The black spots on your skin are signs of aging and sun exposure. These spots are also caused by high pollution of melanin pigments. The ultraviolet rays of the sun might also cause these black spots on your skin. The black spots can occur on your face, on your hands, shoulders and also on your forearms. Age is an important factor for the black spots that occur. The skin becomes more prone to these conditions with aging and the melanin pigments of your body do not function properly. These spots come in patches and might be dark brown and black in color. However the black spots on your skin or age spots are not harmful to your skin, neither do they cause any health issues and they do not require specific treatment. However people seek for treatment for better appearances. Sometimes it might be suspected that the dark area or a patch isn’t an age spot then the medical experts can perform a biopsy to confirm the results. They will remove a piece of your skin and check for skin cancer or other abnormalities. Sometimes these black spots may be a sign of skin cancer and can spread over your skin gradually.
There are many procedures by which the age spots can be reduced and removed. The most common form of treatment is the application of medicinal bleaching creams. These creams help the spot to fade away gradually. Other medical procedures includes a procedure of intense pulsed light treatment, in this procedure a specific kind of light is passed on your affected area of the skin and targets the melanin pigments to cure the breakup spots. Chemical peels are also an effective way to cure the problem of spots. The outer layer of the skin is removed so that new skin can be grown back gradually (derambrasion). There is also a system of cryosurgery where liquid nitrogen helps to freeze the specific age spots. It should be noted that no cosmetic can cure age spots, it can only cover these spots for a specific period of time. Certain ointments are prescribed that help to reduce the inflammated pores of your skin and reduce the chances of developing the black spots on your skin. Sometimes if the condition is not that severe, you can avoid the process of treatment as it might be a mere case of melanin disorder which is pretty common with aging.
If you have black patches on various parts of your skin then you are eligible for this condition’s treatment. The dark patches might appear to be dark brown and black and they can spread over time to time, if you notice this symptom then consult your medical expert.
There are no specific conditions where you are not eligible for the treatment, however, you should consult with your medical expert to be on the safe side.
The side effects for the treatment are quite low. Common side effects may involve irritation, redness of the skin etc. There are instances where you might not be comfortable with a certain lotion or a cream and you might develop skin allergies from it as well.
You should avoid direct sun exposure if you notice that the patches are coming back for the same. In that case you should use sunscreen lotions of minimum SPF 30. You should also continue with the medicinal bleachers and ointments. If your black spots are still coming back then consult with your dermatologist.
The price of the treatment including therapies and the medications range from Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 30,000.
To obtain the finest results, you need to give it some time. However, with proper therapies and medications the results are permanent unless you are very old and the melanin pigments of your body do not respond to the medications.