge of your eye lids. There are antibiotics to reduce to this inflammation in the form of pills, eye drops or even ointments. The quality of your tears may also deteriorate due to inflammation in the cornea. This can be solved by using eye drops that contain immune suppressing medication, cyclosporine or corticosteroids. If your dry eye condition is moderate to severe, the doctor may use tiny eye inserts that look like a clear grain of rice made up of hydroxypropyl cellulose. These inserts dissolve in your eye and release a substance that lubricates your eyes. You will have to use one insert once a day. There are some other drugs in the form of pills, gel or eye drops that stimulate tears in your eyes like cholinergics (pilocarpine, cevimeline). If your condition does not improve with any of the above mentioned treatments, there is a more complicated option of making eye drops from your own blood. For this treatment, a sample of your blood will be taken and mixed with salt solution after removing the red blood cells. These eye drops are called autologous blood serum.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

If you feel constant stinging or burning in your eyes for a long time it could be a symptom of dry eye condition.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you are going through some other medical treatment, the constant stinging or burning may be because of the side effects of that treatment.

Are there any side effects?

Corticosteroids may have a few side effects if taken for a long time. Other than that, no significant side effects are known of this treatment.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

You must look after your eyes really well after the treatment. You should wash your eyes regularly. You can dip a clean cloth in warm water and keep it on your eyes for 2-3 minutes. Repeat the process a few times. Also use a mild soap over your eye lids, massage gently and keep them clean all the time.

How long does it take to recover?

The recovery time depends on the kind of treatment you choose and the severity of your dry eye condition.

What is the price of the treatment in India?

The cost of treatment varies according to the severity of your condition and the price of drugs required in your treatment.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The results of the treatment are mostly permanent if you take good care of your eyes in the long run.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

Adding omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids help in getting rid of dry eye symptoms. Using castor oil drops and acupuncture therapy may also help.

Safety: Medium Effectiveness: Medium Timeliness: Medium Relative Risk: Medium Side Effects: Medium Time For Recovery: Medium Price Range:

Rs 1,000 - Rs 2,000

Popular Health Tips

Dry Eye Syndrome - 4 Ways to Treat It!

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, Diploma in Ophthalmology , Fellowship in Cornea and Anterior Segment
Ophthalmologist, Ahmedabad
Dry Eye Syndrome - 4 Ways to Treat It!

Do your eyes get tired easily? Do they look sore or sandy? If yes, then it’s time to worry for your eyes now. There is every possibility that you might have developed a dry eye. It is a common disorder of the eyes that occurs due to aging. It causes discomfort as you end up feeling scratchy or gritty all the time. The eyes turn red and have a burning sensation and feel itchy. Things get worse when you tend to stress your eyes by spending extra hours in front of the computer or read texts. In fact, the discomfort increases as the blinking frequency of the eyes get reduced.

One may also develop blurred vision due to dry eyes. An individual feels as if there is some particle inside his or her eyes, but finds nothing. Though this condition doesn’t lead to very dangerous consequences, it is always a wise decision to seek medical help. The medical term for this condition is keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Once you develop dry eye, there is always a tendency to get it back again. But, the good news is that it can be treated to get some relief.

Causes
Dry eye is caused due to problems related to tear formation. When we blink our eyes, a film is formed over it. This thin layer is called a tear film. Tear film is responsible for clarity in vision. In case, enough tear is not produced, one tends to suffer from dry eyes. It is mainly caused due to ageing. 
If you don't produce enough tears, if your tears aren't of the right quality or your tears aren't spread across the front of your eye properly then you may develop dry eye. The glands producing tear or the tear film get inactive with age. Sometimes, the tear film is also affected by certain medicines, contact lenses, diseases like rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren's syndrome.

Treatment
Dry eyes caused due to ageing cannot be cured completely. You must see a doctor for treatment but there are no permanent cure remedies. However, there are ways to help you get some relief. Here are the ways:

  1. Try to increase the natural tears: There are certain home-based remedies to get some relief from the problem. You can keep the temperature of your room lower to get rid of the symptoms of dry eyes. Higher temperature leads to the evaporation of the tears. You can keep a humidifier in your room that adds more moisture to the air inside the room. This prevents drying up of the eye due to evaporation of tears. It is also found that when one blinks less, tear formation is reduced. The blinking is reduced while working on computers and reading. One must be careful while doing such things and try and blink as many times as possible.
  2. Use eye drops: One needs to use eye drops called ‘artificial tears.’ They are an alternative to the natural tears. If usual drops are not effective, gel-based thicker drops or overnight ointments are prescribed.
  3. Block tear ducts: Another way of tackling dry eyes is by reducing the drainage of tears. For this, the tear ducts are blocked by plastic pieces called punctual plugs. The process is termed as punctal occlusion.
  4. Take food supplements: Certain oils and Omega 3 and 6 are known to be beneficial in treating dry eyes. Include these supplements in your diet to keep your eyes healthy.
20 people found this helpful

Bloodshot Eyes - Causes, Symptoms and Complications

MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Bloodshot Eyes - Causes, Symptoms and Complications

Bloodshot eyes indicate the reddening of the eye vessels. They can cause irritation and make the eye swollen. The condition may arise due to allergies, eye infections, allergies, fatigue and other illness of the eye. It does not signify a disease but indicates an eye condition which might have caused the eye to redden. Bloodshot eyes can be encountered in one or both the eyes.

Causes of Bloodshot Eyes:

One of the frequent causes of bloodshot eyes is irritants such as dry air, pollen, pet dander, dust and UV rays of the sun. Shortage of sleep also tends to make the eyes red. Inflammations of the eye can also make them red giving a bloodshot appearance. It can even happen with people who wear contact lens for more than 16 hours without soaking it in the disinfectant. At times excessive dryness can make the eyes red. Some other reasons for the eye to become red include conjunctivitis, blepharitis, glaucoma and corneal ulcer. Another concerning reason of bloodshot eyes is a subconjunctival haemorrhage. While the latter is not dangerous in nature, it can cause significant trouble if proper care is not taken on time.

Symptoms of Red Eyes:

Some of the common signs of bloodshot eyes include watery eyes, foreign sensation, burning feeling, dermatitis, falling of eye lashes, light sensitivity, swollen eyelid, itching of the eye and feeling of irritation of the eye.

The Complications Involved:

In most of the cases, bloodshot eyes do not imply serious complications. In case it happens from conjunctivitis, a person may not be able to go to work, wear cosmetics and come in public places since it is a communicable disease. If bloodshot eyes arise from a serious condition such as glaucoma and trauma, some of the possible complications may involve the following:

  1. Eye scarring

  2. Vision loss due to complete blindness

  3. Spreading of the existing condition to other persons

  4. Eye loss in severe cases

Preventive Measures:

Bloodshot eyes might arise from an array of reasons. While it cannot be totally dodged, some general preventive measures can ensure that such a condition does not arise:

  1. Keeping hands clean by thoroughly washing them with liquid soap

  2. Not sharing personal belongings such as washcloths, linen, and cosmetics

  3. Get immediate medical attention in case of any eye injuries

  4. Stay away from an environment that is full of allergens

  5. Staying away from people who are suffering from infectious eye diseases such as conjunctivitis

  6. Taking a shower immediately after getting in touch with an infected person suffering from conjunctivitis

  7. Wearing eye glasses in a dusty environment

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.

3387 people found this helpful

Dry Mouth and Eyes - Complications Associated With It!

Diploma In HIV Medicine, MBBS
HIV Specialist, Surat
Dry Mouth and Eyes - Complications Associated With It!

An immune system disorder distinguished by dry mouth and dry eyes is known as Sjogren’s Syndrome. It can also cause dryness in places that require moisture, such as throat, nose and skin. Sjogren’s syndrome is often linked to other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus (disease in which the immune system destroys its own tissues and causes inflammations). Sjogren’s syndrome normally affects people over the age of 40, and it mostly affects women.

Symptoms 
Sjogren’s syndrome has mainly two symptoms, and they include:

  1. Dry eyes: You feel like there is sand in your eyes as it burns and itches
  2. Dry mouth: You have difficulty speaking or swallowing

Sometimes, you might experience other symptoms as well, such as:

  1. Joint pain, stiffness and swelling
  2. Inflamed salivary glands
  3. Dry skin or skin rashes
  4. Vaginal dryness
  5. Continuous dry coughs
  6. Sustained fatigue

Causes
The exact cause of Sjogren’s syndrome is not known, but research strongly suggests that the autoimmune disease could be caused by genetic factors; especially if the illness has been found in more than one member of the family. Also, families with members suffering from type I diabetes, lupus and autoimmune thyroid disease can cause one or more members of the family to develop Sjogren’s syndrome.


Complications
The complications of Sjogren’s syndrome include:

  1. Dental cavities: Saliva protects the teeth from harmful bacteria that cause cavities. Since your mouth is dry, you become more susceptible to develop cavities.
  2. Yeast infections: Oral thrush, an oral yeast infection, is likely to develop if you have Sjogren’s syndrome.
  3. Vision problems: Dry eyes can cause corneal ulcers, sensitivity and blurred vision.
  4. Problems in the lungs, liver or kidneys: Inflammations can lead to bronchitis or pneumonia in your lungs; may cause cirrhosis or hepatitis C in your liver; and may lead to kidney malfunctions.
  5. Lymphoma: Some people with Sjogren’s syndrome might develop lymphoma, or lymph node cancer.

Peripheral neuropathy: Another complication of this illness is peripheral neuropathy, which is a tingling, burning and numbness sensation felt in your feet and hands.

Treatment
Sjogren’s syndrome is either treated with drugs, or with surgery. Doctors may prescribe drugs to increase the production of saliva and to treat inflammations. Alternatively, surgery is done to either seal the tear ducts or insert silicon or collagen plugs to close the ducts temporarily. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.

2631 people found this helpful

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) - 8 Common Causes

Ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologist, Thane
Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) - 8 Common Causes

Macular Degeneration is an age-related macular degeneration incurable eye disease, which might result in blurred vision or no vision in the centre of the vision field, which might lead to visual distortions, reduced central vision, decreased intensity of the colours and can make it difficult for the patient to recognize faces, read, drive and to perform other activities.

Types of Macular Degeneration
1. Dry Macular Degeneration: It is characterized by the presence of drusen and thinning of macula because of a breakdown or thinning of the layer of retinal pigment epithelial cells in the macula.

2. Wet macular degeneration: In this type of AMD, there is an excessive growth of blood vessels, which causes bleeding, leakage, as well as scaring under the retina, which results in a rapid and severe loss of the central vision and might become permanent if not treated.

Causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration:
This is caused due to a problem related to the part of eye known as Macula, which is a spot at the centre of the retina of the eye. The focus point of the incoming ray of light is on Macula, which is responsible for see the things direct in front of us, especially reading and writing.

  1. Age: As the age increases, the probability of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration also increases significantly. The degree of the macular degeneration might vary person to person, but ageing is a major cause of suffering from age-related macular degeneration.
  2. Smoking: Smoking increases the chances of developing the disease in comparison to someone who does not smoke. The longer you have smoked, the more are the chances of developing it.
  3. Family History: The risk of developing the Age-related Macular Degeneration increases if it runs in your family, i.e. if your parents and siblings are suffering from it, then your chances of developing it are quite high as compared to the ones who do not have any family history.
  4. Obesity: The obese people have the higher chances of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration.
  5. Alcohol: Higher alcohol consumption also puts you at the risk of AMD, which is why one should always take alcohol in limited quantity only.
  6. Sunlight: As going out in sunlight without sunscreen is harmful to your skin, the same is harmful to your eyes for longer duration, and one should always wear UV-absorbing sunglasses to protect his eyes from AMD.
  7. Ethnicity: The white and Chinese are more prone to developing AMD as compared to the black people.
  8. Cardiovascular disease: The persons who have suffered diseases that affect the heart and other blood vessel are at higher risk of macular degeneration.

Treatment of Age-related Macular Degeneration
1. Anti-VEGF Drugs: The dry macular degeneration cannot be cured while the wet macular degeneration can be stabilized and maintained with a number of medical treatments to be injected into the eye, such as Lucentis, Avastin and Eylea. These are not long procedures and continued monitoring of the vision to maintain or improve the vision.

2. Laser photocoagulation: It consists of a concentrated beam of high energy thermal light that is directed towards the retina to obliterate and seal leaking blood vessels. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ophthalmologist.

4051 people found this helpful

Meibomianitis- Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

MBBS, MS
Ophthalmologist, Navi Mumbai
Meibomianitis- Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Meibomianitis is a disease that occurs when the lubrication glands of the eyes called Meibomian glands malfunction. The function of these glands is to produce oil that keeps our eyes lubricated and moisturised. Due to some reasons that we shall be looking at later, these small glands flip their switch and start producing excessive oil or just get inflamed causing Meibomianitis.

Bacteria also collect and prosper on the eyelids in the extra oil adding to the malaise.

So, how do you confirm that you have Meibomianitis?

Look out for these symptoms:

  1. Watery eyes
  2. Swelling and redness of eyelids
  3. Burning sensation in eyes
  4. Itchiness
  5. Flaking skin around eyes
  6. Crusted eyelashes
  7. Light sensitivity
  8. Frequent styes or bumps along the eyelids typically caused due to excess oil secretion and inflamed Meibomian gland
  9. Excessive blinking
  10. Blurred vision
  11. Loss of eyelashes
  12. Dry eyes

Like with all diseases, the severity of symptoms varies from patient to patient. A few may experience only mild symptoms, while others have to grapple with severe irritation and burning.

We suggest that you don’t wait for your symptoms to become extreme before you visit your doctor.

Root Causes of Meibomianitis:

We already know that Meibomianitis occurs when the meibomian glands in the eyelids don’t function properly.

But why does this happen?

The answer is that Meibomianitis is caused by any condition that increases oil production in oil glands. Like:

  1. Hormonal changes, especially during adolescence
  2. Allergies
  3. Skin conditions, such as acne and rosacea
  4. Eyelash lice
  5. Acne medications which actually encourage the growth of bacteria on the eyelids
  6. A few contact lens solutions
  7. Infected eye makeup

Meibomianitis, however, is not contagious.

Diagnosis and Cure:

When you go to a doctor with symptoms of meibomianitis, he will examine your eyes, focusing on eyelids and the front surface of your eyeball. By doing this, he will be able to identify whether you have blocked meibomian glands.

Next, he will use a swab to collect a sample of the crust or oil from your eyes and send this sample to a lab to be tested for bacteria.

If the test is positive, your doctor will recommend a thorough cleaning of your eyelids with warm water. He may also prescribe antibiotics or steroids to treat your eye condition in form of eye drops or creams applied directly to your eyelids, or in pill form.

Apart from this, you may have to forego wearing of contact lenses and treatment for your acne and rosacea. We also recommend that you go make-up free as this causes a buildup of bacteria and always maintain proper eye hygiene so that your oil glands remain infection - free always. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a ophthalmologist.

2272 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

How to use Iflomax Gel by Ajanta Pharma? Is it supposed to be applied inside eyelid margin? Is it the same as VitaPos ointment ? I have Dry Eyes. Also, Is every Drops preservative-free?

MS, FVRS
Ophthalmologist, Guntur
Not all eye drops are preservative free (BAK). And there is no harm in using preservative drops for shorter duration. Only in cases of longer duration medication, these preservatives will be toxic to the eye. And yes. You need to apply the medicine inside the eye at lid margin (fornix).

My eyes are dry and painful. My eyeballs are inflamed, with red veins all over. Have used all sorts of lubricating drops but to no avail. Currently using Ocusoft Max drops and local Eye ointment. Went to Vision Care stay Nagar.Please suggest me something for that.

MBBS, DNB (Ophthalmology), ROP
Ophthalmologist, Coimbatore
Do you itching cause you need to have anti allergic eye drops like ocupat or ocurest if that is the case. Also since you say it is paining, we need to find out whether it is actually inflammation which causing pain and redness. Consult an ophthalmologist to rule out the same. But if what we are looking at is only dryness, then Use Eubri eye drops 4 times a day along with Genteal gel at night. Also take cap Osmega once daily. Use it for at least 15 days. If in spite of this your symptoms don't subside, we will have to investigate you for systemic causes for dryness.
2 people found this helpful

Hi, I am using glasses with power -2.75. I am not able to concentrate on work if I work for longer duration and I have dry and itchy eyes. So I would like to know which kind of glasses will be good to reduce the strain on eyes? What kind of glasses are best for people who use computer almost 8 hrs per day?

ms ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Faridabad
The prob is not in your spectacles. See people working for long hours on computer generally suffer from computer vision syndrome (CVS. Your symptoms are due to this. 1st of all have a healthy balanced diet and proper hydration. 2nd try to avoid working continously for more then 2 hour. Close your eyes or take a break. 3rd Use eye drop cmc (refresh tear or tear drop) 4 times a day. 4rth Normally computer come with antiglare and protection screen. But you can try on your specs too. 5th Proper walk for 15 min a day and pencil pushup exercise for 10 min. And regularly have your refractive error checked around 6 mnths. Try to follow up after 15 days.
5 people found this helpful

Hi, I am using glasses with power +2.75. I am not able to concentrate on work if I work for longer duration and I have dry and itchy eyes. So I would like to use contact lens. What are best lens for people who use computer almost 8 hrs per day?

Fellowship In Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
Hello For long work on computer in a patient with dry eyes, I would not suggest contact lens as contact lens will aggravate dryness Try A.cold compresses B use lubricating eyedrop frequently.
1 person found this helpful

I have undergone LASIK surgery on Dec 2014. After that I suffer from dry eyes, burning sensation & hazy vision. I love to cook so these issues are here becoz of my cooking. Am I allowed to cook after LASIK? How to deal with my eye issues naturally? please suggest.

Fellowship In Comprehensive Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Sangrur
Hello Yes... You can cook after lasik You can A. Cold compresses B blink a lot C use antiglare glasses D avoid direct exposure of eye to air E. Use lubrucating eyedrop frequently
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
What is the price of the treatment in India?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
How Diabetes Can Affects Your Eyes?
Know the effects of Diabetes on your Eyes
Play video
Cosmetic Rehabilitation of Disfigured Eyes
Hi, I m Dr Hrishikesh Tadwalkar, and I m the consultant of oculoplastic surgery or also known as eye plastic. In this speciality, I look after the diseases of an eyelid, the lachrymal system or the tear drainage system, and orbital diseases, i.e, the diseases pertaining to the muscles and other soft tissues which are behind the eye and also the bones which surround the eye.

Today I would like to speak about a very important condition that we handle in this department, and that is the cosmetic rehabilitation of disfigured eyes. Eyes get disfigured or they get damaged, they lose vision due to many conditions. Be it some tumours inside the eye for which the eyes have to be removed, or more commonly during injuries like road traffic accidents or other injuries like assault or chemical injuries like acid or alkali burns.

When we look at a person while interacting, we look at the eye, and therefore it is very important to have a normal appearance in both eyes. If unfortunately, vision cannot be restored in an eye, still, the cosmetic appearance need to be restored to give the patient both psychological confidence, as well as an ability to move about in society with confidence. In this particular condition, we try to customize the treatment, because every person comes with different diseases. We first evaluate it thoroughly and then discuss with the patients about the various treatment options that are available in terms of surgery. The types of implants that are choices available that we can put, and lastly, what kind of surgery will we be undergoing. Once this is decided, the patient undergoes the surgery.

There are different types of surgery like Evisceration, Exenteration, Enucleation, etc. But surgery is only half the part of this treatment. After the surgery, the post-operation period, the patient is carefully monitored for wound healing. And once the wound is healed, which takes about six to eight weeks.

The second part, or even more important part, is fitting with an artificial prosthesis. At our Institute, we have a complete full-fledged custom made artificial eye fitting prosthetic center, where step wise the socket is assessed for the size and various models are made of the artificial eye which are then fitted to the patient and then hand painted to match the other eye. Once this artificial eye is fabricated, the patient is taught in a detailed manner how to wear it, how to take care of it, how to clean it, and then the patient is given instructions as to what medicines are to be put. In this way, we make sure that the patients are satisfied with the appearance. This and many more conditions are treated in such detailed manner at our Institute.

If you have any questions or if you have any queries, or if you have a patient who needs to consult, then please get in touch with me through Lybrate.com. Thank you.
Play video
Conjunctivitis And Its Types
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It can affect one or both eyes. Prevention is partly by handwashing. Treatment depends on the underlying cause.
Play video
Age Related Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration, also known as age-related macular degeneration, is a medical condition which may result in blurred or no vision in the center of the visual field. Over time, however, some people experience a gradual worsening of vision that may affect one or both eyes.
Play video
Keratoconus
Keratoconus is a disorder of the eye which results in progressive thinning of the cornea.This may result in blurry vision, double vision, nearsightedness, astigmatism, and light sensitivity.[3] Usually both eyes are affected. In more severe cases a scarring or a circle may be seen within the cornea.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice