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Hello lybrate-user. Pain in the eyes and headache may have multiple causes associated with it. Let me enumerate the various causes in brief:
(1) change in the power of glasses (in case you are using glasses). If you are not using glasses, you may need to use them.
(2) allergy/infection/ foreign body in the eye. This requires prompt assessment and treatment.
(3) raised eye pressure. This is usually a hereditary problem. It may also be precipitated by certain medications and drugs.
(4) migraine: it may cause eye pain along with headache and associated signs and symptoms.
(5) raised blood pressure: fluctuations in the blood pressure may cause pain in the eyes along with headache.
(6) sinusitis: it is an inflammation/ infection in the sinus spaces around the eyes. It is frequently associated with allergy.
(7) other neurological issues. They would require assessment by a neurosurgeon/ physician.
There are a few points you need to look at before jumping to any conclusions.
Have you undergone an eye check up previously? is there any history of raised pressure in your eyes? do you have anybody in your family having raised eye pressure? do you suffer from recurrent cold, fever, cough, etc? do you have a lot of work/ study related stress?
do you use glasses?
do you have any history of migraine?
do you have any history of brain problem?
have you consulted a neurologist before?
the reason for asking all these questions is that headache and eye pain may occur due to various reasons ranging from change in glasses, sinusitis, migraine, glaucoma, tension, blood pressure and so on. The list is long.
It would be a good idea to have a look at your eyes. This would help in coming to a decision whether your eye pain and headache is due to an eye problem. Hi I have a few suggestions for you regarding the usage of computers, mobile phones and books. Follow the rule of" 20" this means that every 20 minutes, take a gap of 20 seconds, blink your eyes actively 20 times and focus at an object which is minimum 20 feet away. This will help in relieving your eyes from the continuous strain that is caused due to staring. Staring at the computer continuously causes us to subconsciously blink less than normal. This causes the tear film on the surface of the eye to dry up. The result of this is pain, discomfort, etc.
Another suggestions regarding the usage of computers is to maintain a proper posture. The computer must be positioned at the same height as your eye level. The neck should not be inadvertently flexed or extended. Remember the rule of 90. Roughly, an angle of 90 degrees should be maintained between your upper body and thighs. Likewise, a similar angle (90 degrees) should be maintained between your lower legs and thighs. Also the angle between your hands and arms should be roughly 90 degrees. This is the healthy ergonomic way of sitting while using a computer. Maintenance of proper posture would help in further relieving the symptoms of eye discomfort and pain.
Also remember the rule of 1. At least 1 time in a day, wash your eyes with clean hands and clean water in a gentle manner. Exercise for at least 1 hour in a day. Try to spend 1 hour with nature. (eg. In a park, garden, etc.)
you could consider preservative free lubricant eye drops 4 to 5 times daily. These eye drops would ensure that your eyes stay well lubricated and fresh.
All these suggestions may take a while to sink in and imbibe in your routine. Once followed, they are sure to work wonders for you.
You could also use a preservative free lubricant eye drop 4 to 5 times in a day.
Also, adequate sleep of 7 hours a day is essential in order to maintain healthy eyes.
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