There are numerous factors which lead to darkening of gums. Some of them are: Heredity,Medication,Smoking,Stress,Lack of oral hygiene,Imbalanced nutrition,Production of tartar or plaque.This dark pigmentation of gums can be reduced by Brushing and flossing properly. At least twice a day or thrice.Gargling with a mouthwash or gargling with lukewarm water added with salt.To repeat twice a day.Quitting smoking or chewing tobacco,Following a diet which have proper vitamins, minerals and other necessary nutrients,Adopting method to reduce stress, for instance, yoga and meditation,Going to the dentist for checkups and cleanups at regularly intervals
If the gums are dark and unsightly you can correct it with depigmentation therapy with or without laser.
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