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Diabetes and Eye Problems

Written and reviewed by
MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Ghaziabad  •  26 years experience
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Mai, Dr Rajiv Gupta, mera clinic Om Eye and Gynae Centre, Vaishali sector-5, Ghaziabad mein hai. Aaj mai shareer ki unn do bimariyon ke bare mein baat karunga, headache aur diabetes, unka ankh se kya sambandh hai. Headache bahut si alag-alag bimariyon ki wajah se ho sakta hai, usme ankh ki wajah se headache hona ek possibility hai. Headache ke patient mein hum teen mukhya cheeje ankon mein dekhna chahenge. Ek chashme ka accurate number, yadi kisi patient ka number hai aur weh specs use nahi kerta toh usse headache ho sakta hai, yaw oh theek number ka specs use nahi kr raha tabh bhiheadache ho sakta hai, regular use nahi kr raha, kbhi kiya kabhi nahi kiya tabh bhiheadache ho sakta hai. Aise case mein regular use of specs can be very useful. Dusra eye muscles, weak muscles ki wajah se bhi headache aaj ki tareek mein kaphi logon ko hota hai khas taur pe nazdeek ka kaam kerne se ho sakta hai jaise reading, writing, computers, mobile yadi aapke muscles weak hain tohuss case mein ankhon ke muscles ki exercise kerna important hai, kyunki usse weak muscles ki strength ko recover kiya ja sakta hai, aur jaise-jaise weak muscles normal hote hain humme headache mein improvement mill sakta hai. Teesri cheej important jo hum dekhna chahenge ki wo hai ki ankh ki nas ki kya position hai, nerves mein koi sujan toh nahi hai, kyunki bhut si neurological aur eye problems aisi hoti hain ki jinse ankh ki nas mein sujan aa sakti hai. Yadi aank kin as mein sujan hai toh hum jaanch karke uss sujan ki wajah ko janana chahenge, jisse ki uss wajah ko theek kiya ja sakay. Ab hum baat karte hain diabetes ki, diabetes aaj ki date mein bahut hi common problem hai aur diabetes ki wajah se ankh mein bahut si problem ho sakti hai jaise ankh mein baar-baar infection hona, safed motia ka ho jana ya uska fast progress kerna. Lekin sabse important hai retinopathy, yani parde mein sugar ka asar aa jana. Diabetes retinopathy ki wajah se parde mein khun aa jata hai, sujan aa jati hai, yadi khun aur sujan parde ke dekhne ke sabse important hisse macula mein aa jaye toh ankh ki roshni bhi kam ho jati hai.yadi patient ka sugar uncontrolled hai toh diabetic retinopathy hone ka dar jayada hota hai aur jaise-jaise diabetes ka duration badta hai, tabb sugar control rehate bhi diabetic retinopathy ho sakti ho sakti hai. Isiliye hume ankhon ki janch ko kerte rehna bahut zaruri hai chahe sugar control hee na ho, control ho toh bhi, yadi uncontrol hai toh definitely risk jayada ho jata hai. Iske alawa high blood pressure, pregnancy, smoking, obesity, increased lipid levels in blood yeh sari chhze bhi retinopathy ke risk ko bada deti hain. Diabetic retinopathy ko diagnose kerne ke liye routine eye checkup ki zarurat hai aur uss eye checkup ke baad yadi zarurat lagey toh kuch special jancho ko kerne ki zarurat hai jaise fundus fluorescein angiography or OCD. Diabetic retinopathy ka ilaj kai taranh se hota hai. Sabse pehla main point hai ki sugar ko aur blood lipid levels ko control kiya jaye, dusra laser ke dwara, jo khun aa gaya hai, jo sujan aa gayee hai usko control kerne ki koshish ki jati hai, teesra ankh mein inection lagake sugar ko control kiya jata hai, chautha, yadi inn sabse bhi control na ho aur sugar agar bahut jayada bad jaye toh operation ki bhi zarurat pad sakti hai. Kab konsa operation kerna hai ye eye ki condition pe nibhar karega, yadi diabetic retinopathy ka ilaj na kiya jaye aur weh progress kerta rahe toh blindness ka risk bhi bad jata hai aur ye irreversible ho sakta hai. Yani ki ek baar ankh ki roshni chali gayee toh fir usse wapis lana bahut hi mushkil hai isliye diabetic patients ko regular interval per ankh ki janch karate rehna chahiye, jisse ki jab kabhi bhi aisa lagey ki usme kuch bhi active management ki zarurat hai toh wo kiya ja sake.

Yadi aap iss bare mein aur information chahte hain toh mujhse ybrate ke through ya clinic per contact kr sakte hain. Thank You.

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