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Dengue Fever - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dengue Fever? What are the symptoms of Dengue ? How can you prevent Dengue fever? Treatment of Dengue fever:

What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is an extremely debilitating and painful mosquito-borne disease which is caused by a four dengue viruses. These viruses can also cause yellow fever and West Nile infection. Dengue fever usually occurs in the tropical regions of the world. Dengue is more prevalent in:

  • South and Central America (except Argentina, Paraguay and Chile).
  • Africa
  • Mexico
  • The Caribbean region.
  • The Pacific Islands.
  • Taiwan
  • Southern China
  • Southeast Asia
  • The Indian subcontinent.

What are the symptoms of Dengue ?

Dengue fever occurs due to the bite of the Aedes mosquito which is infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito gets infected when it bites an infected person. It cannot be directly spread by direct blood contact. The symptoms of Dengue fever can be misdiagnosed as a viral infection or flu. If Dengue fever goes undiagnosed for a long time, it can be extremely fatal and can even cause death. Dengue fever can escalate to dengue hemorrhagic fever which is characterized by enlargement of the liver, bleeding from the gums & nose, damage to the blood vessels and lymph nodes, high fever and failure of the circulatory system. This is also known as dengue shock syndrome (DSS). People who have an extremely weak immune system are at a higher risk of developing dengue shock syndrome (DSS).

How can you prevent Dengue fever?

  • Try to maintain distance from a heavily populated housing or residential area.
  • Use a mosquito repellent cream while leaving your house, especially in the evenings.
  • Try to be fully clothed when you are outdoors, preferably long pants, long sleeved shirts and socks.
  • Use air conditioning whenever you are indoors.
  • Shut all the windows and doors at your home especially during the evening.
  • Try to avoid keeping stagnant water near your home. Clean your sewers and take steps to prevent water clogging in your area.
  • Get rid of the places and surroundings where mosquitoes can breed. Such places include flower pots, cans and old tires. Also change the water in your pet’s water dish and bird baths regularly.

Treatment of Dengue fever:

Till date no medications have been discovered which can completed cure the infection. Pain, headache, and discomfort caused by the fever can be controlled by consuming pain relievers and antibiotics. Ibuprofen and aspirin should be avoided because it can cause uncontrollable bleeding. It is advisable to get yourself admitted in the hospital if you experience symptoms of Dengue fever.

Popular Questions & Answers

My free t4 comes in low while my tsh is normal. The initial set of antibody tests have all come back normal as well. I maintain a diet of 1300 calories or less each day, I swim for an hour, I get on the elliptical for 30- 40 min. I’m average on activity but very careful to stay away from carbs yet when I implemented the hour of pool time, while thinking I would lose weight, instead I gained 9 pounds in approximately 2 weeks. I have 3 nodules under 1 cm on my thyroid. My endocrinologist took the first set of labs and said to get off my biotin for 2 weeks so she could retest. Apparently the free t4 was slightly higher but still low and not within normal range. My 2 cousins have thyroid issues and one needed to have her thyroid partially removed. I think something isn’t right but, the Dr. said she will check back in with me in 6 months to see how my nodules are doing. She blames the labs being off a possible lab discrepancy on the ranges. I had a blood test before that at my ob where my free t4 was also showing low. She advised this would be reviewed for trends, but I feel like nothing really will be done. My cousin who has hypothyroid said to make a list of all my oddities and things i’ve noticed. Here it is. Any guesses at what may be wrong beside the fact i’m overweight but have no appetite? I feel like she looks at me now and does’t realize at all what I was like and how suddenly this came about. Any suggestions? I’m at a lose and with the fatigue and countless other issues, I just don’t know what do do or who may actually take the time to help. - [ ] high cholesterol even when I was 100 lbs (since teens) - [ ] always cold - very hard to get warm - [ ] recurrent sinus infections - [ ] fatigue that does’t go away regardless of any amount of sleep I have - [ ] joint pain - [ ] get really sick with colds - [ ] unexplained knee swelling and pain - crutches for a month (6 years ago - xray showed no issue) - [ ] insomnia (about 7 years) - [ ] after accident 7 years ago thyroid comment - appeared large in x-ray - had a Dr. ever mentioned? - [ ] swine flu - [ ] vitamin d deficiency (until recently) - [ ] anemic (until recently) - [ ] brittle nails - won’t grow - [ ] dry skin - [ ] feel puffy around face and eyes usually. - [ ] no appetite - [ ] always feel need to swallow and it’s gotten worse the last couple weeks - [ ] hand tingles - [ ] aches in muscles - [ ] foot cramps - [ ] after prednisone (post swine flu) - unexplained pain like fire shooting up my calves making it unbearable to walk for almost 6 months. Had to use scooter at stores. Told it was water retention - edema calves, feet, arms, face. - [ ] sudden weight gain after this incident. From a size 0 to where I am in 2-3 months. No matter what I do - it will not come off. I popped back from both pregnancies immediately. - [ ] seldom but sudden feeling of deflation - coolness around face (i feel good sometimes) I felt this after a round of corticosteroid shot briefly - [ ] tennis elbow - Dr. said prob water retention - [ ] Dr. zag referred me to psychiatrist for depression/ psyc felt it was add - [ ] no weight loss staying at 1300 cals (approx 2-3 years) - [ ] neck pain - feels swollen from front - [ ] hoarse voice often - [ ] tightness with swallowing - no other cold related symptoms - [ ] recurrent urticaria with fever - one Dr. said it was a man of war bite, another sunburn that I rubbed lemon on, another allergies 2-3 years - [ ] heavy periods over 2-3 years constant spotting / this ended with natazia (started last month) gyn recommenced ablation - [ ] advised by Dr. zag blood test results showed “borderline lupus” - [ ] 3 cousins say they have hypothyroid. One briefly mentioned an operation to one side - [ ] 2 of 5 aunts on mother’s side have thyroid issues. No specifics. - [ ] dad had lyphodema - [ ] rarely have an appetite - [ ] keto didn’t help with weight but helps somewhat with the inflammatory feeling - [ ] even killing myself with exercise makes no difference - [ ] I can juice for a week without losing weight - [ ] constipation - [ ] major pain in shoulders - I do weights, stretches, and have done the physical therapy I did after accident and it’s only gotten worse - [ ] fast weight gain initially - [ ] sudden weight gain over the past couple weeks of 5 pounds despite adding another hour to my workout which is now an hour and 45 minutes - [ ] sudden onset of snoring (feel no more fatigued than the usual) - [ ] waking up early for no reason.

MBBS, MD Internal Medicine, PhD (Endocrinology), FRCP(Edin)
Endocrinologist, Vellore
Dear lybrate-user, going through your very complex list of symptoms, it appears to me that you may only have obesity and may be situational depression along with vitamin d and calcium deficiency. I suggest that you go ona strict paleo diet complet...

My son aged 17 years is a ra patient. He takes methotrexate and other drugs. Recently, his joint pains have increased and is running high fever for last 10 days. First doctor gave antibiotics for viral fever and tests for malaria, typhoid or dengue. Second doctor gave taxim o, allegra and azibact which reduced the daytime fever. But fever is returning at around evening and night. Instruct. Doc has given p 650 s.o.s. Doctor is telling to get admitted in nursing home. What shall I do?

Fellowship knee, hip, shoulder arthroplasty and arthroscopy , Fellowship in Joint Replacement, Fellowship in Arthroscopy and sports medicine , Diploma in Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedic Doctor, Nagpur
Get admitted and investigate .once diagnosis is confirmed it will be easy for both doctor and patient to get rid of fever.
1 person found this helpful

Madam, I have recently diagnosed with ild (uip pattern) in Nov 19. Having cough and shortness of breath. But before 3 to 4 months I was almost ok only complain was cough. Presently taking pirfemax 200 tid esiflo inhaler, lumenac 600 tid.

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
your treatment is at right direction. The role of MMF is questionable
1 person found this helpful

One girl started talking with me so much, then suddenly stopped talking, that affects me lot, I went depression and sadness. I started treatment from march, presently taking nexito 10, qutan 25, beta cap 20 at night, and in day solopose .25, betacap 20. I lost judiciary but fortunately clear net jrf exam. Counseling is going on. But I am not clearly recovered, can not study well.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd, Transactional Analysis
Psychologist, Bangalore
All this happened because a girl stopped talking to you!!!!? There is something more for sure: either you are very sensitive (fragile emotionally) or you were in love with this girl even though she wasn't. You need to work on your emotions and sen...

I would like to know an alternate and cheaper option for 'revolade 50 mg' tablet this is costing a bomb and would prefer to have a better option without compromising on quality.

M.Sc - Biotechnology , B.Sc Biochemistry, B.Sc (Microbiology), PhD
Psychologist, Pune
Try alternative natural medicine along with revolade amrit kalash and MA 631 herbal mixtures amrit kalash tablets and nectar (ma4, ma5) modulate the immune system, 4,5 exhibit strong antioxidant properties1, 2,11 and help protect against neuro-deg...

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