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Overview

Black Spots on Skin: Treatment, Procedure, Cost and Side Effects

What is the treatment?

senile lentigo

How is the treatment done?

The black spots on your skin are signs of aging and sun exposure. These spots are also caused by high pollution of melanin pigments. The ultraviolet rays of the sun might also cause these black spots on your skin. The black spots can occur on your face, on your hands, shoulders and also on your forearms. Age is an important factor for the black spots that occur. The skin becomes more prone to these conditions with aging and the melanin pigments of your body do not function properly. These spots come in patches and might be dark brown and black in color. However the black spots on your skin or age spots are not harmful to your skin, neither do they cause any health issues and they do not require specific treatment. However people seek for treatment for better appearances. Sometimes it might be suspected that the dark area or a patch isn’t an age spot then the medical experts can perform a biopsy to confirm the results. They will remove a piece of your skin and check for skin cancer or other abnormalities. Sometimes these black spots may be a sign of skin cancer and can spread over your skin gradually.

Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)

There are many procedures by which the age spots can be reduced and removed. The most common form of treatment is the application of medicinal bleaching creams. These creams help the spot to fade away gradually. Other medical procedures includes a procedure of intense pulsed light treatment, in this procedure a specific kind of light is passed on your affected area of the skin and targets the melanin pigments to cure the breakup spots. Chemical peels are also an effective way to cure the problem of spots. The outer layer of the skin is removed so that new skin can be grown back gradually (derambrasion). There is also a system of cryosurgery where liquid nitrogen helps to freeze the specific age spots. It should be noted that no cosmetic can cure age spots, it can only cover these spots for a specific period of time. Certain ointments are prescribed that help to reduce the inflammated pores of your skin and reduce the chances of developing the black spots on your skin. Sometimes if the condition is not that severe, you can avoid the process of treatment as it might be a mere case of melanin disorder which is pretty common with aging.

Who is not eligible for the treatment?

If you have black patches on various parts of your skin then you are eligible for this condition’s treatment. The dark patches might appear to be dark brown and black and they can spread over time to time, if you notice this symptom then consult your medical expert.

Are there any side effects?

There are no specific conditions where you are not eligible for the treatment, however, you should consult with your medical expert to be on the safe side.

What are the post-treatment guidelines?

The side effects for the treatment are quite low. Common side effects may involve irritation, redness of the skin etc. There are instances where you might not be comfortable with a certain lotion or a cream and you might develop skin allergies from it as well.

How long does it take to recover?

You should avoid direct sun exposure if you notice that the patches are coming back for the same. In that case you should use sunscreen lotions of minimum SPF 30. You should also continue with the medicinal bleachers and ointments. If your black spots are still coming back then consult with your dermatologist.

Are the results of the treatment permanent?

The price of the treatment including therapies and the medications range from Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 30,000.

What are the alternatives to the treatment?

To obtain the finest results, you need to give it some time. However, with proper therapies and medications the results are permanent unless you are very old and the melanin pigments of your body do not respond to the medications.

Safety: Condition Effectiveness: High Timeliness: High Relative Risk: Very Low Side Effects: Low Time For Recovery: High Price Range:

Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 60,000

Popular Health Tips

How Good Is The Stem Cell Face Lift?

MCh - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship Reconstructive Microsurgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Gurgaon
How Good Is The Stem Cell Face Lift?

The skin is constantly exposed to sun and multiple environmental pollutants, causing a lot of degeneration. The face, being the most exposed part, bears the brunt of this. A number of dark spots, wrinkles, sagging, fine lines, etc. appear as a result of ageing and become very prominent on the face. Not just are these cosmetic concerns, but they also affect the person’s morale.

Origin:
The body has millions of types of cells, but there are some known as stem cells which are totipotent the ability to transform into any type of cell (blood, bone, muscle, skin, etc.) These totipotent stem cells were used earlier in treating sports injuries to repair joints and ligaments. They are present in large numbers in fat and so the affected joint would be injected with fat, and the stem cells from here would help in regeneration of the joint. The same concept was extended by cosmetic surgeons to treat facial ageing problems. Fat extracted from an area (usually abdomen or inner thigh) is injected into predetermined areas on the face. These then act as fillers and help in skin rejuvenation and repair.

Procedure:

  1. Case selection with both the doctor and the patient.
  2. Setting realistic expectations is very important
  3. The area selected for fat extraction is injected with local anaesthesia
  4. The excess oil and blood from this extract is removed by blotting
  5. It is then mixed with growth factors, which are embedded in beads of hyaluronic acid, which allows for prolonged and constant release of growth factors
  6. After thorough mixing, this is then injected into specific areas on the face in multiple planes – usually three, from the innermost to the outermost layers of the skin
  7. The growth factors used for each of these layers also could differ. The second layer could have more of protein (collagen) as it helps in keeping the skin firm.
  8. The topmost layer could have more of blood cells as it is involved in vascular supply
  9. After this, a final resurfacing is done to ensure the fine lines and superficial skin damage is repaired
  10. The face may also be sculpted in specific areas to correct additional features, like the jawline
  11. Fat deposit correction (some addition, some removal) may also be done.

Advantages:

  1. No surgical incision required, only needle incisions to extract and infuse fat cells
  2. Faster healing
  3. Done as outpatient procedure
  4. No hospitalization
  5. No anaesthetic required
  6. No scar, as the fat is used from lesser visible areas like inner thighs
  7. Quicker and remarkable results
  8. Complete facial rejuvenation
  9. Can be done from patient’s own blood or from a donor

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3521 people found this helpful

Perfect Blemish Free Look - Quick Tips For It!

MBBS, MD - Dermatology, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Dermetalogy surgery and hair transplant
Dermatologist, Jaipur
Perfect Blemish Free Look - Quick Tips For It!

We all love that perfectly glowing skin that has no marks or signs of ageing like moles, tags, fine lines, dark circles and many others. However, for most of us, this remains an imaginary picture that we have in mind. What stares back at us in the mirror has some of the above noted features, in various combinations. However, the desire for that blemish-free skin without any of these continues and is actually not far from reality too.

Some major irritants causing skin scars are as follows:

  1. Vascular marks including thread veins and broken capillaries.
  2. Spider nevus is a spider-web like structure with a central vessel and surrounding capillaries dilated radiating away from it. Similarly, blood spots are red, vascular spots that come with ageing.
  3. Skin tags or milia or warts, these are harmless but esthetically concerning and can irritate if found in an area where it interferes with the garments
  4. Age spots or brown spots that occur due to sun exposure are also harmless but are esthetic concern.

With esthetics attaining such importance, new ways are constantly being identified to help people improve their looks. While there are various creams and lotions and serums with promises of various chemicals that can do wonders, there actually are procedures that have a scientific basis and can produce results more quickly and effectively. The following are some popular advanced cosmetic procedures (ACPs) that can help clear these blemishes and produce a spotless, clear skin.

  1. Chemical peels: This is an exfoliation process done in the clinic, by removing the top layers of rough skin, thereby, making space for new skin to grow. It stimulates growth of collagen and elastin, and promoting new skin growth. It can also be combined with topical antioxidants such as tretinoin and vitamin C, which are proven beneficial for the skin.
  2. Dermabrasion: Used in a variety of conditions (acne, wrinkles, blemishes), it works on layers that are far deeper than a chemical peel. A rotating brush is used to remove the upper layers of the skin, leaving the underlying layers open. The removed layers of the skin may form a scab, and can be mildly painful. The doctor may decide to use a mild local anesthetic if required.
  3. Laser skin resurfacing: The skin has an upper thicker layer and an inner thinner layer. A small amount of laser is applied to the underlying layers to stimulate them to produce collagen. The top layers are kept cool with a gel. The extra collagen produces improves elasticity and produces younger looking skin, removing all blemishes.

All these are equally proven ways to treat blemishes. The decision of choosing one particular method should be completely based on your expectations.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4264 people found this helpful

Snow Cell Therapy - How It Is Beneficial For Skin?

Dermatologist
Dermatologist, Delhi
Snow Cell Therapy - How It Is Beneficial For Skin?

Everyone wants a clear, flawless skin. However, not everyone is blessed with such skin. Most of us find ourselves fighting against pimples, dark spots, acne scars, etc. from time to time. The good news is that even if you weren’t born with clear skin, there are treatments that can give you the glow you dream of. Snow Cell Therapy is one such form of skin treatment.

This type of therapy aims at removing toxins from your body and in turn whitening your skin. It can even out dark spots, lower the impact of dark lips and help treat age spots, dark circles and other such skin flaws. Additionally, it offers a long-term solution to wrinkles. However, it cannot be used to treat skin problems caused by hormonal issues such as acne. This is because it does not influence hormone levels in the body.

Snow cell therapy involves the use of glutathione that must be injected into the skin. Glutathione is a naturally occurring element that is produced by the body, but in very low amounts. It also contains minerals that boost the levels of Vitamin C and a number of other amino acids. This injection must be given intravenously. The injection is administered with quick impacts that quickly distributes the medicine throughout the body. Delivering medication in this way makes the therapy more effective than other skin whitening techniques such as pills and topical creams.

When undergoing snow cell therapy, it is essential to consult a certified dermatologist. This is because this form of therapy may have a few side effects if not performed correctly. You must ensure that fresh needles are used so as to avoid the transmission of diseases. In some cases, patients who are injected with the medication more than thrice a week may complain of stomach aches. Long-term use of this medication may also cause skin malignancy, rashes and hives.

Overall, this form of treatment has a high success rate. The results are not only quick, but are also permanent. However, to maintain the effects of the treatment, follow-up visits may be required.  In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

5431 people found this helpful

Tips For a Blemish Free Look!

Tips For a Blemish Free Look!

We all love that perfectly glowing skin that has no marks or signs of ageing like moles, tags, fine lines, dark circles and many others. However, for most of us, this remains an imaginary picture that we have in mind. What stares back at us in the mirror has some of the noted features, in various combinations. However, the desire for that blemish-free skin without any of these continues and is actually not far from reality too.

Some major irritants causing skin scars are as follows:

  1. Vascular marks including thread veins and broken capillaries.
  2. Spider nevus is a spider web like structure with a central vessel and surrounding capillaries dilated radiating away from it. Similarly, blood spots are red, vascular spots that come with ageing.
  3. Skin tags or milia or warts these are harmless, but esthetically concerning and can irritate, if found in an area where it interferes with the garments
  4. Age spots or brown spots that occur due to sun exposure are also harmless but are esthetic concern.
  5. With esthetics attaining such importance, new ways are constantly being identified to help people improve their looks. While there are various creams and lotions and serums with promises of various chemicals that can do wonders, there actually are procedures that have a scientific basis and can produce results more quickly and effectively.

The following are some popular advanced cosmetic procedures (ACPs) that can help clear these blemishes and produce a spotless, clear skin.

  1. Chemical peels: This is an exfoliation process done in the clinic, by removing the top layers of rough skin, thereby, making space for new skin to grow. It stimulates growth of collagen and elastin, and promoting new skin growth. It can also be combined with topical antioxidants such as tretinoin and vitamin C, which are proven beneficial for the skin.
  2. Dermabrasion: Used in a variety of conditions (acne, wrinkles, blemishes), it works on layers that are far deeper than a chemical peel. A rotating brush is used to remove the upper layers of the skin, leaving the underlying layers open. The removed layers of the skin may form a scab, and can be mildly painful. The doctor may decide to use a mild local anesthetic if required.
  3. Laser skin resurfacing: The skin has an upper thicker layer and an inner thinner layer. A small amount of laser is applied to the underlying layers to stimulate them to produce collagen. The top layers are kept cool with a gel. The extra collagen produces improves elasticity and produces younger looking skin, removing all blemishes.

All these are equally proven ways to treat blemishes. The decision of choosing one particular method should be completely based on your expectations. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

369 people found this helpful

Hyperpigmentation of Skin - 5 Things You Can Try At Home!

The successful 30+ years
Dermatologist, Delhi
Hyperpigmentation of Skin - 5 Things You Can Try At Home!

Hyperpigmentation of skin can lead to dark patches and uneven skin colour, and it is caused by excessive melanin production. It can affect any part of the body, including the arms, legs, hands and even face. The root cause behind excessive melanin production is normally due to hormonal alterations in the body and other health issues. External factors like skin injury, burning, stress, chemical contact and even excessive sun exposure may lead to hyperpigmentation.

But there is nothing to worry about; you can easily eliminate these with some natural techniques.

  1. Lemon: This is the most common yet effective home treatment to eradicate hyperpigmentation. The natural bleaching agent helps in fading away of blemishes present on the skin. But in case you have sensitive skin, it is recommended to dilute the lime juice with some water before application.
  2. Raw potato: Spots and blemishes can be easily removed by applying raw potato juice on the affected area. Potatoes are rich in catecholase, an enzyme which is believed to help in skin lightening. So you may apply raw potato juice twice daily on the affected area to aid fading of hyperpigmentation.
  3. Apple cider vinegar: When it comes to lessening the hyperpigmentation of your skin, nothing can beat the efficacy of apple cider vinegar. If you have been suffering from dark patches all over your skin, then consider applying apple cider vinegar to the affected area owing to its astringent properties, which may restore the natural colour of your skin.
  4. Vitamin E: Referred to as skin vitamin, this is an obvious way to treat hyperpigmentation. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant, and it aids in neutralizing the harmful effects of sun rays while repairing and protecting the skin. You can put the contents of the Vitamin E capsules in a bowl and mix it with ripe papaya or fuller’s earth or rose water and mix to form a paste with thick consistency. Then you will have to apply it on the affected areas and wash it off after complete drying.
  5. Turmeric: This natural ingredient has bleaching properties that help in eliminating hyperpigmentation of the skin. In addition to this, turmeric helps in keeping the skin protected from infections. You can mix turmeric paste with lemon juice and apply on the pigmented area. Alternatively, you can apply turmeric paste with milk and then wash it with lukewarm water after some time.

With these few natural treatments, you will be able to curb down the hyperpigmentation of your skin. However, if you see no commendable results, then it’s probably time to visit a dermatologist.
 

4371 people found this helpful

Popular Questions & Answers

Hi, I am 27 years old from past 1 and half month am getting small puss filled pimples all over my face some remain the same in size and few r getting really big and as a result I got dark spots on my face I am really worried. So far I haven't done anything to it I waited it go naturally but day by day it's increasing .so please suggest me what and whom to consult. Thank you.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Mumbai
The treatment of acne differs according to the grade of involvement. Some people have more oilyness on the face which results in breakouts. After completing treatment for controlling the active breakouts, tablets can be stopped and creams need to be continued to prevent recurrence. Diet and lifestyle modifications are also important. Please don't do any self treatment such as over the counter Steroid creams. Don't burst the pimples with your fingers as it can result in ugly scars. The marks and pores left behind after the pimples heal can also be treated. Please call me or send your photos through online consult option for detailed prescription and diet advice.

I am 20 year male. I have some brown colour spot on my lower leg and thigh. I consult with a skin doctor he told me it is due to medicine side effects. And recommend two cream for 2 months. Hydroquinone and tezcort cream. After applying for 5 days my brown spot become red. What should I do now. Are those spot harmless? Should I need biopsy?

Diploma In Dermatology
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Some times you may get redness with hydroquinone. Stop it for one week n again start. Use small amount. Don't ever take that tablet again. Every time you take that spot will become more n more black. It takes long time to go. If you want it to get removed you can go for q switched Nd yag laser. Generally no need for biopsy because your dermat was sure about diagnosis. If he had doubt he would have advised biopsy.
1 person found this helpful

I have so many scratch- sports due to mosquito bites on my back ,upper arms and legs. Kindly suggest me some ointment to feed these dark sports.

MD, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
You are suffering from papular urticaria. Medicine available for good improvement. As the treatment varies depending on the severity. Send photos of the affected area, for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Im 20 years old and I frequently get pimples and the previous pimples have made scars and black marks on my face .so how can I reduce my pimples appearing and scars or blemishes.

MCh - Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Bangalore
Hello. The scars and the pigmentation on the face are treatable. It's better to get it examined first so that we can identify the type of skin, scars and if they are hyper pigmented, atrophic or ice pick scars. The treatment are of various kind like ranging from simple scrubs and mild peels for the face to the major interventions such as laser therapy, dermaroller, subcision or peeling. These depend on the type of the scars and which kind you opt for. You can consult me online or text me with pictures for further details.

I'm 18+ now and my pimples are gone but the black marks are left behind and it gives a very bad impression for the job I have to pursue. I need a fast and effective way to remove these marks as soon as possible. Can you suggest what can I do?

DNB (Dermatology), MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user If there are only black marks and not scars they may become better by applying 20% azelaic acid cream twice daily. A good sunscreen and photo protection is a must also apply tri Luma cream at night. Hope that helps.
1 person found this helpful

Table of Content

What is the treatment?
How is the treatment done?
Who is eligible for the treatment? (When is the treatment done?)
Who is not eligible for the treatment?
Are there any side effects?
What are the post-treatment guidelines?
How long does it take to recover?
Are the results of the treatment permanent?
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
Play video
Skin Pigmentation Treatment
Hi, I am Dr Sangeeta Amladi and I am going to talk to you about Pigmentation.

What is pigmentation and how does it occur?

Pigmentation is a term we used to describe the dark spots or patches or even general darkening of the skin. In the upper layer of the skin, there are certain cells which are called pigment cells and these produce a certain pigment called melanin. This is evenly distributed in the skin and gives colour that we normally possess. We can get darkening of the skin due to many factors, both external and internal at any time of our lives. Most common cause of external pigmentation is ultraviolet radiations. And one of the commonest cause is a hormone, especially in women. Any of these factors can increase the pigment cells in the skin or actually activate the cell to produce more melanin.

What are the common types of Pigmentation?

There are many common types of pigmentation;

Freckles
Age spots
Melasma
Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation etc
These often cause cosmetic problems and hence require treatment.

Freckles are the common response to sunlight. And you can see them as light brown spots on the face and the exposed parts of the body. They are often seen on the fair skin individuals and from very young ages. They can be effectively prevented by good sun screening habits.

Age spots, also called Lentigines are darker spots. And these are often seen as we grow older, over the age of 40

Melasma is a kind of pigment which shows up most commonly on cheeks in the form of brownish or the greyish brown patches which are sharply defined. They can also come up on the forehead or the chin. Two main factors causing melasma are the sunlight and the hormones. And it is more common in women. Very often, melasma occurs either during or post pregnancy.

Often we find pigmentation being left behind after we develop boils, other infections, eczemas, other allergies, injuries etc on the skin and this is something we called as Post inflammatory hyper pigmentation. It is left behind due to the inflammation that is left behind in the skin. There are certain perfumes, cosmetics and other allergens which can on their own leave dark patches on the skin and we call this pigmented contact om titis.

Another common cause of patchy pigmentation is ageing itself and this is because of the effect of ultraviolet radiations and sunlight on the skin. We often see the unevenness tone or little patchy dark spots and an alteration in texture so the skin gets a bit rougher. This we can prevent to a large extent through good sun screening habits which we should adopt at a very young age in life.

Last but not the least, the dark circles. These are the dark patches which we see under our eyes. The problem of dark circles is that they make us look dull and tired.

What is the right approach to treat pigmentation?

If you suffer from pigmentation, then you should be looking for comprehensive and holistic solutions to this problem. There are many different kinds of products, tropically prescribed medication, and chemical peels which when combined together can help us get rid of the superficial pigmentation. Ideally, it should be customized for you by your dermatologist after the detailed evaluation of your specific skin concern and then decide the best possible way to address it. If we need something deeper then there is a specific laser which called the Q switched andiac laser which is very safe and effective and specifically targets the Melanin in the skin without affecting the neighbouring areas and leaves the skin clear and flawless.

What are the everyday essentials to take care of your skin?

The first mantra to really good skin care is to protect your skin using a sunscreen. You can use the sunscreen of SPF 15-30 or could be higher. However, the more important is how you apply it. A sunscreen must be applied to a thin film across the face and the exposed areas of the body and then left on for 15-20 minutes to settle it. If you tend to sweat a lot, you need to apply it after every 2-4 hours. And of course, you should apply a sunscreen when you are indoors because the ultraviolet radiations or even the visible light which is indoors can also affect your skin and cause pigmentation.
A good cleansing regime is very important to keep your skin clean. Choose a cleanser which is formulated for your skin type dry, oily or normal. You can use this twice or thrice daily. If your skin is oily, you can use a toner for deeper cleansing.
After cleansing your skin, you need to hydrate and this can be done using a moisturizer in the day time and sunscreen itself can be the moisturizer. At night, you can sue a night cream containing Vit- C and this will also help you to stay pigmentation free.
A balanced diet, good sleep and exercise is very important in keeping your skin healthy. Incorporate foods in a diet which are rich in Vit- C and sun protecting agents like Beta Keratins and anti oxidants. For example red and orange fruits like carrot, tomatoes and other vegetables such as cauliflower, broccoli, spinach etc and omega rich foods such as fish
Relax- Destress-Fill your life with positive energy.
Play video
Various Procedures Of Laser Cosmetic Surgery
Hi, I am Dr PK Talwar, a cosmetic surgeon previously at Apollo Hospital and Max group of Hospital, New Delhi. And presently I am attached to Fortis Hospital, Nehru Place, New Delhi.

Today I will speak about the laser Cosmetic Surgery. We take pride that we are the 1st in India to start Laser Hair removal treatment in the year of 2000. That time, none of the beauty clinics were in existence. Since then, after starting laser hair removal, we have started laser for pigmentation, laser for red birth marks and there are other laser treatment also like fractional carbon dioxide laser. Recently we added Hypho also, the system for skin tightening without any surgery. So these things are basically non-surgical things.

Now, laser hair removal which I started in 1999-2000. Perhaps I and one of my other friend have started this laser hair removal which gave an excellent response. And now it has become a gold standard treatment.

Most of the population, especially the females are blessed to have this treatment to get rid of hairs permanently. Other laser treatments are Pulsed dye laser. I get to see many patients with red birth marks on their face and till now there is no treatment for this, whether in America or any other country. The only treatment available is Pulse Dye laser.

Even I feel very good, we are blessed to have very good machines from Cynosure i.e, Cynosure photogenica v-star which gives excellent results. We can assure that the results are very good after 10 sittings.

The only problem with the Laer treatment is multiple sittings. Every month you have to come, and usually, 8-10 sittings are required.

Now the pigmentation laser, I would like to mention one case here as an example. A few years back when I got this laser, one young lady came to me. Her age was about 30 years and very beautiful but she has a big black patch on one side of her face due to which she was divorced. So I told her that I have a new treatment for you which might help. After 10 sittings, the patch was almost cleared, it was 95% faded. The only regret she has was that if she could get this treatment earlier then the divorce procedure might not have done. That patient is still in touch with me for other cosmetic treatments.

So the thing is that if you want to get rid of any acne scar or pigmentation or any blemishes, you consult your doctor or you can consult me as well through Lybrate for the online consultation, appointments etc. Also you can come to my clinic directly which is in E34, Greater Kailash, Delhi.

Thank you so much.
Play video
Skin Disorders: Blemishes And Hyperpigmentation
Facial blemishes can be painful on becoming inflamed. In case these are left untreated, they can get worse and cause discoloration of the skin. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by inflammation , sun damage or other skin injuries. There are a variety depigmenting treatments used for hyperpigmentation conditions, and responses to most are variable.
Having issues? Consult a doctor for medical advice