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6 Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

M. Ch. (Plastic Surgery)
Dermatologist, Pune
6 Myths And Facts About Teenage Acne!

You may have heard a lot about teen acne and things related to it, especially its nature and solutions to cure this skin condition. However, there are several misconceptions about acne. Many facts regarding the cause and remedy for acne, which are commonly talked about, are incorrect. Here are some myths and facts about teen acne you should know about:

  1. Tanning clears the skin: A tan may act as a temporary mask to prevent acne. However, the sun dries up the skin and irritates it. This may further lead to acne breakout. There is no link between exposure to the sun and acne prevention, and the rays of the sun can cause damage to the skin. You should always use a sunscreen while going out in the sun.
  2. Wash your face to prevent acne breakouts: Washing your face helps in removing the dirt and oil from the pores of the skin. However, too much washing may cause dryness and irritation, triggering more acne breakout. You should not scrub your face and use a mild soap or a facewash to wash your face.
  3. Popping pimples will help in faster elimination: Popping pimples make them less noticeable for some time, but it causes the pimples to last longer. When you squeeze a pimple, you push bacteria, dead skin cells and oil back into the skin. This causes increased swelling and reddening. It might also cause a red or brown scar, which takes a lot of time to disappear. Some of these scars last forever.
  4. Stress leads to acne: The normal daily stress a teenager faces does not lead to acne. However, in the case of stressful periods, such as dealing with the death of a loved one or facing parent’s divorce, the skin produces extra oil or sebum. This does not always mean that you will get more zits and pimples.
  5. Acne is curable: Acne is not curable. It is chronic in nature and may last for a very long time. It is like a continuous situation which keeps on recurring on the skin. It may come and go several times and in case you are prone to acne, you will face a hard time dealing with it.
  6. Pimples occur overnight: Another common misconception regarding acne is that pimples occur overnight. The truth is that a pimple takes weeks to develop but it may surface while you are asleep. The process of acne development is a complicated one and involves four steps.

Many people think that applying cold water closes pores and hot water opens pores. This is not true as the pores present all over your face do not have muscles. They cannot open and close.

2 people found this helpful

Acne Prone Skin!

General Physician, Vidisha
Acne Prone Skin!

If you have acne prone skin, you must get in the habit of checking skin care and cosmetics labels for acne causing, comedogenic ingredients. They are bad for your skin.

2 people found this helpful

Acne Flare Up - What To Eat & What To Avoid?

Dr. Nitin Jain 84% (253 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD), DDV, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Pune
Acne Flare Up - What To Eat & What To Avoid?

Intake of foods of high Glycemic Index (GI) worsens acne. GI measures the rate at which blood sugar levels rise because of the intake of foods containing carbohydrates such as soda, white bread, processed breakfast cereals, chips, baked and other junk foods. Diet and acne are directly related.

Therefore, you should adopt a perfect diet plan for your acne.

  1. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: These have anti-inflammatory effects whereas foods with Omega-6 Fatty acids produce substances such as inflammatory prostaglandins. Such foods include walnuts, flaxseed oil, fish oil, fish roe (egg), sea foods, spinach, soybeans and chia seeds.
  2. Low Glycemic Foods: Eat non- starchy foods such as vegetables, legumes and fruits low on the GI count. Avoid carbs, especially simple carbs. Potatoes should be off your platter for quite some time.
  3. Vitamin A and Vitamin E: An ounce of almonds gives about 7.4 milligram of vitamin A. You can also consume almond milk or almond oil. Other foods rich in Vitamin A are sun flower seeds, sesame or pumpkin; Swiss chard, mustard greens, spinach, turnip greens, kale, plant oils such as wheat gram oil, sunflower oil, hazelnuts, pine nuts and avocado. Sources of vitamin A include liver, broccoli, orange, fatty fish.
  4. Avoid dairy products: They aggravate acne flare-ups because of the hormones contained in milk.
  5. Chromium Rich Foods: They stabilize levels of blood sugar. The suggested foods are orange pancakes, Tortellini and broccoli salad, alcohol-free sangria, such as grape juice, open-face ham sandwiches with Rye crisp bread. Other sources of chromium are onions, tomatoes, lettuce, and whole grains. For more effective results, include foods with Vitamin C that add to the absorption of chromium.
  6. Zinc-Rich Foods: Sources of zinc include cereals, wheat grams, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, meats, shell fish, squash seeds, fruits such as pomegranates and avocados, dark chocolates, spinach, mushroom, cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts.
  7. Avoid intake of excess iodine: Excess iodine causes acne flare-ups.


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Acne & Hair Fall - How They Both Can Be Managed By Homeopathy?

Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 91% (4520 ratings)
Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopath, Hyderabad
Acne & Hair Fall - How They Both Can Be Managed By Homeopathy?

Acne is a condition that occurs when hair follicles are choked with dead and oily skin cells. Acne hair fall mainly occurs in adults and sometimes in teenagers as well. Lack of zinc, protein, Omega -3 fatty acids and iron may cause dry scalp and hair fall.

Symptoms of Acne and hair fall
Itching scalp
• patches
• Blisters
• Redness of the skin over the scalp
• Burning and severe pain

If these symptoms persist for a longer time, they may lead to other complications, if untreated.

  • Scarring Alopecia is one of the types of acne hair fall disorders, which is observed in both men and women and is called as Cicatricial Alopecia. It destroys all the hair follicles and those cannot be regrown leading to permanent baldness if it is neglected.
  • Hair follicles can be damaged due to inflammatory cells such as lymphocytes and neutrophils. Hair loss also occurs when a person undergoes radiation therapy or chemotherapy for cancer treatment or similar conditions. This is termed as secondary scarring alopecia.

High levels of stress, hormonal imbalance, pregnancy, skin diseases and medicines are the major factors that cause acne hair fall.

  • Hereditary hair fall is considered as developmental alopecia.
  • Inflammation
  • Injuries, tumors and burns

One has to face clinical evaluation for the further treatment process. Dermatologists suggest undergoing trichoscopy and scalp biopsy to find the amount of inflammation, the severity of the problem and other symptoms on the scalp.
Pull test is performed on a patient by placing pulled hair on a mounted slide and viewing through a microscope to identify the number of growing and resting hair follicles. If inflammation is detected through these diagnostics, then the doctor can start the treatment as per the patient’s condition and type of disorder.

Oral medicines are given to a patient based on the type and condition. Acne hair fall can be prevented if it is treated at an early stage without any complications. Corticosteroids creams are prescribed to apply on a scalp in mild cases. One can use antiseptic shampoos to overcome inflammatory lesions. Dermatologists advise choosing scalp reduction surgery, which is better than hair transplantation if the hair loss is under control for at least one or two years.

Homeopathy treatment will be an effective way to treat acne hair fall and the cure rate is maximum. Both physical and mental stress are the main factors for hormonal imbalance which may cause hair fall and both can be treated through Homeopathy from the root level without any side effects. Proper diet is also essential in human life in order to control acne hair fall.

5 people found this helpful

Acne - Know Why It Appears!

Dr. Rashmi Ravindra 84% (10 ratings)
MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Bangalore
Acne - Know Why It Appears!

Acne is a disorder which is characterized by small red bumps on the skin or occluded pores in the skin such as blackheads. It can make people conscious of their appearance and result in low self-esteem and anxiety. It usually affects people who fall in the age group of 12-25 but sometimes older people are also affected.

There are various factors that makes the skin prone to acne. Acne occurs when overactive sebaceous glands (glands that produce oil in the skin) produce excess oil and the dead skin cells clog the pores of the hair follicle present in the skin. Inflammation occurs in the clogged hair follicle resulting in acne.

Some causes that makes your skin prone to acne are

1. Diet
Following a proper diet is a key factor in keeping your skin healthy. Food usually doesn?t cause acne directly but can cause other problems such as greasy skin that are linked with acne. However, foods high in iodides such as seaweeds consumed over time can cause acne. 

2. Stress
Stress is another major cause that makes your skin prone to acne. When the body stressed, it produces excessive testosterone (a sex hormone) resulting in excessive oil production. Stress also impairs the immune system of the body so that it becomes vulnerable to acne.

3. Cosmetics
Some cosmetics (usually oil based) tend to clog the pores of the skin which may result in acne. Using harsh cleansing agents can dry and irritate the skin. Also, gentle washing of the skin is recommended to avoid breakouts.

4. Hormones
Changes in hormonal balance can cause acne especially in the beginning of puberty. In some cases, women are affected by acne when the menstrual cycle stops. The acne caused by hormonal changes may also be genetic in nature.

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Acute Acne - How To Deal With It?

Dr. Dipanjali Singh 85% (51 ratings)
Fellowship In Aesthetic Medicine
Dermatologist, Lucknow
Acute Acne - How To Deal With It?

The skin produces a natural oil known as sebum from the sebaceous glands. This acts as a protective layer and is passed out through the multiple, minute pores. With the teenage years seeing excessive hormones, excessive sebum is produced which clogs the pores, and the underlying sebum may not be released from the glands. In some cases, there could also be bacteria trapped in these acne. In severe cases, there can be extreme pain and pus formation. The acne can be quite large in size and may leave marks, which often take a long time to disappear.


Though acne affects any age group, it is most common in the teenage years and is attributed to the hormones called androgens. In women, there is also a hormonal correlation where acne is more common with menstrual cycles, pregnancy and polycystic ovaries – all conditions associated with increased hormone levels.


Before heading out for medical help, the following are some tips to manage acne.

  1. Avoid touching it or picking it. Else it will result in a faster spreading of the infection to the surrounding areas.

  2. Use ice cubes on the acne as they help reduce redness and swelling by lowering the blood supply.

  3. Learn to keep calm as stress increases hormonal release and thereby acne.

  4. Do regular exercises. A good workout routine helps by keeping your skin clean and the pores open. There is a more frequent clearing of sebum leading to reduced acne.

  5. Maintain a healthy eating pattern. Avoid oily food items, which only add to the oiliness of the skin. Sugars again are proven to be harmful for acne.

  6. Follow a proper sleep routine as it will relax your muscles and keep you calm.

  7. Use mild detergents for washing pillow covers and towels, which are often used on the skin.

  8. Frequent washing, regular moisturizing, and exfoliating should be a part of your skin care routine. Avoid heavy chemicals and adhere to one regimen with as many natural substances as possible.

Medical Management

Medications would be required in more severe cases, where there is infection along with pain.

Topical products would include creams, gels or lotions with retinoids like tretinoin, tazarotene and adapalene. In some cases, topical antibiotics like clindamycin or erythromycin combined with benzoyl peroxide are used. Light therapy, laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, chemical peels and steroid injections can be used to remove acne scars, which may be very concerning cosmetically.

Very severe cases may require a systemic antibiotic course with doxycycline and minocycline. Birth control pills may be used in some to regulate hormonal levels.

Despite all this, let nature take its own course, and in majority of the cases, acne runs its course and settles down with the passage of teenage years. Try the next level therapy only if absolutely required.

1 person found this helpful

Acne (Pimple) Homeopathic Treatment!

Dr. Hiral Kumar Rakholiya 91% (1630 ratings)
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
Acne (Pimple) Homeopathic Treatment!

Homeopathy for acne is different from conventional treatment in that a homeopathic remedy is individualized to the person. Because every person is different, no single homeopathic remedy will work for everyone. A remedy is selected based on a person’s unique set of symptoms, including (but not limited to) their acne symptoms. Therefore, seeking care with a homeopathic healthcare provider will likely result in the greatest success when treating acne.

Below are just a few of the many possible remedies that homeopaths consider for treating acne:

  • Hepar sulph: pimples that are very painful; they may feel like a splinter in the skin. Lesions are very sensitive to touch and possibly cold. They may cluster in crops on the forehead and tend to form pustules and whiteheads easily. Discharge may smell like old cheese. In general, the person may be very chilly and oversensitive to pain, touch, cold, and slight causes.

  • Calcarea sulph: severe cystic acne. Lesions persist in one place for weeks and do not heal quickly. Yellow, creamy pus drains for a long time. Unhealthy-looking skin with yellowish scabs. Pimples on face and near ears and hairline. Tendency to infections of the sinuses, ears, and tonsils that persist a long time. Person may be warm-blooded and feel worse in warm rooms.

  • Kali bromatum: acne begins in the teen years and continues relentlessly into adulthood. Bluish, red pustules on the face, chest, and shoulders that leave scars, purple spots, or a depression in the skin. Pimples may have a depressed center or be painful, large red cysts with a white or yellow center. In females, the acne may be worse near the menstrual period. The person may have fidgety hands and feed, unpleasant dreams, restless sleep, and teeth grinding. They may be worse from warmth.

  • Pulsatilla: acne in young girls that is associated with the onset of puberty. Acne that is associated with the menstrual period (especially when the period is irregular or absent) or with pregnancy. The person tends to have little thirst; to be weepy and like comfort and consolation; and to be chilly but like open, cool air and gentle motion.

  • Silica: deep, hard cystic acne, like boils on the face, especially the cheeks; pimples often to do not come to a head or show pus. Pimples are very slow to heal and leave pitting scars. The person tends to get infections easily and frequently. They may be chilly with sweaty hands and feet. They may be fatigued and lacking in strength and confidence, while also being obstinate with fixed ideas.

  • Sulphur: acne with very oily skin. Blackheads are plentiful. Pimples and whiteheads are very large but not that deep. The face, especially the nose, is generally affected and tends to become reddened. Pimples may be painless but itchy. The skin may be rough and worse from washing. The acne may also be worse from heat, before the menstrual period, and from eating fatty foods. (This remedy is especially indicated for rosacea, a reddening of the face that causes acne-like eruptions.


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Is Homeopathy Really The Best Line Of Treatment?

Dr. Shashank Rathod 89% (50 ratings)
Homeopath, Rajkot
Is Homeopathy Really The Best Line Of Treatment?

The Ministry of alternative medicine of the Government of India, commonly known as AYUSH, states that 15% of Indians, roughly 150 million people, place their faith solely in Homeopathy as their go-to medical treatment stream. Not only that, this school of medicine is popular all across the world for its scientific, safe and fruitful technique of healing.

What is Homeopathy?
An alternative therapeutic method based on the theory of ‘Like Cures Like’, Homeopathy treats any disease with the help of minimal dosages of a particular natural substance, which in high doses has the capacity to induce equivalent symptoms of the said disease.

How does Homeopathy work?
Homeopathy follows a holistic approach of treatment that is based on the theory that no disease is caused by the disturbance in a specific body part. In fact, a disease is the result of an imbalance in the body’s vital energy and Homeopathy is the method of triggering the body’s inherent capacity to restore itself to the normal healthy state.

  1. A homeopathic doctor evaluates the symptoms, identifies the illness and then matches them with the appropriate remedy. The doctor grades the said symptoms on the basis of their frequency and severity and accordingly assigns particular remedies.
  2. Because of its holistic nature, homeopathy has a highly individualized approach to treatment. No two persons are alike and thus neither are their personalities, emotions, lifestyles and body parameters. Therefore, a homeopathic doctor lays strong emphasis on a patient’s stress level, family and relationship history, and character traits along with the apparent symptoms. For instance, the doctor will take into account the fact that your stress level might be responsible for your lack of sleep that in turn causes digestive ailments.

Scope of Homeopathy
Homeopathy is a versatile healing technique that manages, treats and cures a wide range of diseases that includes but is certainly not limited to-

  1. Skin disorders such as dermatitis, acne, pigmentation etc.
  2. Allergies
  3. Chronic conditions such as asthma, migraine, arthritis, COPD, chronic pain etc.
  4. A number of autoimmune disorders
  5. Digestive issues like irritable bowel syndrome
  6. Gynaecological problems like PMS and menopause-related ailments
  7. Mental health problems like depression and anxiety

Benefits of Homeopathic Treatment

  1. No Side-effects: Homeopathic drugs are prepared in such a way that they contain only the healing potential of the active substance and not the crude substance itself. These drugs are made from 100% natural ingredients using a method called ‘potentization’ to make sure that the medicines contain ultra-minute dosage of the medicinal ingredient and thereby have no toxic side effect on the patient. This makes homeopathic medicines suitable for children and infants as well.
  2. Alternative for Antibiotics: Homeopathic medicines are extremely effective alternatives to antibiotics which, when consumed over a long period, can result in digestive issues, lowered body resistance etc. in some patients.
  3. Treats not only the disease: This holistic treatment method does not just address the physical ailment but also the underlying root cause. It seeks to strike a much-needed balance between a patient’s emotional and physical well-being, thus strengthening the healing ability of the body. Instead of treating the apparent symptoms, homeopathy cures a person from within. Homeopathy provides customized treatment plans devoid of side effects, to each patient depending on his/her requirements and treats the actual hidden factor contributing to an illness, thereby significantly reducing the chances of recurrence of the said disease.
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Lifestyle Factors Affecting The Health Of Your Skin!

Dr. A Kiran Kumar 85% (42 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology, PGDMC (Post Graduate Dip. In Medical Cosmetology)
Dermatologist, Chennai
Lifestyle Factors Affecting The Health Of Your Skin!

Blemish free skin, which is supple and radiant is everyone’s dream, however, there are certain lifestyle habits which can take a toll on your skin and affect it adversely.

Here are a few lifestyle habits which affect your skin:

  1. Smoking can speed up the process of aging: Smoking can affect your skin adversely as it strips your skin of essential nutrients and oxidants. This leads to degradation of the basic units of the skin- collagen and elastin. The affected units also lead to uneven skin, appearance of fine lines and sagging. A study has also proven that smoking causes acne as the pores in your skin get blocked.

  2. Stress: Stress has the power to cause major hormonal imbalances inside your body, which can affect your skin. Stress affects the skin’s barrier function which reduces its ability to absorb and retain moisture. Dehydrated skin looks dry and patchy and becomes flaky over time, leading to acne.

  3. Not applying sunscreen: Your job might require you to stay outdoors for long, which exposes your skin to the harmful UV-A and UV-B rays of the sun and dust particles. In such conditions, using sunscreens with SPF (Sun protection factor) 30 or above is a necessity as otherwise, the rays can penetrate into your skin, weaken the collagen cells and lead to pigmentation and tanning in the long run.

  4. Sleep: Sleeping for less than 6 hours at night can make you feel sleepy and tired the next day. Your skin also deals with the lack of rest which is why the radiance is lost and can lead to problems such as under eye bags, dark circles and saggy skin.

  5. Poor nutrition: Poor nutrition which lacks in essential vitamins and minerals can cause serious problems in the skin. Including foods which are rich in vitamin C such as fruits lime, oranges and tomatoes and fatty fishes such as tuna, mackerel and salmons can help you retain radiant skin. Adding colourful fruits and vegetables to your diet will help you detoxify your skin and get acne free and supple skin.

523 people found this helpful

Acne Scars - How Dermatological Treatments Can Help?

Dr. Ashvith Shetty 89% (10 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Dermatology, FRGUHS (Cosmetology), DNB - Dermatology & Venereology
Dermatologist, Mumbai
Acne Scars - How Dermatological Treatments Can Help?

Acne scars are caused when a pimple or cyst is popped and broken leaving a layer of damaged skin behind. These scars are caused by the excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria blocking the skin pores causing it to swell.

Acne scars can be categorized into three types:

  1. Ice Pick scars which are small but have deep pits.
  2. Boxcar scars have sharp edges, these can be shallow or deep
  3. Rolling scar have a wavy look as they are wide and shallow. This type of scarring is usually caused by damage to the skin.

Causes of acne scars
Acne and acne scars can be caused due to the following reasons:

  1. Hormonal imbalance during or after the onset of puberty
  2. Medicines that contains lithium, androgen or corticosteroids
  3. Oil and greasy food items and those rich in carbohydrates can trigger acne. In some cases, dairy products can worsen the condition.

Simple tips to prevent scarring
Some acne scars fade with time. In the early stages, the scars might look pink as blood vessels in the damaged area of the skin provide it with nourishment. With time the collagen in the skin would fill the injured or damaged portion of the skin. In some cases, it might take up to a year for scars to fade.

  1. Don’t pick or squeeze pimples or acne as they can get inflamed. This inflammation can cause the bacteria to go further into the skin which would result in deeper scars.
  2. Use mild cosmetic products as some products can increase the risk of acne and scarring. Non-toxic, paraben-free products free from synthetic dyes and colours should be used sparingly.
  3. Getting enough sleep is important and necessary for the body to produce collagen which is a protein necessary for skin elasticity. Sleep also helps the body and skin to repair itself.

Treatment of acne scars
Mild acne can be treated with simple home remedies such as the use of fenugreek extract and lemon juice. Face packs made from sandalwood and orange peel are also very effective in reducing acne scars. But in some extreme cases, you might need proper treatment at a hospital. Most of these treatments can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Some of them are:

  1. Skin resurfacing: where the damaged skin is removed to help new skin to grow. The damaged skin can be removed by the use of a laser, dermabrasion or a chemical peel.
  2. Fillers: In this procedure, the doctor would inject a filler such as a collagen or fat into the damaged area. This helps the skin to become smooth.
  3. Rolling: Rolling also known as needling, is a procedure where tiny needles are rolled over the skin to stimulate it to grow
  4. Surgery: In a few very extreme cases the scars would need to be cut away and the area repaired with the use of skin grafts obtained from another part of the body.

Any scars and especially acne scars can be unsightly. A skin doctor or dermatologist would help you choose the right treatment plan depending on the type of damage done to the skin.

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