Therapeutic diets are prepared to optimize the nutritional requirements of an individual in order to treat a range of ailments or to improve one’s ability to eat. A diet prescribed by a physician is a part of the treatment plan for a clinical condition or a disease to eliminate, increase, or decrease specific nutritional needs in the diet and minimize the risk of injuries.
Dieticians recommend therapeutic diets either to improve the patient’s overall health or to maintain a healthful lifestyle. For example, many patients undergoing dialysis are on diets that are therapeutic to their cure so that they observe maximum improvement in condition from the dialysis.
Purpose of Therapeutic Diet:
The following are the main purposes of therapeutic diet-
Therapeutic diets can prove beneficial to certain conditions such as-
Along with dietary management, injury and safety concerns are also a major factor. The capability of swallowing food may affect the choice of diet consistency that needs to be followed. Dieticians recommend particular therapeutic diets for patients who have difficulty swallowing. They should be served foods that are chopped, thickened liquids, or pureed, to reduce the risk of choking.
Types of Therapeutic Diet:
A therapeutic diet, also known as a clinical diet, refers to a special diet plan that manages the intake of certain nutrients or foods. It is usually an alteration of one’s regular diet. Some common clinical diet examples include-
The dietician or physician may recommend changes in one’s therapeutic diet, depending on the patient’s response and development in overall health condition. Remember, a specific diet that may suit one person may not be ideal for another. It is best to leave up to your physician/dietician to decide which particular diet you should stick to.
Today, our lifestyle is a serious threat to our health. We live in a way in which we do not provide the right food to the body, nor do we exercise it right. Taking into account the fact that we consume so much processed food and even more unhealthy food, is there something that can be done? Well, of course! Without having to put much effort, follow some simple steps, which will result in plenty of benefits.
Remember, the main area of focus in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle is your diet. After all, it is true that this has massive effects on the health of any person, regardless of the stage of life he or she is at.
Sleep better: Over the longer run, it is impossible for a person to prosper health-wise if he or she does not get a sufficient amount of sleep, according to what is actually needed. A few simple things which can be done to improve a person’s sleep are cutting out caffeine and alcohol from one’s diet. While it may seem that alcohol helps a person sleep better, it does throw the sleep cycle out of whack. Similarly, caffeine has properties which contribute in keeping a person up for longer hours.
Eat a balanced diet: When it comes to the ideal diet for a healthy person, it should contain an adequate amount of nutrients and should also be balanced so as to not overload on any one set of nutrients. Comprehensiveness has its much required advantages. So adequate portions of fresh fruits and vegetables is a must, while you should keep a check on the consumption of sugar, fast food and starchy food items.
Quit smoking: Smoking is one of the worst habits any person can have and it does no favours for any individual, regardless of the situation that is faced. If no problems are faced, it can create its own! Apart from the repercussions on the heart, what also occurs when a person smokes is that the bones are weakened and the bladder is irritated. Additionally, the risk of cancer increases. So, who would want to compound the normal troubles of life with the misery all these things can provide?
During pregnancy, a woman needs to take care of her body and her baby. One of the most important parts of pregnancy is the level of nutrition and diet of the woman. This has a direct bearing on the growth of the baby as well as the progression of the pregnancy. Nutrition is a matter of deciding what kind of food one should eat and the kind of food that one should stay away from, at this point. Weight management and looking after your sugar and blood pressure levels is also a part of this nutrition plan that you will follow during your pregnancy.
In case you are confused about the diet and nutrition plan that you must follow during your pregnancy, then here is a plan that you can use. Do remember to consult your doctor so that it may be customised as per your body and specific conditions.
Who does not want to be in shape & look slim? of course all of us! To maintain the beauty, many of us are working hard to keep their body in shape and hence is ready to go for anything just to lose weight. People pay heavy money for gym and fitness training centres for their weight loss and health. We stop eating our favourite foods to look slim. Many of us are opting for some meal replacement shakes, medicines or supplements for this purpose.
However, we generally ignore the simple healthy eating habits that have a major role in weight loss & health. Only menu selection is not sufficient to achieve weight loss and health targets. Menu is important but its not everything, it is one of the important part of healthy living. It has been beautifully illustrated in Ayurvedic text also that how important are your habits.
“How we eat is as important as what we eat.”
Methodical & disciplined eating helps to extract best out of food for body & soul. Food is not just to fill the stomach, it is to nourish every cell of the body.
“You can make your food to work like a superfood by complimenting with eating habits. “
Let us look at some of the healthy eating habits that will surely help you to maintain your best:
To sum up: Tune in with your gut, listen to your stomach & instinct and gather knowledge to follow a path of good health. You will surely achieve your targets.
The salt content in food is a natural fact. People prefer salt in their food items in order to have taste, but medical research studies have suggested that excessive intake of salt leads the individuals to suffer from high blood pressure which is harmful to their wellbeing. Over the past century, medical research has become quite advanced. According to various researches, high consumption of salt in food can make the health conditions of the individuals get worse to a wide extent. Not only high blood pressure but consuming too much salt or sodium can cause heart complications for the individuals. However, the doctors have prescribed that the salt in the diet can have some health advantages which can positively impact the health conditions of the people.
Pros of containing salt in diet:
Apart from all these beneficial factors, medical science has listed certain drawbacks or cons of intake of salt that can affect the health conditions of the people. Scientists have proved and showed evidence that excess of salt in the diet can cost various innocent lives.
The negative factors of excessive salt intake have been listed below:
Thus from the overall discussion, it can be said that medical researchers have thoroughly generated their views regarding the fact that salt or sodium intake can leave both the positive and negative impacts on the lives of the people. Hence, it is widely recommended by the doctors that people must reduce their salt consumption in their diet to reduce blood pressure and maintain a healthy living.
A low-carb diet limits the amount of carbohydrates you consume daily. Carbohydrates are the fibres, starches and sugar found in vegetables, fruits, milk products and grains. These are further classified as simple natural, simple refined, complex natural and complex refined.
Refined carbohydrates are found in processed food items such as white bread, pasta, cakes and cookies, aerated drinks and soda. Common sources of natural carbohydrates include –
A diet low in carbohydrates can help you lose weight and improve your metabolism. You might want to switch to a low-carb diet if you are aiming for weight loss or are looking to change your eating habits.
Health Risks of a Low-carb Diet
On one hand, a low-carb diet has been shown to keep away metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. However, there are a few risks associated with this diet. Studies reveal that reducing the intake of carbohydrates drastically may have the following side effects –
Health Risks of a Low-carb Diet -
Certain types of diet limit the consumption of carbohydrates so much that it leads to gastrointestinal disorders – acid reflux, dyspepsia and others – as well as bone problems. Moreover, you miss out on the essential nutrients that your body requires to function. Not getting enough of these nutrients can result in vitamin or mineral deficiencies.
Restricting carbohydrate intake to 20gms a day may lead to ketosis. Ketosis refers to a condition where your body does not get adequate glucose (sugar) to transform into energy. So, your body breaks down the stored fats and causes ketones to build up, triggering symptoms like nausea, headache, and mental/physical weakness.
If you are looking to cut back on your daily carbs intake, you should get in touch with a nutritionist/dietician first. He can prepare a diet chart for you while keeping in mind your overall health requirements.
When it comes to athletes and sportsmen, merely having a balanced meal is not enough. Athletes burn much more energy than an average person and hence need to consume additional calories. Getting the right nutrition can make a big difference in an athlete’s performance. To calculate the required calorie consumption, one must take into account the individual’s height, weight, gender and level of physical activity. An athlete must pay special attention to three categories of foods; carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
1. Carbohydrates - Carbohydrates are the most important fuel source for sportsmen. When the body ingests carbohydrates, the sugar and starch in it are converted to glucose and stored as glycogen. If the body does not have enough glycogen while working out, it will begin to burn fats and proteins to get its energy. This can make your performance levels drop. Bread, cereals, rice, high fibre fruits and vegetables and pasta are some food items that are rich sources of carbohydrates.
Along with eating the right food, it is also important to eat at the right time. On a normal day, an athlete should consume 1-4grams of carbohydrates per kilo of body weight 1-4 hours before exercising to give the body the necessary energy for your workout. However, if your exercise lasts for more than an hour, you should eat additional carbohydrates during the session. Your body also needs carbohydrates within half an hour of completing an activity to help the muscles recover.
2. Proteins - Proteins help build muscles and thus are essential for bodybuilders and endurance athletes. It should account for 12-15% of your daily calorie intake. However, the actual amount of protein required depends on the athlete’s growth rate, rate of healing and physical activity level. The human body cannot store protein and hence it is not advisable to eat an excessive amount of this nutrient as it will simply be stored as fat. Proteins can be found in many food items including meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts and beans.
3. Fats: There are two types of fats needed by the human body; saturated fats and unsaturated fats. Combined, they should account for not more than 20-30% of your daily calorie intake. For low to moderate intensity exercises, fats are the primary source of energy but for workouts of higher intensity, fats become a secondary source of energy to be used only when the body runs out of glycogen. Meat, milk, eggs and cheese are good sources of saturated fats while vegetable oils are rich in unsaturated fats.
Along with eating right, athletes also need to pay special attention to hydrating their bodies. Drinking cool water is the best way to stay hydrated. Water is lost while exercising through sweat and hence must be consumed before, during and after exercising.
It is common for most of us to wonder how some celebrities just don't seem to age - both in terms of looks and physique. It is not easy and requires, in addition to a lot of hard work, loads of determination and self-constraints to achieve that.
Different bodies react differently to different food items and there is no one size fits all. Though media claims and promotes various celebrities' diet plans, a word of caution. A detailed physical examination and discussion should be done to identify what will work best for you. Listed below are some things that have helped celebrities lose weight.
A lot of celebrities also use natural boosters and suppressants to reduce appetite. Removing alkaline food items from your menu, gluten-loaded food items, alcohol, refined carbs, are all followed too. Weight loss supplements are another option but should be used only under the supervision and as a last resort.
As mentioned, celebrity diet patterns should not be followed blindly. They are highly personalized and seek advice before adopting them.
If you have been that extremely skinny guy in your high school days, never getting picked for the soccer team, then it is time to fix that stubborn weight issue. Worry not, it’s fairly easy, all you have to do is make changes in your diet. Diet is the primary component that can help gain weight.
Some tips you can follow and design your diet plan accordingly are mentioned below:
Sample Meal Plan -
To give you more opportunities to get the calories to gain weight, aim to eat 3 meals and 2-3 snacks a day. For breakfast, enjoy generous servings of whole grains like whole-wheat bread with beans or egg whites, paneer or Cereals and a glass of milk with nuts will be a good combination.
Mid-morning can be fruit juices, fruit milkshakes, 1-2 serving of fruit or granola bars. Lunch and dinner can be incorporated with 3-4 wholegrain chapattis with a serving of pulses, paneer, chicken or fish and a serving of vegetables with a portion of rice OR 1 bowl of khichdi which serves you with good cereal pulse combination. In between meals if you feel hungry you can have sprouts or roasted channa. Evening you can either grab a whole wheat sandwich, a whole wheat roll or a whole wheat sub.
Bedtime you can either have a glass of milk or either banana /mango/strawberry milkshake.
Avoid 'light' or 'low-calorie' versions of food and go for the full-fat or traditional options. Prepare hot oatmeal or other cereal with milk, not water. Consult a dietitian or nutritionist to make a diet plan that will help you gain weight in a healthy way with the food you enjoy.