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Dental Implants - Treatment, Procedure And Side Effects

Last Updated: Sep 18, 2019

What are dental implants?

There are numerous advances made in the field of dentistry, but still many people suffer from tooth loss - The main reason being decay, periodontal disease or an injury. For many years the best option to replace a missing tooth has been through bridges and dentures. Thanks to the times we live in, dentistry has made many advances. One such intelligent innovation is the usage of implants for repairing a missing tooth. Implants are nothing but replacement tooth roots. Implants technically provide a foundation in the gums where a permanent tooth or a removable, replaceable tooth can be fixed.

There are many advantages of using an implant - The biggest being that the appearance of the alignment and the speech can improve drastically. Also, your oral hygiene and health care can improve when using implants. They have a long durability, are convenient and do not cause much discomfort to the user. They have a high success rate, and with proper care, they can even last a lifetime. The treatment plan is also custom made, and your dentist will prepare one based on your requirements and your oral conditions. The implant procedures are precise and do not involve the usual grittiness that accompanies a bridge or dentures.

What are the types of dental implants?

There are mainly two types of dental implants according to their area of support and function. The implants are listed as:

  • Endosteal: In this procedure, the implants are mounted in the jawbone. These implants are generally made of titanium and mostly structured as screws, it is a common implant performed by the dentists.
  • Subperiosteal: In this procedure, the dental implants are mounted below the but on or over the jawbone.

How do Dental Implants Work?

As a part of the treatment, the first step would be to identify the correct type of foundation for you. Implants treatment is tailor-made, and they are customized as per the individual’s need. The first step would be to identify the options available for you. These implants are mostly made of titanium. The dental specialist will bore a little gap in the jawbone and cautiously screw the base into the bone. The gum is then set over the embed with the goal that it can recuperate. After the base of the embed has mended enough, a subsequent medical procedure is expected to fit the connector at the top of the embed. Once the artificial root takes the grip, it is left to heal for a few weeks.

This might once again depend on various factors and the average healing time would be around three months. Once the implant is bonded with the jaw, the next step follows. In this step, a small post is attached to the base. This is the post in which your new tooth would be affixed. Based on the structure of your teeth pattern, your new replacement tooth called the crown would be made. This is then attached to the post. Your dentist has to make sure that new tooth is sync with your other teeth and even the colour should match.

How long does pain last after dental implant surgery?

The time taken in the recuperation process of dental embed surgery generally ranges from 2 months to a half year, yet it can shift generally from patient to understanding. There are some various components that influence to what extent it takes you to recuperate following a medical procedure.


Is dental implant surgery painful?

There is a hope to feel some agony while having a dental embed. In any case, individuals who experience the procedure frequently state that having a tooth expelled is much painful. A dental embed necessitates that your dental specialist makes incisions in the gums. Local anaesthesia is given to numb the mouth during the implant.

Who would need a dental implant?

Every individual who is suffering from tooth loss due to a weak root or tooth decay can be a potential candidate for implants. The treatment can be a more reliable solution and is done when the other types of treatments like dentures and bridges do not yield the desired result. The treatment can be done irrespective of age and can be done by both the genders.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

The treatment is not advisable for people who are suffering from chronic conditions such as diabetes and heart diseases. You can best check with your dentist, if you have such symptoms and if you are a suitable candidate. Also, the procedure may not be suitable for people who are greater than 75 years of age as the gums would be feeble and may not support the implants.

What are the advantages of dental implants?

Dental implants give you your smile back by Improving self-esteem, Improving speech, Improving oral health and improving the durability of the teeth. There is no reduction of teeth required in the implant unlikely as the dental braces or bridges do.

What are the negative effects of dental implants?

Since these are artificial implants that are embedded into your cavities, you might have a slight discomfort initially. The place of the implant can also experience swelling and you might experience slight pain till the implant gets accustomed to your surroundings. But these conditions are very rare, and the symptoms can go away on its own.

What care is necessary after getting a dental implant surgery?

Since the implants are technically artificial roots that are embedded in your mouth, you need to be extra careful initially post the treatment. You might be advised to eat foods that are soft and stay on a liquid diet. Also, good healthy oral hygiene is a must as bacteria can quickly develop in the treated areas. You have to ensure that you clean the place and care for your implants just like how you would do for your own teeth. Regular brushing and flossing are mandatory.

Trying to avoid chewing from the surgical area and keeping the surgical area clean is the main concern after dental implant surgery. Other then Cleaning the other teeth as typical with a toothbrush, the surgical area will require additional care. Abstain from brushing the careful site for an initial couple of days, however then start to deliberately clean this region with a toothbrush too, when delicacy permits.

How long does it take for dental implants to heal?

It might take a week to ten days for the swelling to subsidize and post that your implants can behave normally. Dentists usually give them a time frame of at least three months so that they take root and gets accustomed to the gum cavities. You need to have regular checkups with your dentist. Once the implants have completely fallen in sync with your mouth, then the artificial tooth may be affixed.

How much does complete dental implant surgery cost in India?

In India, the implants depend on the type of product you are choosing and the treatment centre where you are getting the treatment. It can cost from INR 15,000 and can go up to INR 50,000. The artificial tooth/crown and the post medical expenditures can be extra.

What are the potential risks, complications, and problems with a dental implant?

Some of the potential risks, complications, and problems that occur during and after the implant are numbness or paresthesia around the tissues (such as lips, gums, teeth, chin), collapse of cell tissues around implant, receding of gingiva tissue adjacent to the implant which uncovers the metal abutment that is supporting the prosthetic in place, Excessive bleeding, Hyperplasia and Dehiscence.

What are the alternatives to dental implant surgery?

Bridges and denture are the other alternatives to implants. They are similar to implants but however, they are heavy and require more space in your teeth. The healing process is also time-consuming. Nowadays with technological advances, more people are opting for implants rather than bridges or dentures.

Key Highlights

Safety: High

Effectiveness: High

Timeliness: Medium

Relative Risk: Medium

Side Effects: Low

Recovery Time: Medium

Price Range: RS. 15,000 - Rs. 50,000 and above


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Written ByDr. Vikram Singh AtwalPCAD,MCID Implant,BDS,Advanced AestheticsDentistry
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