Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Colposcopy Tips

Colposcopy and Cervical Biopsy - Know The Procedure!

Dr. Amrita Saha 86% (16 ratings)
MBBS, MD / MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Kanpur
Colposcopy and Cervical Biopsy - Know The Procedure!

Colposcopy is a procedure that is used to get a closer view of a women’s cervix, vagina and vulva. It is a procedure carried on to detect the presence of any abnormal cells on the cervix and nearby areas. 

Why is Colposcopy done?
This procedure is carried out to see the problems in the vagina and cervix which may otherwise be not visible with a naked eye. A colposcopy is done when the Pap test results are abnormal. These abnormalities could be due to several reasons like viral infections namely human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or any other fungal (yeast), bacterial or protozoan (Trichomonas) infection. Atrophic vaginitis or natural cervical changes due to menopause can also lead to abnormal Pap test results. However one needs to be careful because these untreated cervical cell changes that lead to abnormal Pap tests can at times develop into precancerous or cancerous changes.

Cervical Biopsy
In case during colposcopy, an abnormal tissue is found in the problem areas, the doctor will remove a tiny sample of it and send it to the lab. This is normally known as a biopsy or cervical biopsy which is done from inside the opening of the cervix or endocervical canal.
 

Procedure for a colposcopy and biopsy
A colposcopy is normally a pain free procedure where at times some women might feel a slight tingling or burning sensation when the solution is applied. Biopsy might lead to a little discomfort like that of a sharp pinch or a menstrual cramp. During colposcopy a speculum or a small instrument is inserted into the vagina to spread apart the vaginal walls. In order to see the area more clearly the doctor dabs the cervix or vagina with a cotton swab dipped in vinegar (acetic acid) or Iodine (Lugol's solution). The solution is used to remove any kind of mucus and also makes the abnormal cells turn white in order to be clearly visible.

The doctor then uses a colposcope, a light magnifying device that looks like binoculars and has a bright light mounted to it. It also has a camera attached to it to take the videos or pictures of the cervix and vagina.
Biopsies are normally done by scraping away abnormal cells with a small brush or a small curette.

Results of colposcopy or cervical Biopsy
In case of Normal results the vinegar or iodine will not show the presence of any abnormal cells and the vagina and cervix look normal. But in case of abnormal results, there are abnormal tissues seen in the problem areas. It could also be a sore or a genital wart or infection in and around the vagina. The biopsy report would clarify whether it is cervical cancer or is likely to develop.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2356 people found this helpful

What Is The Purpose Of Colposcopy and How Is The Procedure Done?

Dr. Deepa Gupta 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MRSH, MDP(HM)
Gynaecologist, Delhi
What Is The Purpose Of Colposcopy and How Is The Procedure Done?

The physical constitution of a woman’s body is complex and must be subject to regular medical check-ups. The reproductive system in women is especially sensitive to many factors. Colposcopy is a surgical procedure that entails an examination of the vulva, vagina, and cervix by using a tool known as the colposcope. This process is performed if unusual results are detected in Pap smear test.

The Pap smear is a medical screening test that helps identify abnormal cervical cells. The doctor uses the bright light that emanates from the colposcope to see the cervix more clearly under optical magnification. In case irregular areas are spotted during the Pap smear test, a tissue sample is retrieved from the cervix and then sent for biopsy.

What is the purpose of colposcopy?
Colposcopy is performed if a woman starts bleeding profusely right after engaging in sexual intercourse. The medical procedure enables doctors to identify abnormal growth in the reproductive system of a woman; such growth may be visible in the vulva, vagina, or in the woman’s cervix.

Cervical cancer can be identified with the help of a surgical procedure like colposcopy. The procedure can be used to locate ailments in the uterine cervix. These abnormalities may include genital warts or excessive inflammation of the cervix. The latter is known as cervicitis.

How is Colposcopy Performed?
The first step of the colposcopy procedure requires the patient to lie down with the feet placed in stirrups, similar to how a patient would have to lie down when undergoing any Pap smear test or a pelvic exam. A speculum is placed on the patient’s vagina, and the colposcope shall be positioned some inches away from the vulva. The insertion of the speculum can generate some discomfort, but the pain does not last long.

The vagina and the cervix are swabbed with vinegar and cotton to clear any mucus and to highlight any abnormal cells. The colposcope does not physically touch the person. The doctor may proceed to take photographs of areas that might appear suspicious to him. He may also extract a tissue sample from the cervix and send this to a laboratory for biopsy.

The doctor applies a solution to the patient after the biopsy has been executed. This action helps to control the bleeding that may occur after the colposcopy. The solution is known as Monsel’s Solution, and it generates a dark discharge following the procedure. The discharge may occur for a few days.

Colposcopy is an effective procedure that identifies abnormal growth in cervical cells. While there are no risks associated with this procedure as such, it is common for patients to experience bleeding and even fever for a few days after the surgery.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2999 people found this helpful

Colposcopy - When & Why Do You Need It?

Dr. Sagar Bumb 89% (36 ratings)
DGO , MBBS
Gynaecologist, Pune
Colposcopy - When & Why Do You Need It?

Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure that your doctor uses to have a good and clear look at your cervix. The word has been derived from the Greek work "kolpos" meaning "hollow, womb or vagina" and "skopos" meaning "look at." The diagnosis is performed with the help of an instrument called "colposcope" that helps the doctor to get to the minutest details of your cervix, vagina, and vulva that are easily missed by the naked eye.

When and why do you need Colposcopy?
Your doctor decides when you need to opt for colposcopy. Usually, abnormal Pap Test results are the chief reason behind colposcopy. Other causes include abnormal looks of your cervix during a pelvic exam and positive HPV test results etc. Sometimes if you experience unexplained bleeding problems, your doctor might suggest you opt for the procedure.

Colposcopy allows your doctor to identify any abnormalities in your genital area clearly. It helps your doctor to collect tissue samples and fluid samples from the region as well. The doctor can easily distinguish between a normal looking vagina and a vagina with any abnormalities. The sole purpose of colposcopy is to determine what is causing the abnormal Pap test or an abnormal cervical region so that you get the proper treatment.

How is it done and what should be the preparations from your side?
Colposcopy is an extremely safe and hassle free diagnostic procedure. After lying on their back, one has to keep their legs spread as the doctor uses a speculum to keep your vagina open for her to examine. Next, the doctor uses a cotton swab dipped in a vinegar-like solution to clean the internals, which might give a slight burning sensation at first but helps the doctor to identify the abnormal cells and blood vessels accurately. After that, she uses the colposcope to have an illuminated and magnified look at your cervix and vulva.

There are a few things that you should follow from your side, like, do let the doctor know if you have heavy flow amidst your period days, not using any creams or gels before the procedure and avoiding sexual intercourse for the time being. It is also important to let your doctor know whether you are pregnant or not.

Results and after-effects of Colposcopy
The results of your colposcopy determine whether if you have dysplasia which is highly curable in the early stages, or if you have any sorts of genital tissue or blood vessel related infections or not, which your doctor looks into for treatment. If any occurrences like high fever, extended vaginal bleeding, a viscous and stinky vaginal discharge yellowish in color, severe lower abdominal pain, start appearing after your colposcopy report to your doctor as soon as possible.

5620 people found this helpful

Colposcopy and Cervical Biopsy: What Should You Know?

Dr. Parul Aggarwal 90% (48 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Colposcopy and Cervical Biopsy: What Should You Know?

Colposcopy is a procedure that is used to get a closer view of a women’s cervix, vagina and vulva. It is a procedure carried on to detect the presence of any abnormal cells on the cervix and nearby areas. 

Why is Colposcopy done?
This procedure is carried out to see the problems in the vagina and cervix which may otherwise be not visible with a naked eye. A colposcopy is done when the Pap test results are abnormal. These abnormalities could be due to several reasons like viral infections namely human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or any other fungal (yeast), bacterial or protozoan (Trichomonas) infection. Atrophic vaginitis or natural cervical changes due to menopause can also lead to abnormal Pap test results. However one needs to be careful because these untreated cervical cell changes that lead to abnormal Pap tests can at times develop into precancerous or cancerous changes.

Cervical Biopsy
In case during colposcopy, an abnormal tissue is found in the problem areas, the doctor will remove a tiny sample of it and send it to the lab. This is normally known as a biopsy or cervical biopsy which is done from inside the opening of the cervix or endocervical canal.
 

Procedure for a colposcopy and biopsy
A colposcopy is normally a pain free procedure where at times some women might feel a slight tingling or burning sensation when the solution is applied. Biopsy might lead to a little discomfort like that of a sharp pinch or a menstrual cramp. During colposcopy a speculum or a small instrument is inserted into the vagina to spread apart the vaginal walls. In order to see the area more clearly the doctor dabs the cervix or vagina with a cotton swab dipped in vinegar (acetic acid) or Iodine (Lugol's solution). The solution is used to remove any kind of mucus and also makes the abnormal cells turn white in order to be clearly visible.

The doctor then uses a colposcope, a light magnifying device that looks like binoculars and has a bright light mounted to it. It also has a camera attached to it to take the videos or pictures of the cervix and vagina.
Biopsies are normally done by scraping away abnormal cells with a small brush or a small curette.

Results of colposcopy or cervical Biopsy
In case of Normal results the vinegar or iodine will not show the presence of any abnormal cells and the vagina and cervix look normal. But in case of abnormal results, there are abnormal tissues seen in the problem areas. It could also be a sore or a genital wart or infection in and around the vagina. The biopsy report would clarify whether it is cervical cancer or is likely to develop.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4773 people found this helpful

Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Available

Dr. Ekta Singh 95% (39 ratings)
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Noida
Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Available

Cervical cancer is a form of cancer which occurs in the cervix or the lower part of the uterus in women, which opens up into the vagina. Its different from the other cancers that occur in other parts of the uterus and has a high rate of being cured if detected early.

Causes of Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is usually caused when abnormal cells present in the cervix, get out of control. Usually, major cases of cervical cancer are caused by a virus known as the human papillomavirus or HPV. This virus gets transmitted from one person to another by sexual means or sexual contact. Abnormal changes in the cervix cells lead to cervical cancer. Usually, cell changes occur in the transformation zone in the cervix as the cells tend to change constantly, thereby leading to cancer.

Symptoms:

  1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding between menstrual phases, after menopause or after having sex.
  2. Pain is experienced during sex.
  3. Abnormal vaginal discharge is produced.
  4. Abnormal changes in the menstrual cycle.
  5. Anemia due to abnormal bleeding from the vagina.
  6. Recurring pain in the pelvis, back or leg.
  7. Several urinary problems due to the blockage of the uterus.
  8. Urine or stool leakage into the vagina.
  9. Loss of weight.

How it can be diagnosed?
A routine screening test should be undertaken to observe any abnormal cell changes in the cervix and also for the screening for cervical cancer. Taking regular Pap smear test is recommended to detect abnormal cell changes so that cervical cancer can be prevented before hand. Other diagnostic tests include, Colposcopy and cervical biopsy to determine the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix, Endocervical biopsy and Cone biopsy.

Treatment options available: 
Cervical cancer can be treated when detected at an early stage. The type of treatment depends on the stage and type of cervical cancer. The most common treatment methods are as follows:

  1. Surgery can be undertaken for removal of the cancer. Several types of surgeries exist and the ideal one depends on the location and severity of the cervical cancer.
  2. Radiation therapy involves the use of high dosage X-rays and implants within the vaginal cavity. This kills the cancer cells and is used in some specific stages of cervical cancer. This therapy is often used alongside surgery.
  3. Chemo-radiation is a combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. This procedure can be used at various stages of cervical cancer.
  4. Chemotherapy involves using medicines for killing cancer cells. It is used in advanced stages of cervical cancer.

Pelvic cancer is caused by abnormal cell changes in the pelvis. It is a common kind of cancer and can cause negative effects on the health. Proper diagnosis and treatment are essential for treating pelvic cancer. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

3994 people found this helpful
Icon

Book appointment with top doctors for Colposcopy treatment

View fees, clinic timings and reviews