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Overview

Cystic Fibrosis - Symptom, Treatment And Causes

Cystic fibrosis is a disorder which can cause chronic damage to the digestive system, lungs and other organs of the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells which produce digestive juices, sweat and mucus. These fluids are slippery and thin. People who have Cystic fibrosis usually have thick and sticky secretions. This is caused by a defective gene. Instead of becoming a lubricant, the secretions plug up the passageways, ducts and tubes in the pancreas and lungs.

What causes cystic fibrosis?

During Cystic fibrosis a mutation in the gene transform a protein which regulates movement in and out of these cells. This results in sticky and thick mucus in the reproductive, digestive and respiratory system. A lot of defects can occur which usually depends on the severity of this disorder. Children can develop Cystic fibrosis if one or both the parent had this disease.

Risk factors of Cystic fibrosis:

  • Family history- Since Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease, it tends to run in the family.
  • Race- Though Cystic fibrosis can affect people of all races, it is more common in people belonging to the Northern European ancestry.

Complications of Cystic fibrosis:

  • Bronchiectasis (Damaged airways)- Cystic fibrosis can cause bronchiectasis. This condtion damages the airways and makes it difficult to clear the mucus form the bronchial tubes and move air out of the lungs.
  • Chronic infections- Mucus n the sinuses and lungs are an ideal breeding spot for fungi and bacteria. People who have Cystic fibrosis are more prone in developing pneumonia, bronchitis and sinus infections.
  • Nasal polyps (growths inside the nose)- Since the lining of the nose tends to be swollen and inflamed, it can develop fleshy and soft growth (polyps).
  • Hemoptysis (coughing blood)- Cystic fibrosis can sometimes cause thinning in the airway walls. Teenagers and adults who have Cystic fibrosis can also cough up blood in severe cases.
  • Pneumothorax- In this condition the air starts to collect in the empty space which separates the chest walls from the lungs. Pneumothorax can also cause breathlessness and chest pain.
  • Nutritional deficiencies- Many times, thick mucus can create obstruction the tubes which carry enzymes aiding in digestion from the pancreas to the intestines. In such cases, the body fails to absorb fat-soluble vitamins, fats and proteins.
  • Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS)- This condition is characterized by the complete or partial blockage where the large intestine meets the small intestine.
Can't be cured, but treatment helps Require medical diagnosis Lab test always required Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong Non communicable
Symptoms
Repeated lung infections. Inability to gain weight. Fatty stools.

Popular Health Tips

Nasal Polyposis In Cystic Fiborsis

Dr. Swarup Kumar Ghosh 90% (82 ratings)
MD - Bio-Chemistry, MF Homeo (London), DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS
Homeopath, Kolkata
Nasal Polyposis In Cystic Fiborsis
Cystic fibrosis should be suspected in any child which fails to thrive with malabsorption or rectal prolapse; with chronic or recurrent cough with sputum; or with cirrhosis portal hypertension. Difficulties arise where there is little involvement of either the pancreas or lung or when manifestations appear in older children or even later. Evidence should be sought for pancreatic insufficiency. The high concentration of sodium in sweat parotid secretion is of major diagnostic value. The normal sweat sodium concentration rises from a mean value of 22 mmoi/i in infancy to 55 mmoi/i in adults. Values above 70 mmoi/i are diagnostic in infants, but not so in adolescents adults. In cystic fibrosis, however, the fall in sweat sodium concentration after 9a - fluorohydrocortisone is usually less than 10% whereas in normals the fall is much greater. With respiratory infection there is usually a polymorphonuclear leucocytosis. The chest radiograph may show only parallel line shadows cast by bronchial walls in the more peripheral parts of the lung. Ill - defined nodules or patchy clouding up to 10 - 20 mm in size may appear these shadows may cavitate. Ring shadows honeycombing, segmental or lobar consolidation with or without atelectasis usually under 1 - 2 years of age, enlarged hilar nodes are also seen. None of these shadows are diagnostic alone, but in the aggregate they are very characteristic. Etiology: - chronic naso - pharyngeal allergy. Chronic bacterial viral infection. Vasomotor disturbances. Symptoms: - *onset insidious. * nasal obstruction, uniateral or bilateral.*anosmia, *epiphora.* post nasal drip.* snoring. Signs:- reveals ethmoidal polypi. Bilateral. Multiple other. Patient homeopathic treatment for symptomatic signs or other sig base medician apply.
1 person found this helpful

Cystic Fibrosis - Complications It Can Cause!

Dr. (Brig.) Ashok K. Rajput 88% (96 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Pulmonary Medicine, DNB - Pulmonary Medicine, MD - Internal Medicine, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Delhi
Cystic Fibrosis - Complications It Can Cause!
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition, which primarily affects the lungs and persistence of this condition might lead to severe breathing problems and loss of lung function. If you have inherited two copies of the defective gene from your parents, you are likely to suffer from this disease. Cystic Fibrosis causes a buildup of thick mucus in your lungs and affects other organs such as the kidneys, pancreas and the intestines in your body. It isn't very uncommon as one out of fifty people in Asia is a carrier of this disease. The disease gets its name from the cysts formed in the pancreas of the sufferer. However, this disease can be detected by testing the quantity of salt present in your sweat. Prenatal testing for Fibrosis is another method to test if your newborn is likely to contract a lung infection. Complications faced due to cystic fibrosis include: 1. Serious sinus infections 2. Serious damage in lungs due to inflammation and incessant infection 3. Malnutrition 4. Complication in breaking down protein 5. Respiratory tract contamination If you observe one or more of the following symptoms, you might be suffering from Cystic Fibrosis: 1. Salty-tasting skin 2. Bowel obstruction caused due to meconium ileus (obstruction of the bowels) 3. Mucus amiss in your alveoli 4. Persistent coughing with phlegm discharge 5. Shortness of breath while engaging in a physical task 6. Stunted or measly growth despite healthy lifestyle habits 7. Infertility in males If you're suffering from cystic fibrosis, there isn't any particular treatment which is recommended due to the varying degrees of it found in people. However, consultation with a medical practitioner and an individualised treatment plan can help you minimise the risks and lead a better life. Some therapies you can opt for are: a) Airway clearance: This therapy helps sift the thick layer of mucus around your organs. Some people have also chosen to use the inflatable vest which vibrates around your chest, thereby, thinning and loosening the layer of mucus. b) Inhaled medicines: Another breakthrough in the field of respiratory medicine, this method requires the patient to sniff a liquid consisting of mist, which is inhaled with the aid of a nebuliser. This method is known to be beneficial for opening airways. c) Pancreatic enzyme supplements: Along with multivitamins, these specially designed supplements are known to cater to your pancreas with the much-needed nutrients and they need to be consumed with every meal.
1 person found this helpful

Cystic Fibrosis - 5 Strange Signs You Must Know About!

Dr. Prashant Saxena 89% (32 ratings)
MBBS, MD - TB & Chest, Fellowship Training Intensive Care, Fellow College of Chest physicians, European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine, Interventional Pulmonology , Greece, European Diploma in Intensive Care Medicine
Pulmonologist, Gurgaon
Cystic Fibrosis - 5 Strange Signs You Must Know About!
Do you know about a condition called cystic fibrosis that makes your baby s skin taste very salty after birth? The condition changes over time, in which the body makes sweat and mucus, and also affects the digestive system and lung functioning. The condition generally occurs because of a flawed gene. This is a severe and life-threatening disease that affects different people in different ways. Causes The gene, called CTFR is present in all humans. It makes a protein that controls the amount of water and salt, which get moved in and out of your cells. In the case of cystic fibroids, the CTFR gene is broken. This happens when a person inherits two bad copies of this specific gene. One bad CFTR gene may cause your cells to make the wrong or imbalanced amount of water and salt. Because of this, your body becomes unable to get the supply of sufficient nutrients and oxygen that are lost through sweating. Symptoms There are several symptoms associated with cystic fibroids that include the following: It is likely for you to cough up thin mucus, along with shortness of breath, and wheezing. The development of polyps in your nose is indicated. Sinus infections, pneumonia, or bronchitis may occur. Your stool may be oily, bulky, and with a foul odor. Liver diseases and gallstones may develop later in life because of cystic fibroids. Treatment There is no certain treatment for cystic fibroids. However, there are various treatment procedures that are used for providing relief to the symptoms of the condition. This allows an affected patient to breathe easily, feel better, and experience lesser stomach infections. You can opt for airway clearance technique that helps you with your breathing. The procedure involves the clearance of mucus from your lungs. This procedure is carried out in several ways and special devices may be used during the proceedings. Certain inhaled drugs like steroids, salt solutions, and antibiotics are used for thinning your mucus layers, and for clearing lung infections. If your pancreas do not work properly, you may be prescribed enzyme pills for the digestion of fats and protein, and for the absorption of more nutrients from the food you consume. You may also be prescribed vitamin A, D, and E supplements for getting these nutrients, which are not being absorbed by your intestine. You must consult a doctor on experiencing any symptom of cystic fibrosis in your baby. This will allow the condition to be diagnosed at an early stage, thereby preventing further worsening.
3133 people found this helpful

What You Need To Know About Cystic Fibrosis?

Dr. Milind M Kulkarni 90% (78 ratings)
DTCD (TDD), C-HIV
Pulmonologist, Pune
What You Need To Know About Cystic Fibrosis?
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition, which primarily affects the lungs and persistence of this condition might lead to severe breathing problems and loss of lung function. If you have inherited two copies of the defective gene from your parents, you are likely to suffer from this disease. Cystic Fibrosis causes a buildup of thick mucus in your lungs and affects other organs such as the kidneys, pancreas and the intestines in your body. It isn't very uncommon as one out of fifty people in Asia is a carrier of this disease. The disease gets its name from the cysts formed in the pancreas of the sufferer. However, this disease can be detected by testing the quantity of salt present in your sweat. Prenatal testing for Fibrosis is another method to test if your newborn is likely to contract a lung infection. Complications faced due to cystic fibrosis include: Serious sinus infections Serious damage in lungs due to inflammation and incessant infection Malnutrition Complication in breaking down protein Respiratory tract contamination If you observe one or more of the following symptoms, you might be suffering from Cystic Fibrosis: Salty-tasting skin Bowel obstruction caused due to meconium ileus (obstruction of the bowels) Mucus amiss in your alveoli Persistent coughing with phlegm discharge Shortness of breath while engaging in a physical task Stunted or measly growth despite healthy lifestyle habits Infertility in males If you're suffering from cystic fibrosis, there isn't any particular treatment which is recommended due to the varying degrees of it found in people. However, consultation with a medical practitioner and an individualised treatment plan can help you minimise the risks and lead a better life. Some therapies you can opt for are: Airway clearance: This therapy helps sift the thick layer of mucus around your organs. Some people have also chosen to use the inflatable vest which vibrates around your chest, thereby, thinning and loosening the layer of mucus. Inhaled medicines: Another breakthrough in the field of respiratory medicine, this method requires the patient to sniff a liquid consisting of mist, which is inhaled with the aid of a nebuliser. This method is known to be beneficial for opening airways. Pancreatic enzyme supplements: Along with multivitamins, these specially designed supplements are known to cater to your pancreas with the much-needed nutrients and they need to be consumed with every meal.
2002 people found this helpful

Causes And Symptoms of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

Dr. Rajeev Shandil 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS, DNB - Internal Medicine, DNB - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Delhi
Causes And Symptoms of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency or EPI is also known as pancreatic deficiency, a disorder where the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient amount of enzymes that are required to digest food. The pancreatic enzymes help to break down and absorb nutrients from the food in the small intestine. So, this disease causes nutritional deficiencies. Causes of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency : This condition is generally caused as a complication of other diseases because EPI develops only as a result of severe damage to the pancreas. The following reasons can cause EPI: Inflammation of the pancreas: After surgery in the pancreas, stomach or the intestines, there may be inflammation in the pancreas as a post-surgical complication. A high content of triglyceride fat in the blood can also cause pancreatic inflammation and hinder the secretion of the enzymes. Chronic Pancreatitis: In this disease, the pancreatic ducts are swollen and blocked and so the digestive enzymes cannot be passed into the small intestine. This condition is often caused by a heavy consumption of alcohol. Cystic Fibrosis: The digestive fluids and enzymes become thick and sticky and block the passageways of the pancreas and other organs like the lungs and the kidneys. This can obstruct secretion and passage of enzymes afterwards. Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome or SBDS: SBDS is an autosomal recessive genetic condition where enzyme producing pancreatic cells is not formed properly. This rare disorder causes a number of associated disorders like bone marrow diseases, skeletal defects and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. Symptoms of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency: Symptoms of EPI often appear in the middle stages of the disease when the process of absorption of nutrients has already been affected. The common warning signs are: Digestive problems like gas, diarrhea and indigestion because the food remains mostly undigested. Severe and frequent stomach pain in the lower abdominal region Greasy stools due to the excretion of undigested fat Rapid loss of weight and body mass due to malabsorption of nutrients Constantly feeling bloated and full even if you have not eaten anything A general sense of fatigue and exhaustion Excessive bleeding from small wounds because protein deficiencies hamper blood clotting Pain in the muscles and bones Increased susceptibility to infections of the body system Anemia Joint pains Abnormal swelling of the limbs or edema
1843 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

What is fibrosis apities both side and what is its treatment. Please give brief answer for the treatment.

Dr. Sajeev Kumar 88% (23087 ratings)
C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Appetite stimulants, although efficacious in treating malnutrition in CF, should only be prescribed if decreased food intake secondary to inadequate appetite is the principal cause of the malnutrition and all other contributing factors have been assessed, ruled-out or treated. the use of several appetite stimulants used in CF and other diseases to improve appetite and maximize caloric intake

Cect chest reveals small fibrosis lesions in both fields with subcentimeter sized lymphnoed in mediastinum, indicating sequelae of previous infective pathology.

Dr. Avadhesh Khare 88% (43 ratings)
MBBS, DM - Cardiology, md medicine
Cardiologist, Bhopal
If you are asymptomatic. No need of further evaluation. Just follow. But if you have any gastro intestinal symptoms consult gastro- enetrologist. Actually it's difficult to evaluate small size sub centermeter lymph node. Sometime they having no significant. So need to clinicaly correlation.
1 person found this helpful

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Health Benefits of Turmeric

Dr. Satish Sawale 91% (1908 ratings)
Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine & Surgery (BAMS), PG Dip Panchakarma, PG Dip Ksharsutra For Piles, Pilonidal, Sinus & Fistula Management, Post Graduate Diploma In Hospital Administration (PGDHA), Certificate In Diabetes Update
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
Turmeric helps those suffering from cystic fibrosis. True or false? Take this quiz to find out
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