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Dengue Fever - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue fever is an extremely debilitating and painful mosquito-borne disease which is caused by a four dengue viruses. These viruses can also cause yellow fever and West Nile infection. Dengue fever usually occurs in the tropical regions of the world. Dengue is more prevalent in:

  • South and Central America (except Argentina, Paraguay and Chile).
  • Africa
  • Mexico
  • The Caribbean region.
  • The Pacific Islands.
  • Taiwan
  • Southern China
  • Southeast Asia
  • The Indian subcontinent.

What are the symptoms of Dengue ?

Dengue fever occurs due to the bite of the Aedes mosquito which is infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito gets infected when it bites an infected person. It cannot be directly spread by direct blood contact. The symptoms of Dengue fever can be misdiagnosed as a viral infection or flu. If Dengue fever goes undiagnosed for a long time, it can be extremely fatal and can even cause death. Dengue fever can escalate to dengue hemorrhagic fever which is characterized by enlargement of the liver, bleeding from the gums & nose, damage to the blood vessels and lymph nodes, high fever and failure of the circulatory system. This is also known as dengue shock syndrome (DSS). People who have an extremely weak immune system are at a higher risk of developing dengue shock syndrome (DSS).

How can you prevent Dengue fever?

  • Try to maintain distance from a heavily populated housing or residential area.
  • Use a mosquito repellent cream while leaving your house, especially in the evenings.
  • Try to be fully clothed when you are outdoors, preferably long pants, long sleeved shirts and socks.
  • Use air conditioning whenever you are indoors.
  • Shut all the windows and doors at your home especially during the evening.
  • Try to avoid keeping stagnant water near your home. Clean your sewers and take steps to prevent water clogging in your area.
  • Get rid of the places and surroundings where mosquitoes can breed. Such places include flower pots, cans and old tires. Also change the water in your pet’s water dish and bird baths regularly.

Treatment of Dengue fever:

Till date no medications have been discovered which can completed cure the infection. Pain, headache, and discomfort caused by the fever can be controlled by consuming pain relievers and antibiotics. Ibuprofen and aspirin should be avoided because it can cause uncontrollable bleeding. It is advisable to get yourself admitted in the hospital if you experience symptoms of Dengue fever.

Treatable by medical professional Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Short-term: resolves within days to weeks Spread through the air or contaminated surfaces
High fever along with headache. Rashes on the body. Joint pain in the knees and elbow.

Popular Health Tips

Symptoms And Prevention of Dengue Fever

MD - General Medicine
General Physician, Mahabubnagar
Symptoms And Prevention of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a painful infection transmitted by the bite of one of the 4 closely related viruses that are carried by a type of mosquitoes known as Aedes mosquitoes. The infection is not directly from one person to another.

Symptoms: After the mosquito bite, symptoms set in about 4 to 6 days and can last up to 10 days (as noted below). Most are general symptoms which can be seen with any viral infection and therefore most dengue cases can go undetected.

  1. Sudden high temperature
  2. Pain behind the eyes
  3. Severe headache
  4. Swollen lymph nodes
  5. Severe bone and muscle pains (this can lead to suspicion of dengue)
  6. Fatigue
  7. Nausea and vomiting
  8. Skin rash that appears 3 to 5 days after the onset of fever
  9. There could be in some cases gum bleeding, easy bruising, or nose bleeding

The dengue triad of symptoms is fever, headache and the skin rash. This could lead to suspicion and blood tests that can lead to diagnosis.

The acute phase lasts for about 2 weeks in most cases and there is no antibiotic (it is a viral infection) cure for it. The treatment is therefore symptomatic, aimed at reducing fever and pains.

If left untreated, especially in children, a severe case called as Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) can occur, which affects children under 10 years of age and can cause failure of the circulatory system. This can also occur when a person is developing dengue for the second time. This is a serious form and can even lead to death; therefore the symptoms should be taken seriously and attended to immediately.

Diagnosis: Confirmation of dengue is through a blood test, where the virus is tested for.

Treatment: Being a viral infection, antibiotics are not effective against dengue. Pain killers with acetaminophen are preferred. Aspirin is avoided, as it can worsen bleeding. Complete bed rest, hydration and good nutrition are essential parts of the treatment. Being under medical supervision also helps watch out for complications. There is a vaccine under development that could become available in the next couple of years.


  1. Always use mosquito repellents, even indoors
  2. While being outdoors, use clothes that cover the arms and legs fully
  3. Use a mosquito net if your area is highly infested with mosquitoes
  4. Ensure the windows and doors are closed during the evening
  5. If you are suspicious of having dengue, reach out to the doctor
  6. Reduce chances for mosquitoes breeding by keeping the house clean
  7. If there are family members with dengue, protect yourself and them from mosquitoes

Preventing dengue is the best way to manage it; however, if once infected, the person develops immunity to it. Reduced immunity can put the person at risk of developing the condition again. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a general physician.

3166 people found this helpful


General Physician (AM)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Chandigarh

Mostly, this disease spreads because of the biting of dengue mosquito. Dengue mosquitoes take birth in dirty water and dirty areas. The patient feels great weakness when he gets rid of dengue.


The patient of dengue suffers from intense pain in the body and fever occurs with slight chill. Headache starts soon. Sometimes, he suffers from vomiting, trembling in the body and hot body. Temperature rises even to 102 or 106 degree. Other symptoms are as swelling all over the body, appearance of watery pimples on the body, flushed face, anorexia, obstinate constipation and sometimes symptoms of jaundice. Duration of the illness is 3-4 weeks. The symptoms of this disease disappear when the patient recovers. Sometimes, the patient suffers from excessive laziness and blood comes from mucus membranes.


Biting of dengue mosquito is the main cause of this disease.

Treatment with different homoeopathic medicines:

1. Baptisia: baptisia 3 x should be taken for the treatment of this disease.

2. Gels: gels 3 x to mother tincture should be used for the treatment of dengue.

3 eupat perf: eupat perf 1x should be taken if the patient of dengue has been suffering from the pain in the bones.

4. Carbo veg: if the patient suffers from such symptoms as excessive laziness, excessive hot forehead but the whole body illness should take carbo veg 3.

5. Cimicifuga: cimicifuga 3 x should be used if the patient suffers from pain in the bones
6. Arse: the medicine arse 3x should be taken if the use of cimicifuga does not provide relief.

7. Acid phos: the patient should take acid phos 3 if he feels excessive laziness.

8. Belladonna: if the symptoms are as appearance of red colored pimples on the body and headache because of which the patient feels a lot of trouble, he should take belladonna 6 for the treatment.

9. Aconite: if the patient suffers from high fever in the preliminary stage of this disease and the temperature reaches to 104-105 degree, he should take belladonna 1x to get relief.

10. Bryonia: if the patient of dengue suffers from such symptoms as perspiration, headache which mostly affects to the backside, constipation and pain all over the body, the use of bryonia 3-6 provides a lot of relief.

11. Lachesis: if blood comes from the mucus membranes along with this disease, the patient should take lachesis 6 to get relief.

12. Crotolus: if blood comes with the mucus membranes, the patient should take crotolus 3 to get rid of this problem.

13. Gelsimium: if the temperature is low, gelsimium 1x should be taken to get relief by the patient of dengue.

14. Rhus tox: if the patient suffers from such symptoms as sensation of excessive chillness, fever along with boils and pimples, convulsion in the hands and feet and rheumatism, he should take rhus tox 3 to get relief.

15. Arsenic: the patient suffers from diarrhea along with dengue, he should take arsenic 6. The disease disappears after taking this medicine.
23 people found this helpful

Dengue fever – prevention, treatment and homeopathic medicines

Homeopath, Faridabad
Dengue fever – prevention, treatment and homeopathic medicines
What is Dengue Fever?

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses (DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4). Infection with one serotype of DENV provides immunity to that serotype for life, but provides no long-term immunity to other serotypes. Thus, a person can be infected as many as four times, once with each serotype.

Dengue viruses are transmitted from person to person by Aedes mosquitoes (most often Aedes aegypti) in the domestic environment.= What are the symptoms of Dengue Fever?

Classic dengue fever, or “break bone fever,” is characterized by acute onset of high fever 3–14 days after the bite of an infected mosquito.

Symptoms include

frontal headache,
retro-orbital pain,
hemorrhagic manifestations,
rash, and
low white blood cell count

The patient also may complain of anorexia and nausea.

Acute symptoms, when present, usually last about 1 week, but weakness, malaise, and anorexia may persist for several weeks.

Some patients with dengue fever go on to develop dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), a severe and sometimes fatal form of the disease.

= Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

The diagnosis of dengue is usually made clinically.

The classic picture is high fever with no localising source of infection, a petechial rash with thrombocytopenia and relative leukopenia – low platelet and white blood cell count.

= Laboratory Diagnosis of dengue infection

One can get DENGUE FEVER ANTIBODY, IgM & IgG. This is a costly test. From Dr Lal Path Lab, it is costing nearly Rs. 1200.

= Aim of treatment of dengue fever:

• Relieving symptoms of pain.
• Controlling fever.
• Telling patients to avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they may increase the risk for hemorrhage.
• Reminding patients to drink more fluids, especially when they have a high fever.

= How to Treat Dengue Fever

• Drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest.
• Antipyretics to control temperature. Children with dengue are at risk for febrile seizures during the febrile phase of illness.
• Avoid aspirin and other nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications because they increase the risk of hemorrhage. People generally take Brufen or Combiflam tablets in such fever conditions, these are to be avoided.
• Get platelet counts.

= Prevention of Dengue Fever

– There is no tested and approved vaccine for the dengue.
– Primary prevention of dengue is mosquito control.

= Dengue fever and Homeopathy medicines

In Homoeopathy, we have more than 20 medicines which can be taken based on different symptoms of fever in different stages. I would suggest you to please consult your homeopathic physician or homeopathic consultant for appropriate selection of the homeopathic drug for dengue fever.
7 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

My granddaughter, aged 15 1/2, been suffering from low grade fever for almost 2 weeks with vomiting episodes for the same period. The vomit is usually light yellow though initially had flakes of blood. Vomit happens usually after a heavy meal. Vomiting is quite frequent ranging from 5 to 10 times daily. Endoscopy, ultra sound, blood, urine and tests for malaria and dengue have not shown any abnormality. Generally a healthy individual. Has consulted three different doctors physician, gastroenterologist and Pediatrician who have not been able to find the cause of fever and vomiting. Has been taking medication as per advice to include Pantocid or Pantop, Emset, Lesurpride, Oflotas, Zocef 500 mg, DOMDT 10 mg, calpol 650 mg Received injections ondem IV. Fever now ranges between 101 to 103 mainly at night and vomiting persists. The pediatrician has opined that the parents of the child are passing through divorce proceedings and her relations with her father are very tense. Other symptoms are normal and clear. Including throat and lungs. Could be case of Bulimia. Advised counselling and CBT.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician, Muzaffarnagar
Since she is sick for 2 weeks and running fever ranging between 101 to 103 mainly at night, it may not be a case of Bulimia in spite of strained relation with father. even then counselling may be useful. You can stop all medicine and maintain Temp chart 4 times in a day for 4-5 days. Paracetamol 500 mg may be given if temp is more than 101 degree F and can be repeated after 6 hours if needed. Watch her general behaviour.
2 people found this helpful

What is the normal wbc count for dengue fever and by which symptoms show the high risk of dengue fever?

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Generally Platelet count drops below normal and WBCs may be low to normal. General supportive care with medication required. For medication consult in private
4 people found this helpful

What is the symptoms of dengue fever because I am having it before many months without any gap in a day.

General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, -Symptoms of dengue include high fever, headache, especially behind eyeballs, muscle and joint pain weakness, body rash & in severe cases bleeding from internal organs and organ failure.
4 people found this helpful

What is the symptoms of Dengue fever. We have a doubt. My friend is really scared. Please tell.

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Symptoms of Dengue Fever Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include Sudden, high fever Severe headaches Pain behind the eyes Severe joint and muscle pain Fatigue Nausea Vomiting Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising) Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults. However, serious problems can develop.
15 people found this helpful

What are the causes of dengue and also mention precaution of dengue and what is its symptoms?

BHMS, Diploma in Dermatology
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Dengue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes that thrive in and near human lodgings. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus enters that person's bloodstream Dengue fever causes a high fever — 104 F degrees — and at least two of the following symptoms: Headache. Muscle, bone and joint pain. Nausea. Vomiting. Pain behind the eyes. Swollen glands. Rash.
7 people found this helpful

Table of Content

What is Dengue Fever?

What are the symptoms of Dengue ?

How can you prevent Dengue fever?

Treatment of Dengue fever:

Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and prevention of Dengue fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
Symptoms and Treatment for Dengue Fever
Play video
Dengue Fever
My name is Dr Tarun Jhamb and I m an MD Medince. I am practising for last fifteen years. I am connected to Lybrate. I m also practising at Columbia Asia Hospital and we will discuss the health topic one of which is Dengue Fever. We know for the next three months, there is a possibility of Dengue Fever in the rainy season. Dengue is a mosquito borne viral fever and it just spreads from the bite of the mosquito and spreads person to person. Most of the times it is self-treatable and it s a preventable disease but there are a few cases which have gone into complications which are known as Dengue Shock Syndrome or Dengue haemorrhaging Fever.

Common symptoms of the Dengue Fever is the high-grade fever, 104- 105 temperature with body ache, joint pain, muscle pain, rashes all over the body, and severe weakness. A person becomes very dilapidated within one or two days and feels very uncomfortable and he becomes sick. It is a treatable disease. Lots of liquids and electrolytes are required.

What are the dos and don ts for this disease?

Do is, we have to take care of not getting stagnant water in coolers or in and around the home. We should take care of using the mosquito repellent, material or the jellies. We can use the net to avoid the mosquito bite. We should intake a lot of water and electrolyte supplements. We should take bed rest for few days. We need to see the doctor as soon as we see the symptoms of dengue fever.

Things we don t have to do, do not use disprin or the voveran tablet during the fever because these are the blood thinners. Do not avoid or delay the treatment. As we see the symptoms like bleeding from anywhere on the sight and black stool, continuous vomiting and severe weakness and continuous fever which leads to fainting.

These are the serious symptoms which should be immediately taken care of and we should seek the help of the doctor. It is a preventable disease. We should take care of the blood testing where we find the dengue test at initial four to five days, likely to be positive and antibody test after four to five days, is likely to be positive. Platelets are falling after four to five days and remain for the next three to four days and then it automatically starts. Some people require hospitalization as well as the platelet transfusion. The upper limit of the platelet is up to ten to fifteen thousand where we can prevent or avoid the platelet transfusion. But if it is going down lower or there is any sign of bleeding up to forty thousand then we have to give the platelet transfusion request.

If you need any of my help, I am available at Lybrate. My home clinic is Naman Medicare at Gurgaon, Sector IV.

Thank you
Play video
Symptoms of dengue range from mild to severe. Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days. Effective treatment is possible if a clinical diagnosis is made early.
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Seasonal Viral Fevers
It is a viral fever. There can be various reasons behind it. A variety of viral infections can affect humans, from the common cold to the flu. But some viral infections, such as dengue fever, can cause a higher fever. But homeopathy has great treatment for it. Homeopathy helps you to treat the disease as well as it can improve your immune system.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice