Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) : Origin, Symptoms, Transmission, Treatment and Precautions
Last Updated: May 10, 2023
How Long Does The Virus Survive On Surfaces?
It is not exactly known that for how long will the virus survive on the surface. According to many studies, this virus may persist on surfaces for a few hours to several days. It varies under different conditions depending on the type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment.
Is Covid-19 The Same As Sars?
No, both the diseases are different. The virus that caused COVID-19 and the one that caused the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 are related genetically but the diseases they cause are different. SARS was deadly but less infectious than COVID-19. Also, after 2003, there were no outbreaks of SARS seen in the world till date.
Should We Worry About Covid-19?
COVID-19 has been declared a situation of pandemic worldwide. The illness caused due to this virus is generally mild in children and young adults, however, people of older age or suffering from diabetes or heart diseases are at a high risk of getting infected with Coronavirus.
If the precautions are not taken on the initial stages, the infection gets serious and need proper medical care. By taking the below mentioned preventive measures, we all can stay safe from this disease.
- Clean the surfaces with the disinfectant to kill the virus
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water
- Avoid touching your mouth, eyes and nose
- Cover your mouth with an elbow when you sneeze
- If coughing, sneezing or cold persists for a long time, visit your doctor immediately
Getting Your Workplace Ready To Deal With COVID-19
Simple ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in your workplace
The low-cost measures below will help prevent the spread of infections in your workplace, such as colds, flu and stomach bugs, and protect your customers, contractors and employees.
Employers should start doing these things now, even if COVID-19 has not arrived in the communities where they operate. They can already reduce working days lost due to illness and stop or slow the spread of COVID-19 if it arrives at one of your workplaces.
- Make sure your workplaces are clean and hygienic
Why? Because contamination on surfaces touched by employees and customers is one of the main ways that COVID-19 spreads
- Promote regular and thorough hand-washing by employees, contractors and customers
Why? Because washing kills the virus on your hands and prevents the spread of COVID19
- Promote good respiratory hygiene in the workplace
Why? Because good respiratory hygiene prevents the spread of COVID-19
Brief your employees, contractors and customers that if COVID-19 starts spreading in your community anyone with even a mild cough or low-grade fever (37.3 C or more) needs to stay at home. They should also stay home (or work from home) if they have had to take simple medications, such as paracetamol/acetaminophen, ibuprofen or aspirin, which may mask symptoms of infection.
Is There any Cure/Vaccination for COVID-19?
At this point in time, there’s no vaccine to protect you from the novel coronavirus, also known as SARS-CoV-2. There also are no special medications approved to treat the symptoms of COVID-19. People who get a mild case need care to ease their symptoms, like rest, fluids, and fever control. Those with severe symptoms need to be cared for in the hospital.
Vaccines and treatment options for COVID-19 are currently being investigated around the world. There’s some evidence that certain medications may have the potential to be effective with regard to preventing illness or treating the symptoms of COVID-19.
However, researchers need to perform randomized controlled trials in humans before potential vaccines and other treatments become available. This may take several months or longer.
Here are some treatment options that are currently being investigated for protection against SARS-CoV-2 and treatment of COVID-19 symptoms.
Remdesivir is an experimental broad-spectrum antiviral drug originally designed to target Ebola.
Researchers have found that remdesivir is highly effective at fighting the novel coronavirus in isolated cellsTrusted Source. This treatment is not yet approved in humans, but two clinical trials for this drug have been implemented in China. One clinical trial was recently also approved by the FDA in the United States.
Chloroquine is a drug that’s used to fight malaria and autoimmune diseases. It’s been in use for more than 70 yearsTrusted Source and is considered safe. Researchers have discovered that this drug is effective at fighting the SARS-CoV-2 virus in studies done in test tubes. At least 10 clinical trials are currently looking at the potential use of chloroquine as an option for combating the novel coronavirus.
- Lopinavir and Ritonavir
Lopinavir and ritonavir are sold under the name Kaletra and are designed to treat HIV. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there could be benefits to using Kaletra in combination with other drugs.
A clinical trial is set to start soon in China to examine the potential of a drug called APN01 to fight the novel coronavirus. The scientists who first developed APN01 in the early 2000s discovered that a certain protein called ACE2 is involved in SARS infections. This protein also helped protect the lungs from injury due to respiratory distress.
From recent research, it turns out that the 2019 coronavirus, like SARS, also uses the ACE2 protein to infect cells in humans.
The randomized, dual-arm trial will look at the effect of the medication on 24 patients for 1 week. Half of the participants in the trial will receive the APN01 drug, and the other half will be given a placebo. If results are encouraging, larger clinical trials will be done.
China has approved the use of the antiviral drug favilavir to treat symptoms of COVID-19. The drug was initially developed to treat inflammation in the nose and throat. Although the results of the study haven’t been released yet, the drug has supposedly shown to be effective in treating COVID-19 symptoms in a clinical trial of 70 people.
Get Professional Help
To get professional help, you can reach out at:
- Helpline Number Toll-free: 1075, +91-11-23978046
- Helpline Email ID : ncov2019[at]gov[dot]in OR Ncov2019[at]gmail[dot]com
- Website: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/
Know More About:Coronavirus PAN India Helpline Numbers
- Coronavirus. World Health Organization [Internet]. who.int 2020 [cited 17 March 2020]. Available from:
- Coronavirus (COVID-19). CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [Internet]. cdc.gov 2020 [cited 17 March 2020].Available from:
- Novel Corona Virus. Ministry Of Health And Family Welfare, Department of Health & Family Welfare [Internet]. mohfw.gov.in 2020 [cited 17 March 2020]. Available from:
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